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In hfefftory of 

STEPHEN SfijWWINa 
UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN 



SI 



r 




\ 



\ 



I* 



«.»<r«v*/- _,.v^if>,f 



HISTORY 



OF THE 



IN THE COUNTY OF LANCASTER , 



WITH SOME ACCOUNT OF THE 



Forests of Bleasdale and Bowland, 



^ BY 



loyt C. Smith, F.R. Hist. S„ 

Author oi Preslon Church Records, History oj Ribchcster, 

History of Lorigndgey etc. 



PRINTKn AND PUBLISHED FOR THE AUTHOK BV ; 

Preston : C\ W. Whitehead, 125, Fishergate. 

1894. 



[all kights reserved.] 






l^A-Vi 



'-"■•'/"^ ''f 4.^J 



fT< 



THE EARL f 



'.a.. Lord ot the Manor ol Thornley. 



to the memory of 

xvth eael of derby, 
lord of the manor uf thornley, 

OF THE PARISH WITH WHICH HIS NAME IS SO CLOSELY 

AND HONOURABLY CONNECTED IS (BY GRACIOUS 

PERMISSION) MOST RESPECTFULLY 

July Ist, 1893. 






^- -Sv ->U 



PREFACE. 



No apclogy is needed for the publication of this work; it is now clearly 
recognized that ** the history of even a remote village is but of the nation in little.* 
And although the facts and scones depicted in the following pages are perhaps more 
purely local than those recorded in similar works, still the writer ventures to hope 
that this account of life in a nook of North Lancashire may also prove to be of some 
general interest. 

The task of obtaining materials for this book has been more than ordinarily 
laborious ; and would have proved well-nigh impossible but for much ready and 
generous assistance The thanks of the ivriter are sincerely tendered to all who in 
any way have afforded him help. But he particularly expresses his indebtedness to 
the following : The late Earl of Derby. K.G. ; C. T. Boothman, Esq. ; Miss Weld; 
James Bromley, Esq. ; Dr. Dean ; Alfred King, Esq. ; Joseph Gillow, Esq. ; Major 
John Pnrker ; Rit;liard Parkins m of Liverpool, and Richard Parkinson of Pendleton, 
E>quires ; George Gregson, E^^q. ; E. C. Trench, Esq. ; Wm. Gamett, Esq. ; the 
Registrar of the Lancaster Probate Registry ; the Revs, Dr. Boardman, Fr. Carew, 
and Fr. "Walton ; and the pjst and present Vicars of Chipping, the Revs. Richard 
Robinson, and George Burwell ; as well as the incumbents of many churches in 
the district for their uuifonn courtesy in affording him access to their respective 
parish registers. 

It only remains to add tliat. every likely and original source of information has 
been carefully ransacked ; many living authorities have been consulted ; each nook 
and comer of the district has been explored ; the voluminous Lancashire Library 
has been largely utilized—and, although no one is more sensible than the writer 
of the many deficiencies and mistakes which may have been made, it is still with 
some confidence that he presents to the subscribers this his humble contribution to 
the history of his native county. 

Green Nook^ LongridgCy near Preston^ 
July the first, 1893, 



CONTENTS. 



Page. 

jTiitMilf Axjiit ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• V« 

List of Illustrations vii 

Index of Pedigrees viii 

General and Manorial History ... 1 — 55 






The Church 56—80 

CKctptei* III* 

The Rectors and Vicars ... ... 81—109 

The Registers 

Schools and Charities ... 

Churchwardens and Parish Officers . 

Nonconforming Churches... 

Clict] 

The Forests of Bowland and Bleasdale 

Old Families 



Appendix A 

Index of Subjects... 
I^DBx OF Persons .,. 



... 110- 


-124 


... 125- 


.148 


... 149- 


-153 


... 154- 


-180 


... 181- 


-223 


... 224- 


-269 


• • • 


270 


• • • 


271 


272276 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Map of Chipping District (6in. scale) Facing Title Page. 

Portrait of the 15th Earl of Derby ,, Page iii. 

Chipping Church (1892) ,, ,, 71 



^xfheM 0f ^i^eet Pehi^veeik. 



HoGHTON OF HoGHTOH (Lords of Manor of Chipinng) Facing Tage 2L 



Minov OF MiTTON (Lords of Manor of Thomley). 



Kholl of Thornlkt (Lords of Manor of Tbomley). 



Doughty of Thornlkt (Ix>rd8 of Manor of Tbomley). 
SfANLKT of Knowwlky (Lords of ^Linor of ChippiDg). 
Bbabih of Dockkb and Whittington 



WlCLD OF LeAGBAM 



Pabkinson of Fairsnape, Bunduukst, Hazlehubst, etc. 



Knoll of Chipping. 



Shebbubnk of Wolf Hall. 



SWINGLEHUBST OF FaIB OaK IN BOWLAND. 



32. 

33. 

38. 

45. 
140. 
196. 
205. 
227. 
228. 
240. 



(The References to Remaining Pedigrees will be Found in the 

Index of Subjects.) 




® fitter rtl anh '^anovial ^ietovu* 

\ HI Parish of Chipping, situate on the eastern 
I order of the County of Lnncaster, and divided 
\ om "lorkahire by the rivor Floddor, is bounded oa 
I e HO ith by Longridge Fell, and on the iiortli by 
Lleasdalo Fella, while on the west, whoro it " dips 
down to the Fylde, its boundaries are the 
parishes of Garstang and Goosuargh. 

I's greatest length frou the bank of the Hodder to Loudscales is 
five miles and from the aumrait of Parlick I'ike on the north to 
Ihornley Breast on the so ith is four miles, having an area of 8,755 iicroa. 
The name clearly signifies a market-place; thus Wicliffu translates 
Luke vii., 32, " They ben like children sitting iu chephige and 
apekinge togidre." In old times the place would serve as a ccnvenient 
centre for the wide district within a circle roughly drawn through 
Preston, Blackburn, Clitlioroe, and Lancaster. ' 

A general idea of the eaily appearance of the parish can be 
obtained from the names of places in the district, such as Ltckhurst, 
Blindhnret, Greystoueley, Wheatloy, Ikadley, Mossloy, Black Moss, 
Moss Side, Judhohue, Mytholme, [law Trees, and DIacksticke. Seen 
from the low-lying land on tha west, tiie country presents a wild and 
majestic look, " chopped and furrowed on its surface into a hundred 
hillocks, mounds, and breezy brows, striated with babbling brooks 
and purling rills," ' completelj shut in on three sides by the Fells of 
Bleasdale, Bowland, and Longridge. We can well believe the state- 
ment attributed to John Lindley, Abbot of Whalley{i!. 1350), that the 
inhabitants of Chipping in early tinies were " few, uutractable, and 

1 A clum, without date, niade by notdd r)y KuertUu (il/55., fol. 56.) 

the men of Chippendale, t^ exemption * "A Nmik of North Li(iiiuiehire,"bj 

from fineB, amercemeDts, and tolb, in E. Kirk.— AfancA. Lit. Oiiib Fapera, ii, 

tin markoia and fain in England, f« 107. 



2 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 1. 

wild," and that there ** were multitudes of foxes and destructive beasts," 
while the place itself was **in a manner inaccessible to man." To the 
natural position of the parish is due the freedom and independent 
spirit of the old yeomen of the place, who for generation after 
generation have clung to the treasured family acres. Nor, as will 
be insisted on at greater length in a later chapter of this work, should 
the influence of the Park at Leagram and the Forests of Bleasdale 
and Bowland upon the character of the people bo forgotten. 

The district between Chipping Village and Whitewell still preserves 
many traces of its ancient look in the hazels and hawthorns which 
crown the Bowland Knotts. A native of the parish has well described 
the scenery as it must have been : — 

** He turned him west— and hill o'er hill, 

Fair Bowland Knotts were seen, 
Emerging from the mists that fill 

The winding vale between. 
The thorns, that crown'd each verdant crest, 

Looked greener to the eye. 
While vistas opening to the west. 

Display 'd a crimson skye.*'— (Parkinson*s Hunter's Song.) 

From the geological map here presented, it will be noticed that the 
lowest and therefore oldest member of the system hereabouts is the 
Carboniferous, or, as it is sometimes termed, Mountain Limestone 
(coloured dark blue on the map). In this district it probably rests on 
the upturned edges of Silurian beds. It occurs in a continuous band 
along the north-west flank of Longridge Fell, and is quarried in the 
Arbour, Thornley, and other places in the vicinity, as on the banks of 
the Loud, on the banks of the Hodder from south of Greystouley to 
WhiteweU, and at Chaigley. The most important member of the 
carboniferous system, the coal measures, is wanting. But so nearly do 
some of the rocks in the neighbourhood resemble certain beds 
associated with the coal measures that in days gone by they were 
frequently mistaken for them, and the remains of shafts which have 
been sunk in search of coal may yet be seen in the basins of the 
Kibble and the Hodder. In |the quarry at the Arbour in Thornley 
the stems and plates of the curious marine organisms called crinoids 
may be found in abundance. The so-called heads or bodies (calyces) 
also occur, but are far more rare than the stems. The presence of a 



Chap. LI GENERAL HISTORY. 3 

large propoiiioii of animal matter may have led to a luoro rapid 
disintegration or disarticulation of this part of the animal. Various 
species of corals may also be found in the Tliornley limestone. The 
most frequent are Zaphrentis, Clisioplijllum, and Fonostella ; the 
latter appearing like very delicate lace or network. The most 
numerous of the mountain limestone fossils are the brachiopoda ; 
almost the lowest family of the mollusca. Among the gouora of tlio 
brachiopoda the most frequent are Productus, Spirif^ra, Terebratula, 
Qrthis, Bhynchonella, Strophomena, Chonotos, and Jjoptioaa ; most, 
if not all, of which may be found in the quarry at Tliomloy. A fow 
lamellibranchsy gastoropods, and cophalopods are also found, bu :h ns 
Conocardium, EuomphaluR, Murchisonia, and Goniatttos. 

But it must be confessed that the development of the Mountain 
Limestone in this district is meagre, and tliat we have nothing of tlio 
loveliness of the scenery in Yorkshire and Derbyshire whore it is wt>ll 
developed. Its economic uses in this district are the ho.uuly ones < f 
lime-making and road-making. 

Both secondary and tertiary rocks are uaroprosontod in tho Chippinjif 
district. Near Bailey Hoy and along the westward course of tho Brock 
are peat beds; with this exception and tho flight traces of ghuual di^posits 
(coloured white on the map), the whole of tho nndorlyin^j: rocks of tho 
parish of Chipping are monibors of the carboniferous Hystoni, tho most 
numerous being what is termed Bow land Shalo.* 

Within living memory the district was ricli in fine ancestral timber ; 
the oak, the ash, the elm, tho sycamore, the Imzol, and tlio liolly lind 
congenial soil; and, (as in 1554, when the Queen's Commissicmers 
reported on the state of Bowland Forest, vide chap, viii.), tlio alder 
grows in great abundance in **carros and maryshes," although surface 
draining has in recent years much i educed tlie growth. Fine 
specimens are sometimes seen of the hawthorn and tho yew-notably 
one of the latter at the east end of Chipping Churchyard, which is 
certainly over 350 years old. 

, ,.« 1 ,«oi nrtf..« are taken In the same work, p. p. 259-271, and in 

from'" Phyf^a ^HttoiV aXgytV "^ l.""^"""' f TT'i 'V' f '1*?' 

mmi '^"/"■f^Tit.jriet-" written by i«»y be seen a list of plants found in 

lS°'??yi?L*''l-.r the uresent writ ./s the district during the last decade. 



R OVKing for the present wnt^rs 
mtoru of Longridge, p.|>. 247-258, 




4 HISTORY OF OHIPPING. [Chap. 1. 

The sandpiper, the kingfisher, and the water ouzel haunt the 
secluded brooks and valleys, as do the heron, the woodcock, and the 
snipe. Wild ducks, teals, and wild geese^ are becoming scarcer; 
nor are the otter, the fox and the badger so common. The last buck 
killed within this century in Bowland Forest is still preserved at 
Browsholme. Rookeries, once so numerous, are, sad to say, becoming 
less and less common ; the gull is a frequent visitor. One of our best 
and most careful observers (the late John Weld, of Leagram Hall) 
noted that in 1840 a white-tailed eagle was shot by poachers in 
Hodder Hole Wood; that an osprey was killed on Hurding Fell, 
Bowland, in the winter of 1881 ; that a year later a pair of merlins 
were seen on Saddle Fell attacking and mauling a crow ; that in 
March, 1880, was shot a common buzzard 22in. in length and 4ft. 
across the wings; that a kite was observed in November, 1882 (see 
Stonyhurd Magazine, ii., 9, 10, where is given a long list of birds 
observed in this district). 

The river Loud, rising at the foot of Parlick, pursues its slow 
and toituous course, flowing eastward to near Doeford Bridge, where 
it falls into the Hodder. 

The brooks are well stocked with eels and trout ; roach, tench, 
and perch are abundant.'* 

The climate is bracing, and the air pure ; and, although the western 
point of the parish is sixteen to eighteen miles from the sea, it is not 
an uncomnion thing for salt water to be found on the fences, and yews 
are occasionally turned brown on the west side by the brine of the 
Irish Sea. 

From the Stonyhurst College Observatory Meteorological Beports 
are obtained the following results during the last 44 years. The 
highest reading of the barometer was on Jan. 18th, 1882, 30-480 ; the 
lowest at 8-17 p.m. on Dec. 8th, 1886, 27*774. This was during the 
storm in which the Southport and St. Anne's lifeboats were lost. The 
lowest readings in the United Kingdom on this day were at Ardrossan, 
27-62 ; Donaghadee, 27-63 ; and Leith, 27-66. The highest tempera- 

* A writer in the Stonyhurst Magazine * In 1868, 12,920 salmon were caught 

notes that on January 27th, 1887, ** a by net and rod in the Ribble district, 

flock of 57 wild geese passed flying S.E. while in 1882 the number was only 

to N.W." 987 \— Stonyhurst Maganne, 1, 177-181. 



Chap. L] GENERAL HISTORV. 5 

ture was on July 15tli, 1868, 88'2 ; the lowest on January 15th, 1881, 
4*6. On March 13th, 1887, the lowest ground temperature ever 
recorded in the Stonyhurst Observatory for that month was reached, 
the thermometer reading 8*1 ; the lowest reading heretofore was 14*5, 
on the 4th March, 1 886. The greatest fall of rain in a month was in 
October, 1870, and was 13-437in. ; the least was in March, 1852, and 
was 0*047in. The greatest number of days on which rain fell in one 
month wore in July, 1861, and Dec., 1868, viz., 31 ; the least were in 
March, 1852, viz., three days. In 1891 the S.W. wind prevailed on 
102 days, and the N.E. wind on 73 days. 

Of prehistoric times the local relics are neither numerous nor 
important. A * * Celtic " stone hammer, found at Longridge about 1 842, 
is now in the Preston Museum ; and Baines states that '^ a brown 
earthenware coffin, half-an-inch thick, marked with lozenges, and 
containing bones perfectly white, was found in a lane near the church 
(at Chipping), about 1770, where it remained for some time; but it 
is now (1835) destroyed.'* {Hist, Laiic., iii., 365.) During the 
excavations when Chipping church was being restored in 1872, what is 
supposed to be a " Saxon '* relic wa,s discovered. It is a large stone 
basin, perhaps a font, about 24 inches high, and 18 by 14 inches ; 
the workmanship is rude, the basin being quite plain with the 
exception of two lines about two inches apart round the top. A 
piscina, now in the south wall of the sacrarium, which, from its form 
and nail-head ornament, seems to be transition work of the twelfth 
century, was also found at the same time. Two silver coins were 
brought to light. One, a groat of Henry V.-- obverse : + HENEIC . 
DI . GEA . EEX . ANGLIE . & . FEANO; 
reverse: POSVI . DEVM . ADIVTOEEM . MEVM; within 
the inner circle : VILLA . CALISIE ; mint mark, a pierced cross. 
The other, a half -groat of Henry V. or VI., with the same inscrip- 
tion as on the groat, except CIVITAS . LONDON instead of 
** Villa Calisie." 

The Eoman road from Eibchester to Overborough runs througli the 
southern portion of the Parish of Chipping. In the field just below 
** Jeffrey Hill" may still be seen some tolerably well-preserved 
portions. After crossing the Hodder about a mile below Doeford 



6 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 1. 

Bridge, from near '^ Doe Barn," it is now used as a lane called 
** Lees Lane.'' 

It has been suggested with some show of reason that the 5th of 
November fires, now associated with Guy Fawkes and the gunpowder 
plot, had their origin in '^ the Danish Massacre " of 1002, and 
commemorated the signal fires lit on that occasion on Parlick Pike, 
on Beacon Fell, on Longridge Fell, and on Pendle (Stonyhurst Mag,, 
iii., 237-8). Teanlaes was the name given to other fire celebrations, 
observed, till quite recent years, on May 1st, Midsummer Day, August 
31st, and November Ist. They were originally feasts of the sun, and 
it is clear (remarks Mr. John Weld) that sun or fire worship was at 
one time much in vogue in the district. Parlick, originally Pyre-lick 
(as it is called in maps of the time of Henry VIII.),^ and Beacon Fell 
have evidently been great seats of its ceremonial. Numbers of stones 
still lie on their tops, which were brought there probably for cairns. 
** In Catholic times the Tenlaes were christianized, the November one 
in particular being made an occasion of prayer for the dead.'' Mr. 
E. Kirk observed in 1848 what he was told was ** brunnin' teanlas," 
and Mr. Weld, after explaining that the death blow had been given 
to the custom by the cessation of com cultivation in the district, and 
the consequent difficulty of getting straw, says that ** it has existed to 
within the last twenty years. Old men say that in their youth a ring 
of fire could be seen from Whittingham on All Saints' night all round 
the horizon. There are various fields still called * Purgatory field.' " 
{Stonyhurst Mag., iii., 238; also see Hardwick's Traditions, 34-5; 
Thornber's Blackpool, 99). 

According to the document called Status de Blagborneshire, 
Chepyng Parish was detached from Whalley Parish, like Blackburn 
and Eibchester Parishes, shortly before the reig^ of Edward the 

^ Of course, it is far from impossible word pyra really enters into the corn- 
that this name may have been so written position of the name ** Parlick" is not 
to suit the etymology that was in the easy to believe, 
writer's mind. That the Latin-Greek 



Chap. 1.] 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



Confessor {circa 1040).^ In the Domesday Survey of 1086 Chipping is 
recorded as being in Amounderness Hundred, although now, and 
probably since about 1280-90, included in the Hundred of Blackburn. 
The number of '* carucates," that is, the extent of cultivated land is 
given : — Chipenden, 3 carucates, and Watelei (Wheatley, or Thomley- 
ciim-Wheatley), one carucate, an amount of cultivated land in the 
whole parish equal to about 300 or 400 acres. 

Like the rest of Amounderness, Chipping formed a portion of the 
vast possessions of Eoger of Poitou ; and interesting though it would 
have been to have learned something of tho men who then lived here 
in those early days, we dare not venture to fill up from our imagination 
the blank left by the absence of all documentary evidence during the 
next century. The early lords of the manor undoubtedly bore the 
name of the place in which they dwelt. Of them, and the other early 
landowners we have found the following evidence : — 

Among the Derhy M88. are deeds, without dates, but of the dme 
of John and Henry III. (1199-1272), in which grants of land in Chip- 
ping are made by Robert, son of Eichard de Chepyn, to Eichard, son 
of Leodovic de Knoll ; by Eobert, son of Eoger, son of Sir William 
de Chepyn, to Eichard his brother, of half an oxgang of land ; by 
John de Chepyn to William, son of Adam de Aula. Also by William 
the carpenter to Thomas, his sou, of land called Birchenlees ; and by 
Henry de Thelewell to Eichard de Knoll of land near the Kirk Brigg. 

In a deed, without date (but circa 1200-17), Eoger de Lacy, Con- 
stable of Chester, gave John de Dunkanloy one bovate of land in 
Chippin, which Alexander de Chippiii first held, to hold in free and 
common socage, at a rental of 12d. yearly at the Feast of bt. Giles 
(Harl M88., 2077, 134). 



^ The specific statement made hy this 
authority — irreconcilable as it is with 
Domesday Book— ought, perhaps, to be 
quoted :— In 597, within the bounds and 
Emits of Whallev parish were comprised 
" all Blagbomeshire and all Boland, and 
so it endured for many years. After 
these things, the devotion of the faithful 
increasing, and the number of believers 
in those parts being augmented, there 



were built other three churches in Blag 
bornesl lire— viz., the Church of Blag- 
borne, the Church of Chepen, and the 
Church of Ribchcster,— the parishes of 
these churches being distinct, and 
marked out in certain limits on ail sides, 
as they have continued to be to the pre- 
sent time, and are well known to ail in 
those parts. " 



8 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 1. 

In a deed, also without date (from the Derly M88,), but of the 
time of Henry III., John, sou of William Clerk of Chipin, gave to 
Richard de Knol and his heirs a certain part of land in Ohipin, 

bounded by ** the Lude " — " the Black Lake " — the tree upon 

Oxmoss, to bo held by payment of a pair of gloves at the Feast of St. 
Giles. Witnessed by Ra^ph da Mitton, Adam de Hocton, Robert de 
Thornilei, Jordan de Quetelei. In a second deed of the same period 
Roger de Whittaker granted to Richard, son of Lewis de Knol, a 
tenement called **Quitakres" in Chipping, and "the Logagia de 
Helme," along with the rents and services of divers tenements. In 
42 Henry III. (1257-8), Edwaid de Lacy died seised of lands in 
Chiping {Cal. Inq., p. m., i., 18) ; and about the same time Richard 
Oatterall was found to have held lauds here {Ibid, 42) ; and in 2 
Edw. I. (1273-4), Roger Hesclieuheved likewise held lands in Chypyn 
Ih'd, 54). 

About this time {temp. Edw. I.) Thomas, son of Christiana de 

Chepyn, by deed poll to William de Luthorye, enfranchised all his 
tenants in the town of Chepyn from suits of court of the Earl of 
Lincoln {Derly MSS,), 

At Lancaster Assizes, 15 July, 1292, Alice, widow of Roger, son 
of William de Chypin, sued Robert, son of Roger de Chypin, for the 
third part of three messuages, 24 acres of land, and 8 of meadow in 
Chj'pin, and Richard le Surreys for the third part of 3 acres of land 
and 1 of meadow in Chypin, as her dower by gift of her late husband. 
The jury decided in her favour, and assessed her costs at 40d. f Assize 
Bolls, 411, J/" 12). At the same assizes Richard le Surrey, Thomas, 
son of Christiana de Chypin, Robert, son of Emme de Chypin, and 
Juliana his wife, Adam, son of Christian de Chypin, Hugh de Salebuiy, 
William do Dodehil, and John, son of Thomas, son of Christian de 
Chypin, were required to answer why they, with others, had vi et 
armis depastured with their cattle the private pasture of Adam de 
de Hoghton at Chypin to his loss of 100s. To which Richard le Surrey 
and the others replied that they had common of pasture at their will 
in the said moor, moss and wood, which Adam wished to enclose by a 
fence. On the 26th Jnly the jury found that Richard le Surreys and 
all the others had common of pasture in the moor, moss and wood, and 
Adam de Hoghton was fined for a false claim, flbid,, m. 61). 



Chap. 1.] GENERAL HISTORY. 9 

A few years later, 14 Nov., 1305, another dispute came before 
the Assizes at Lancaster, as to whether Robert, son of Bimme le 
Whyte, father of Robert Stertavant de Chypin, was seised in demesne 
as of fee of six and a half acres of land, 2G acres of meadow, and half 
an acre of wood in Chypin. The case was adjourned to Manchester 
(Ihid,, 421, m. 11). 

By fine, made at "Westminster, 17 June, 1313, Richard, son of 
Adam de Koghton, settled 100 acres of pasture in Chipyn, the fifth of 
his manor of Chipyn, aid other lands in Lancashire, on Richard, son 
of Richard de Hoghton, and his heirs for ever. fFeet of Ftnes, Edw. 

n., 45). 

At Blackburn, on 25th Nov., 1360, the jury presented that on 
Jan. 16, 1357, Richaid d^Sourebutts de Thomelay came to Lancaster, 
and there took a pledge to set out on the King's service into Scotland 
against the Kiug's enemies, but broke his pledge, and returned to his 
own country without permission; also that he beat and wounded 
Thomas, son of Matilda le Wisshe at Thorneley, on Sunday, 27 July, 
1360. The jury likewise presented that on Jan. 20th, 1359-60, John, 
brother of the said Richard, stole one set of paternosters (rosary 
beads), valued at xvd., and some money from Margery le Heighe, at 
Whetlay. {Ass. Rolls. 45*", m. 2). 

Both in the Hoghton and Derby MSS, is a memorandum reciting 
that Robert de Chipping, son of Richard, was Lord of the Manor of 
Chipping, and granted the same unto Richard de Knoll and his heirs ; 
and that John de Chipping, ancestor of the siid Richard de Chipping, 
did grant the homage aid service of 13 of his men — the which service 

Sherburne hath t , this day ; and that Richard de Knoll was the 

son cf William de Knoll, and father of Lawrence de Knoll, as doth 
appear by an ancient deed, bearing date 3 Edw. HI. (I £29-30), by 
which he did give unto his son Lawrence half of the lordship of the 
town of Chipping, with all commons and liberties pertaining thereto, 
and afterwards died, when all the residue of the said lordship de- 
scended to his son Lawrence, as is fully proved by another deed, dated 
22 Edw. Ill (1348-9). 

That the Knolls held lands in the township of Chipping from 
very early times is abundantly clear ; but from what follows it would 
seem to be equally clear that they were not Lords of this manor, and 



10 HISTORY OF CraPPING. fCHAP. 1. 

consequently could not transmit the manorial rights to the Sherbumes, 
as has generally been supposed. 

On March 23rd, 1360-1, was issued a mandate to the escheatorof 
the Duchy of Lancaster to cause livery of seisin to be made to Adam 
de Hoghton of a messuage and 12 acres of land, which William, son of 
Stephen de Bavenshagh, outlawed for felony, held of him in Chipyn, 
the Duke having had his year, day, and waste therein (J)ep, Keep, Rep,, 
xxxii., App. i., 341). 

On August 12th, 1331, John, son of Matilda de Coure (base son 
of John de Knoll), obtained a mandate to the escheator to give him 
seisin of a messuage, 50 acres of land and 10 acres of meadow in 
Chipyn, seized info the hands of tha Duke of Lancaster by reason of 
tie felony of John, son of Richard de Knoll, it being certified to the 
Duke that the said John obtained a pardon from the King, and after- 
wards enfeoffed the said John, son of Matilda de Coure, with the said 
tenements (Ibid., 347). On August 7th, 1383, Matilda, daughter of 
Eichard Waryng, of Whityngham, had a Writ of Redisseisin 
addressed to the Sheriff, concerning a messuage, 30 acres of laud, 
and 6 acres of wood in Chippyn flhid., ?55). Thirteen days later, by 
petition in Council, a mandate for Thomas, son of Roger de Knoll, 
was issued to the Barons of Exchequer to inquire concerning certain 
lands in Chippendale which had been seized into the hands of the 
Duke of Lancaster, on account of the felony of John, son of Richai'd 
de Knoll, on the suggestion that the purchase had been made subse- 
quent to the date of the charter of pardon by the King (Ibid, J, The 
result of this enquiry was in favour of Thomas de Knoll ; and on the 
7th February, 1386, instructions were issued by John, Duke of 
Lancaster, to John de la Pole and John Loktou, Justices, and Sir 
John Seaiie, Chancellor of the Duchy, to give to the said Thomas de 
Knoll, " his full right as law and reason demand '* in the lands he 
held in Chepyndale at a rent of 3s. 4d. (Due, Lane, Class xxv, A 6). 

Chipping, no doubt, would suffer under the terrible infliction of 

the plague, which (in 1422) was ** by vulgar report and the credible 

testimony of honest men," raging ** in certain parts of Lancashire, 

^nd especially in the town of Ijancaster," to such an extent " that a 

A^rg© portion of the people there, from the corrupt and pestiferous 

• infected with divers infirmities and deadly diseases, were dying 



Chap. 1.] GENERAL HISTORY. U 

rapidlj, and the survivors quitting the place from dread of death, so 
that in the mansions of many the lands remained untilled, and the 
most grievous desolation reigned where late was plenty" (Bep, Keep, 
Rep,^ xxxiii., App., 20-1). 

On September 3rd, 4 Henry VI. (1425), was issued a precept to 
the escheator to remove the King's hands from the Manor of Ohepyn, 
the moiety of the Manor of Dil worth, and a parcel of land in Hodersall 
Ukmon Rhyddyng. It was found by inquisition that Sir Henry de 
Hoghton, Kt., deceased, was seized of the above premises, holden as 
follows : The Manor of Chepyn, and the moiety and eighth part of 
the Manor of Hodersall of the King in capite as of the Duchy of Lan- 
caster in socage, and that Richard, son of Sir \Vm. 

de Hoghton, Kt., was the cousin and next heir of the said Henry, 
viz., the son of William son of Richard, brother of the said Henry, 
and 26 years of age and upwards. {Bep, Keeper Rep, xxxiii., App., 
26-27). 

A year previous we find mention of Richard, natural son of Sir 
Henry Hoghton, Kt., described as " of Lathegrym" (and from whom 
sprang the Hoghtons of Pendleton). He was bound, along with 
Richard de Knoll of Thornley, to submit to the award of Sir John 
Stanley and Sir William Harrington, in the matter of certain suits 
depending between the Talbots aud Golyns as to lands in Yorkshire 
and Lancashire, lately held by Sibil de Radclyf, widow. {Ibid., 39). 

Like most other parishes in the north of England, Chipping suffered 
destruction at the hands of the Soots in 1340, and we are told ** that 
by reason of the above destruction there are lying in the same parish 
waste aud uncultivated lands, to the lessening of the said tax (the 
ninths) up to 40 shillings each year " (Jrig. Non,). It is added that 
at this time there were no merchants or other men in the parish, living 
without husbandry, who were bound to give the fifteenth part of their 
goods. 

An affray which appears to have caused a good deal of excitement 
took place early in the sixteenth century, and led to a commission of 
inquiry being appointed by the king, from whose proceedings the 
following account is extracted. 



12 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 1. 

On the 11th May, 13 Hen. VIII. (1522), a writ was directed to Sir 
Henry Kyghley, Klnt., Eichard Houghton, Esq., Bichard Hothersall, 
William Kyrkby, and James Walton, to call before them the various 
parties who had had to do with the matter in dispute. 

Lawrence Cottam, of Thomley, yeoman, complained that, whereas 
he lately took by way of distress in a close in his holding certain cattle 
of John Bradley, of Thomley, gent., for '' damage fesaint," and 
impounded them according to the law, he was set upon by 
Miles Bradley, and James Harrison, alias Wilkinson, servant of the 
said John Bradley, who, with force and arms took the said beasts out 
of the pound, and shamefully ** bete, wounded, and evill entreated '' 
Elizabeth Hill, plaintiff's servant, **so that she was in grete jeopardie 
of her lyff." Also, on another occasion, plaintiff sent two of his ser- 
vants with his cart to fetch timber when, by command of the said John 
Bradley, the cart was forcibly stopped in the king's " hye way," with 
cruel words of threat, so that plaintiff's servants were glad to depart 
in " savegard of thar lyffe," leaving the cart in the same place, where 
it still remains. Moreover the said John Bradley's servants lie in 
wait to " bete and mayhene " plaintiff, and have so hurt him that he 
is in danger of his life. He, therefore, being a poor man, and getting 
his living mostly by buying and selling in the said County of Lan- 
caster, obtained a warrant of the peace against John Bradley, senior, 
William Bradley, James Harrison, Bichard Bradley, Miles Bradley, 
and Robert Boys, which warrant was directed to l^oger Shirbum, 
bailiff of Thomley, and to the constables of the said town, to arrest 
John Bradley and the others, whereof the said o£B.cers did arrest 
Harrison and Richard Bradley, and would have arrested John Bradley 
and the others named in the warrant, but the said John Bradley with 
16 evil-disposed persons assembled themselves together with unlawful 
weapons at Chepyn and Lagrem Park, and made an assault upon 
them, and refused to obey their warrant, cruelly and heinously with- 
standing them ** to the most perilouse example that hath byn seyn in 
those parties." Plaintiff prayed for the king's ** most dread lettres of 

sub-pena." 

John Bradley, the defendant, in his answer, said that about three 

years ago certain of his kyne strayed in the night out of his own yard, 

and early the following morning his servants made search and found 



Chap. 1.] GENERAL HISTORY. 13 

them in a close and pasture of plaintiff, into which they had broken. 
His servants at once brought them out, so that the cattle should do no 
more harm ; all except three kyne which plaintiff privily drove away 
to a place in the forest of Bolland called ** Lagreham Park," and kept 
in a pound there three days and three nights without meat or drink, 
and without letting defendant know. When the beasts were nearly 
dead **for povertye," plaintiff had them conveyed to his (John 
Bradley's) pasture ; but they have never recovered, to defendant's 
great loss. 

As to the stopping of the wain, defendant states it was driven upon 
his ground called ** Bradley Karre," quite out of the ordinary common 
way. Requested by defendants' servants to go back into the high- 
way, plaintiff's men refused, but took the oxen out of the waggon and 
there left it. 

Further, he says he never saw any warrant directed against himself 
or his servants, but that about Whitsuntide last he, his wife, and 
servants were at the Parish Church at Chipping on a Sunday to hear ' 
divine service, and when mass was done, ajd defendant with his wife 
and three household servants were going home to " dyner ward," 
Roger Shirbume, gent., and Robert Shirburne, his son, with 20 
riotous persons, foUowed the defendant and made an assault upon him, 
and cried at the first word **Stryke down the said John Bradeley," by 
reason whereof defendants and his servants for fear of their lives fled 
to the King's Park of Lagreham for succour. After some parleying 
defendant offered to find surety to come shortly before " my Lord of 
Derby, Justice of the Peace," which was accepted. 

The Commission was then opened on the 13th June, at " the chapel 
of Laugrigge," near both parties' dwelling places, at which day John 
Bradley himself came not, but sent his son to represent him. Lawrence 
Cottam (plaintiff) appeared in a sorry plight — **on a horse litter, 
because of such grevos strokes as he lately hade the same day " on 
which he attended, which injuries were caused by defendants. 

Evidence was given by Reginald Alston^ senior, aged 26, who 
deposed that he saw 24 beasts of John Bradley impounded in a close 
at the house of Lawrence Cottam, which close is not always kept for a 
pinfold. He saw James Harrison come there with his bow bent and 



i 



14 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 1. 

an arrow therein, and Miles Bradley with a " haubart " in his hand, 
and who took the cattle away, guarded by Robert Boyes with a weapon 
in his hand. 

Cheistopher Battersby and John Salesbtjry, yeomen of the 
Bang's guard, deposed that three days after the removal of the beasts 
they came to plaintiff's house and found Elizabeth Hill ** evyll 
strykin," which injuries she said she received when the pound was 
broken into. 

Sir Thomas Hyndeley,^ parish priest of Chipping, on the other 
hand, affirmed that neither Elizabeth Hill nor anybody else was hurt. 
Other witnesses were Reginald Harrison, aged 80 ; John Harrison, 
aged 40 ; Edmund Parkinson, aged 40 ; Thomas Burne, aged 60 ; 
Edward Rodes, aged 40 ; John Rodes, aged 60 ; Reginald Alston, 
junior, aged 23 ; James Threlfall, aged 50 ; Richard Battersby, aged 
70; Thomas Hothersall, aged 20; Robert Wilkinson, aged 50; and 
Henry Richmond, aged 5. From their evidence we gather that 
Roger Shirburn, gent., to whom the king's warrant was directed, 
came to Chipping Church the Sunday next after the Invention of the 
Holy Cross, 10 Hen. YIII. (9 May, 1518), having with him the 
constable and divers others. At Leagram Park, Br?dley with dagger 
" apte drawyn," and his men with their staves ** rered up," were told 
to surrender, but found surety, and then departed. One witness 
stated the place where plaintiff's wain was stopped has been and is a 
way accustomed to "care and recar from Slateburne, Boland, and 
Olytheroe, to Preston in Amounderness, the king's market town, and 
not used to the contrary time out of mind." 

The upshot of the matter was that the commissioners warned John 
Bradley to appear to take his trial at U'estminster. 

Five years later we have a record of a local slander case, the parties 
to which bore old and respected names. Richard Parkinson, of 
Bleasdale, accused in the " Spiritual Court " at York of defaming 
Thomas Knolles and his wife, was examined by the Abbot of Whalley 
(John Paslewe) and Reginald Beesley, as to whether he had said that 
Knolles and bis wife were not married, whether he had defamed the 

^ In the Middle Ages, in Britain and dinate, the unbeneficed, the stipendiary 

Ireland, the term "parish priest" chaplain whom we now commonly call 

(prebyter parochialU) meant the subor- the curate. 



Chap. 1.] GENERAL HISTORY. 16 

said wife with any other slander, and whether he had called the said 
KnoUes a ** poller." The Abbot reported, on 18th Nov., 1526, that 
Parkinson denied all accusations *^ on his boke othe," except that in 
his anger he said that KnoUes was a " poller " {Due, Lane, Plead., 

v., N.D.). 

About this period enclosures began to take place for the purpose of 

sheep breeding, and, in spite of Acts of Parliament directed against it, 
the practise continued to a very large extent all over the country. 
This plan would seem to have led to disputes and bad blood, far more 
than the Eeformation. The alteration which our rulers effected in 
the religion of England was a slow and gradual change. Long after 
1534 — the date of the Act of Supremacy — both clerics and laymen con- 
tinued to leave money for masses for their souls, as they had done in 
times gone by. Until the savage persecutions of Mary and Elizabeth 
inflamed men's passions, it is probable that the Chipping people cared 
more about the changes taking place in the wastes and commons of 
their own countrj'side than for Catharine of Aragon or Anne Boleyn. 
It is true that, as was the case at Ribchester, the Chipping people did 
not take kindly to their ** strange " parson in 1545 (see chap. ii.). 

The rents or tenures by which the tenants in Chipping held 
their lands included the following : — ** By rendering of a greyhound 
collar" ; "wmW greyhound coler et unim lyonP^ ; "a red rose" ; **a pair 
of gloves" ; " a peppercorn" ; ** fealty" ; ** free and common socage" ; 
**the 1,000th part of a knight's fee". 

One instance of some of the Chipping tenants rendering to their 
Lord the military service by which their lands were held may here be 
noted. On the 9th June, 15o3, the Earl of Derby, writing from his 
Manor of Gotham to Eoger Sherburne of Wolfhouse, after stating 
that he is ** credably informed by my officers in the Isle of Man, that 
the Lord of the Owt Isles, with the aid of summe Skotts," intendeth 
to invade the said Isle, and orders him to ** cause the nomber of 
xxti tall men and good archers, they beyng of my Lord's tenants," 
within the rule of his servant Thomas Sherburne of Stonyhurst, to be 
taken in such places as is thought convenient, " to be put in a redynes 
as fote men, well haruysed after the manner of the cuntre in whyt 
jacketts, with my Badge of the Legges of Man of red clothe, befor on 
the brest or behynd on their backes, and in all hast possible to pase 



16 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 1. 

into my said He, for the defence beforsaid/' in company with another 
band of 20 men to be provided by the Abbot of Whalley, likewise 
from among his lordship's tenants. (Chet. Soc, N. 8., xix., 117-18). 

Among the company which, to the number of 7,811, assembled 
at Whalley on the EarPs summons in the autumn of 1536, when steps 
were being taken to suppress the popular outbreak called the Pil- 
grimage of Grace, were doubtless a few of the sturdy Billmen of Bow- 
land and Chipping ** White Jackets." From contemporary letters we 
learn that the people of the neighbourhood were " vere bare and 
skerse of money by reason of such charges as they have been at to 
serve the Kings Highnes '' on this occasion ; and the Earl of Sussex, 
writing from Preston, 21st March, 1536-7, assures Cromwell, "that I 
thinke thar be not a skarcer cuntrey, both of horse mete and mans 
mete in England, and in maner for horsmete non is almost to be gotyn 
for money." (Annal. Furn., 344).* 

In 1552-6 a prolonged dispute took place between the Sherburnes 
and Houghtons as to the ownership of the Manor of Chipping. We 
have summarized the statements made by the rival claimants as much 
as possible ; but they are very voluminous ; — 

Sir Eichard Houghton, of ** the Lee," Knt., declares that his late 
father, William Houghton, Esq., was lawfully seised in his demesne 
as of fee of the Manor of Chepyn, and of a great waste ground of 
heath, moss, and moor, parcel of the said manor, containing above two 
thousand acres. After the death of William Houghton, the said 
premises descended to Richard Houghton, as his son and heir, who 
was accordingly seised of the same. And into a certain portion of the 
said waste (whereon a house was built sometime in the tenure of John 
and Margaret Banks), Eobert Sherburne, gent., Eoger Sherburne, his 
son, and Grace, his wife, Henry Sherburne, and Harry Eichmond, 
about the 24th June, in the . . year of Edward VI., and divers times 

* From the inventory of the goods of barley, £5 ; 5 stone of wool, £14. ( Due, 

a local yeoman, Giles Parker of Thomey- Plead. , ii., P. ). In 1563-4, among ** the 

holme, taken 12th October, 1552, we goods both quicke and d^id," of John 

obtain the following :— 6 oxen, £18 ; 16 Itichmond of Chipping, are : *' ij 

kine and 12 calves, £16 ; 3 horses, 2 sterkys, xls. ; one kow and a caulffe, 

mares, and 3 colts, £7 ; 2 bullocks, £2 xxxiiis. ivd. : one guy [why], xiiijs. ; 

6s. 8d. ; 6 hens, 4 capons, and 12 geese, iij shape, vjs. ; one swyne, ijs. ; one 

5s. 6d. ; 15 quarters of oats, £14 ; the hold mare, xs." 
straw of the same, £2; 4 quarters of 



Chap. 1.1 GE^^lilRAL HISTORY. 17 

before and after, put certain cattle, to wit 4 horses and 8 . . . 
which consumed and destroyed the feeding and grass of the said 
enclosure to the great loss and disinheritance of JSir Eichard, who 
prays for Letters of Privy Seal. 

Sir Eichard Sherburne, Knight, in his reply, says that whereas the 
King and Queen (Philip and Mary) are seised of divers lands and 
tenements late in the occupation of Henr}' Gierke, Thomas Parker, 
Thomas Bowker, Thomas Eods, Peter Parkinson, Agnes Mason, 
widow, late wife of Eichard Gierke, which said lands and tenements 
lately belonged to the late chantry of Our Blessed Lady in Chippyn ; 
so being seized, their Highnesses, by Letters Patent dated at West- 
miuster 10th December in the 1st and 2nd year of their reign (1554), 
demised the said premises to John Norbery and Eoger Gharnock, gent., 
to hold from the Feast of St. Michael the Archangel last past for 21 
years. Plaintiff, the same year, bought the title and interest of the 
premises, and was thereof possessed until about the 20th of March 
last, when the said Harry Gierke, Edward Houghton, and the others 
above mentioned, with force and arms expelled him from the premises. 

Eobert Sherburne, gent., says he has never had any evidence 
relating to any part of plaintiff's inheritance, nor has he been guilty 
of any riot. He also states that Eoger Sherburne and Isabel his 
wife, his father and mother, were seised of the Manor of Ghipping, 
and of divers waste grounds of heath, moss and moor, in Ghipping, 
containing 2,000 acres. Upon the death of Eoger and Isabel 
Sherburne, the manor and waste lands descended to defendant as 
their son and heir, by reason whereof he entered into the same And 
being so seised, by deed dated 10th May '*in the 5th year of the 
king that now is," he granted the said manor and lands to 
Eoger Sherburne, his son and heir, and to liis heirs male, and livery 
of seisin was thereof made. This statement was confirmed by Eoger 
Sherburne, son of Eobert Sherburne and Grace his wife, as 
well as by Henry Sherburne and Henry EichmonJ. On the 
other hand, Thomas Eodes and Peter Par'iinson gave very different 
testimony According to their evidence, Thomas Southern, of 
Newport in Salop, being seised in his demesne of foe as of ** the mease, 
lands, and tenements mentioned in the bill," by deed, about 25 years 
ago, for certain suras of money granted the said premises to Thomas 



■^ 



Nk 



Id HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Ohap. 1. 

Mawdesley, clerk, parson of the Parish Church of Chepyn to hold to 
the proper use of himself and his heirs for ever. After the death of 
the said Thomas Mawdesle^^ (in 1633), the premises descended to 
William Mawdesley, his brother and heir, who enjoyed the same 
during his life. After his death the premises descended to Robert 
Mawdesley, sou and heir of the said William who was thereof seised. 
And, so seised, he in 34 Hen. VIII. (1542-3), for certain sums of 
money and other good consideiations sold the said premises to Sir 
Eichard Houghton, Knt. Eodes and Parkinson then proceed to tell 
how Sir Eichard Houghton let certain lands and tenements to them 
on yearly leases, and finally deny that the said lands belonged to the 
chantry of Chipping. 

Sir Eichard Houghton further says that on 24th June, in the 6th 
year ** of the king that now is," the said Eoger Sherburne and 
Grace his wife, with Eobert Sherburne, his father, and other riotous 
persons pulled down the house erected upon the waste. 

Sir Eichard Sherburne replied by admitting that Thomas Southern 
by deed, dated 16th June, 1530, for the sum of £53 6s. 8d., sold all 
the premises in question to Sir Thomas Mawdesley, clerk, and his 
heirs for ever to the uses before stated. 

From the evidence of the witnesses given at Chipping Church on 
April 1 6-1 8th( 1556), we take the following : — 

Thomas Adcock of Bayley, yeoman, aged about 70, knows the 
Manor of Chepyn. and says that the WolfPe Hall has always been 
reputed to be the manor house. Eoger Sherburne and his ancestors 
have always been seised of the said manor, and have always been 
reputed chief lords of the manor and lordship of Chepyn, and of the 
waste ground thereto belonging now in variance. He had never heard 
until the last 2 or 3 years that the Black Hall was ever taken to be 
the manor house. The said Eoger Sherburne and his ancestors have 
given license to divers persons to enclose of the said waste ground, 
including among others : John Core, John Eychemond, Eic. Pope, 
— Snape, John Knoll, Henry Eychemond, who have been accustomed 
to pay their rents to the said Eoger Sherburne, and have quietly 
enjoyed their enclosements without molestation of Sir Eichard 
Houghton or any of his ancestors, until within the last year or two. 



Chap. 1.] GENERAL HISTORY. 19 

Deponent has heard that Peter Helms, about 5 years ago, by the 
license of John Knoll, great-grandfather of Eoger JSherburne, enclosed 
a parcel of the said waste, the rent wherecf John Knoll appointed to 
be paid yearly to the Church of Chepyn. Thomas Fletcher had also 
license in like manner. 

Sir Bichard Houghton and his ancestors have been accustomed to 
pay yearly to Eoger Sherburn and his ancestors one penny of chief 
rent for Master Houghton's lands in Chepyn. Deponent was once 
present when Lawrence (tottam, bailifE of Sir Ed. Houghton, paid the 
said penny to Roger Sherburne at the church end of Chepyn, about 10 
years ago. 

The Earl of Derby, Master Lister of Westbye, Lawrence Helme, 
Thomas Leylond, Esq., William Wawne, Christopher Mawdieley, and 
others are freeholders and charterers to the said Eoger Sherburne, and 
hold of him as of his manor of Chepyn. The said Earl of Derby^ and 
Master Lister pay to the said Eoger for chief rent 2s. for Bleckestycks 
in Chepyn, Lawrence Helme 1 2d. for chief rent. Master Leylond 6d.j 
Wm. Wawne 6d., Christopher Mawdisley 18d. and 1 rose. Eoger 
Sherburne and his ancestors have given license to divers persons to 
" grave and delve turves " upon the said waste ground. Sir Eichard 
Hoghton has not held any court for 26 years. 

William Cottam of Chageley, aged 60 ; John Tomlynson of 

Thomeley, yeoman, aged 60 ; John Weddicar of Chageley, yeoman, 

aged 58 ; and Thomas Tomlynson of Chipping, aged 40, give similar 

evidence. William Wawne of Chipping, gent., aged about 50, says 

that he, being one of the churchwardens of Chipping, and the other 

churchwarden levied the rent of certain cottages and improvements 

enclosed out of the said waste ground to the use of the church in 

Chepyn. 

On the other hand the witnesses called on behalf of Sir Eichard 

Honghton gave equally emphatic evidence to the contrary. 

Lawrence Helme of Chipping, aged about 52, knows the manor 

of Chipping and a great waste ground of heath, moss and moor to the 

same belonging. Ever since deponent can remember Sir Eicherd 

Houghton, Knt., has been taken for the chief lord of Chipping, and 

his ancestors have been so taken in times past. About 26 years ago 

Sir Eichard kept a court within the said manor, and deponent was 



^0 History of chipping. [(.'Hap. i. 

one of the jury. There are sundry freehold eis within the manor 
of Chipping who hold their lands of Sir Eichard, and who pay their 
chief rent to him, such as the Earl of Derby, Thomas Leylond, Esq., 
Sir Eic. Sherburne, Knt., Henry Salsburye, John Henryson, the heirs 
of one Dycconson, William Kyrkbe, Esq., and others. 

About 32 years ago Henry Richemond, by the Hcence of the said 
Sir Eichard Houghton, built a house upon a parcel of the said waste, 
and enclosed a garden to the same. And one John Eichemond, by 
the same licence, at the suit of the said Henry Eichemond, made a 
ditch upon parcel of the said waste. Edward Eodes, John Helme, 
John Fysshewick, John Bancke, deceased, Eic. Atkiusou, Eoger 
Saleburye, Eichard Gierke, Henry Beseley, Eic. Blesdale, Henry 
Blesdale, William Blesdale, Robert Helme, Persevell Helme, James 
Hilme, Thomas Roodes, and depouent, have built and enclosed sundry 
houses and parcels of ground within the said waste. Has heard 
Henry Richemond say that Roger Shereburne and his wife, Henry 
Shereburne, James Coore and the said Henry pulled and cut down 
the said mease and house by command of Roger Shereburne. 

He knows the lordship of Chipping and the manor house there, 
called Blackehall ; and also knows the said waste ground. He is one 
of the freeholders within the said manor to the said Sir Richard 
Houghton, and pays yearly 2s. He is charterer and servant to Sir 
Richard Hoghton, and thus defines the bounds of the manor : — 

The meynes and lands of the said manor beprin at the fote of the Chepyn broke 
wheare hit Rennythe in to Lowde ascendyng vp the broke north wards vnto Stertivant 
And so vp Hudfeld Tnto Chepyn Broke as the meynes shall specifie And so followyng 
from Hudfeld vp the said Broke to the place of Peter Perkynson And so vpward the 
said broke as the meynes shall specifie And so furthe to Pacock broke and vp the 
pacock broke vnto the Carre haye broke tumyng vpon the Easte to threpe liOghe And 
there as the meyne shall specifie to Burnslacke Broke And so vp Bumeslacke broke 
to the h^ade of Burneslacke Broke tumyng vpon the west as the water dothe fall to the 
Edge of Bleasdale fell turnyng vpon the Southe to the heade of Meyrecloghe And 
downs the meyrecloughe to the graynyng of Brocke And turning vpon the Southe by 
brodeheade wiche ys Houghton land lieng on the west And so to Doweshawe beyng 
Houghton land lieng on the Southewest vnto Bleasdale broke and so downe Bleasdale 
Broke vnto Lowde turnyng vyon the Southe to the fote of Hyggen Broke tumyng 
vpon the Easte to the fote of Chepyn Broke Rennyng in to Lowde wich was the fyrst 
mete and Bounde 

Thomas Stertevaunte of Chipping, yeoman, holds certain lands of 

Sir Richard Houghton as parcel of the said manor and pays yearly for 
the same 4^d. of free lent. 






MloV 



S00ljtatr 0f 



ARMS : Sable, thbeb babs, Argent, 
CREST: A bull passant, Argent. 



Philippa=Sir Adam de Hoghton=Ellen= 

died in 1368. Venables. 



Sir Bichard de Hoghton= 
died 30th June, 1415. 



Sir Henry de Hoghton 
Lord of the Manor 
of Chipping ; died 
Nov. 25, 1424. 



,5 



Sir William de Hoghton=Alice. 
died in his father's 
lifetime. 



Richard Hoghton = Agnes, 
of Leagram 
Park; living in 
1403. 



Sir Richard de Hoghton = Margaret. 
Lord of the Manor of 
Chipping; died 1458. 
1468. 



Henry Hoghton=Katharine. 
of Pendleton. 



i 



Sir Henry de Hoghton=Helen 
Died in 1479. Mosson. 



Ralph. 



Sir Alexander de Ho«rhton= Elizabeth 



Died before 1499. 



I 
Anne. 



Troutbeck 



Sir William de Hoghton= Margaret 
Died before 1500. I John S< 



(2) I (1) 

Alice Morley=Richard de Hoghton = Alice, dau. of 

Died in 1558. I Assheton. 



Thomas de_Hoghton= Anne, dau. of=Rd. Sherburne, 

son of Sir 
Richard. 



Slain at Lea, Nov. 
21, 1589. 



Hy. Keighley; 
died Oct. 30, 
1609. 



Thomas de Hoghton.: 
Died 2iid June, 
1580. 



:Katherine, dau. 
of Sir Thomas 
Gerard, of 
Bryn. 



Jane, wife of 
James Bradshaw. 



Jane, widow of=SirJlichardde Hoghton =Katherine, dau. of 
Robt. Hesketh, 
Esq. 



Kt. and Bart. ; died 
Nov. 12, 1630, aged 
60. 



Gilbert Gerrard; 
died Nov. 17th, 
1617, aged 48. 



William H.: 
ef Grimsargh ; 
died in 1642. 



:Grace, dau. of 
Sir Kichaid 
Sherburne. 



of Thomas 
y, of Dun- 



>< 



Sir Gilbert Houghton: 
2nd Baronet ; died 
in 1648. 



: Margaret, dau. of Sir 
Roger Aston, of 
Crauford; died in 
1657. 



Thomas H. 



Richard H. 



I „ 

George H. 
ob. inf. 



Sir Richard Houghton =Sar4iT- 
3rd Baronet ; died I P 
Feb, 3, 1677-8. I o 



Roger H. 



Gilbert H. 



nf. 



Chap. L] GENERAL HISTORY. 21 

Kobert Helme of Goosenargh, yeoman, aged 83 ; James ITelme 
of Chipping, yeomofi, aged 72 ; Henry Blesdale, of Chipping, 
husbandman, aged 62 ; James Threlfall of Cbippirg, husbandman, 
aged 72, give like evidence. 

Thomas Eodes of Chipping, husbandman, aged about 80, has 
known 2 courts to be kept within the said manor in the name of Sir 
Alex. Houghton, 1 court held by Sir John Sotheworth, Knt., in the 
nonage of the said Sir Eichard, and 1 court kept by Sir Eichard 
himself. Deponent was present at all the said courts. 

Henry Clarke of Chipping, husbandman, aged 77 ; Eichard 
Mersden of Chipping, husbandman, aged 72, who dwells upon a 
parcel of the said manor called Blacke Hall ; Eichard Gierke, vicar of 
Leighe, aged about 80 ;* and Lawrence Cottom of Dil worth, yeoman, 
aged 80, corroborate. The latter adds that Eobt. Swyndilhurst, John 
his father, and Eobert brother to the said John Swyndilhurst, liave 
had their sheep pasturing upon a certain parcel of the waste called 
** Chepyn Coomes,'' and they were all amersed in the court of Sir 
Eichard for the same, and paid their fines. 

Eichard Mersden the elder of Chipping, aged 80 ; John Swyndil- 
hurst of Chipping, yeoman, aged 58 ; Thomas Lawrence of Goosenargh, 
gent., aged 34 ; Grace, wife of Eichard Sherburne, aged 28 ; Henry 
Sherburne of Chipping, gent., aged 32 ; and Henry Eichmond of 
Chipping, husbandman, aged 48, depose in like manner ; as also do 
Thomas Cutler of Alston, and otheis who have taken turves from the 
moss called Blackmoss ; and Ed. Thorneley, gent., aged 36. 

How this conflicting evidence can be reconciled with the sworn 
statement of the jury at the Inq, p. m, of Eoger Sherburne, of Wolt- 
house, gent., taken at Whalley, 26th April, 1 Edw. vi. (1547), before 
Sir Eichard Sherburne, John Talbott, and Thomas Catterall, Esquires, 
that the lands in Chipping there named are ** held of Edward, Lord 
Derby, as of his manor in socage ;" and with the similarly sworn 
evidence of the jury at the Court Baron of 1649, that the manorial 
rights of the Houghtons were exercised from 8Eliz. (1565-6) and long 
before, to 1626, we do not know, unless the lands of Eoger Sher- 
burne were parcel of the Manor of Thomley. 

* A native of, or in some way con- edit.), iv., 125, 317-18 j Chet. Sec., 

nected with^ Chipping. For some cxjiij. 60. 

ivoooiint of hiiQ Bee Baines^s^Zianc. {nevf 



22 UlSTOllY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 1. 

THE BOLLe OF THE MANOR OOXJET OF CHIPPING. 

It has been generally regarded as a fact that there was never a 
Couit Leet or Court Baron ^ for the Manor of Chipping. Such, how- 
ever, is not the case, as is clear from the few papers left now in the 
possession of the Earl of Derby, from which the following extracts are 
taken : — ** Court leet and Court Baron of Richard Houghton, Knight 
and Baronet, held at Chipping, October 3rd, 1626, before Edmund 
Greenwood, Seneschall.'* 

Among the freeholders are entered the names of 

William, Earl of Derby. Michael Doughtie. 

Koger Sherburne, Esquire. Robert Alston, Gentleman. 

And of the tenants the names of 

Cuthbert Singleton, gent. Thomas Parker, de Afterlegb. 

John Swinglehurst, gent. Peter Parker. 

Robert Swinglehurst, gent. John Parkinson. 

Robert Parkinson, gent. Betty Parkinson, widow. 
James Parkinson. 

Presentments made were : 

** We lay a payne that noe inhabitant within the towne of 
Chippin shall lay neither ashes, mucke, nor rubbish in the parish and 
church ways, upon payne of vjs. viijd.'' 

" We lay a payne that the inhabitants of Chippin shall make a 
sufficient pool for y© impounding of cattell before y© xvth day of Aprill 
next, upon payne of xxxs- " 

John Parker, " for makenge a fraye upon his brother Robert 
Parker'' was also presented. 

A year or two later the list of freeholders comprised : 

Richard Sherburne, Esquire. George Beesley, gent. 

William Tildesley, Esquire. Thomas Hesketh, Esquire. 

Henry Sherburne, Esquire. Richard Parkinson, gent. 

Michael Doughtie, Esquire. Thomas Boulton, gent. 
Thomas Helme, gent. 

It was also recorded that Isabell Parkinson was **aged and 

infirm," and that James Parkinson and Anthony Parkinson were both 

** dead.'' 

* The Court Baron consisted of free- and others, whose principal business it 

hoMers, and was concerned with civil was to be a jury for the trial of 

pr.)ceedings ; while the Court Leet was offenders, 
made up of all tenants, both freemen 



Chap. 1.] GENERAL HISTORY. 23 

On 22 Nov. 1649, certain articles were to bo inquired of at the 
Court Baron and Survey of Elizabeth Walmsley, widow, of and for 
the Manor of Chippin, there holden, upon Thursday aforesaid, before 
Thomas Litherland, Steward. The jury were : 

Ric. Ghaniley. Willm. Walne. Robt. Alston. 

Geo. Eccles. Robt. Radcliff. Jas. Ricbmond. 

Samson Wabie. Ralph Parkinson. James Harrison. 

Peter Helme. Wm. Sidgreaves. Thos. Parkinson. 

John Rhodes de Elmridge. John Newsham. Ric. Dunderdall. 

"They say in or about 8 Eliz. (1566-7) Thos. Houghton, Esq. 
enclosed all the Commons of Chippen and Wyngates and Bleasdale 
(being then very large) which were fit for tillage and left for commons 
only the mountain called Pyerlocke. And further that Sir Ed. Houghton, 
deceased, in his time did by his steward hould and keepe his court 
leet and court baron dyvers times, and that Ric. Sherburne, E«q., f r 
dyvers years before did by his steward hold and keep his court as in 
the right of his wyfe, who was mother to Sir Eichard Houghton, and 
that the Et. Hon. James, Lord Strange, now Earl of Derby (after hio 
purchase of Chippin and Goosnargh [manors]) did hould his court." 

As already stated, the manor of Chipping was claimed by the 

Sherbumes and Hoghtons. Both families, kept up rival Courts Baron 

in order to assert, or rather to preserve, what each considered their 

rights. 

One such Court Baron of Christopher Wilkinson, Esquire,* was 

held 7th May, 1680, before Eobert Slater, steward. In due form the 

the jury presented for non-appearance the following : — 

Mrs. Elizabeth Walmesley. William Yates. 

Richard Sherburne, Esquire. Thomas Greenfield. 

Edward Tildesley, Esquire. Robert Parkinson. 

Thomas Hesketh, Esquire. Cuthbert Hesketh. 

Richard Cooper. John Brabin. 

Roger Sudell, gent. James Ashton. 

Robert Rhodes. William Helme. 

On 22nd April, 1690, was held the " Court Leet and Court Baroa 

of Richard Sherburne, Esq., at Chippin, before Thomas Oddie, 
steward.'' 

^ Christopher Wikinson was mixed hold by way of mortgage on the so called 

up in the affairs of Alexander Sher- manorial estates of the Sherbumes of 

burne, the last of the ancient house of Chipping that Christopher Wilkinson 

Wolf hall (see chap ix.). It was pro- went through the empty form of holding 

bably through son^e real or pretended his Court Baron, 



24 UISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 1. 

About 1600 the manors of Qoosnargh and Chipping were sold to 
James, Lord Strange, afterwards Earl of Derby. In 1641 these 
manors passed by purchase into the hands of Hugh Cowper, James 
Walmesley, Thomas Wilson, and James Whitaker ; who on Sep. 2ud, 
1641, sold for £250 ** one water corn mill, together with a parcel of 
mossey groimd called BlackmOiSe," parcel of the manor of Chipping, 
to Bichard Sherburne of Wiggles worth, Esq. {Royalist Comp. FaperSy 
I, xxxiii, 69). In his will, dated March 5, 1696-7, Thomas Patten of 
Preston names his ** manor of Chipping" (seo^o«^); but no court is 
now held, and the manorial rights appear to have lapsed. 

PROSECUTION OF CATnOLIC RESCX7SANTS. — 1570 TO 1716. 

During the course of the examination of witnesses (referred to 
above) concerning the rival claims of the Houghtons and Sherbumes to 
the Manor of Chipping in 1 552-6, it was g!v jn in evidence that Richard 
Mercer, priest, took the rents and profits of tlie chantry' lands duiing 
his life as he had nothing eLe to live upon. This is but one instance 
of what frequently occurred in the Diocese of Chester (and no doubt 
elsewhere in England) duiing the period which followed the breach 
with Rome. As Canon Raines has observed ** The scandalous cures 
made the scandalous curates;" and although happily we have no 
"scandals" connected with our Chipping "curates '' of the period to 
record, it was not "through the backwardness of the evill affected 
people in conferring due maintenance '* to their minister that this was 
the case. We can easily imagine that amid the wild and 
sequestered parts of Chipping Parish lurked, and perhaps openly 
walked, the priests of the old faith, finding an asylum in the 
humble home of the husbandman or the strongly-built houses of the 
lesser gentry. 

In truth we have no need to dwell in imagination upon the matter, 
for we have an account of what actually tock place in Chipping Parish 
in or about the year 1572, which amply bears out what we have just 
said. We teU the story nearly in the words of the narrator, merely 
prefacing it by calling attention to the fact that at this very time 
popular feeling had been greatly embittered by the unfortunate way 
in which Queen Elizabeth's advisers had dealt with the adherents to 
the Catholic religion, who had taken part in the abortive rising in 
the North to restore the ancient faith in England. Sir John Bowes, 



Chap. 1.] 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



25 



one of Elizabeth's generals, boasted that in a tract of country sixty 
miles in length and forty in breadth there was scarcely a town or 
village where he had not put some to death. Elsewhere we have 
attempted to show how this policy of persecution had at length its 
effect, not in the respect which its originators intended, but in reduc- 
ing to beggary and extinction the descendants of somi of our best 
families. 

It is not wonderful, then, that mutual suspicion was the rule among 
all classes at this time. It is well illustrated by the following 
incident : — 

On the 8th August, 1572, an inquiry was held in the Chancellor's 
Court at York, by the Archbishop and his Vicar General, into the 
character and life of John Sherburne, who at the time held the rectory 
of Waverton, in Cheshire, and Leyland vicarage.* He was closely con- 
nected with the Wolf house branch of the Sherbumes, noticed in chapter 
ix. His story I tell as nearly as possible in his own words, as given in 
Baines*s MSS,, xxii., 531-2. His seeking admission to Bury rectory, 
in Lancashire, was the ostensible cause of the inquiry. At the outset 
he declares that he came from out of Winchester diocese into Lan- 
cashire ** because he was not ther quyet, for one Mr. Clarke having a 
lease of his benefice [Micheldever, Hants] in Winchester dyoces xx 
years before he came to it (Michael Deaver vicaridge)," and the same 
being expired, Clarke caused our Vicar Sherburne so much trouble and 
disquietude that in the end, for " quyetnes sake," he let him have the 
benefice again. This put an end to his means of livelihood until by 
the ^** procurement " of Sir Richard Sherburne **and other his friends," 
who had provided a living for him in Lancashire, he thither came down, 
where he hath since remained. He further repeats that it W6is for the 
reason stated and ** not religion " that he left the south of England ; 
for he does not think to have more quietness in conscience in Lan- 



* John Sherburne, S.T.B., younger 
son of Robert Sherburne of Wolfhouse, 
formerly Vicar of Micheldever (Hants), 
was instituted to the rectory of Waver- 
ton in Cheshire, 2nd Sep., 1567, com- 
pounding for first fruits the 15th of that 
month. {Raines MSS^ xxii, 50 ; Clerical 
Subsid. V» H.O.) To Leyland Vicar- 
age he was instituted 21st July, 1570, 



on presentation of John Fleetwood, 
Esq. ; and was also instituted to Brindle 
rectory, on 25th Jan., 1575-6 (Piccope 
MSS,, xviii, 121). When cited in 1572, 
he held the posts of Chaplain to the 
Earl of Derby, and Master of Lathom 
Hospital. He died in 1594, and was 
buried at Brindle on the 22nd September. 
{Ibid.). 



26 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 1. 

cashire than in Hnrapshiro, as he is now and hath been since he came 
hither, a follower of and obedient to the Queen's Majesty's pro- 
ceedings in matters of religion and a liker of the same, as indeed was 
the case during his stay in Winchester Diocese. 

Certain queries as to his movements among the houses of the leading 
Catholics in North and North-east Lancashire were then put to him. 
He denies having ever been in Sir John South worth's house at Samles- 
bury, but that he did visit his kinsman M r. John Talbot at Salesbury 
Hall, **but not these three years last past, as he reraembreth."^ He 
also does not deny having been in Mr. ffarington's house at Leyland 
which was in his parish, and also being divers times in company with 
all three gentlemen. He is aware that Sir John South worth is 
accounted to be affected contrary to the Queen's proceedings in religion, 
and that he is " in ward " in London for the same. He admits that 
nine or ten years ago, before he came to live in Lancashire, coming 
hither from the south, and having the license of the Bishop of Chester 
to preach at various churches therein, he did, at Mr. Talbot's request, 
**by his wordes make a sermon at Blackburne." In which sermon he 
preached upon the text '* The night will come wherein we cannot 
worke;" but did not use ** anie wordes inveighinge against the 
nakednes " of the Church of England "for want of ceremonye, neyLher 

did he confirme the spattle of papish priestes upon their thombes and 
to rub the eyes of infantes "—all this he denies, or rather cannot tell 
whether he did so or not, ** because y« tyme is long sense and his 
remembrance is not certain therein." On the other hand, in the course 
of this sermon, he extolled good works and spoke in commendation 
thereof, and said that charity waxed cold in these our days ; but did 
not (as is objected against him) compare ** these our days " to be in 
the night, and our forefathers' days to be in the daytime. 

He admits that last Lent, being sick at his brother's, Roger 
Sherburne's house in Chipping parish, one Sir Robert Cottome, 

* John Talbot, along with the South- 1576 by the Bishop of Chester to the 

worths and Hothersalls, was included Privy Oouncilt 

in the list of *' obstinates *' forwarded in 



Chap. 1.] 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



27 



priest, sometime curate at Longridge/ visited him and asked him 
" how he c id," the said Cottom having ** a white frese coat on." 

He does not know one Sir Edmund Bolton ; but two or three years 
ago he talked with Sir Edmund Browne, **comyng to the Earle of 
Derby e's house with the Lord Wharton, as his chaplain ; " and he 
(Sherburne) " being a private man could saye little unto them ; but 
if he had auctority he would have cawsed them to be apprehended." 

Asked as to the way in which he had discharged his duties as 
chaplain at Lathom, he replied that " being resident in the Earl of 
Derby's house he himself doth not instruct the youth of the paryshe 
in Cathechisme, neyther examynyth the aged persons before they 
communicate in their belieffe, nor those that he maried in the 
Cathecehisme, but he thinketh his curate doth, yet he can not tell 
because he is not ther resident ; and he also thinketh Communion is 
not ther ministered but once a year, viz. : at Easter, excepte ther be 
some sicke folkes that require to have the Communion mynistered 
unto them." The last question about abuses at wakes and burials he 
is unable to answer except that he thinketh there are such abuses. 

The lengthy list of names printed below clearly establishes at 
least the fact that in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries the 
Catholic gentry, yeomanry, and labouring class in Chipping (as else- 
whore in the country), throughout successive generations ailhered with 
singular tenacity to their faith, in spite of oppression and persecution 
as vigorous as it was unrelenting even to minuteness. So that, 
although at the time compiled for a very different purpose, these lists 
of Catholic recusants are extremely valuable, not only for the reasons 



^ Robert Gottom a member pro- 
bably enough of a well-known yeoman 
family long settled in Chipping parish, 
occurs as Curate of Ribchester, Feb- 
ruary, 1524-5, his clear yearly income 
being put at 53s. 4d. (Lib, Subsid, 
Archidf Richm., a.d. 1525, p. 25). He 
again appears as curate there about 
1530, when his yearly stipend is put at 
£4 (aer, Subsid. ^ R.O.) He 
could hardly be identical with— 
" Syr Robt. Cottom, priest," and John 
Tomlinson, church reeve of "ye Chapell 
of Longryge, " who, in 1553, retumed"one 
belle" as then remaining at the said 
ohapel (Ghet, Soc, Iz., 262). His 



character was excellent, judging 
from the deposition of William Houier- 
sall before the Bishop of Chester in 
1556. He is said to have "long placyd 
the blissed housel, beyng the gostlye 
bodye of our Lord Christ for the cleans- 
eyng, on the holly altar in Langrig 
Chapell, and had formerly mynistred to 
the I^ryest. He was able to read the 
gospell and mynestre divine oflfyces, 
although Decon only, nor could he be 
prested untyl AlhaUowtide. He was 
grave and chaste, could play on the 
musiques, and was no typler nor dyce 
ma,n."—(Eaine8'8 MSS.^ xxii.) 



28 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 1. 

already given, but also for historical purposes. It should not be 
forgotten that the Catholics maintained their religious worship during 
the long period of statutory proscription. The Catholic gentry were 
not slow to provide for the worship of their tenants and poorer neigh- 
bours of the same faith in chapels connected with their own houses. 
In 1709, the Rev. John Holme, Vicar of Blackburn, in a letter to the 
Archbishop of York, records the Visitation of the Catholic Bishop 
Smith, at which ** multitudes were present." **The neighbouring Pro- 
testants [at Samlesbury] seemed to take little notice of the matter, it 
being no novelty with them, the same Bishop having been there upon 
the same occasion about five years ago " (Abram's History of 
Blackburn, page 855). 

How fine was the mesh of the then Government's net may be 
gathered from the names of poor farm labourers and husbandmen 
here included, who were as closely looked after as their more wealthy 
neighbours. And although it is probably true that the cruel penal 
laws which disgraced our statute book were not always carried out to 
the letter, it is also none the less a fact that the domestic misery and 
poverty they occasioned has been much underrated. Unthinking as 
the present generation cften is, and careless as to the sufferings of our 
ancestors, it is well for us sometimes to reflect upon what was the 
state of the Catholic population of England two centuries ago, and 
through what trials it has emerged to these better days. 

On 27th July, 1608, King James, by letters patent, granted to 
Anthony Gibson, citizen, scissors merchant, of London, and others, 
certain lands in County Lancaster belonging to Becusants. Among 
these were : — 10 acres of land in Chipping, parcel of the possessions 
of Richard Bradley of Chipping, recusant, of the clear yearly value of 
22s. 2id. ; also all those two parts of one messuage in Chipping, 
parcel of the possessions of Roger Sherburne of Chipping, recusant, 
of the clear annual value of £4 ; also two parts of one messuage in 
Chipping, parcel of the possessions of Richard Cragge, of Chipping, 
husbandman, recusant, of the clear yearly value of 13s. 4d. (Patent 
Roll, 5 Jas. L, i, 1721). 

Reference will later on be made to the proceedings of the 

Commissioners of Forfeited Estates during the Commonwealth as 
regards the Doughtys of Thornley (page 37), and in the accounts of 
old families (chap, ix.) will be noted additional instances, 



Chap. 1.] GENERAL HISTORY. ^ 

RECUSANTS IN ChIPPING (APPARENTLY INCLUDES LeAGRAM). 

(Convicted at the Sessions held at Preston, 16 Jan., 1667-8.) 

Margery Sherborne. 

Kobert Loud and Margaret his wife. 

Anne Crokey. 

Eliz. and Alice, wife and daughter of Bobt. Dobson. 

WilL Wahnealey. 

Jane Darsh (?), widow. 

Thos. Boulton and Margt. his wife. 

Eliz. Bolton, widow. 

Edw. Kichmond. 

Isabel Kichmond. 

Matthew Wilcocke and Agnes his wife. 

Mary Addison. 

Rich. Parkinson and his wife. 

Leonard Bradley and Eliz. his wife. 

Grace and Anne, wife and daughter of Thos. Salesbury. 

Christopher Sidgreaves and Mary his wife. 

James Sidgreaves. 

Eliz. Turner, widow. 

Christopher Sidgreaves. 

Alice Browne. 

Richmond, widow. 

Margt. Bradley, widow, and Margaret, her daught^er. 

Will. Richmond. 

Anthony Airey and Eliz. his wife, and Margaret their daughter. 

Arthur Parker and Anne his wife, and Edward their son. 

Anne, wife of James Rhodes. 

Edw. Rogerson and Mary his wife. 

Jennet, wife of Rich. Tomlinson. 

Leonard (Uarkesou, and Eliz. his wife. 

John Hurst. 

Jennet, wife of Samson Walne. 

Christopher Burton. 

Richard Wilson and Eliz. his wife, and John their son. 

Robt. Parkinson. 

Jennot, wife of John Browne. 

Alex. Parker. 

Robt. Dilworth, senior, and Jennet his wife. 

Anne Dilworth. 

Robt. Dilworth, jun., and Alice his wife. 

Alice Halton, widow. 

Henry Collard and his wife. 

Robt. Richmond and Jennet his wife. 

Anne Bleasdell. 

The wife of Rich. Dunderdale. 

Anne Tomlinson, spinster. 



30 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap, t 

Kich. Swinlehurst and Isabel his wife. 

Thos. TomliDson. 

Margaret Walne, widow. 

Alice Bradley, wid. 

Anne Bradley. 

James Salisbury and Mary his wife. 

Rich. Skillicorne and Mary his wife. 

WilL Parkinson and Isabel his wife. 

Roger Birley and Alice his wife. 

Margt. Rogerson. 

Julian Parker, widow. 

Richard Bleasdall and Alice his wife. 

Mary Bleasdall. 

James Parkinson and Isabel his wife. 

Alice, wife of John Astley. 

Eliz. BleasdalL 

RECUSANTS OF THORNLEY-CUM- WHEATLEY . 

(Convictod as above 16 Jan. 1667-8). 
John Wilkinson, yeoman, and Bridget his wife. 
Eliz., wife of Edward Sherborne. 
Grace, wife of Edw. Broadhurst, husbandman. 
Eliz., wife of Edw. Parkinson. 
John Sharpies, husb., and Eliz. his wife.. 
John Dobson and Ellen his wife. 
Jennet Dilworth, blacksmith, and Anne his wife. 
Prudence Sherborne, spinster. 
Edw. Bradley, husb., and Cicely his wife. 
James Bradley, yeo., and Isabel his wife. 
Henry Cottam, yeo., and Mary his wife. 
Jane Cottam. 
Jennet Rogerson, widow. 
John Cutler, husb., and Alice his wife. 
Lawrenee Cutler and Ellen his wife. 
Edw. Eccles, husb. 

John Tumor, hnsb., and Dorothy his wife. 
John Bankes. 

John Daggers, carpenter, and Anne his wife. 
John Daggers, son of the aforesaid John. 
Isabel, wife of Thos. Rhodes, husb. 

RECUSANTS IN CHIPPING. 

(Convicted 1680.) 
Alexander Sherborne, gent. 

RECUSANTS IN LEAGRAM. 

(Convicted 1680.) 
John Holden. 
Hugh Dobson. 
Henry Parker. 



Chap. 1.] GENERAL HISTORY. 31 

Robert Holden. 
Ellis Cottam. 
John Fairclough. 
Henry Cottam, yeo. 

RECUSANTS IN CHIPPING 

(Committed at the Lancaster Sessions, Jan. 15, 171.^-16.) 

Thos. Parker and wife, and Ellen their daughter. 

Isabel Bright and Anne her daughter. 

Edward Cottam and wife. 

Oliyer Hatch, yeo. 

Cuthbert Tomlinson and wife. 

Margt. Tomlinson. 

Jane Smith. 

Margt. Smith. 

James Parker and wife, and Roger their grandson. 

Robt. Clarkson and wife, and John and Ellen their children. 

Will. Holding, yeo. 

Jennet Parkinson. 

James Hall and wife. 

Thos. Wiloock and wife. 

Alice Lund. 

Mary Leeming. 

Sarah Duckworth. 

James Lund, yeo. 

Thos. Dobson and wife. 

John Dewhurst, yeo. 

Bartholomew Dillworth and Alice his sister. 

John Bolton and wife, and John, Richard, and Alice their children. 

James Richmond and wife. 

BECUSANTS IN BOLLAND AND LEAGBAM 

(Convicted Jan. 15, 1715-16.) 

Edw. Parker, gent., and Ann his daughter. 

James Blackburn and wife. 

Rich. Atkinson and wife. 

Martha Wilkinson. 

Thos. Sumner and Ann his sister. 

Edw. Hayhurst and wife. 

Isabel Hayhurst. 

Leonard Webster and James and Alice his children. 

Richard Penketh, a reputed priest 

James Parker and wife, and Alexander, Elizabeth, and Ann, their children. 

Jane Dewhurst. 

Ann Dewhurst. 

Thos. Duckworth and his sisters Ann and Eliz. 

James Dobson and wife. 

George Hodgkinson, husb. 

Margt. Garret and Robt. her son. 



32 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 1. 

RECUSANTS IN TII0RNLEY-0T7M-WIIEATLBY 

(Convicted 15th Jan., 1716.) 

ThoB. Eccles, yeo. 

Jno. Dobson and wife. 

Wm. Keighley and wife, and Henry and Elizabeth, their children. 

Bobt. Brodhurst and wife. 

Eliz. Ecoles. 

Greo. Bolton and wife. 

Thos. Huccesnur (?), husb. 

OATHOLIO NON-JUBOES EEGISTERED IN THE YEAR 1715. 

Robert Henlden of Laithgrim, husbandman — Leasehold farm. 

James Richmond of Chipping, yeoman — House and 21 acres- -£8. 

Thomas Wilcook of Chipping, husbandman— House and 16 acres. 

John Bolton of Chipping, husbandman— Leasehold. 

James Lowde of Chipping, tailor— Leasehold. 

John Dewhurst of Chipping, husbandman— Leasehold there and freehold at Bolland. 

Bartholomew Dilworth of Chipping, husbandman- Freehold house and 38 acres. 

Thomas Dobson of Chii)piug, husbandman - -Leasehold house and 15 acres. 

Jennett Duckworth of Leagram, widow-House and 38i acres there, and at Chipping. 

James Dobson of Leagram, husbandman — Two houses and 11 acres, charged with £11 
to his sisters - £4 6s. 

James Parker of Chipping, yeoman— Freehold, and annuity of £18 out of a house at 

Bolland-cum-Leagram, tenanted by his son-in-law, Edward Parker — £19. 

{Stephen Dilworth of BoUand, blacksmith— Estate at Thomley and Chaigley-£2 14s. 

Edward Parker, of Bolland, husbandman— Freehold estate, called Higher Graystonlee, 
subject to annuity of £20 to James Parker, his father-in-law, and Anne his 
wife— £28. 

THORNLEY-CUM-WHEATLEY. 

This township, separated from Chipping township by the river 
Loude, occurs in Boyneaday Book (1086) as Watelei, haviiig one 
carucate of cultivated land. At the great Lacy Inquisition, 42 Hen. 
m. (1257-8), Edward de Lacy was found to hava died seised of lands 
in ** Quitley " and " Thorndleye." Among the early landowners were 
the Mittons, Thorndeleyes, and Bradeleys. In 17 Edw. I. (1288-9), 
Robert de Bradeley levied a fine upon Ralph, son of Adam de 
Thomdelye for 100 acres of land in the township. In the reign of 
Edward m. (and probably long before) the Mittons were Lords of 
Thomley, but their lordship did not apparently include the hamlet of 
Wheatley, and what is still locally known as ** Bradley demesne."* 

In 12 Edw. III. (L339-40) Roger, son of Johnde Mitton, granted 
and confirmed to Thomas de Knoll all the part of his land and 

^ See chap. ix. 



(In the Stonyhun^j^j) MSS.; Stonyhurst Magazine, etc. 
the seal of HJ 
of a fowl, prol 



Jordan 



Hugh de Mitton=Beat 
liviui' in 1192, 



Avota=Richard de Catterall. 



Robert de Mitton== 
granted manor of 
Mitton to Cocker- 
sand, temp* John 
(1199-1216). 



=Ameria. 



Ralph de Mitton=Marj^i,j}rt de Jordan de Bailey= Agnes. 



I 



JoMan de Mitton=Amqa. 
living 20 Edw. 
I. (1291-2). 



John de Mitton= 
living 18 Edw. 
II. (1324-6). 



I 



Roger de Mitton, died vi 
issue; granted mail 
Tbornlev to Thomj 
Knoll, 12 Edw. III. (1| 



Jordan de Bailey=Avicia. William de Bailey. 



John de Bailey=Mabilla. 



Lichi 



Richard de Bailey =Margaret, dan. and 

coheir of Sir 
Richard de Shire- 
burn. 



Richard de Bailey (de Shirebum), 
born at Stoneyhurst. Feast of 
St Wilfred, 6 Ric. XL (1381). 



/ 



> X' 



^ 
^ 




Sn 



Louwys (?) de Knoll= 



Richard 800 of Louwys de KuoU.was seized temp., Edw. ]., of common pasture (2acr| 
— Grant from Roger de Quitaker, S.D., of Quitaker's in Chipping, and tlie h 
and rents and services of divers tenants [Derby Charter, 2.] and from John, 8< 
Clerk of Chipping, of his allotment adjoining the Loud [ibid, 1]. 



Richard de Knoll, son and heir, o&. s. p. 



John de Knoll, brotl 



John de Knoll, son and heir, claims common pasture (in right of descent), 
John son of Jordan de Mitton, and recovers, [Ass. Roll, Lane., M. 2., 2-3., M. 6( 
claims from same, 14 Nov., 1305, ^ of 80 acres in Thornley. [ib. M, 3, 5-6., M. 4,' 

Richard son of John de Knoll de Chipping, 1327, [Lay Subsidy 1. Edw. 5.] not 
Subsidy taken 6, Edw. 3., brother of Thomas. 



5^ 

John son of Richard de 
Knoll, born before wed- 
lock, whose base son, 
John Maulderson le 
Coure, under age, 1357, 
claims as heir to Ric. de 
Knoll. [DrjLC. Lan, Div, 
XXV. Ass, Roll. 6.] 



Thomas de Knoll de Thornley, 1333, [Lay Si 

witnesses deed, 1349, at Billington: brother 

Richard ''Jil Johis de K.'' 18. E. 2, Grant in Tl 

Roger de Mitton, 1338, 

** Was in old time Lord of Thornley."— To wnl< 



Richard son of Thomas de Knoll=Johanna, da. and 



held J of Thornley, 1354, wiien 
with his mother and 2 brothers he 
defends in claim of pasture 
[xxv. Ass. Roll 3.]; paid suit for 
the manor of Thornley. 1357. 
[ib, 6.] 



coheir of John 
del Cloiigh de 
Reved. mar. 
secondly Ric 
Greenacres. 



I 
Adam de Knoll, brother== 
and heir of Richard, 
1354 and 1357 occurs 
Townley MSS. O. O., 
2137, 35 Edw. 3 
(1362). 



Richard de Knoll by fine 16 August, 1425, entailed Thornley Manor=- 



I 



Milo de Knoll, son and heir, succeded to the Manor of Thomley.= 
Witness to a deed, 27. Hen. 6. 



I 



Margaret de Knoll, dau.=John, son of Christopher Singleton, 
and heir of Milo, and 
heir to her cousin 
John, defendant in re- 
covery, 1480, by fine 6 
Sept. 1503, sells Manor 
of Thornley. 



R 



Thomas de Knoli,==Margery re-=Peter Wes 

died in 1478. covered dower 147 

in 1478, V. John 
Knoll. 



^er SiDgletoD, son and heir, by ftne 14S8-, 8o\d\i\a\iU^*m'l\iwr\«^^«xA 



Chap. 1.] OKi>fEllAL HISTOUV. 33 

common-land in Wheatley wood in the township of Thomeley. 

Amongst the witnesses to this grant were Ralph de Singleton, Richard, 

son of Adam de Knoll, Richard, son of John de Knoll, and Thomas de 

Singleton (Towneley MSS,). This transcript from the Towneley M88. 

is emphasised by a reference to the Derby MS 8., wherein it is stated 

"12 Edw. III., Roger, son of John de Mitton, being Lord of the 

Manor of Thornley, granted it to Thomas de Knoll ; and that John 

Singleton married Margaret the great grandaughter of Thomas de 

Knoll, and became Lord of the Manor, the male line being spent." 

In the Towneley M88,, O.O., 1071, is the following quaint, and fairly 

correct, although (as will be seen by reference to the accompanying 

pedigree)* by no means complete account of the descent of the manor : 

' ' Yt is to have in mind that Thomas Knolls was in old time Lord of the Lordshipp 
of Thomeley and the said Thomas had a sonne called Atkine of Knolls and he was 
wedded and had three sonnes that height Richard John and Atkine And the said 
Bichard was wedded and had with his wife too sonnes Miles and Gerrard and then the 
said Richard varid with his wife and said that he would parte with her and went to 
one that like mydill with the Lawe [an attorney] and promised him 40s. to helpe that 
he were separted from his wife and he helpt him so far to doe and in the meane time the 
said Richard wedded another woman and after that he went [to court] and putt in the 
cause wheref or he would departe with his old wife and the cause was unlawf ull and he 
was gert by the Lawe to goe to the first wife ageane and then he maried Miles his 
Sonne And he [Miles] had by his wife A daughter the which John of Syngleton had 
wedded and then Miles died and then Gerrard Entred into Land and was weddt»d and 
had a son called Richard and they said Richard had A sonne called John and the said 
was the Last heire male and all these are dead withouten heire male and this is the 
cause that (he was wedded) the wife of John Syngleton Chaleng to be heire." 

Between the years 1451 and 1503, the manorial rights and 

several parcels of lands in Thornley were purchased by Thomas, Lord 

Stanley, first Earl of Derby, as is proved by the following extracts : — 

'* William Sourebutts de Stedley remitted, released, quitclaimed for himself and 
his heirs in perpetuity to Thomas, Lord Stanley, his heirs and assigns all the rights he 
ever had in the messauge, lands, and tenements which were enfeoffed to him by 
Richard Smithies, chaplain, and Richard Parkinson, in Stedley and Whetley in the 
hamlets of Thomeley and Ohippendall. " 

Witnesses : Christopher Barton ; Richard Kightley ; William Orrell, et alids, 11 
Nov., U51 {Towneley MSS. O.O., 1001). 

By indenture, dated 6th July, 1482, Robert Wilkinson, in consideration of £20 
to him paid by Thomas, Lord Stanley, agreed to release all the right, title, and 
interest he hath or at any time may have in the manors of Thomeley, Whetley and 
Aghton, or any lands that were at any time John of Knolles [Ibid., 1005). 

* For the greater part of which I am indebted to Major John Parker, of Horbury. 



34 UISTOJIY OF CUIPPING. [Chap. 1. 

By deed, dated the last day of February, 14 Hen. VII. (1488-9) Chriatopher 
Singleton, late of London, gentleman, ratified and confirmed by a bond of £200 to 
Thomas, Earl of Derby, his rights in the possession of the manor of Thomley, and in 
all the lands, etc., in which Margaret Singleton, his mother, whose heir apparent he is, 
is interested as daughter of Miles Knolls. 

Witnessed by, William Wall and James MoUineux, clerks, Robert Leigh, Richard 
Hesketh, and Edmund Plompton, gentlemen. {Ibid., 1004). 

"This BiU made at Lathome, 5 Nov., 19 Henry .VIL (1503), witnesseth that 
John Newton of To was [Towcester] in co. Northampton, son and heir of John 
Newton has received of Thomas, Earl of Derby, iijL vjs, viijd. in full satisfaction for 
all such rights and titles as he had to the Manner of Thomeley, and for all other 
lands and messauges whatsoever within the town of Thomeley or elsewhere within the 
County of Yorke {tic) to which he had any title " [Ibid., 1006). 

In 1595 Alice, Countess Dowager of Derby, after reciting that 
upon the death of her husband, Ferdinand, Earl of Derby, he had 
assigned to her, as part of her dower, the manor of Thornley, com- 
plains that Eichard Sherburne of Stonyhurst, Esq., has fraudulently 
taken possession thereof, under colour of a lease from Henry, Earl of 
Derby, who died Sep. 25, 1694. She prays for letters of priry seal. 
{Due. Fleas., 136, D 9). Six years later, 26th May, 1601, Thomas 
Egerton, Knight, Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of England (after- 
wards Lord Ellesmere), and Alice, his wife (late wife of Ferdinand, 
Earl of Derby), make a similar complaint against James and Bobert 
Core. {Ibid., 162, E 11). 

On the 18th June, 1602, an "indenture and bargain of sale" 
whereby* the Manor of Thornley and lands in Chipping at any time, 
the inheritance of the Right Honourable Ferdinando, late Earl of 
Derby, were sold to Sir Baptist Hickes and William Tarporley, by 
William, Earl of Derby, was acknowledged and enrolled in the High 
Court of Chancery. 

Four years later, Nov. 24th, 1606, Sir Baptist Hickes and 
William Tarpoley, in consideration of a certain sum of money paid to 
them, sold and conveyed to Michael Doughty of Thornley, gent., all 
the lands with the Manor of Thornley, purchased by them from the 
Earl of Derby. 

In 1614 we find the following : — 

Final agreement made at Lancaster 27th August, between Anthony Chatbume 
and William Dunderdale plaintiffs, and Michael Doughtie gentleman, and Henry 
Doughtie gentleman, son and heir apparent of the aforesaid Michael, defendants, of 1 
messuage 1 garden 1 orchard 10 acres of land 3 acres of meadow 8 acres of pasture 2 



Chap. 1.] GEl^ERAL HISTORY. 36 

acres of moor and common pasture for all cattle, and common turf, with the appur- 
tenances in Chipping, these the aforesaid Michael and Henry remise and quit 'claim to 
the aforesaid Anthony and William for the sum of £60 sterling. \SheUey MSS.). 

The lands in Thornley comprised : — 

All that messuage or house in the occupation of George Crombleholme, on a lease 
of 99 years (if the said Elizabeth Doughty so long live) at the yearly rent of 16s. per 
annum. All that the mansion house and long house in Thomelie and one bame stand- 
ing on or near Thomelie Hill, and lands leased to John and Ralph Parker for 99 years 
at a rental of 40s. per annum. 

A dwelling house wherein one John Marsden now or heretofore dwelt, at a rental 
of 23s. per year. The capitall messauge or manner house of Thomeley, commonly 
called Thornelie Hall, and the houses, bames, stables and yards therewithall used, and 
divers closes of pastures, etc. , that is to say, all that water milne in Thomelie known 
by the name of Thomelie Mill, with a close of pasture thereto adjoining, called by the 
name of ffleame, containing 6 acres ; a piece of ground, containing 2 acres, calli d 
Bettam Orchard ; a close, called the upper mill field, of 6 acres ; a close called the 
lower mill field, of 6 acres ; a close, called Knownstie, of 14 acres ; a close called 
Thorneley Hill Greene, of 2 acres ; a piece of meadow, called the Gulers, of 2 acres ; 
two closes, lying along by the river (Loud) side, called the Okenheads, of 12 acres ; 
three closes of pasture, called the High Field, of 16 acres, with a'strip of meadow con- 
taining 2 acres ; one close of meadow containing 6 acres, called the Crow Jugs ; a close, 
called the Deane meadow, of 5 acres ; a parceU of wood, called Thomeley Parke, con- 
taining 20 acres ; a close, called the Great Burnley, of 14 acres ; a close adjoining, 
called the Cliffe House Close, of 7 acres, with parcelle of wood thereto adjoining, called 
the Harecleugh ; a close, called the Bumlie, of 8 acres." 

In 8 and 9 Chas. I. (1632-4), a suit was depending between the 
Attorney-General of the Duchy (William Noy, Esq.), and Henry 
Doughty and others. A number of witnesses appeared at Clitheroe, 
18th January, 1633-4, before the Oommisioners, Daniel Barnard, 
Thomas Oddie, Robert Ingham, and Henry Walmesley, and gave the 
following evidence. 

RiOHABD Shebbtjrne of Chipping, gent., aged about 32, knows 
all the defendants except Gideon de Launo. He is acquainted with, 
and as a matter of fact was privy to, a ** bargain and contract*' whereby 
Henry Doughty gave Ann Tumley a lease of a certain tenement in 
Thornley, now in the possession of her son. He (Sherburne) says he 
not only ** drewe and writt " the said lease, but also subscribed his 
name as a witness. 

William Bukne of Thornley, aged about 40, has never heard 
that Henry Doughty was indebted to the King or any other person 
in any sum of money under pretence of his Majesty's title until the 
inquiry taken at Padiham about June, 7 Chas (1631). He was privy 



33 History of chipping. [Chap. i. 

to two leases made by Henry Doughty of 2 tenemeDts in Thornley, 
one to Christopher Kenyou and the other to Bridget Doughty, and 
believes they were executed bona fide. He is, moreover, well aware 
that on the 22nd and 23rd Oct., 6 Chas. (1630), Eobert Eccles and 
Evan Gerrard, tenants of two tenements, owned by Henry Doughty 
and mortgaged by him to Thomas Smith of London, did pay rent to 
the said Smith. At the same time he was a witness at the sealing of 
the indenture now shown, purporting to be a deed made by Henry 
Doughty to Roger Brearley, Robert Doughty, Thomas Doughty, and 
John Hargreaves, whereby the manor house and lordship of Thornley 
are granted to them for certain uses. 

Petee Hesketh of Thornley, miller, aged about 39, until lately 
servant of Henry Doughty deposes in like manner. 

John Parker of Thorneyholme-in-Bowland, aged about 60, 
knows Henry Doughty and "has been in the company of John 
Barcroft.*' A year ago last Michaelmas Barcroft came to deponent in 
London, and after questioning him touching the estates of Henry 
Doughty, carried him off to the office of the Auditor of the Duchy in 
the Exchequer Office, before deponent knew where he was going. 
Here Barcroft tried his hand on the sturdy countryman, but all in 
vain. He drew up a document to the effect that Henry Doughty's 
lands were unencumbered, and " earnestly moved " Parker to swear 
to its truth. Unconvinced by Bar croft's assurances that no harm 
would follow, the fine offer of a loan to su; ply his needs, " after 
eight pounds in the huudreth " upon a note under the hand of one 
John Mitton, was equally unavailing. 

Joshua Rhodes of Thornley, gent., aged about 42, was privy to 
the making of several leases by Henry Doughty to John Bradley and 
others. 

Thomas Burns further deposed that he has lived near Henry 

Doughty ever since the said Doughty was an infant, and has been 
well acquainted with many of his dealings and debts, but never knew 
that he owned money to anybody. He then gives a lengthy account 
of what took place at Padiham on June 30, 1631, when ** one Hyde," 
and Thomas Peele, who were, or pretended to be, deputies of the then 
Sheriff of Lancaster, held an inquiry about the lauds and goods of 
Henry Doughty, Hyde refused to receive any evidence as to 



Chap. 1.] GENERAL HISTORY. 37 

Doughty's title, and made use of threats to witnesses on his behi.lf . 
The King claimed the lands on the plea that Henry Doughty and his 
father had no absolute possession until after the death of the Countess 
Dowager of Derby ; whereas deponent had no difficulty in showing 
that both Michael Doughty and Henry Doughty had exercised 
absolute power of leasing. 

Here the document abruptly ends {Exchequer Dep, Hil. 8 and 9 
Chas. L, No. 25). 

The estates were sequestered about 1644-6 for the delinquency 
of the Doughtys as appears from the following summary : 

On August 1st, 1650, Jo. Bradinge made a report upon the 
petition of Elizabeth Doughty, widow, desiring allowance of her 
jointure made upon her marriage with John Doughty, deceased, son 
and heir of Henry Doughty of Thornley in county Lancaster, Esq., in 
which report it is stated, that upon the marriage of the petitioner with 
the said John Doughty, 12th Dec. 1641, it was agreed that in con- 
sideration of the said marriage and of £1500 paid for her marriage 
portion there should be provided for her use a jointure of £200 per 
annum. Reference is made to the copyhold or customary manor of 
Colne belonging to the said Henry and John Doughty, alleged to be 
of the yearly value of £120, which was part of the said jointure, and 
to lands in Thornley, which with a rent charge of £47 a year made 
up the sum of £200. The premises in Colne, it is also stated, were 
formerly sequestered for the delinquency of the said John Doughty 
who died about November, 1637, whereupon petitioner had allowance 
of her jointure by order of the Lords and Commons of the 3rd of 
Nov. 1647. Petitioner alleges that a great part of the copyholds in 
Colne ** were evicted** from her and that Henry Doughty, her hus- 
band's father, had entered upon part (if her jointure, " and that for 
his joining with the Scots in their late invasion in those parts, his 
estate is under sequestration for delinquency.** * 

An order was consequently made *' That Elizabeth Doughty have 
her jointure with the arrears theieof.** 

James Murgatroid, gent., in his petition to the Commissioners 
dated 28th Oct., 1652, states that Henry Doughty of Thornley, gent., 

^ ftoyaiUt Composition Papers, 1st series, xxi, 15. 



33 



UISTORY OF CHIPPING. 



fCHAP. 1. 



and Michael his son, did on the 17th January, 164 7 -[4 8] grant and 

sell to petitioner for 21 years an annuity of £8. 6s. 8d. issuing out of 

the manor of Thornley, two year's rent whereof he received, but since 

the estate of the said Henry Doughty was sequestered about the 20th 

Nov., 1649, petitioner has not received the said annuity nor any part 

thereof.* The matter was referred to Mr. Eeading to report ; but 

nothing further appears, except the following statement, dated Oct. 

27th, 1652: - 

" Henry Doughty, gent, a Papist and delinquent 

— account of the revenues and profits of his 
sequestered estates — one kilne and milne, 
let to Eobert Bolton of Chipping, at per 

annum £10 00 00 

The lands in Thornley let to Henry Sherburne 

and William Walne for £13 00 00" 

On August 16th, 1654, "the Trustees for the sale of lands and 
estates forfeited to ye Commonwealth for treason " — Wm. Skynner, 
Wm. Robinson, and W. Lisle, ordered that, whereas George Hurd of 
London, gent., did on the 22nd of June, 1653, contract with the said 
Commissioners for the purchase of the manor of Thornley, late parcel 
of the estate of Henry Doughty, gent., and has paid in the first 
moiety of his purchase money (amount not stated), the said George 
Hurd be permitted to have quiet possession of the premises, etc. 
{Hid,, 19). 

From the petition printed below it seems that Elizabeth 

Doughty, or her brother-in-law Michael Doughty, either compounded 
for the lands in Thornley, or regained possession in some other way, 
as ** Mistress Dough tie and her daughter" are distinctly referred to 
as owners thereof. How grievously the tenants must have been rack- 
rented is clear from their remarkable offer as to the purchase ; and on 



1 On Oct. 10th, 1650, the Committee 
for the County of Lancaster, writing to 
the Committee for Compounding, state 
that the farmers of the sequestered 
estate of Henry Doughty, of Thornley, 
complain that James Murgatroyd claims 
a rent charge on the estate, and threatens 
to distrain for it. He lives in Yorkshire 
[Sawley], on the borders of this county, 
so that if he distrains he will quickly 



convey away the goods. Thev therefore 
beg for directions. Again they write, 
on Nov. 23rd, that James Murgatroyd 
distrained the goods of Henry Sher- 
burne, farmer of Henry Doughty*s 
estate, for rent last year, and not being 
prevented, has done the same this year, 
so that the estate will not let at half its 
value. (CaZ, of Com. for Comp,, 330, 
360). 



JS. ; Derby MSS. ; Par. Eeg., Etc. 



Michael 
Thorj 
buried 
8 Jun€ 



Henry Doi 
Thornl 
died 165! 



Thomas Doughty 
Solicitor at Cioui- 
ton Co., Lincoln, 
exor oi his bro- 
ther Wm. 



I 
Bridget. 



John Dok= 
of Thol 
Esq. ; d; 
bis fat! 
lifetime 
Nov. 16^ 



Henry Doughty, elected Master 
of Eirkham Grammar School, 
17th April, 1644 ; in 1648 fled 
to Wakefield " for fear of the 
soldiers '' (Fishwick's Kirk- 
hanij 145). Master of Halifax 
Grammar School ; buried at 
Halifax, 13th Oct. 1688, aged 
76. 



Mai 



of Wrightington (Chet. Soc. Ixxxii., 64) 



Chap. 1.] GENERAL HISTORY. 39 

the other hand their implicit trust and confidence in the Earl of Derby 
as a prospective landlord is very touching. 

*^ Petition to the JSarl of Derby hy ThornUy Tenants^ Nov, I4th, 1662. 

In replye to my Lord's gracious answer, given the 4th of this instant to their 
petition they humbly praye that they may not be knowne, or any ways seen in the 
business, until there be some good hopes for them to obtain their desires, for if it be 
(known) they may come to be quite cast out of their living, by Mrs. Doughtie or her 
daughter. Therefore they humbly pray that my Lord will be graciously pleased to send 
for Michael Doughty himself by the bearer hereof (he as yet not being com'd from 
London), and that the said Mr. Doughtie nor any ;Others may not know anything of 
the petitioners' proceedings. The petitioners have by the bearer hereof sent one of 
their old leases, all others being after the same manner, their lands being the dowry of 
the then Countess (of Derby) and all their leases .... was taken from Mr. 
Doughtie that last died and his father and for other writings they have not any ; yett 
they say that Mr. Edward Rigbie hath writings concerning Thomley which they have 
heard, and the said petitioners do inform my Lord that they find by ancient records 
in the Chancery that Earl Henry did sell certain leased lands in Thomley to Michael 
Doughtie then Clerk to the said Earl for payment of his debts, and upon a . . . . 

of an end of between the daughter of Earl Ferdinand, eldest son of 

Earl Henry, and William his younger son (the now Earl's grandfather), it was agretd 
and ordered that the said Earl William should pay all his father's debts, whereupon 
the said Mr. Doughtie conveyed all these leases to the said Earl William, and these 
lands of the petitioners with others as we conceive are the lands that Earl William 
sold to pay the said debts. The said petitioners further pray that if my Lord's 
counsel find that my lord hath no right by the law to the said lands in Thomley, then 
they humbly pray that my lord will be graciously pleased to buy the said lands in 
Thomley, and the petitioners will pay the purchase money and yield unto my lord the 
agreed rent unto him and his heirs for ever. Not doubting but my lord will be 
graciously pleased to do his best endeavour f(jr himself and the petitioners, they 
humbly rest for the present and ever pray for his honour's health, wealth, and pros- 
perity in this life, and in the life to come everlasting joy and felicity." 

However, this petition was not successful, and the poor Thomley 
tenants had to submit as best they could to " Mistress Doughty and 
her daughter," although probably, upon the marriage of the latter 
with Thomas Patten of Preston, their condition would be ameliorated. 
In 1688, Sir Thomas Stanley married Elizabeth, daughter and heir of 
Thomas Patten, and his son E«lward, succeeding in 1735-6 as 11th 
Earl of Derby, the Manor of Thornley, after ^ lapse of 130 years, thus 
reverted to the descendants of its original' owpers. 

Thomley Hall, or Patten Hall as it is often called, lies at the foct 
of that part of Longridge Fell known as ** JefPrey Hill." Over the 
porch is the inscription (covered with the usual whitewash) in raised 
letters: §» . il|«i^«? |®J?«|a;|« . »«0^» On the door 



40 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 1. 

of a cupboard let into the wall in the dining-room of the house is : 
E. P. M. (Elizabeth and Mary Patten). 1709. 

Of the Doughty's connection with Colne we have found little. In 
1636, a commission was granted by Johu, Lord Bishop of Chester 
[Bridgeman] to allot and divide the stalls, forms, and seats of Colne 
Church, when " the first double-seated form through, between the 
alleys, they [the churchwardeis] do appoint to Henry Doughty, gent., 
and William Eiumott for their chief mansion houses," and another 
stall on the south side of the great pill?r to the tenants of Mr. Doughty 
at Waterside.** — [From a contemporary MS. in possession of Mr. W. 
Waddington, of Burnley]. 

There are now few evidences left in Colne of this family. Their 
old mansion, Colne Hall, has been pulled down ; a farm still bears the 
naii:e of " Dough t3\" A great part of modern Colne is built upon 
lands belonging to the Earl of Derby, which (;ame into the family at 
the same time as the Thornley estates. 

The Doughtys of Thornley are probably identical with the family 
settled at Ovenden, in Yorkshire, during the sixteenth century. 
Among the first subscribers to Heath Grammar School (founded in 
1584-5) occurs ** Michael Doughty gen : nat^ in Ovenden xl^- " And 
as several of our Michael Doughty's descendants were schoolmasters 
in Yorkshire, we may reasonably conclude that the first of the family 
who lived at Thornley HaU is identical with the subscriber to the 
before-named school (Cox's Meath Grammar School, 131). A year or 
two later we find him filling the post of one of the clerks of the kitchen 
in the princely household of Edward, the third, and Henry, the 
fourth. Earl of Derby. In the ** Check erowle " of Henry, Earl of 
Derby's " Houaeholde Servants the xiiith dale of May a^ 1587 at w^^ 
time his L. didde begyne to sett uppe howse at Lathom after his 
retourne from the Courte," appear the names of the " Clerkesof the 
Kitchen," viz.; — " Wm. Aspeinowle; Mychell Dougthie." 

Other references to him at this period are : — 
" On Wednesday [10th July, 1587], Mr. Clerke Mychell was set 
[? sent] to London." " Tuesday [ Jan. 1589-90], my Lord and 

my Lady Strandge dyned at the Lodge in Latbome Parke w^^* Clerk 
Mychell." On the 18th July fcllowing Michael Doughty was still 
one of the clerks of the kitchen. (Chet. Society, xxxi., 23, 32, 38, 84). 



Chap. 1.] GENERAL HISTORY. 41 

According to Mr. Payne Collier, he was also Secretary to the 

Earl, but he is not mentioned in the Household Books in that 

capacity. 

In the ShuttUworth Accounts (Chet. Sec, xxxv., 56-58) are the 

following references to Michael Doughtie : — 

Jan. 1589-90— Mr. Duchie for the tythe come silver of the demane of Hoole, xxs. ; 
March, 1589-90, a mane of Mr. Clark Douchtie wch broughte a letter frome him to the 
Smytheles, viijd. ; April 1590, Spente at foure severall tymes when I went to Lathom 
to speke wth Mr. Dughtie Is. ixd. ; given to Mr. Dughtie clarke for copinge his lesse 
of the tythe of Hoole xijd. ; May 1590, Mr. clarke Dughtie for one lessse of the tythe 
come of Hoole ccxlvH- 

On the 23rd September, 1594, Mr. Michael Doughtie, servant to 

William Earl of Derby, and Mr. Hugh Ellis, servant of the Lady 
Alice Countess Dowager of Derby, deposited, in the presence of 
Francis, Lord Bacon, and others, a trunk containing family evidences 
in the custody of Lord Ellesmere, then Sir Thomas Egerton. The 
trunk was afterwards produced in the Court of Wards, and Mr. 
Doughtie and Mr. Ellis acknowledged the receipt of it for the purpose 
{Egerton papers, p. 205). Undoubtedly Michael Doughty was (as 
Canon Raines remarksj an influential and wealthy man, occupying an 
office which, in those days, was both dignified and honourable. 

In 1588, he was elected member of Parliament for Preston ; and 
in 1592-3 became the representative for Liverpool, having previously 
sat for Flint Borough during the Parliament of 1586-7 {Pa/rL Rep, 
Lane, 146, 184). 

As already stated, he purchased the Manor of Thornley in 1606, 
and took up his residence there until his death in 1630 ; and was 
buried at Chipping on the 8th of June. 

By his wife, Cicely, daughter of Thomas Nelson, (or of Boo til), he 
had issue (1) Henry ; (2) William, Master of Wakefield Free Grammar 
School, buried in the North choir of the Church there ; (3) John ; and 
(4) Thomas, solicitor at Goulton, co. Lincoln. The date of the death 
of Michael Doughty 's wife I have not found. ^ 

' It is necessary to point out the pre- is only right to add that Mr. William 

vailing ei^or, which has unfortunately Dobson, with hid usual discrimination, 

been printed in several works, that the pointed out the mistaken notion as to 

daughter of John Doughty {son of the way in which the StanleyB acquired 

Michael Doug^hty), married Thomas the manor of Thornley ; but appears to 

Patten of Preston. The lady was the have been unaware of the fact above 

daughter of John Doughty, grandson stated. {Pari, Represent, Preaton^ pa^e 

of Michael Doughty {sec pedigree). It 12). 



42 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 1. 

In 1 635 there was allotted to Heney Doughty, eldest son and 
heir of Michael, along with William Emmott of Colne, " the first 
double seated form through between the alleys, for their chief mansion 
houses, in Colne Church, and another " stall on the south side of 
the great pillar " to his tenants at Waterside, by virtue of a Com- 
mission to the churchwardens, granted by John Bridgeman, Bishop 
of Chester. {From a Gontemp. MS.). 

The following letter (from the unpublished Towneley MSS.), 
addressed to Henry Doughty by Robert Callis, Serjeant-at-law, of 
Lincoln, concerning a projected marriage betweeu the two families 
was, as after events proved, by no means uncalled for : — 

** Good Mr. Doughty. 
y^ According to my promise I have sent my servant over to 

you with a friend, whereby I may be better assured of your reall 
estates in lands for to be a competent joynture for my daughter if we 
proceed to settle all the rest uppon your sonne and her issue. 

Therefore, imprimis, your brother [Thomas Doughty] with Mr. 
Granton assured me your lands of inheritance were 600^^ per annum 
at the least. I now desire that you would make it appear to them 
that they and I from them may understand the true yearly value of 
them, for I know Mr. Linelleslee [? Lindsay] well understands the 
yearly value of lands in your country, which I myselfe doe not. 

You seay in your note that Mr. William Doughty hath certaine 
tenements for a tearme of yeares in the manner of Thornely of the 
yearely valine of 50^^ , but for how many yeares you have not set 
downe. I desire to know that point, and so for the rest which you 
say [you] have leased for two lives I pray you shew them the leases. 
Then I will have 200^» per atmum set out and assured for Joynture. I 
desire to know which were (?) it and that they may see it. 

And I desire to know and be certified how your mannor or lands 
bee estated whereby conveyances may bee aptly draw n out and what 
statutes judgments or recognizances there are which by thereon or with 
may bee laid thereon that they may bee taken of. 

I will give with my daughter if I like the match : in hand down- 
paid, eleven hundred pounds, and 400'* within ten months after if 
shee shall be then liveing. I desire the eleven hundred pounds may 
serve your turne and that your sonne might have the other 400^* , 



Chap. 1.] GENERAL HISTORY. 43 

This is not all I intend my daughter for I meane to give her 20001* — 
but 500^1 shall be at my own meath. so long as I shall thinke good 
Shee knows well enough, how far shee may trust nee. But f or tbe 
loOO^i , that ip my promise what shall be performed as I have formerly 
written and spoken. It is a faire portion seeing it shall be well paid 
as I pay it, and deserves a good estate in the oppinion of her ffriends. 
Thus I pray you doe f arely with mee in these matters as I hope 
you will for I shall bee sure my money shall goe out of my purse 
which I have ready in my hands, and so I rest and remaine 

^^Yo^'ffriend, 

EOBERT CaLLIS. 

4 day Aug : 
"1640. 

" To his ffreind .... Doughty of Thomeley 

in the county of Lanc^ , Esq''®, deliver. "^ 

Henry Doughty was a staunch Royalist and Catholic, and 
suffered alike for his zeal on behalf of his King and for his fidelity to 
his faith. He would be between 63 and 73 years old at the time of 
his death, which occurred between November 1652 and 1662. 

By his marriage, 5th December, 1614, with Mary, daughter of 
Edward Blakey, he had issue three sons — John, Michael, and Edward. 

John Doughty, eldest son and heir of Henry Doughty, died in 
his father's lifetime, and probably played no important part in local 
affairs : at anyrate, we have come across little but what has already 
been stated. The exact date of his death we have not learned ; it 
was before 17th January, 1647-8. 

He married 12th December, 1641, Elizabeth, elder daughter of 
Robert Callis, serjeant-at-law, of Lincoln, and by her had issue two 
daughters, Mary, wife of Thomas Patten of Preston, Esquire ; and 
Susannah, who died unmarried, and was buried at Preston, 8th April, 
1705. Administration of her goods was granted to William Coupe of 
Preston, gent., her next of kin, being bound along with John Boxhall 
of Preston, gent., to exhibit a true inventory of all her goods before 
the Ist January, 1706-7. 

^ Christopher To wneley adds: "Note, brother, the schoolmaster at Wakefield, 

that this Mr. Henrv Doughty was and Thomas Doughty his brother was 

son and heire of Michael Doughty of sollicitor unto Thomas Granton of 

Lathom and Cicely, daughter . . . Goulton in the County ot Lincolne, 

And that William Dou^ht^ was his Es(}.** 



44 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Hhap. 1. 

Mary Doughty, eldest child of John Doughty, by her niniriage 

in 1688, with Thomas Patten, Esq., of Preston, carried the moiety^ 

of the Thoraley estates into her husband's family. The sad plight of 

her tenants has been already shewn, although, probably, she was 

unable to ameliorate their condition, owing to the property being 

heavily encumbered. The issue of her marriage was a daughter, 

Elizabeth, wife of Sir Edward Stanley of Bickerstaffe. 

Her husband was second son and ultimate heir of William 
Patten, Alderman of Preston, and iMayor of the Borough in 1655-6. 

Thomas Patten was elected Member of Pailiament for his native 

place in 1688, along with the Hon. James Stanley. But in 1690 he 

was defeated by Lord Willoughby de Ereab}' by three votes only. 

He petitioned against his lordshipVs return, but without success. 

By his will, dated 5th March, 1696-7, he left his body to be 
buried at the discrstion cf his executors ; and, with the permission of 
the Honourable Sir Charles Houghton, Bart., according to his former 
promises to him, under the Communion Table in the Chancel at 
Preston Church, and desired that not more than £60 should be spent 
upon his funeral. 

He assigns to his executors 6 mes&uages and tenements in 
Thomley then, or lately, in possession of Henry Cottam, Eichard 
Turnley, John Bradley, George Eccles, Eichard Sherburne, and 
Edmimd Parkinson, and a close afso* in Thornley in the possession of 
Thomas and James Eogerson, whictthe had mortgaged in 1696 "for 
the raising of money for the payment of my debts." The sum of 
£600, which he had raised upon mortgage from Madame Pierpoint 
on the Manor of Chipping, he directs to lie as a charge upon the said 
manor. 

His bequests were: — To his ** Sister Boxall," and his ''Sister 
Hankinson " an annuity of £10 each ; to his sister-in-law, Susannah 
Doughty, 10 guineas to buy her mourning ; to his nephew, William 
Coupe, £5 ; to his niece, Mary Hankinson, £20 ; to hia niece, Mary, 
wife of Mr. Eobert Eavald of Preston, £40 ; to his brother, William 
Patten, and his brother's wife, and to all his sisters, mourning rings. 
To the poor of Preston, £10 ; and to the poor of Thornley £10. His 
wife, Mary Patten, and his brother, William, he appointed executors. 
The will was proved at Preston, 17 Nov., 1697. 



r 






t I 

■ a 




died in his father's lifetime, June, 
1771, aged 54. 



Ul XXUljJl kJiXilbU 1/1 

Weald Hall, Essex. 



±MX 



nfoZ^l OI/HllXtfJ 




(1) 



Elizabeth Hamilton, dau. of: 
the Duke of Hamilton ; 
died in 1797. 



Edward Smith Stanley, bom Sep. 12,= 
1762 ; bap. at Preston, Oct. 3 ; 
succeeded hw grandfather as 12th 
Earl of Derby ; died Oct. 11, 1834. 



.2) 
: Eliza, dau. of 
Geo. Farren. 
died in 1829. 



Edward Smith Stanley, K.G. ;: 
l>om April 21, 1776; 13th 
Earl of Derby; died June 
30, 1851. 



Charlotte Margaret, dau. of 
Geoffrey Hornby, Rector 
of Winwick ; died in 1817. 



Charlotte, wife of Edmunc 
Hornby, of Dalton Hall 
died in 1805. 



>K 



Edward Geoffrey Smith Stanley, K.G. := 
born March 29, 1799 ; 14th Earl of 
Derby ; Prime Minister of England ; 
died Oct. 23. 1869. 



Emma Caroline Wilbraham, 
dau. of Lord Skelmersdale. 



Hei 



Edward Henry Stanley, K.G. ;: 
])(>m July 21, 1826; 15th 
Karl of l)er]>y; died A])ril 
2;^, 189S. 



Mary Catherine West, dau. of 
Earl de la Warr, and widow 
of 2n(l Marfjuis of Salisbury ; 
mar. .Inly 5, 1870. 



-I 



Edward (Jec 
bom A])iiai 
r>ar»»ii Sf 



les, 
ick. 

pfirt. 

liani. 
ice. 



Chap. 1.] GENERAL HISTORY. 45 

Upon the death of his mother in 1711, Sir Edward Stanley 
became lord of the manor of Chipping and Thorn ley, and, as will be 
noted in clinp. v., manifested considerable interest in the regulations 
of the local charities. Succeeding as eleventh Earl of Derby, on the 
death of his cousin, Eeb. 1st, 1735-6, the lordship of Thornley manor 
became, once again, and still remains, vested in the Earl of Derby. 
The comparatively small extent of land in the parish owned by the 
Pattens has during the last century and-a-half been largely added to 
by purchase, until now the present Earl possesses 5,700 acres in 
Chipping and Thornley. This is not the place in which, to speak of 
the distinguished part played in the history of England by this noble 
family ; but the general affection and respect felt throughout Lanca- 
shire for " the House of Stanley" is well illustrated by the pithy 
saying of an old local retainer, which has passed into a proverb : 
" God bless the Earl of Derby ; he^s tb' best mon as ever lived either 
end up!" 

THE ROLLS OF THE COURT BARON OF THE MANOR OF THORNLEY. 

The jury liaving been sworn, and the preliminary exhortation of 
the Steward given, Kobert Hankinson, Steward or Seneschal of the 
Court Li^tt of the Manor of Thornley, proceeded to deliver a lengthy 
charge from which we have only room here for a few extracts. 

** Servant killing his master, or a woman her husband, or a priest his ordinary ; 
punishment, death, the escheat of goods and lands to the Lord of the fee, for such 
treason touches not the King. 

Sacrilege ; punishment is death without benefit of clergy. 

If any use any con jury or witchcraft or [do] any other diabolical acts or enchant- 
ments whereby any person be killed, destroyed, or confined ; the punishment is death 
and loss of goods, and the same for their concealers. 

Felonious taking of anything of the value of 12d., as hens, geese, pigs, or any 
small things out of the windows ; (punishment is whipping and loss of goods. 

Constables neglecting their oflBce as to vagabonds, rogues, and sturdy beggars ; 
penalty for such neglect, 20s. Those that sustain and feed them ; 10s. for every alms. 

Failure to provide stocks in their lordship ; penalty, £5. 

Pulling down a building up to anything, turning or stopping watercourses, or 
fouling drinking places ; forfeit, 20s. 

Every persot using a draught or plow in this lordship shall send every day, while 
the ways are in mending, a waine or cart with all necessaries convenient and 2 able 
men ; penalty of default, 20s. 

Every householder, cottager, labourer, not being a hired servant by the year, 
shall, by themselves or other sufficient labourers, upon every of the said days work 
thereat ; penalty of default, 8d. 



i6 HISTORY OE* CHIPPING. [Chap, t 

Common hedge breakers to be stocked and whipped ; common b , scoulds, 

brawlers, untruth tellers, and dispensers of calumnies and false reports, to the disturb- 
ance and discord of their neighbours ; to give sureties for their good behaviour. 

Alehouse keepers that suffer tippling ; penalty 10s. to the use of the poor. 

Forestallers of the market ; 1st time, imprisonment for two months and loss of 
goods ; 2nd time, a year's imprisonment and loss of goods ; 3rd time, imprisonment 
during his Majesties pleasure, pillory, and loss of goods. 

Kegrators that sell within four miles of the market they buy in to suffer same 
penalty. 

Destruction of pheasant or partridge by nets or similar devices ; penalty 20s. and 
10s. Tracing hares in the snow ; penalty, 20s. 

Where the Constables have been heath-burning from Ascension day to Michael- 
mas ; penalty according to discretion of jury. 

Treasure-trove within or above ground goes to the Lord of the Leet. 

In default of butts ; for every three months, penalty, 20s.'* 

The extracts hereafter piinted are those of most interest, and are 
taken from the rolls now extai.t which commence in 1674 and, with 
ihtermissious, extend to the year 1714. The Court Leet is still held 
on Trinity Tuesday in each year at the solitary inn in the township uf 
Thornlej called the Derby Anns. 

Fines were imposed upon those of the tenants and freeholders 

who failed to attend the Coui-t. The form here given was the one 

usually adopted and may serve js an example. 

** It is commanded to the Bayliffe of the Manor of Thornley that hee collect and 
levie upon the goods and chattels of seuerall persons whose names are hereafter men- 
tioned for non-appearance at the Court Leeb held 19th October, 1674, twelve ^nce 

apiece." 

" John Bradley. William Marsden. 

Richard Sherburne, Esq. John Roades, gent. 

Alexander Sherbum, gent. Thomas Rogerson. 

Lawrence Cutler. Henry Simpson. 

John Thompson. Edward Kay. 

ffrancis Dobson. Richard Roades." 

Roger Dilworth. 
At the same Couit, Thomas Hill, Bailiff, was commanded to dis- 
train upon the goods of Thomas Daggar for driving his goods (cattle) 
into the lanes to the distui-bance of his neighbours, for the sum of 

3s. 4d. 

Robert Richardson was at the same time fined 68. 8d. " for not 

coming to the Lord's mill, but goinge to other mills with his corne 

growne upon the Lord's land." 

For the next twenty years the Court is styled " The View of 

Frank Pledge of Thomas Patten, gent., and his wife, and Susanna 

Doughty." 



Chap. 1.] GENERAL HISTORY. 47 

In 1674 John Tomlirson and Henry Cottam were appcintcd 
Barlymen. 

In 1676 the following were presented by the jury for non- 
attendance : — 

Mr. Roger Sherburne. Mr. Robert Alston. 

Hugh Sherburne. James Parker. 

Mr. Cuthbert Hesketh. Mr. Cooper. 

Mr. John Brabin. Andrew Alston. 

Mr. Robert Parkinson. John Swinglehurst. 

Mr. Robert Roades. 

At the same court reference was made to " the highway between 
Wheatley Brooke and Dr. Eichardson's house " in Thornley. 

In 1678 was passed this resolution : — 

We present Robert Bradley, constable for East end of Thornley in regard to his 
father John Bradley is very aged and wanteth health. Wee present George Eccles for 
burning heath at a tyme not lawful for so doing and amerce him in the sum of 3s. 4d. 

The following year a long presentment was made against some 

of the leading 5 eomen of the district for breaking the Court's rules 

in regard to coursing. 

Wee present Thomas Gottom of Whittingham, husbandman, Thomas Hakall of 
Hothersall, gent., Edmund Nay den of Hothersall,gent., William Towers ye younger 
of Bashall, yeoman, and Richard Abbott of Whittingham, for courseinge within this 
manor, killinge of hares, treadinge of grass, and breaking down hedges without 
license and amerce everyone of them in the sum of 3s. 4d each. 

Nayden, Halsall, and Towers were also fined 5s. each **for one 
sheep of y® value of 5s. of y® goods of Thomas Patten Esq., therewith 
3 doggs did bite upon, of which bite y® same sheep shortly after dyed, 
and two more sheep yet were bitten of y® said value not like to live." 

** An accompt of persons resident in ye Manner of Thornley and Whetley yt are 
above ye age of 12 yeares taken in the year 1679 ; — 

Thomas Dillworthe ^ 

James Dillworthe Vsonnes of William Dilworth, yeoman. 

John Dillworthe ■' 

Richard Dillworthe, sonne of Roger Dillworthe, blacksmith. 

Thomas Cutler, sonne of Lawrence Cutler, husbandman. 

Thomas Richmond, husbandman. 

Lawrence Wilkinson, sonne of John Wilkinson, husbandman. 

John Simpson, husbandman. 

Alexander Marsden, sonne of William Marsden, shoemaker. 

John Bradley, sonne of John Bradley, husbandman. 

John Bume, sonne of Thomas Bume, husbandman. 

John Parkinsou, sou of Edmund Parkinson, husbandman. 

Robert Rodes, sonne of John Rodes, schoolmaster. 



48 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 1. 

Thomas Porter, sonne of Thomas Porter, mihier. 

Robert Alston, husbandman. 

Edward Cottam )^^ ^^ ^ ^^ ^^^^ 

Richard Cottam ) 

Anthony Dunderdell, servant to James Duckett. 

WiUiam Cutler i ^^^^^ ^^ ^^ Cutler, husbandman. 
Ijawrence Cutler ) 

Thomas DiUworthe ) c •^^^^• t\«ii i.i. 

T?* h pH "n*n fli f Sonne of Ellis Dillworthe, yeoman. 

Henry Bleasdell, servant to Ellis Dillworth. 

Allan Battell, sonne of William Battell, husbandman. 

Richard Tornley, sonne of William Tornley, yeoman. 

Edwl^dCutler ^'^ } '*"»°*' °* ^'^'"" "^""^'y- 

William Wright, son of Christopher Wright, deceased. 

Edmund Eccles ) - ^ ,, , 

Richard Eccles r'*''"®^ **^ ^®'''"^® ^"^^""^^ yeoman. 

Thomas Alston, husbandman. 

Matthew Barnes, sonne of John Barnes. 

Thomas and John Stoute, sous of Robert Stoute, husbandman. 

Edward Eccles, husbandman. 

John Lancaster, sonne of Thomas Lancaster, husbandman. 

William Hairst, sonne of William Hairst, linnen webster. 

Thomas Dewhurst, sonne of William Dewhurst, mason. 

Thomas Hesketh, sonne of Edward Hesketh, carpenter. 

Richard Simi)son, sonne of Christopher Simpson, deceased. 

William Jenkinson, sonne of John Jenkinson, husbandman . 

Leonard Rodes, sonne of Edward Rodes, tyleman." 

lu 1681 a series of questions were put to the jury assembled at 

the Court Barou held in April, to which answers were duly given ; 

from these tho following summary is taken: — 

" The demaines" of the Manor of Thornley are in the possession of the lord of 
this manor. There was no "decay of housing." The common land was called 
" Longridg," and was used and occupied by the lord's charterers and tenants. The 
jury declared they knew no lands or tenements forfeited or escheated " by any fellonie, 
bastardie, or any other fact to ye lords of tliis manor." The ** chief rents" were 
returned as being:- "Woolfe hall^ and y© demise mills and kilne, and held of ye 
manor of Thomeley in free and common state by rendering of a grewhound [greyhound] 
and a collar, and 3d. a yeare rent." 

They said : — -'We know noe Court Rowlls evidences oi writings 
kept backe from the lord of this manner.^' And that they know *' noe 
wayes y^ any man doth drive or goo over y® lord's wasts without his 
knowledge. '^ 

* Wolf Hall was not in the Manor of Thornley. 



^/ 



Chap. 1.] GENERAL HISTORY. 49 

In 1681 the jury presented that they found ** the stockes out of 
repaires, and order them to be repaired'^ before the 10th May 1682 
under a penalty of lOs. Also the ** Pinfold" and the **Kuck 
stoole." 

The following items are of miscellaneous interest: — 29th Oct., 
1712 — ** We present Mr. Peter Walkden [minister at Hesketh Lane /x 
Presbyterian Chapel] for a house of office standing upon a watter 
[course] leading to EUing Walmesley's, and wee do© amerce him in 
twenty shillings, if the same be not pulled down and removed before 
1st January next." At the same court Peter Walkden was admitted 
as a tenant for " Goody er's tenement." Edmund Parkinson was 
appointed gamekeeper by the Lor«l of the Manor, who is styled 
" Edward Stanley, Esquire." 

In 1714 the jury presented Sir Nicholas Sherburne, Bart., of 
Stonyhurst, for not appearing at the Lord's Court, and fine him 
£1 19s. lljd. 

Moss reves. Barley men, the Pincler and Gamekeeper, were duly 
appointed at this and preceding Courts. 

In 1716 the jury "most especially" presented Mr. Peter / 

Walkden and Bobert Eastham, " who hath either of them taken in an 

inmate." 

The year following the jury presented Thomas Hesketh [of 

Thornley] for " keeping beagles or hounds and destroying 

the Lord's game," and amerced him in the sum of 10s., " if the dogs 

be not destroyed or made away with in six weeks' time." 

At the same Court Peter Walkden was found to be tenant [of 
" Olerums "], instead of Edmimd Eccles [deceased], and paid the 
usual fee of sixpence. 

Of the value and interest of the extracts we have printed 
something may be said. For, while it is regrettable that so few of 
the Court Eolls, especially for the earlier years, have been preserved, 
at least an outline, if not a picture, truthful though not brilliant, is 
here presented of the life and manners, the habits and customs, the 
laws and usages of the people of Chipping two hundred years ago. 
Nor in these days, when the air is full of the cry of rural reform, is it 
at all unprofitable to reflect upon the summary, but effective, way in 
which nuisances were abated, poachers punished, vendors of vile ale 



50 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 1. 

and of unwholesome bread punished and pilloried. To the commercial 
mind the idea of being imprisoned for twenty days, with hard labour, 
or being put in tlie pillory, or losing an ear for ** forestalling '* the 
market, would be abhorrent. Upon scolds, malicious gossips, and 
the like, upon sturdy beggars and ** foreigners, '* our forefatherfii were, 
perhaps justifiably', remarkably severe. As has been observed, 
*^ nothing scarcely was too large, certainly nothing too small, for 
presentment to, and adjudication by, the Court Leet Jury." High 
and low, rich and poor, parson and peasant, all were dealt with 
indifferently ; and there was no reason to suppose that the edicts of 
the Jur}' were (as now) merely an empty form. 

A clear account of the procedure, with many illustrations of the 
various clauses in the Steward^s charge to the jury will be found in 
Mr. Harland's Manchester Court Leet Records (Chet. Soc, Ixiii.). 

BOUNDARIES OF THOENLEY MANOR. 

Determined 27 July, 1808, by Adam Cottam, Edward Lovat, and 
William Harper, gent"-. Commissioners under Act for Inclosing 
Lands in the Parisht s of Chipping, Mitton, and Ribchester. 

** We do ascertain, &c., and ^n the Boundaries of the Manor of 
Thornley as follow : — Commencing at the south-east comer of an 
Estate called the Forty acres, and proceeding westward adjoining the 
Township of Dil worth, by tlie course of a Wall and across the middle 
of an Inclosure called the Hill Field, and along the South side of an 
Estate called Austin Field to the Chipping Road ; thence along the 
South side of the said Eoad and of an Estate called the Seven Acres 
to a Stile at the South-West Corner of that Estate ; thence, proceed- 
ing Noith- Westward still along the side of the Township of Dilworth, 
down a small Brook or Watercourse to the South corner of a Field 
called Owlor Hill, then leaving the Watercourse, and following the 
Fence Southward to the South corner of a Field called the Long 
Meadow ; then, turning Westward, and proceeding along the Fence 
to the Soufch-East corner of Broad Meadow, and then proceeding 
South- Westward along the course of the Fence to Cock Leach Lane, 
where the junction with the Township of Dil worth ends. From Cock 
Leach Lane proceeding North Westward adjoining the Township of 
V/hittingham by the Course of the Fence to and across a Road called 
the Old Lane, and to the North- West Corner of a Field called the New 



Chap. 1.] GENERAL HISTORY. 51 

Bridge, where the junction with the Township of Whittingham ends. 
Thence, continuing in the same direction adjoining the Township of 
Goosnargh to the North- West corner of a Field called the Higher 
Eush Hey, and then proceeding North-Eastward by the course of a 
Fence and Brook to the Eiver Loud near Gill Bridge, where the 
junction with the Township of Goosnargh ends. From thence, follow- 
ing the mid-stream of the River Loud adjoining the Township of 
Chipping, to the foot of Chipping Brook, where the junction with the 
Township of Chipping ends ; and still continuing down the said mid- 
stream adjoining the Hamlet of Little Bowland, to the part of the 
Brook which divides the Maaor from the Hamlet of Chaigeley. 

" From the last-mentioned poiat, proceeding Southward up the 
said Brook or Watercourse adjoining the Hamlet of Chaigeley to the 
Boad leading from Chipping to Clitfieroe, and across the said Road, 
and along the same Watercourse to a Slack or Hollow at the North 
End of Lower Clough Field, which Hollow is said to have been 
anciently the line of the Watercourse ; then, leaving the Brook, and 
following the middle d the said Slack or Hollow across the taid 
Lower Clough Field, and along the middle of tne Swamp Meadow to 
the South End thereof, where the said Slack or Hollow again joins 
to the present Watercourse ; then, again proceeding up the Water- 
course to the Road leading from Thornley to Clitheroe, and across the 
said Road and along a Slack or Hollow across two small Fields called 
the Bull Hill Meadows, until the said Slack joins the Fence which 
divides tho Upper Bull Hill Meadow from an occupation Road ; thence, 
along the said oc( upation Road to a Brook or Watercourse at the 
bottom of the Rough Hey Field, and up the course of the said Brook, 
until it joins another Brook or Watercourse leading out of Thornley 
Inclosures ; from thence, following the Eastern Watercourse to the 
South- West Corner of the said Rough Hey Field where it enters the 
Common, and thence in direct line up the brow of the Hill to the 
Green Spring, and forward to the great Stone Heap West of the 
Beacon. 

** From the last-mentioned point proceeding South- West ward 
across the Fell adjoining the Manor of Dutton to a small Heap of 
Stones, and to an upright Stone called the White Stoop, and forward 
to a Heap of Stones called the Cripple Oak ; then, turning South- 



te HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 1. 

Eastward, and proceeding in a direct line to a large Stone in the 
White Slack called the Grey Stone; and from thence, proceeding 
South- West wai d adjoining the Manor of Eibchester in a direct line to 
a point f xed half-way between the corner of Dilworth Inclosures and 
a large Stone near to an ancient Well, and thence Southward to the 
said corner of Dilworth Inclosures. 

** From the last-mentioned point, proceeding Westward along the 
side of the Fell adjoining Dilworth Inclosures to the South- West 
comer of the Fell, and forward to the South-East corner of the Forty 
Acres where this description commenced. And we do declare that all 
the Land contained within this Line of Boundary is within and parcel 
of the Manor of Thornley." 

The old customs have lingered longer here than in perhaps any 

other part of the county. Christmas was the king of feasts. The 

first person to awake in every house ** let Kesmus in '* by 

exclaiming — 

" Owd wives arise, 
An' bake your pies. 
It's Kesmus Day i'th' mornin'." 

Every child in every house had a mince pie for his own use. The 
sun shining through the apple trees on Christmas Day was believed 
to foretoken a good fruit year. Beasts were believed to be converted 
into bees at midnight of Christmas Eve. The space between 
Christmas Day and Black Monday was filled up by paities, called 
"tart neets." ** Campins" — visiting one^s neighbours — was a 
favourite way of spending the long winter's nights. 

Black, or Plough, Monday, was so called from the fact of an old 

custom of men going about on that day with darkened faces. The 

2nd of February, Candlemas Day, w£s a noteworthy day. Lands 

changed hands ; ploughing began ; and farm servants* year of hiring 

began and ended. Of it was said — 

** Candlemas Day, 
Put cards an' candles away." 

Saint Valentine's Day, Cock Thursday, Collop Mondaj', and 
Shrove Tuesday were all honoured. Shrove Tuesday was a general 
holiday. Half of the day was secured to every apprentice by his 
indentures. Pancakes and dancing (as now) at the inns ; and boys 
and girls going the country round, bags in hand, for apples, oranges, 



Chap. 1.] GENERAL HISTORY. 53 

pancakes, and the like, seldom refused them. 

Mid-Lent, or Braggat Sunday, Easter, with its pace eggers, toss- 
pot parties, egg-rolling, and ** lifting," were festivals of note. 

On ** Mischief Neet " — tho eve of May Day — all the young men 
turned out to pay a tribute, of affection to their sweethearts, or of 
disdain to their jilts, by the local language of branches, placed under 
the bed-room window of their young women, supposed to be no 
secret to them. Mr. Kirk gives tho meaning of a few of the ** boos " 
(boughs) : — 

Wlcken My dear chicken. 

Boo i' bloom Wed, an* soon. 

Thorn A scorn. 

Ash A trash. 

Owler (Alder) A scowler. 

Sod an' a daisy .- Proud an* lazy. 

Yate (Gate) Shaken pate. 

He adds that *' the first thing on May morn the house was 
quickly searched round before the old folks were astir, because this 
was often tho first hint they got of the prospects of losing one of the 
family." ^ On Old May Day the outgoing farmers gave up posses- 
sion of their houses. Of the weather it is said — 

" A weet an' windy May 
Fills th' barns w* com an' hay." 

Of angling truisms one of the best is — 

" When th' wind's ith' east, 
Fish'U bite least ; 
When th' wind's ith' west, 
Fish'll bite best ; 
When th' wind's ith' north, 
Fish'll be nowt worth ; 
When th* wind's ith south, 
Fish'll bite with oppen mouth." 

Courtship had its perils and dangers as well as its charms. The 
good old rule was in vogue — 

" Those may take who have the power, 
And those may keep who can. 

Woe betide the "foreigner" who came a wooing without paying 
for the privilege. Clandestine meetings were held in most favour by 
the young people. It was no light matter for a country fellow, his 
mind strongly imbued with a belief in ghosts and boggarts, to trudge 
for miles over fields full of marl pits, in order that the lovers might 

* 9ee MaiMhester Lit. Club Papers, iii, 102-114. 



54 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 1. 

'* sit up/* as was the custom, by the smouldering^ kitchen fire : 
incontinence was not so common as might be supposed. 

Coffins were stocked with box, bays, and rosemary ; and the 
bod i 08 of some had laid with them a copper coin and a willow wand — 
the former to pay the boatman with, and the latter to drive off evil 
spirits. 

Boggaits were believed in by all ; they could be " laid *' by duly 
ordnined priests. Many tales are told of fairies and witches. Cures 
by charms wer3 believed in (see chap, ix.) A horseshoe nailed on a 
shippcn door kept bad spirits and disease away. 

Down to the close of the last century bull and bear baiting and 

cockfighting were popular amusements. Cards were a favourite game. 

So recklessly did the people use " the deviPs book " that the saying 

is current to this day of a man venturing his farm at a game of 

** putt " on an ace, a two, aud a three. He lost, and exclaimed — 

" Aoe, deuce and tray, 
Loudscales, go thi way." 

This farm (situated partly in Chipping and partly in Goosnargh), 
long the property of the Parkinsons, was in 1686 left by Thomas 
Knowles of So irerby to found a charity in Goosnargh. Stocks were 
to be found in every hamlet. At Hazlehurst can now be seen the old 
stoops of stocks sat up, it is said, late in the last century for the 
special use of the colony of woolcombers then employed there. 
Illegitimacy seemingly was looked upon with little disfavour. Parson 
and squire, yeoman and labourer, make equal mention in their wills of 
their lawful and unlawful offspring. Prom the MS. Visitationea 
JExemp, Jurisd, Abh. et Conv, de Whalley, belonging to Stonyhurct, is 
taken the following : — 

Thomas Pensax, junior, and Mary, daughter of Thomas Sourbutts, were accused 
of living in adultery, and had 3 boys so bom— which the said Thomas admitted. 
Penance : to walk with bare feet on the Feast of Pentecost next in procession at the 
Chapel of Clitheroe, holding in his hand a penny wax taper, at the Gospel in the 
morning and to pay 4(1-, and also on two other days at the Chapel of St. Michael 
[Clitheroe Castle], and to pay 4d- Mai^ret Sourbutts ordered to walk with bare legs 
and feet Cnudis tihiis et pedihusj, covered with a sheet after the manner of a humble 
penitent, holding in her hand a penny wax taper publicly before the high altar in 
Clitheroe Chapel, and on bended knees ask pardon of God, at the end of Mass, for her 
Said sins (a.d., 1515). 



Chap. .1] 



GENERAL HISTORY. 



55 



So late as 1760 the last performance under the penance sheet 
took place in Goosnargh Church, when a local publican expiated a 
reputed offence. 

Agriculture is the leading industry in the parish. In 1886, 1,776 
acres were laid dcwn for meadow land, 5,064 for grazing, with only 
one acre for oats. Much of the land is poor, having been reclaimed 
and enclosed only within the present century. Iron- working and 
chair-mating are now the principal trades flourishing ; the manufac- 
ture of cotton has ceased, and the burning of lime has largely 
diminished of late years. A few persons are employed in the stone 
quarry and tile works in Thomley. 

The public-house signs in the parish are : " Dog and Partridge," 
previous to 1630, known as "Oliviger House," and during the 
seventeenth century as **The Green Man ;" " The Sun;" " Talbot ;" 
'«Buck;" and ** Derby Arms." 

The parish of Chipping is in the Honour of Clitheroe, the 
Hundred of Blackburn, the Poorlaw District of Clitheroe, the 
Archdeaconry of Lancaster, and in the Darwen Parliamentary 
Division. 

The population and acreage returns are : — 





Area in 
Acres. 


Population. 




5,634 
3,221 


1801 
827 
387 


1821 


1841 


1871 


1881 


1891 


Township of Chipping 

Township of Thomley 


1,229 
506 


1,250 
425 


1,113 

428 


987 
349 


862 
330 






Total 


8,855 


1,214 


1,735 


1,675 


1,541 


1,336 


1,192 







1 


= 


1 



CHAPTER n. 

®^e (fS^ijtxvcij. 



N the Domesday Survey of 1086 no nksntion ie 

miiile of )a church at Chipping ; but trndition asserts 
that the foundation of one took place centuries 
before the Norman Conquest. We prefer to leave 
' "a uncertain ground for the sure field of historical 
fact, much as we deplore the scanty knowledge we 
p j^se99 of Ohipping's earlyhistory. In old times the Church and Rectorj- 
of Chipping ky in the Deanery of Anroundernesa, in the Arohdesconry 
nE Richm3ii 1, and in the Diocese of York. An attempt— which utterly 
failed— was made in 25 Hen. III. (1240-1) by Braericus des Roches 
to estubliah that Chip|^)ing Church was a chapel of Preaton parish, i>f 
which he was Rector {Pieeope MSS., viii., 155). In the taxation of 
Pope Nicholas IV. (1291), " Ecclia de Schipping" is valued at 
f 10 13s. 4d. ; and by the new taxation made in 1318, at f -5. Its 
value remained at this later sum for some years, as is clear from the 
following extract from the Nonarum Inqumtion$» in Curia Scaccarit 
Ump. Edwardi III., page 38 (circa 1340-2) : — 

" Inquisitidii taken, &c., b; Thomas de Knol, Richard eon of Adam Knol, Richard 
de Brodlegh, Richard del Halle, John bod of Hugh de 3aleburi, Richard de Helm, 
lilchard eon of John de Knnl, John son of Ral|)h, John de Grenehul, Richard son of 
Ka1])b de Thomelay, Jnbn sou of Thomas de Orenehul, and William 1e Smythe de 
Whetlay, Bwom. Who being questioned upon their oath as to the true value of the 
ninth of aheaveB, tieeces and lamba arising from the parish church of Chypyn from the 
first year of the said two yeard and r>f certain articles touching the said ninth say and 
present, that although the said church at Chypyn has been taxed of old at IG marks, 
yeC at this time the ninth of sheaves of the same pariah accordji^ to the true value la 
worth only 100 shiUinge and no more, of which the villa of Chypyn anawers for 60 
ahillings and Thomeley tor 50 ahillinga. And they aay upon their oath thuce are no 
lamba nor fleeces in the aai'i parish which belong to our lord the King according to the 
form of the grant thence made, nor morohanta or other men living withnut husbandry 
who are bound to give the fift«enth part of their gooda. The said jury having been 
questioned as to the cause why the said nbth doea not reach up to the tax of the 
church aay Chat the aaid ninth of sheaves, inasmncb as there iaoolyoneof the parcels in 



Chap. 2.] THE CHURCH. 57 

which the said tax lies, cannot reach the full sum of the tax of the same, but there are 
other profitable things in which the value of the said tax lies with the said sheaves, 
namely the glebe of the church which is worth 20 shillings a year, tithe of hay and 
other small tithes, offerings and other things relating to the altarage which are worth 
ordinarily 4 marks a year. And also that the said parish was destroyed by the Scots. 
Thus that by reason of the said destruction there are lying in the same parish waste 
and uncultivated lands to the lessening of the said tax up to 40 shillings each year." 

At the tnq, p.m, of Henry, Duke of Lancaster, taken 28th April, 
1361, it was found that he held (among other adowsons) the adowson 
of Chipping church, value 20 raarks a year {Inq, post mort,^ 35 Edw. 
III). From a Subsidy Eoll of York diocese, made in or about 1380, 
we find that the Eector of Chipping was assessed at 8s. 6.Jd. {Cler. 
Suhsid., If E.G.). 

On 15th Nov., 1515, James Worsele}', then Groom of the Eobes> 
had the grant of next adowson of Chipping rectory (Dom, State 
Papers Sen, VIII,, ii, 305). The clear annual value of the income 
of the Eector and Cuiate of Chipping in 1525 is returned at £16 10s. 
{Gler. Substd,, ^ E.G.). In the Valor Ecclesiasticus of Henry VIII. 
(vol. v., 262) the endowment of the Eect.)ry thus appears : — 

Manse with glebe thereto attached, worth yearly 8s. Od. 

Tithe of com VM, Os. Od. 

Tithe of calves 20s. Od. 

Tithe of wool and lambs SOs. Od. 

Small and privy tithes, offerings, and other things as in the Easter Book U. 3s. 8d. 

Total 25/. Os. 20d. 

Reprises : — 
Synodals and procurations 58. 8d. 

Nett Total 2U, 16s. 4d. 

In 1541 the Archdeaconry of Eichmond was severed from York 
diocese to form part of the new diocese of Chester — thi.i new diocese 
consisting of the Archdeacocry of Chester and the Archdeaconry of 
Eichmond ; and in 1542 the Eectory of Chipping was, on tlio next avoid- 
ance, impropriated to the new see of Chester. A few years after this we 
have a brief record of a dispute between the parson of Cliipping and 
the leading men of the parish: — 

George Wellflett parson of the parsonage of Chipping in co. Lane, complains [in 
1545-6] that whereas he has been parson of the same for about 6 years and by reason 
thereof has taken all manner of tithes and oblations throughout all the said parsonage ; 



58 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 2. 

yet " so it is that Thomas Bradley gentylman William Wayne gentilman Roberte 
Awsten and James Helme yemen havinge Lands and tenements within the saide 
parishe of theire extorte powers and myghtes in Riotuose and forceable manner doth 
not onely stoppe and staye the servands of yo^ supplyaunts for caryage of the tithe 
graynes grouynge upon theire saide Lands to the nomber of viij Lodes of graynes to 
the value of three pounde vjs viijd and severed from the ixth parte in Auguste Laste 
past whereby they conyert the said tithes to their own use. And further of theire 
maliciouse niyndes they beyng of the Heeds of the said parishe have counselled nearly 
all the rest of the parishioners to stay their tithe com and to stop all their dues to the 
Church, intending thereby to drive pit. being a stranger, out of the parish, so that 
they may have the said parsonage to farm at such rent as they will, to the utter uiKioinif 
,. of plaintilF," who prays for a writ of Privy Seal. (Duchy Pleadings^ vol. xiv, W. 3). 

On 25th March, 1559, the impropriate rectory was assessed at 

448. 8cl. for the Subsidy, and at the same sum a year later ( C^r. 

Suhsid., V, V» E.O.). Ten years later, 24th May, 1569, it was assessed 

to the Subsidy of a tenth at 29s. 9Jd. {Ihid., %}>). 

In 12 Eliz (1570), Alice Swinglohurst, widow of Robert Swingle- 
hurst, of Farrockhouse in BoUand, in her plea to the Chancellcr of tbe 
Ducliy of Lancaster, stated that whereas George Wolfette,^ late 
parson of the parish church of Chepyn was lawfully seised of the 
rectory or parsonage of Chepyn, and therein confirmed by deed of 
John late Bishop of Chester, patron of the said church, with the assent 
of the Dean and Chapter of Chester, in consideration of £100 paid by 
the said Eobert Swinglohurst, about the 2nd of Edward VI**^ (1548-9) 
demised to the said Robert the parsonage of Chepyn, with all the 
glebe and demesne lands, tenements, and oblations, and other com- 
modities thereto belonging, for many years yet enduring, on payment 
of a certain rent [£25 15s. 8d.] to the said parson during his life, and 
afterwards to the said Bishop and his successors. /.fter the 
death of her husband, complainant adds she has enjoyed the 
profits of the lands, and has paid the rent to the Right Rev. 
William, Bishop of Chester, which he has accepted and taken 
for seven years, since the death of the said parson. The deed 
and confirmation referred to, having now come into the hands 
of the Bishop, and of Edward Gibson, his servant, they by colour 
thereof are trying to defraud the plaintiff of the premises, and 

^ In the copy in the Bishop's Registry 
he is called Geerge Wilfeth doctor of 
(aws and parson of Gheapyn," 



Chap. 2.] THE CHURCH. 59 

in order to accomplish this the Bishop has made a grant of all the said 
lands, etc., to Edward Gibson for 21 years, who has tried to evict 
plaintiff from possession thereof. 

In his answer, Edward Gibson says the Bishop was lawfully 
seised in right of his bishopric of the rectory and parsonage of 
Chipping, and so seised he on the 25th July, 16 Eliz., demised the 
same to defendant for 21 years, who describes himself as **onlya 
poor serving man." The lease to Edward Gibson was confirmed by 
the Bishop on 11th March, 1583-4. A.t the expiration of the term it 
was let by the Bishop of Chester (Eichard Vaughan), 20 Sep., 1598, 
to Robert Swinglehurst, of Farrick House, in Bowland, for his own 
life, the life of his brother Thomcs, and of Bichard Swinglehurst, his 
younger cousin. The following interesting memorandum is attached 
to the copy of the lease (in the Bishop's Registry at Chester) : — 
" That Chipping Rectory for quantity cf ground it coveis is as great 
or greater than Ribch ester, for Chipping Parish has in it of large 
measure 3,600 acres and it yields now more than Ribchester by reason 
of store of limestone which betters the once barren ground. That 
part of Chipping parish which lies beyond the river Loud doth yield 
the farmer [of the Rectory] clearly in tythe over £100." 

This lease was in existence in 1647, when the survey of the 
Bishop's land took place. We extract the following from lane, and 
Chesh. Record Society: — 

28 Sept., 1647. {Chipping Rectory cu memhris in Com, Lane). — 
The same Rectcry or parsonage, with all messuages, Cottages, G ebe 
and Demesne lands, 20 Elizabeth (1598), was Leased by Richard 
(Vaughan), Bishopp of Chester, to Robert Swindleliurst, for his owne 
life, Thomas Swindlehurst, his brother, and Richard Swindlehurst, 
the said Robert's younger Cozen, and the longest liver of them. 
Richard is onely liveing, a^fed ffif ty seaven years. M"^- Mary Harris, 
a Papist, now wife of Christopher Harris, a Papist in Armcs, is sole 
daughter and heire of the saide Robert Swindlehurst, the Lessee, and 
is yet living. But the Rectory stands sequestred. Mr. Edward 
Parkor, a Lawyer living at Brownsholme (Browsholme), in Com. 
Yorke, hath the lease, intending to draue the said Robert Swindle- 
burst his will by it, but did it not before he dyed. The Parrisli 



60 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 2. 

Consists of Townes, viz* Ohippin, Thornley, TVheatley, &c. Tkereis a 

faire Parsonage howse and about five acres of Glebe, great measure, 

with liberty to gitt turbary, all w°** is valued to be worth Seaven 

pounds p. ann. The aforesaid Eichard Swindlehurst dwells in the 

house, and claims all the Gleabe and Eectory by occupancy. And hee 

hath assigned it to his sonne Ealph ffarber, of Hayning, in the County 

of Yorke, for money due. And hee hath assigned it to Mr. Hugh 

Currall (? Currer), of Bradford, clothier. But the Committee of 

Sequestrations and their deputies, Mr. Charles Gregory, of Hasting- 

dine (flaslingden), and Mr. John Howarth, neere Dunghall (Dunken- 

haigh), three myles from Whaley (Whalley), have sett the Tythes to 

Captain Clement Townson, of Stakes, and they pay the rent of Twenty 

five pounds one shilling eight pence reserued to the late Bishopp, 

(viz* ) ffifteen pounds one shilling: eight pence to the new Committee 

of Trustees and Trears (treasuiers) for the sale of Bishopps' lands and 

tenn pounds residue to the now Viccar, Mr. John King, instituted and 

inducted. And the 27° August, 1647, Mr. King had an order from 

t^e Comittee of the Plundered Ministers to receive ffifty pounds p. an. 

more out of the profitts of the Impropriate Eectory of Chippin, 

sequestred from the said Mrs. Harris. I cc uceive the howse and 

gleabe, with the appurtenances, may be well worth Twelve pounds 

p. ann. And according to that rate I do aporcon the reserued rent, 

viz*- •"■ 

To the lands 02 11 08 

Tythes 22 10 

In aU 25 01 08 

ffebr. 7th. Will. Webb. 

The late Bishop did present the viccar. 

The Personage house. Glebe, and Eectory was worth to be lett 
upon the racke before the War res One hundred twenty six poundes 
Sixteene shillings eight pence p. ann., all payments included, viz*» the 
Towne of Chippin Eighty pounds p. an., out Townes Twenty six 
pounds, Easter booke foure pounds, wooll four pounds tenn shillings, 
lambs Two poundes, Calues one pound tenn shillings, Geese one 
pound six shillings eight pence. Eggs five shillings, piggs five 
^hillings; the Personage howse, Glebe, & Turbary 1'^- p. an.; q. 




\ 



Chap. 2.] THE CHURCH. 61 

w* Chappells of ease & nieanes, alsoe the Tythes of Bradley Hall, a 

member of Thorneley, yet in lease to Eobert Boulton at 3^*- p. ann. be 

£Eot forgotten. 

Ex<^» J. Beadey, Jo. Dunoalfe, ) q 

^ . ' _ ^ ^ Surveyors. 

Register. Eiohakd Croxall, ) 

From Bishop Gastrell's Notitia (Chet. Soc, xxii, 401), we learn 
that, in 1720, the value of the Eectory was certified at £86 13s. 4d., 
viz., £10 paid by the Bishop of Chester, £21 13s. 4d. paid by his 
lessee, and £5 surplices fees. By a covenant in the Bishop's lease, 
the vicar is to have the use of the Mansioo or Parsonage house ; the 
undertenant paying 40s. per annum more to the vicar, by order of the 
Archbishop of York, the lessee. By indenture of Exchequer £10 
was reserved, and £5 for a priest serving in the said church. 

On July 31, 1723, the greater part of the occupiers of estates 
within the parish of Ciiipping, entered into an agreement with the 
Lessees of the Tithes as follows : — '* We whose names are hereunder 
written do hereby covenant and agree to the Deed within, bearing 
date 4 Oct., 1715, to bear, pay and discharge all our proportionable 
parts of the corn tyth rent and small tyths for the livings \_8ic'\ here- 
after to be named, as also for the years hereafter contracted for if the 

lives in the leases so long live, as witness our hands'' — 

£ 8. d. 

Robt. Parkinson, for Waler tenement with the hay-penny 12 6 

Barth. Dilworth, for Peacock Heyes 15 5 

John Dewhurst, for Dewhurst's tenement 10 

Christopher Bateson 8 11 

James Lowde 4 11 

Rd. Dobson, for Haighton's tenement 11 

Widow Cutler, for Hugh Sherburne 2 

Wm. Dunderdale 12 

Robt. Parkinson, for "SaleaburyV 9 

Ditto for Halton Hill 11 6 

Wm. Bume, for Fell Foot 4 8 

Thomas Wood 17 6 

John Parkinson, for Black Hall, & **SaleburyV' 16 10 

Ditto for Daub Hall 15 

Ditto for Giles Bleasdale's 8 9 

Edmund Parkinson 11 6 

John Helme, for Watery Gate and Blackbrow 115 

John Bleasdale,, for Lower Core (for 7 years) 10 6 

Wm. Willas [? Wilson], for Loudscales (foir 9 years) 12 10 



62 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 1 

£ R. d. 
Richard Marsden 4 1 

Thomas DUworth, for Waller Clough 12 6 

Thomas Rogerson, for Abbot Barn, Astley Crofts, Blackball tene- 
ment, and Kirkfield 1 18 1 

Richard Walker, for Thos. Dobson's 6 3 

Richard Dilworth for Old House 3 10 

WiUm. Walmesley, f or " CoUierV 6 6 

Anthony Dunderdale, for his own and Bond's tenement 12 

Edmund Parkinson, for his own tenement 5 2 

John Parkinson de Black Hall, for Kirkcroft 

Christopher Brown 12 10 

Wm. Boardman, for Harling land, and his own 8 6 

Thos. Cottam, for ** Knowleses" 3 

Edmund Parkinson, for Higher Core 1 13 2 

Robert Croasdale, for *♦ Bradley BrightV 3 6 

Thomas Dilworth 2 6 

Henry Eccles, for " Helme's" 7 

James Jackson, for *'RathmellV' 4 6 

John Parkinson, for "CurtisV 18 2 

Thomas Helme, for his own tenement 10 2 2 

WiUiam Helme, for Wallergate 11 1 2 

Henry Procter, for the Wolfhall 2 10 

Tho. Sudall, for his house in Chipping and Wilson's tenement (at the 

Town End) 4 5 

John Parkinson, for " SwinglehurstV 18 8 

John Parkinson, for Sharrock fields upon Elmridge 1 10 

Ditto for Allan fields upon Elmridge 1 10 

A true terrier of all the Glebe Lands, House, Gardens, Portions 
of tithes great and small, oblations, obventions, mortuaries, salaries, 
surplice fees, and other Rights or Dues belonging to the rectory and 
vicarage of the parish and parish church of Chipping, in the county of 
Lancaster and Diocese of Chester, exhibited at the Visitation of the 
Right Reverend Father in God, Samuel [Peploe], Lord Bishop of 
Chester, holden at Preston, in the said county, June 14th, in the year 
of our Lord Christ, 1730. 

I. The Bishop's or Rector's Rights or Revenues. 

(1) The Bishop hath a parsonage houso, containing three bays of 
building, which, with a rood on the Black Moss in Chipping, and a 
garden or convenient back side to the house, he gives to the Vicar for 
the time being to enjoy them during Mrs. Pierpointe's assignment, or 
Sir William Dawes's (the late Bishop of Chester) lease made with the 
present farmers of the tithes of the parish of Chipping, a.d. 1713. 



Chap. 2.] THE CHURCH. 63 

(2) A barn, adjoining to the house, containing five bays of build- 
ings, which, with all the glebe, closes, and tithes the farmers rent of 
him, and are to enjoy during the lease. 

(3) A little garden before the house, containing about 12 "fall" 
of ground, and a potato-garden lying on the highway side about 20 
roods short of the house, between it and Chipping, containing about 
8 **fall" of ground. 

(4) A croft, or little close adjoining to the back side of the house 
containing the 4th part of an acre. 

(5) A croft adjoining to the house and garden, on the east side of 
them, called " Sedge Croft," containing about 30 " fall" of ground. 

(fi) A great close on the back side of the house and little croft, 
toward the noith of them, adjoining to the Sedge croft on the east, 
and to the Whiuny close on the west, called the " Nearer ley," con- 
taining 2^ acres of land. 

(7) On the back side of the barn a little meadow containing 3 
roods of land. 

(8) The Whinny close, containing 2i acres of land. 

(9) A field or close next to Parlock-foot but one, adjoining to the 
lane side, containing about 2 acres of land. 

(10) ^11 the titheo, both great and small (that is to say), of corn 
or grain every tenth sheaf or hattock — of hay (of which we have good 
quantities suitable to our estates), only one penny. How this comes 
to be we cannot tell. 

These are all thj Bishop's rights, for which tho farmers give the 
late Bishop of Chester's assignees £i00 per anaum, clear money, out 
of which £100 they pay the Bishop for the time being 25'» 20 pence 
yearly. 

tiora '* a true return of the terrier of the Vicarage of Chippii.g 
delivered at the Primary Visitation of the Right Eev. Father in God 
Charles James, Lord Bishop of Chester, held at Preston, 5th Sept. 
1825," and signei by ** Edmund Wilkinson ; Vicar of Chipping; and 
John Burton, Wm. Rhodes, Henry Mercer, Richard Robinson, church- 
wardens," we obtain the following additional information about the 
then Bishop's Rights : — 

An estate, situat : in the township of Dutton in the parish of 
Ribchester, belonging to the said vicarage, consisting of a dwelling- 



64 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. fOHAP. 2. 

house, in length three bays, the roof whereof is covered with thatch ; 
of a barn and shippon, in length three baj's, the roof whereof is 
covered with slate ; and by estimation of about 1 4 acres of land of the 
customary measure of seven yards to the peich. According to the 
best information we have been able to obtain this estate was purchased 
about the year 1768 for £400 — of this sum £200 was raised by the 
Incumbent [John Milner], and £200 advanced by the Governors of 
Queen Anne*s Bounty. Four acres, one rood, and sixteen perches, 
statute measure, were about the year 1812 allotted l«> the above- 
mentioned estate by the Commissioners appointed by an Act of Parlia- 
ment, entitled " An Act for Enclosing Lands in the Parishes of 
Chipping, Mitton, and Ribch ester, in the County of Lancaster." 

Another estate of land, situate in the township of AVhittingham 
in the Paiish of Kirkham, belonging to the said vicarage, consisting 
of about 13 acres and 2 roods of the customary measure ; upon this 
estate no buildings have been erected. This estate, we understand, 
was purchased about the year 1790. The sum of £200 was raised by 
the Rev. John Carlisle, who was then the Incumbent of the said 
vicarage, and £200 was advanced by the Governors of Queen Anne's 
Bounty. 

The said vicarage was augmented in the year 1823 with £200 by 

the Governors of Queen Anne's Bounty, out of the Parliamentary 
grants ; this sum is now in the hands of the treasurer of the Governors 
of the said Bounty.^ 

A Terrier of the Tithes of Chipping.* 

Corn, every tenth hattock, or cock. 

Wool, Lamb, geese, and pigs — half is 5d. ; one is 6d. ; one and 
a half is 15d. ; two is 16d. 

£33 138. 4d. per year, one moiety whereof is payable every 24th 
Jun3,'and the other moiety every 25th December in equal portions. 

The vicar hath the freehold of the church and church-yard, and 
all the surplice fees issuing out of both places, that is, he hath : — 

^ This small addition to the stipend * From a copy of a letter, dated 

of the vicar of Chipping was not ob- "Hare wood, 5 Jan., 1790," addressed to 

tained without a good deal of trouble, John Carlisle, vicar of Chipping, by 

and, as the vicar pathetically remarks, Samuel Popplewell. 
the paltry increase of £4 per year ** was 
in 1829 reduced to £3 7s. lOd." 



Chap. 2.] THE CHURCH. 65 

For all churchings, 4d., and tbe clerk 2d. 

For publication of banns before marriage, called "caution 
money," Is. ; for marriage dues, by banns, 3s. 6d., and the clerk, 
Is. 2d. 

For a funeral sermon (unless the party choose the text), as well 
as for the pulpit if any other clergymen preach only, 1 Os. 

For parishioners burying in the church, 3s. 4d., affidavit writing, 

6d. ; clerk, Is. 2d. ; sexton, for grave-making, Is., and carrying 
bier, 4d. 

A house, 2id. ; a cottage, Hd. ; a man and his wife, offerings, 
2d. ; a fresh milk cow, 2id. ; a calf, id, ; a heifer, l^d. and her calf, 
^. ; a foal, Id. ; hay, each farm, Id. ; a plough, Id. ; a hand milk 
cow. Id. ; a swarm of bees. Id. ; Communicants above 14 years old, 
each, id. 

The tithes would appear to have been rented by the parishioners 
of Chipping " time immemorial ; " " but in collecting the rent no 
charge has b^en made except for corn, wool, lambs, and hay. The 
other articles have not been noticed." 

II. The Vicar's Eights and Dues. 

The vicar hath from his Bishop, or his assigns, the sum of 

For parishioners burying in the church-yard the vicar hath 5d., 
and for affidavit, 6d. ; the clerk, 4d., and sexton 4d. 

For out-pari:jhioners* wives churching, the vicar hath lOd., and 

the clerk, 5d. 

For out-parishioners burying in the nave of the church, the vicar 
hath 68. 8d., and for affidavit, 6d. ; the clerk, 2s. 4d., and the sexton, 

2s. 6d. 

For burying out-parishioners in the church-yard, the vicar hath 

2s. 6d. ; the clerk, 6d., and the sexton, Is. 2d. 

Item. 2s. 6d. is allowed by the parish for every neighbouring or 
strange Preacher ; 6s. per year to Minister and Churchwardens for 
duly registering ; and 68. for their dinners at Easter. 

We have also three large bells— what they weigh we know not; 
one great Bible, two common Prayer-books ; one Surplice ; one book 
of Homilies; one book of Canons; two large pewter Flagons, a 
pewter Salver, and a silver Cup, with the inscription—" The Com- 
piunion Cupp of y« Ohurche of Chipping in jr« County of Lancaster, 



66 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 2. 

1602 ; " a white linen cover for Sacrament, a carpet for the Table, and 
a cushion for the pulpit. 

We have likewise four Churchwardens — ^two chosen by the Vicar 
and the other two by the parishioners ; one Clerk, who hath two Inys 
through the parish, viz. — £4 lis. per annum (Chipping paying £1 8s. 
per lay, and Thornley 1 7s. 6d. per lay), besides what he hath under 
the Vicar for Church fees ; one Sexton, and five Eingers, all chosen 
by the Vicar. 

We have a clock, looked to by the Sexton at 6s. 8d. per year ; 
and 48. 6d. per year for keeping clean the church, church-yard, and 
church pewter, and Is. for weeding all the church steps ; Ss. per year 
is also allowed by the parish for washing the church linen against the 
three several Sacrament Days ; and also 3s. more for drawing out the 
Presentments and Transcripts. 

The Clerk is also obliged to collect all the Vicar's dues belonging 
t3 him, both in the Church and Parish. 

About the year 1821 the Bishop of Chester, as Eector of the 
parish, began to question the modus which had been thus set up in 
lieu of the tithe hay of one penny for each estate whether great or 
small. A case was therefore stated in 1821 by Dr. Law for the 
opinion of John Caley, of Gray's Inn, London, Barrister-at-law, * 
who, after referring to the taxation of Pope Nicholas in 1291, and 
those of 1318, 1342, and 1535, points out the inconsistency of large 
and small farms paying exactly alike. He cites the case of ** Travis 
V, Oxton" (heard 25th Nov., 1779) ; and concludes by stating that it 
appears to him that the Bishop's claim for tithe in kind cannot be 
legally resisted. 

Eichard Eccles, of Birks, and Eobt. Statter, the agent of the Earl 
of Derby, opposed the Bishop's claim on behalf of the parishioners. 
The latter, writing to Eichard Eccles from ** Knowsley, Sept. 3rd, 
1821," says : ** Herewith I enclose you all your old papers as well as 
a case and opinion got from Mr. Leigh ; it is favourable to the 

^ "Mr. Caley's experience in tithe entitled to much respect, but he does 

matters," says Mr. Jno. Leigh, of not profess to give opinion as a lawyer. 

Liverpool, in a letter to Lord Derby's He is, I believe, the best informed man 

agent, **must be generally acknowledged in the kingdom in the history of Church 

to be great, and his judgment thereon livings." 



Chap. 2.] 



THE CHURCH. 



67 



township. I have to say, in case of a trial, Lord Derby will bear his 
proportion of expense with other landowners in the parish. I will do 
my endeavours to be with you in the week after next to look over 
anything that may be wanted.' ' 

The opinion of Mr. F. Boteler, Eecorder of Canterbury,^ obtained 
for the landowner by Leigh and Son, solicitors of Liverpool, was very 
different to that of the Bishop's counsel. Mr. Boteler considered 
"that the payment of Id. for each several ancient farm in a parish in lieu 
of tithes of hay, which continues payable for the identical lands, 
whether they are occupied as in ancient times, or are divided into 
distinct occupations, or are occupied with other lands, is a good modus 
in point of law." 

In 1843 an augmentation of the vicarage was given by the 
Ecclesiastical Commissioners. The then vicar, E.^mund Wilkinson, 
sent in the following return, showing the average value of the living 
for the seven years ending Dec. 31st, 1841, viz., £95 15s. 2d. : — 



Year. 


Lands. 


In lieu of Tithes. 


From the 
Funds. 


Surplice 
Dues. 


Annual 
Sermon. 


Total. 




£ s. d. 


£ s. d. 


£ s. d. 


£ S. d. 


£ 8. d. 


£ 8. d. 


1835 


50 


33 13 4 


6 15 8 


7 9 2 


10 


98 8 2 


1836 


50 


33 13 4 


6 15 8 


6 4 5 


10 


97 3 5 


1837 


50 


33 13 4 


6 15 8 


5 12 11 


10 


96 11 11 


1838 


50 


33 13 4 


6 15 8 


5 17 10 


10 


96 16 10 


1839 


46 


33 13 4 


6 15 8 


5 18 5 


10 


92 17 5 


1840 


46 


33 13 4 


6 15 8 


4 14 2 


10 


91 13 2 


1841 


46 


33 13 4 


6 15 8 


4 18 4 


10 


91 17 4 



During the above seven years Mr. Wilkinson spent £40 1 5s. 4 Jd. 
on property belonging to the vicarage. 

Writing from Chester, 26th Sept., 1842, the Bishop of Ch?.ster 
"is happy to say that the living will be augmented to £120 per 
annum," and adds, **I am glad you should have this small increase 
to your poor stipend." In 1862 the lands in Button, and in 1866 
those in Whittingham, belonging to the vicarage were sold ; and the 
proceeds being vested in Consols the result was a considerable increase 



^ The " case" was sent to Mr. Boteler 
marked ** 1 guinea" instead of 2 guineas 
and the solicitors, after pointing this 
out, said, '*Mr. Boteler is a gent., 
practising in the Exchequer, who hi^s 



made tithes his particular study— his 
being at Canterbury is, as we suppose, 
on account of his Kecordership of that 
place— 30th Aug., 1821," 



68 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 2 

ia the value of the living. From 1866 to 1880 the average annual 
value was about £132, when it was augmented by the Ecclesiastical 
Commissioners with £170 per annum, raising the income to £300, its 
Present value. 

The Vicarage House. 

This, until about the year 1811, was situated on the glebe lands, 
a mile to the west of the village of Chipping. The house (now called 
**the Old Parsonage") is a large, roomy, whitewashed building of the 
middle of the seventeenth century. It was built in 1668. Through 
the exertions of John Wilson, curate of Chipping, a house in the 
village was allotted to the Incumbent; and in 1868 the present 
brick building was put up by means of public subscription and grants 
Jrom Church Societies, the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, and by 
Eichard Eobinson, the vicar. The cost was £1,400. 

The Fabric. 

The church, dedicated to St. Bartholomew, stands upon rising 
ground at the west end of the village of Chipping. It is said to have 
been partly re-built in 1506 ;^ and was re-seated and altered in 1706. 

In 1867, Sir Stephen E. Glynne visited Chipping, and from h'S 
notes of the church, then ** in its ancient and unimproved state," the 
following is taken : — 

" It consists of a nave and chancel, each with north and south aisles, a 
west tower, and south porch. The whole of the rude local Perpendicular, in 
some parts debased, and affording a fair specimen of the large village church of 
North Lancashire. The exterior walls are whitewashed, the roofs of low pitch, 
but carried down (Jver the aisles. In the roof of the nave on the south, is a 
dormer window, with high gable, square-headed, of live unfoliated lights. The 
aisles are not carried quite to the west end of the nave ; there is no distinction 
between chancel and nave. The northern arcade is irregular; the two western 
arches on this side are plain, and but slightly carved. The first pier is octagonal 
with capital, and on the west respond are two rude heads, with the square head 
dress and some shallow foliage ; the next pier has octagonal half-pillar attached 
to the west side, and on the west side five heads like the others ; there is no 
shaft on the east side ; beyond this break there are three clumsy-pointed arches 
on low octagonal pillars, one capital having coarse figures. Near the eastern 
arch are two stone brackets. The south arcade is taller, has five pointed arches 

^ In the will of Thomas Huntingdon. to Chyppyn Kirke, where I was crist- 

of Hull, alderman, dated 22nd October, ened, for reparacion of the kirke, xxs." 

1526, is the following bequest :— '^I gif {Testam, Ebor., v, 223), 



Chap. 2.] THE CHURCH. 69 

on octagonal pillars with stilted bases. The north aisle is much wider than the 
southern. The outer walls lean much. The roof in the south aisle is of coarse 
open timber. The other parts have modern ceilings. The windows have mostly 
flat arches of three lights, so trefoiled, others with no foliation. Some have 
four lights. The east window is of five lights, trefoil headed, and with no 
tracery. The tower arch is pointed— hidden by the gallery. The base of the 
wood screen remains across the second pier from the east, and has soine original 
panelling. There are some plain, rude benches, the ends surmounted by 

balls There is a stoup inside the church, near the south door, 

and another at the west of the south aisle The fittings are bad, 

and the whole church out of condition. The tower is plain Perpendicular, of a 
type common in North Lancashire, of plain work, embattled, with four small 
crocketed pinnacles and corner buttresses, and a large square turret at the 
south-east. There is no string course ; belfry windows square-headed, of two 
trefoiled lights ; a west doorway, and over it a tolerable three-light Perpendicular 
window." (Chet. Soc, N.S., xxvii, 31-33.) 

In 1872-3 —when the roof was found to be dilapidated, the tower 

unsafe, and the leadwork of the windows decayed — "the simple 

restoration of the edifice to its older form and character" (to quote 

from the architect's report) was carried out, with the result that every 

old feature (save one, noted below) of the church, the work, apparently, 

of village masons and carpenters of the time immediately anterior to 

the Eeforraation, has been carefully preserved in the present building. 

Its length, from east to west, is 120 feet, and its breadth, including 

the aisles, 60 fest. 

The building consists of a nave, north aisle, south aisle, chancel, 
vestry, south porch, and tower. It is built of the stone of the district, 
and presents a massive, substantial appearance. The windows are 
small and square-headed, and generally with three semi-circular 
headed lights, divided by rude mullions ; the east window is divided 
into five cinqfoiled lights, within a plain arch. Near the east end of 
the north wall of the north aisle there was (as may be observed in the 
accompanying engraving), before the restoration of the church, between 
the two buttresses about a yard and a half apart, a leper's window, 
about 18 inches high by eight inches wide and two feet from the 
ground. It is greatly to be regretted that " the necessity for a vestry 
which has been built adjoining this part of the north wall"^ prevented 

* Architect's BeporL 



70 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. (Chap. 1 

this window being retained. Fragments of tracery of the 14th century 
were discovered below the soil in various parts of the interior, forming 
probably portions of windows of earlier date than those then 
existing. 

At the west end stands a massive square tower, 50 feet high. It 
deflects a little to the south from line of orientation ; and is surmounted 
by four pinnacles of rude work and a weather-cock. On the leads on 
the north buttress of the tower are the following : — E.H. I.P. R.D. 
I.S. O.VV. 1767 (the initials of the four churchwardens and the curate 
of Chipping) ; and on the leads of the roof are : R.E. J.P. T.K. J.W. 
E.E. 1885. The old porch had a narrow stone seat on each side, and 
at the end of one was an old holy-water stoup. 

A general idea of the interior of the old church is obtained from 
the reproduction of a photograph (here presented) taken shortly before 
the alterations. During the removal of the whitewash from the walls 
of the church several painted texts were brought to light. On the 
east face of the central pier on the north was the inscription : — 

EIOH 
SINCL 

TON 

The pulpit, surmounted by a massive wooden canopy, had the letters 
T.C., A.M., and the date 1723 (the then vicar, Thomas Clarkson, 
A.M). . 

The aisles had apparently been erected at different periods, as 
the arches and pillars dividing them from the nave vary in style. The 
five arches on the north are small and pointed, and rest upon low 
pillars, the capitals cf which are carved with rude and imperfect 
devices. The arches on the south side are more lofty and less massive. 

In the south wall of the sacrarium is still preserved the piscina. 

The char eel window is a stained five-light one, depicting St* 
Matthew, St. Mark, the Good Shepherd, St. Luke, St. John; the 
Evangelists holding their gospels, and the Good Shepherd bearing a 
lamb on his shoulders, surmounted by the five symbolical figures. In 
the lower compartments are gospel scenes, with these inscriptions — 
For unto you is born this day in the city of David A Saviour 
WHICH IS Christ the Lord. This is my beloved Son in whom I Am 



Chap. 2.1 THE CHURCH. 71 

"WELL PLEASED. AnD I IF I BE LIFTED UP FROM! THE EARTH "WILL DRAW 
ALL MEN UNTO ME. Ye SEEK JeSUS WHICH WAS CRUCIFIED. He IS NOT 
HEBE FOR He HAS RISEN. WhILE He BLESSED THEM He WAS PARTED 
FROM THEM. 

On the sill of the window is a brass plate thus inscribed : — 

^ To THE Honour and Glory of God. ^ 

In Memory of the Eevd. Edmund Wilkinson (48 years Vicar 
OF this Parish) died Sepr. 23rd, 1864, and of Alice his wife died 
March 10th, 1863. 

Erected by the family of the late George Boys of Ingol-Head 
NBAR Preston, 1873. 

The three-light stained window at the west end of the south aisle 
has the inscription : Jesus said suffer little children to come unto 
Me. Below is a brass, on which is cut : — 

To the Glory of God, and in memory of John Watson of 
Clitheroe, died March 27th, 1856, aged 56 yrs. Sarah Watson 

HIS WIFE, WHO DIED OCT. 31 ST, 1871, AGED 70 YRS. HeNRY NoBLE 

Watson, M.D., died April 3rd, 1856, aged 29 yrs. Eose Hannah 
Watson, died Jan. 31st, 1865, aged 23 years — their children. 
Also of John Noble of this parish, died Oct. 30th, 1858, aged 79 
YEARS. This window was erected by Elizabeth Ann Platt, daughter 
of the above John and Sarah Watson, a.d. 1879. 

During the restoration of the church, in 1872-3, the tower arch 
of the old building was opened out, and thereby the tower window 
contributed its quota to the improved appearance of the interior. It 
is a tiiree-light stained window, and bears the date 1873, and the arms 
of the Archbishop of Ycrk, the Bishops of Manchester and Chester, 
and of the Hoghtons, Stanleys, Welds, Pattens, Parkinsons, and 
Addisons. 

Monuments. 
On the east wall of the south aisle (formerly over the family vault 
in the chancel), is the Parkinson brass, an engraving of which is given 
in chap. viii. 

The tablet on the south chancel wall in memory of John Milner, 
39 years Vicar of Chipping, is referred to in chap. iii. 



f 



7a HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chaf. 2. 

On the north chancel wall is a marble tablet thus inscribed : 

IN MEMORY OF THE 

REVEREND EDMUND WILKINSON, 

Who departed this life Septr. 23rd, 1864, 

In the 82nd year of his age, 

Having been Vicar of this parish nearly 48 years. 



§1100 0f 

Who departed this life March IOth, 1863, 

aged 82 years. 



This Monument was erected by the relatives and friends of 

THE deceased AND A NUMBER OF THE PARISHIONERS AS A TOKEN OF 

THEIR AFFECTION AND ESTEEM. 

A marble tablet ou the north aisle wall bears this inscription : — 
In Memory of John Dil worth, of Gleadale House, Whitting- 

HAM, WHO departed THIS LIFE FeB. 15tH, 1821, AGED 64 YEARS. 

Also of Ellen, his excellent wife, who departed this life 
June 17th, 1816, aged 72 years. 

Their remains lie deposited in the north aisle of this 
church until the morning of the resurrection. 

This monument to parental affection was erected by thei 

ONLY CHILD, JaMES DiLWORTH, OF MANCHESTER. 

The pulpit is of stone of modern construction. Tlie lectern 
of oak, was presented in 1873 by J. W . Broome, Curate of Chipping, 
1858-61; it has the inscription: ** Presented Advent, 1873, to 

COMMEMORATE JaN. 16, 1861." 

Two chairs within the chancel were "presented to Chipping 
Church by Mrs. Proctor, of Kirby Malhain, to the glory of God, and in 
memory of her ancestors, who are interred witliin the church, Novr. 
6th, 1878." 

The Font. 

The font now stands close to the south door of the church. Its 
dimensions are, height, 45 inched; circuniferonco, 30 inches. It is 
octagonal in shape, and made of grit-stcne. On the upper part are 



Chap. 2.] l^HE CHURCH. 73 

eight shields (two of which are blank) bearing the devices shown in 
the annexed drawing. 

The devices on the foot of the pedestal are reversed on the font, 
as shown in the accompanying sketch. 

The font would appear to be of early sixteenth century work. 
The initials on the shields are evidently those of the donor, whom I 
conjecture to be a member of the Bradley family, long resident at 
Bradley HaU, in Thornley. The monograms on the pedestal probably 
signify (as explained by J. G. Nichols) Ave Maria Gratia Plena 
.DoMiNus Tecum ^ 

Singing Gallery. 

A faculty was decreed in 1754 by John Morgan, B.D., Commissary 
of the Archdeaconry of Eichmoud, issued to Eichard Wilson, John 
Parkinson, James Harrison, and John Bradley, churchwardens of the 
Parish Church of Chipping, for the erection of a gallery at the west 
end of the Parish Church of Chipping, of the following dimensions : — 
5 yards in length from north to south, and 3^^ yards in breadth and 
2^ yards in height from the ground or floor to contain four seats, and 
a convenient passage thereto, with a staircase and stairs erected by 
opening a passage suflB.cient for that purpose through a wall which 
separates the middle from the north aisle of the church, for the accom- 
modation of the singers to " meet together for the singing of psalms." 
Formerly they had to go into the chancel, making it difficult and 
troublesome for the minister. " John Heskin, clerk, curate," is 
named. 

This gallery was removed when the church was restored in 
1872-3. 

Chantries. 

In the old Church, at the east end of the south aisle was the 
Sherburne chantry, or chapel, commonly known as the " Wolfhouse 
Quire," from the residence of its founder. Attached to it were neither 
priest nor endowment, as appears from the following deed (taken from 
the Derby MSS,) dated 13 Sep., 1519 :— 

This indenture, made the 13th day of September, in the 11th year of the 
reign of King Henry tlie Vlllth,, between Roger Shirburne, Esquire, of the one 
part, and John Rodes, Christopher Sourbutts, Richard Helme, and James Bleas- 
dale, "Kyrk greaves" of the Parish Church of Chepyn of the other part. 



74 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. IChap. 2. 

Witnesseth that the said Roger shall build or cause to be built a qu^^re of 
tymber and an aisle in the south part of the said church to have and to hold to 
the said Roger Shirburne and his heirs for ever to sit and kneel in at his pleasure 
and to take to him full possession thereof as it shall please him. And the said 
Roger agrees and promises that he and his heirs shall uphold and make all 
necessary repairs of the said quire. 

It was used as the burial place of the Sherbumes ; and Eichard 
Sherburne, of Buckley, gent., in his will, dated 20 June, 1 673, desires 
to be buried ** in the quire at Chipping, belonging to my cousin, 
Robert Sherburne, of Wolf house (my grandfathor huving been the 
owner of the said house)." Separated from the rest of the church by 
a low wooden partition, it was furnished with old oak benches of a 
similar character to those in the body of the church. During the 
restoration in 1872-3, a stoup was found in the wall. 

The Chantry of Oub Lady. 

This chantry was founded in 1530 by Thomas Mawdesley, Kector 
of Chipping (1523-1530) ; it was given in evidence by Eichard Sher- 
burne, in 1556, that the **said Thomas Mawdisley, priest, built the 
quere, on the north side of Chipping Church, called our Ladyes quere, 
to the intent that a priest should pray there for his soul and all 
Christian souls for ever." Ealph Parker, the chantry priest, in a suit 
a few years before, states that the chaplain, besides celebrating daily 
for the soul of the founder. Lad also to pray for the souls of the father 
and mother of Thomas Mawdeeley, for the souls of Thomas Southerne, 
his ancestors* and heirs* and for all Christian souls. It was also given 
in evidence by Eichard Sherburn that : It is written in the glase 
wyndowe in the said quere, ** orate pro Anima Magistri Domini 
Thome Maudisley Eectoris istius Ecclesi^ et fundator istitjs 
Oantarije et animabus Patris kt Matris. Dat, etc. Anno Domini 
mocccoxxx.** 

As endowment of the chantry certain lands in Chipping (bought 
from Thomas Sothem, of Newport, in Shropshire,) were bestowed by 
the founder, which in the Valor JEcckstastictM, Henry VIII., are valued 
at 38s. 4d. 

From the Dttcht/ Pleadings we take the following : — 

William Mawdysley, of Chepyn, yeoman, in his bill of complaint to tlie 
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, dated 27, Hen. VIII. (1535-36), stated that, 
whereas Thomas Sotherou, of Newport, Co. Salop, yeoman, was seized in fee of 



Chap. 2.] THE CHURCH. 75 

9 messauges and 40 acres of Iniul, etc., in the parish of Chepyn and lordship of 
Bolland, he by deed enfeoffed the executor of Thomas Mawdysley, clerk, the 
said William Mawdysley, Henry Richmond, and James Bradley, to hold the said 
messauges and other the premises to the use of the said Thomas and his heirs, 
and they, being so seized, Thomas Mawdysley died abont nine years past, after 
whose death, the use of the said premises decended to William, as brother and 
heir of Thomas, who, by the Statute of Uses (27 Hen. VI I L), became sole seized 
thereof in fee. Now of late (complainant says) Sir Ralph Parker, Sir Thomas 
Alston, Chaplains, Richard Sherburne, and others, accompanied by divers riotous 
persons with force and arms, riotously entered into the said premises and dis- 
trained the goods and chattels of Henry Clarke, Thomas Rhodes, and Agnes 
Mason, farmers and tenants of complainant, and obliged them to compound and 
pay divers sums of money for the deliverance of their goods and chattels. 
Moreover, the said Sir Ralph Parker and Sir Thomas Alston and their adherents 
continue daily to vex and disturb complainant and his tenants. He therefore 
prays for the King's Letter and Privy Seal. 

Sir Ralph Parker, in his reply, on behalf of the other defendants and him- 
self, said that Thomas Sotheme, being seized of the messauges referred to, in 22 
Hen. VIII. (1539-1) enfeoffed thereof Thomas Mawdysley, parson of the parish 
church of Chepyn, along with other persons, to have to them and their heirs. 
And it was agreed at the same time that the yearly rents of the said premises 
should be employed towards the stipend of a priest to say divine service daily 
in the church of Chepyn for ever, to pray for the souls of the father and mother 
of Thomas Mawdesley, of all his benefactors' souls, for the souls of Thomas 
Sotheme, his ancestors and heirs, and for all christian souls. Moreover, Thomas 
Mawdesley granted to Thomas Sotherne, the right of first presentation of a 
priest, if he should have any Kinsman or friend, being a priest, of good dis- 
position and lowest conversation, willing to serve. And both parties agreed to 
be bound one to the other in several obligations of 100 marks to fulfil all the 
articles laid down. Accordingly, in the said year, Thomas Sotherne, in part 
accomplishment of this intent, nominated Sir Ralph Parker, being Kinsman to 
himself, to the said office of chantry priest to occupy the same for the term of 
his life. Afterwards, Thomas Mawdesley died, now more than seven years past, 
and Sir Ralph took the rents and profits of the premises until within 3 or 4 
years past, and paid his tenths to the King's use. 

•s 

Particulars of the chantry lands are contained in the following: — 

" Lease dated 10 December, 1 and 2 Ph. and Mary [1554] to Roger 
Charnock and John Norbery, of Gray's Inn, gent., of several parcels 
of land (inter alia). 

A messuage and lands lying and being in Chipping, late in the tenure 
of Henry Clerk. 

A messuage and lands there, late in the tenure of Thomas Parker. 

A cottage there, late in the tenure of Thomas Bowker. 



76 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 2. 

A messuage and land, adjacent now or late in the tenure of Thomas 
Rodes. 

Four sections of land there, now or late in the tenure of Emma, relict 
of Richard Clarke. 

Certain lands, estimated at 5 acres, in the tenure of Peter Parkinson. 

A house and garden there, late in the tenure of Agnes Mason : 

but which were lately given to a certain chantry, in the said parish 
of Chipping, which chantry, stipend, &c., and all and singular the 
lands, tenements, tythes, &c., pertaining to the said chapel are 
granted, &c., at rents of 38. 4d., IQs., 12cU, 12d., 5d.. 48-, and 28- 
respectively." [Due. Lane. Counterpart of Leases^ Bundle 2.) 

The known incumbents of Our Lady's Chantry at Chipping are 
Ralph Parker, who was nominated by his kinsman, Thomas Sothem, 
in 1530; but, in 1531-3, one Thomas Parker, of Chipping, claimed 
that by his ** gret instytute, labour, and friendship " with Thomas 
Sothem, the latter admitted Ealph Parker as chantry priest. Accord- 
ingly, the said Ralph promised that, after the death of one Elizabeth 
Awker, widow, he (Thomas Parker) should enjoy for life a messuage, 
with lands thdeto attached, belonging to the chantry. Elizabeth 
Awker is now dead, but Ralph Parker declines to allow his 
namesake to occupy the premises. {Duchy Pleas, vii., p. 3.) He 
occurs as chantry priest of Goosnargh (Anne Singleton's) in 1547 ; 
and in 1553 is named as having a pension of £4. 10s. (Willis, ii., 107), 
as also in 1557 and 1558-9 {Chr. Sub,, R.O. V, V). 

It would appear that Ralph Parker assigned his life interest in 
the chantry to Thomas Sherburne, of Stonyhurst, as the latter 
presented Thomas Aloton, priest, to the chaplaincy. One Richard 
Mercer, priest, is said to have taken the rents of the chantry lands 
during his life, ** as he had nothing else to live upon." (See page 24). 

The Bells. 

In the will of Arthur Parker, the elder, of Lickhurst, dated 
1 April, 1614, is the following bequest: — **I give and bequeath for 
and towards the repairenge of the bells in the said steeple, annexed 
unto the west-end of the parishe churche of Chippin, sixe shillings 
eight pence" ; to the ringers ** which shall fortune to ringe upon my 
buriall dale at Chippin the sum of fower shillings." 

The present peal of six bells was cast in 1793, by Thomas Mears, 
of London. On each is the inscription, ** Thos. Mears, London Fecit, 



N08. 


July 23:^1^- 
r.) 


Name of Fann. 
1818. 


Owner. 

1818. 


South WalL 








1, 2, and3. 

4. 

5. 
6. 

^mmmm-. 7 


Forms above h;zard, Hy, 

Peacock Heys. 
WilUam Waln< 

Robt. Bleasdale, 
Jno. Bradley. 
Peter Helm and 


Saddle End, Ward End. 

Fellfoot. 
Waller House. 
Peacockheys. 
Loudbank. 


Earl of Derby. 


11. 

12. 
13. 


Blacksticks. 
Brookhouse. 
Mossley and liowd Bridge. 




14. 


? Instead of Core 


Higher Core. 




15. 
16. 


? Now the pews t« 

9 

• 


Woodgat^s. 
Lower Core. 


• 


At the North WaU. 








1. 
2. 


9 

• 

Evan Eccles. 


Black Hall. 
Withinreap 


Earl of Derby. 


3. 

4. 

5. 

6. 

7. 

8. 

9. 

12. 

11. 

12. 

13, 14. and 15. 

16 and 17. 


For"Prie8thill. 
Relict of Wm. I 
Robert Eccles. 
Ralph ParkinsoE 
James Wilkinsoi 
Thos. Aulston. 
Bradley de Mosa 
Harrison de Mos 
Wm. Cutler. 
Henry Cutler. 
Rd. thornley (3 
Mr. Doughty (2 


Priest Hill. 
"Helme's." 
Old House. 
Coldcoates. 
Fold Tenement. 
Lee House. 
Moss Gate. 
Moss Side. 
Higher House. 
I^ower House. 
Cross Knop End. 
Thornley HaU. 


Earl of Derby. 

Earl of Derby. 
Trustees of ChapeL 
Earl of Derby. 

Earl of Derby. 
Ditto. 

Earl of Derby. 


On the North Side of the 
Font. 








1. 
2. 
3. 

4. 


Jno. Wilkinson. 
Wm. Sidgreavei 
Thos. Banks. 
«• Coltcoats," *«] 


Lower Arbour. 
Richmond Houses. 
Banks House. 
Kirk Croft. 


Earl of Derby. 


On the South Side of the 
Font. 








1. 
2. 
3. 
4. 
6. 


Thos. Kirk. 
Stephen Helm. *g^ 

-I 


Blackbticks. 
Clayleach. 
Goose Hoilse. 
Chipping village. 


Mr. BlundeU. 


Behind Forth Door. 


• 






1, 2, and 3. 
4, 5, and 6. 


• (trth. Seed 


Black Moss. 


Earl of Derby. 



ie is taken. 



Chap. 2.] 



THE CHURCH. 



77 



1793." The tenor bell weighs 9J cwts. The curfew bell was rung so 
late as the year 1881. ** On Monday, Oct. 28tb, 1793, was opened at 
the parish church of Chipping, by the Waddington ringers, a musical 
peal of six bells, cast by Thos. Mears, of Whitechapel, hung by Mr. 
Ed. Simmons, a peal much approved by connoisseurs in the art of 
ringing." {Preston Review), 

The Churchwardens' Accounts have been preserved only from 
1809 ; the items of most interest are here given : — 

1809. Expence of making up accounts last year. (N,B* £ s. d. 

This was before any regulation was concerning 

expences, etc.) 12 8 

Clerk-Wages 4 13 4^ 

Do. — Tenting clock , sweeping church 110 

Do. — Washmg linen 7 

Do. — Sweeping steps 6 18 

Thomas Cottam for wine [for communion] 3 15 

Bread 18 

Court fees and prayers for fast days 12 4 

Kingers' wages 6 6 

Ringers for ringing on Nov. 5 9 

1810. May 10 Paid for making up the old accounts 5 11 

Wine for all the year- - 6 days 4 13 

Bread for do. 2 10 

Repairing lanthom 16 

Thomas Cottam — Dinners, 10s. j ale. 8s. 9d 18 9 

Loosing a letter 11 

1811. Repairs of Chipping Church 67 11 9^ 

1814. Paid Thos. Bleaadale [of the Talbot Inn, Chipping] 

forwine 2 14 

1815, Paid for Almanack for the Vicar 5 

Paid for ringers' candles 3 

Paid Briefs 5 Hi 

1817. June 21 Paid for carpeting \sic\ Communion Table 15 

Stephen Simpson repairing clock^ 2 2 

Dec. 22 Paid for 6 new bell ropes 2 8 

1818. Aug. 3 Paid for cleaning the Rev. J. Milner's monument... 7 6 
Nov. 5 Spent at each public house 4s. 6d. 3 9 



* Under date Chipping, March 28, 
1815, occurs the foUowing memoran- 
dum :— '* On the above day Mr. Stephen 
Simpson was paid the sum of £60, being 
the price agreed upon for finishing the 
church clock now lately erected at 
Chipping, and he further engages to 
keep it in repair for the above sunj." 



* In the year 1818 a subscription was 
raised for ceiling the north aisle in the 
church, amounting to £36 14s. ; but as 
the cost only came to £23 10s., the 
balance went towards the church ex- 
penses. The subscribers were:— Wm. 
Bond, £2 ; Edmd. Parkinson, £2 ; John 
Parkinson, £2 ; Henry Bleasdale, £1 ; 



78 



HISTORY OF CHIPPING. 



[Chap. 2. 



1818. 
1819. 



Nov. 
June 



5 
5 



1820. 
1821. 



Nov. 5 



Dec. 22 



July 7 
May 

July 3 



Sep. 
Dec. 



10 
5 

7 



1822. May 2 



1825. 



June 21 

Mar. 12 
June 10 
Sep. 2 



1826. Apl. 17 



Paid James Noble for lib. of powder 3 6 

I *aid Esther Cottam for liquor 10 

Paid John Windle for hat pins 10 

Robt. Strickland for setting the seats straight 6 11 11 

Paid Richard Kendrick as per bill, £9. Is. 6d. 

(towards this £1. was g^ven by Rev. E. 

Wilkinson) 8 16 

Paid Richard Kendrick for making the churching 

pew 2 9 9 

I^aid Peter Cooper for slating and whitewashing the 

steeple 9 4 6 

To ale given to the workmen at do 2 4 

Paid fori lb. of tobacco 1 2^ 

Paid John Townley, parish clerk 4 

Paid John Townley's widow 2 18 10^ 

Paid for malleable iron gate, locks, etc., £15 3s. 2d. 
(given by subscriptions towards the said gate 

£10) 5 3 2 

Givdn the ringers on the Coronation Day 1 1 

Jdmi Cross for whitewashing the church 112 9 

Paid Mr. Addison [of Preston] for binding the 
church bibles, 14s. and for a new prayer-book, 
£2 4s. 6d 2 18 6 

Paid for a quart of ale when Mr. Rhodes's servant 

brought a cart load of stones 7 

Mr. Kindle for ale drunk by the r»iM.:,'ers, 5 Nov., 

1821 4 8 

Paid the executors of the late Mr. Bleasdale for 

wine" 10 

Paid for paper and fiddle strings* 8 8 

Paid Mr. Walker for iron chest 7 7 

Paid for ale at John Kay's [the Dog and Partridge 

Inn] 18 

Paid for a collection of church music 8 



James Baines, £3 ; Jonas Rhodes, £3 ; 
Mrs. Ann Parkinson, £1 ; Wm. Rhodes, 
£2 ; James Rhodes, £2 ; Rd. Kenyon, 
£2 ; Isaac Rhodes, £2 ; Rd. Atkinson, 
£3; and Rd. Dunderdale, Wm. Dil- 
worth, John Kenyon, John Bradley, 
Robt. Wilkinson, Rd. Walmsley, Wm. 
Parkinson, £1 each; £4 Is. was re- 
ceived from Rev. J. Wilson, Vicar of 
Mitton, "the middle aisle being ceiled 
when he was curate of the said church " 
of Chipping. 

8 A bill of " Mr. Blaisdil's," Talbot 
Jnn. Chipping, has been preserved ; the 



amount paid— 8s. 4^d. —is made up of 
"Rum and Brandy, 2s. lid. ; Geneva 
and Soda, lOd. ; Ale, Porter, and 
Beer, 4s. 4id. ; Tobacco, 3d." The 
date would be about 1820. 

* " Chipping, Feb. 14, 1825-Memo- 
randum — A violincello, now in the 
possession of Thomas Knowles, Parish 
Clerk, was paid for out of a subscription 
raised for Chipping Sunday School. 
The violincello cost £4 3s., and a bag to 
put it in cost 25s. Witness my hand, 
E. Wilkinson, vicar." 



Chap. 2.] THE CHURCH. 79 

1826. June27 Peter Cooper repairing Dial steps 7 

Paid for three chairs 12 

1828. Jan. Paid Robt. Pagan for work done at the font 15 1 

Paid Riohd. Bibby [of the Talbot Inn] on Easter 

Tuesday 12 

To two journeys to Preston 2 12 4 

Sep. 30 Paid Richd. Bibby for ale when font was taken 

down 2 8 

1829. July 24 Paid for a brass plate 4 6 

Paid for green baize 3 2 

Paid for turf for vestry fire 16 

1830. July 28 Paid to John Parkinson for tolling the bell at the 

funeral of his late Maj esty George IV 2 6 

Apl. 19 Paid Mr. Carlisle for wine 2 8 

1831. Apl. 5 Paid for a clarionet 1 16 

1831. July 6 Paid for inkstand and ink 8 

1832. Jan. 15 Paid for a new surplice 2 3 6 

Apl. 24 Paid to Thos. Knowles for assisting the vicar when 

the census was taken last year 2 6 

May 29 Paid for a whip '. 18 

1833. Apl. 9 Paid to J. Pye for 9 chestnut trees 16 

May 5 Paid for planting beeches 10 

1835. Mar. 5 Paid W. Carlisle for 3 gallons of port wine 2 11 

1837. Apl. 17 Paid John Walmsley for muffling the bells at the 

funeral of William IV 10 

Nov. 13 Paid for a cartload of coals 14 6 

June 24 Allowed to the riugers on the day of Her Majesty's 

Coronation 5 4 

1832. Apl. 2 Paid for a bier cloth and making the same 3 17 8 

1840. Apl. 21 Paid Rd. Chamley for a staff 6 

1841. Feb. 15 Paid for a churchwarden's staff 9 

1842. Aug. 6 Paid for whitewashing the outside of the church 2 .9 6 

1845. Dec. 6 Paid for whitewashing the outside of the church 2 16 

1846. Jan. 15 Paid Thomas Kendrick for gilding the face of the 

church clock 18 

17 Paid Rd. Armitstead for a clarionet 2 2 

17 Paid R. Threlf all for 3 gallons of sacramental wine 2 8 
As already stated, the church was restored in 1872-3, at a cost of 

£2,700, raised by subscription, no less than 572 separate donations 
being received. The expense of restoring the chancel was borne by 
the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, the impropriators of the Rectory. 
The work was carried out by Mr. James Hibbert, of Preston, and Mr. 
E. Christian, of London, architects. 

The Churchyard. 
In 1863, the churchyard was enlarged and beautified at a cost 
of £240, raised by subscription, no fewer than 250 subscribers 



80 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 2. 

contributing. The old yew tree near the east ond of the church has 

iilready been mentioiiod as boiiig of great age. The Sundial, on the 

south side, is approached by three steps. On its shaft is the inscrip- 

I.H.R.P. 
tion I.B. T.K. — the letters being the initials of the churchwardens cf 
1708. 

that yoar. On the plate is an inscription, part of which is only legible, 

** Made by Jas. Hunter, Wappin, London." I^eneatli 

tlio chancel window is the Saxon rolic discovered during the re- 
storation of the church. 

The grave stones are all of modern date. One of the oldest and 
best at the east end, marks the resting place of an old local family ; 

it bears the inscription — 

Here lieth uhe body op 

James Howson op Dinkley 
Green in Bowland who 
PAID THE Debt to Nature 
the 16th Day op August 
1767 Aged 79. 
Also Mary his wipe who died 
December the 10th 1797 aged 
93yrs. 10ms. 

Also Eichard his son who 
Departed this life January 
the 2nd 1794 Aged 65. 
Also Major his 4th son who di- 
ed May 30th 1806 Aged 60. 
And John his 3rd son who 
departed this life July 
the 9th 1777 Aged 45. 
Close to the old yew tree is a stone with the lines : — 

Sacred to the Memory op Thomas Blbasdale op Chipping 
Inn-keeper, who departed this life December 13th 1815, 
in the 52nd year op his age. 

Go home dear Friend and shed no tear, 
Here must I lie till Christ appear. 
And then, O then, I hope to have 
A Joyful rising from the grays. 




CHAPTEE m. 

Ebctohs of Chipping. 

~] BoBERT. 

Ntho CouchorBook of Lancastsr Priory (i/ari. MSS., 
1761), 23% "Robert, rector of Chepyngdale," 
iccurs with Gerard, chaplain of Lancaster, in a deed 
nrm 1230. 

Gilbert Me ROELBDBNE OR Mauhden (1345-1355). 
After a blank of more than a hiindrc<l years we 
meet with this Rector of Chipping in connection with a debt oi 5 markb 
due to the Abbot and Convent of Whalley, on Tuesday next, after tlie 
feast of St. Hilary (Jannary), in 18 Edw. III. (1344-5), which sum 
he declared himself bound in "forthe debts of Richard, my fatlier^ 
and the goods and chattels of the lights of the Blessed Mary of tlie 
Chapel of Colne, of which the said Richard was in cliargo while he 
lived" {Assize Bella, ii., M. 16). At Lancashire Assizes, 17th Aug., 
ISaS, he was, along with other people, indicted fur receiving on 
November 5th, 1352, Thomas of Chypjnidale, <7Utlawoil for felony in 
county LancaBter, knowing him to be outlawed. The accused, how- 
ever, wa« acquitted {Assize Molls, ii,, M, 12). 

TiiOMAs Wysb, 1369— (1375). 
On 15th March, 1368-9, Thomas le Wyse, chapl.iin, was upon 
presentation of Honry, Duke of Lancaster, admitted to the rectory of 
Chipping (Sir/. J/SS., 6978, 7''). We nest meet witlj him 13th 
May, 1375, when he " bought for 20 marks a messuage and Ifi acres 
of land in Mellynge from John del Halle de Erghuni and ICaterina, 
his wife" {Whit. WhalUy, ii., 481). 

On 29th October, 1394, one Thomas le Wyse liad the King's 
presentation to a probondal deaconry in the Conventual Cliurch of 
Shaftesbury {Rarl. MSS., 6i61, 204), and may possibly bo iJeuticol 
with our Rector of Chipping. 



82 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 3. 

William Whitewell, 1394. 
William Whitewell, clerk, was admitted to Chipping rectory, llth 
Jan., 1393-4, on presentation of John, Duke of Lancaster, but resigned 
by July the same year, when he was instituted to the Lincolnshire 
rectory of Allington {Harl MS8,, 6978, 16* ; 6978, le^^ ). 

EOBEKT MARCnBFOKD, 1394. 

All we know of this rector is that he was admitted by proxy 1st 
July, 1394, on presentation of John, Duke of Lancaster, the rectory 
void by resignation cf William Whitewell {RarL, 6978, 16^ ). 

Robert Gowe, until 1399. 
Eobert Gowe could only have been rector of Chipping for a brief 
space, as ho resigned in 1399 {Harl. MSS., 6978, 19^ ). Of his later 
career we have found that in 1402 he was installed prebendary of 
Windsor ; on 26th October, the same year, he first occurs as Almoner of 
the King's Iloustluad (T e Neve, iii., 383 ; Uarl. 3188,, 6962, 47). 
Other preferments cf his were prebends in Wherwell Conventual 
Church, 14lh Man^li, 1401-5, in Kipon Collegiate Church, and in St. 
Asaph. In H09 he exchanged the rectory of Great Wigston, in 
Leicestershire, for the Chancellorship of Lichfield {Harl. MSS., 6962, 
66, 69, 84; Nichols, iv., 383 ; Le Neve, i., 584). We last meet with 
him ao holding the luU named dignity, 6th September, 1414 {Add. 
MSS., 6079, 164). 

John Muridene, 1399. 
John Muridene, or Murydon, clerk, was admitted to Chipping 
rectory in December, 1399, (;n the King's presentation, when he paid 
£5 for first fruits {Harl. MSS., 6978, 19b ). His stay here was only 
for a few months. 

William Elslake, 1400. 
Connected, no doubt, witli the township of Elslack, in the parish 
of Broughton-in-Craven, William Elslake occurs 21st May, 1400, as 
Rector of Windermere, vOwing £2 1 3s. 4d. first fruits to the late Thomas 
Dalby, Archdeacon of llichnumd, and also as Vicar of Bolton-le-Sands, 
owing £2 10s. first fruits, and also as Vicar of Sedbergh, in Yorkshire, 
owing £3 6s. 8(1. first fruits, and lastly as Rector of Chipping, owing 
£6 first fruits {Testam. Ehor, iii., 16). Whi taker (iZe-s^. Richmondshire, 
ii., 284) gives the da<-eof Els hike's collation to Boiton Vicarage as 14th 



Chap. 3.] THE RECTORS AND VICARS OF CHIPPING. 



83 



Aug., 1414, which does not agree with the reference given above; 
from Harl, MSS,, 6978, 24 b, we learn that he resigned this living in 
1424. 

John Oaton, 1421-1442. 

On 14th November, 1420, John Caton was preseiite 1 by the King 
to the rectory of St. John Baptist, Norwich, by reason of the temporali- 
ties of the alien priory of Newington Longueville being in his hands 
because of war {Earl. MSS., 6962, 156; Blomefield's Norfolk, iv., 
288).* He was admitted to Chipping rectory 13th July, 1421, on the 
King^s presentation (as of his Duchy of Lancaster), and paid £3 first 
fruits (Zr^rZ. Jf5f/S., 6978, 22^). Oq 28th January, 1441-2, he was 
admitted, by exchange, to the vicarage of Longford, in Derbyshire, on 
presentation of Robert Radcliffe, Rector^ there {ffarl. MSS., 
6978, 36 a; Cox's Churches of Derbyshire, ill, y 189). 

Lawrence Caton, 1442. 

This rector, in exchange for Longford vicara je with his nimesake 
(and, presumably, relative), was instituted to Chippinj^ Rectory, 28th 
January, 1441-2, on presentation of th3 feoffees of King Henry IV., 
Duke of Lancaster (JEarl. MSS., 6978, 36 a). He had previously (in 
1438) been admitted to the rector}'- of Pinxton, in Derbj^shire, on pre- 
sentation of Sir Nicholas Longford (Oox, iv., 473). On 24th February, 
1443-4, the Archdeacon of Richmond issued a monition against the 
Rectors of Bentham, Burton-in-Kendal, Claughton, Windermere, 
Whicham, and Chipping, and the Vicars of Lancaster and Garstang, 
for non-residence {Raines MSS., xxii., 373) ; and a year or two later, 
8th October, 1445, a Commission was appointed to call the Rector of 
Chipping {inter alios) to residence {Ibid,, 375). 

Thomas Swift, occurs 1478. 

The only mention of this rector we have found is in Flea Roll 
49, M. 6, dorso, when on the feast of St. Bartholomew, 18 Edw. IV. 
(1478), ** Thomas Swyfte, rector ecclesiae parochialis do Chopyn,"sues 
William Hoghton, of Penh ul ton, son and heir of Henry 
Hoghton, of Penhulton, gent., and Robert Shotylworth, of Hacking, 
gent., for a debt of 20s. on a bond. It is just possible he may be 



^ As Sir John Colwich is the rector 
here, it is possible he exchanged from 
Chipping. 



^ Cox gives the year as 14^1, and calls 
the rector " Eatoii." 



84 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 3. 

identical with his namesake, the Hector of Wickersley, in Yorkshire, 
who was instituted to that Church 16th May, 1491, on presentation of 
the Prior and Convent of Worksop, and who there died in 1624-6 
(Hunter's South Yorkshire ^ i., 279) ; although it must be added that 
in his will, dated 8th Feb., 1624-5, the latter makes a bequest to 
Burnsall Church, and to Wickersley Church, and to Tinsley Chapel, but 
none to Chipping Church {Test, Ehor.<, v., 223). 

One Thomas Mass}*^, or Mascy, occurs 1st November, 1461 , as Hector 
of Chepynton (Fishwick's Poulton, 68) ; and the same person, or his 
namesake, occurs as Hector of Warrington in 1448 and 1466, and 
died Hector of Waverton, in Cheshire, in 1464 {Ptccope MSS,^ ix., 
364; Rarl MSS., 2112, 109^; Ibid,, 2071, 192 a). 

James Stbaitbirell, 1480-1623. 
A member, probably, of the Lancashire family, represented at the 
Preston Guild Mercliaut of 1459, by William Streytbarell, this rector 
occurs as chaplain iu several local deeds in 1461-70. James Straitbirell 
was admitted to Chipping Hoctory on the l4th November, 1480, on 
presentation of the Duke of Lancaster {Harl, MSS.), He held the 
second prebendal stall iu St. Mary Newark, at Leicester, resigning in 
1486 {Mater, for Hist. Hen. VII., i., 466) ; was admitted to the 
rectory of Whichford, iu Warwickshire, 5th October, 1485, on pre- 
sentation of George Stanley, Lord Strange, but resigned the following 
year (Dugdale's Warwickshire, 586). He occurs as Hector of Milton, 
in Cambridgeshire, in 1488 and 1493 {Cole's MSS,, xxvi., f. 166); 
and was admitted on the King's presentation to the prebend of North 
Alton (Sarum) 1st Feb., 1499-1500 {Add. MSS., 6082, 58), but 
resigned about 1505 (Jones, 363). Finally, he was instituted in 1506 
to the rectory of St. Mary-on-the-Hill, Chester, on presentation of 
the Abbot and Convent of St. Werbuigh, Chester (Ormerod i., 269) ; 
and he first occurs as Hector of Bangor-is-y-Coed, in Flintshire, on the 
19th June, 1611 {Falat. Note Book, ii., ;89). He died in 1623, having 
held our rectory of Chipping for the long spell of forty-three years 
{Ibid; Whit. Whalley.i., 481). 

Thomas Mawdesley, 1523-1530. 
This rector was a member of a family settled in the district for at 
least two hundred years. To our Hectory of Chipping he was instituted 



Chap. 3.] THE RECTORS AND VICARS OF OHIPPINC. 85 

April 30, 1523 (Whit. WhalUy, ii., 481). He occurs in Feb. 1524-5, when 
the value of the living was returned at £12 (Archd. Thomas Dalby's 
Subsidy, page 8). Some reference to him will be found in the account 
of the family in chap. ix. ; and his foundation of the Chantry of Our 
Lady has already been mentioned (page 74). He died in 1530. 

Thomas Westby, 1530. 

We first meet with this rector on the 8th February, 1520-1, when 
as bachelor in decrees, he was admitted to the rectory of Thribergh, in 
Yorkshire, on presentation of Ealph Eeresby, Esq. (Hunter, ii., 42). 
He became vicar of Tolleshunt Darcy, in Essex, in 1527, but resigned 
a year later, and became rector of the ne'ghbouring church of 
Debden ; he was admitted prebendary of Eampton (Southwell), on 
10th October, 1527 ; and occurs as King's Chaplain in 1529, and as 
Clerk of the Closet in 1530 and 1533 (Newcourt, ii., 605; 209; Le 
Neve, iii., 454 ; Bom, State Papers, v., 747, 748 ; vi., 280). 

To our rectpry of Chipping he was instituted on the 4th August, 
1530, but resigned the same year (Whit. Whalley, ii., 481). Other 
preferments of Thomas Westby were, the rectory of Chalfont St. Giles, 
I3ucks, to which he was collated in December, 1529, by the Bishop of 
Lincoln, but exchanged for the Lincoln prebend of Heydour-cum- 
Walton, on the 21st November, 1540 (lapscombe, iii., 232; ii., 69; 
Le Neve, ii., 156) ; the prebend of Eccleshall (Lichfield), and the 
rectory of Hockerton, in Nottinghamshire (Ne Neve, i., 601 ; Dom, 
State Papers, vi., 141 ; xii., 604). He was installed Archdeacon of 
York on the 26th June, 1540 (Le Neve, iii., 134); and died on the 
2lst December, 1543. 

George Wolfet, 1531 — 1554. 

A native, apparently, of Nottinghamshire, George Wolset, Wolffet, 
Wolfytt, Welsett, Wylsett, Wilflet (as his name is variously spelled) was 
admitted B.A., 16 Jan., 1510-11, M.A., 12 May, 1512, at Oxford 
University (Reg, Untv, Oxon,, Ojcford Hist. Soc.) ; and took also the 
degree of Doctor of Laws. He was admittei to the Rectory of St. 
Olave, Hart Street, London, on the 16th June, 1518, and resigned in 
1528 (Newcourt, i., 512). On 3rd February, 1536-7, he first 
occurs as Clerk of the King's Closet {Galend, State Papers, 
Hen. Vm., xii., 148). To our Rectory of Chipping he was 



86 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 3. 

instituted on the 12th February, 1630-31, but on whose presenta- 
tion does not appear (Whit. Whalley, ii , 481); and as such he 
occurs in the Valor Ecclesiasticus of 1535; and also as holding the 
prebendal stall of Bitton in Sarum Cathedral (to which he was 
instituted 11 July, 1531); the Rectory of Stoke-under-Hamdon (Hamb- 
den) in Somersetshire (ii., 74 ; i., 199 ; Jones, 367). On the 3rd July 
1538, on the King's presentation, he was instituted to the Eectory of 
Lanteglos, in Cornwall ; and was again admitted, on Feb. 8th, 1548-9, 
likewise on the King's presentation (Maclean's Trigg Minor, ii., 304). 
In 1542, on the 9th June, according to Raines, and on the 9th 
February, according to Whitaker, he was instituted to Ribchester 
Rectory, on presentation of King Henry VIII. (Chet. Soc, Ix., 195; 
Whit. Whalley, ii., 462) ; and on September 5th, 1543, had a grant 
from Sir Richard Hoghton, Kt., of the next presentation of Our 
Lady's Chantry in Ribchester Cliurch. Dr. Wolfet was one of the 
King's preachers for the County of Lancaster* ; and in addition to the 
above-named preferment, was Prebendary of Bameby (Howden)^ 
which he appea s to have resigned in 1538 (Hutchinson's Durham^ iii., 
45'J). 

Besides Ribchester and Chipping rectories Dr. Wolfet retained 
until his death the rectory of Lanteglos and his prebend of Bitton. 
Henceforth the rectories of Chipping and Ribchester are held as 
impropriations by the Bishop of Chester. 

The relations of our rector with his parishioners, both at Chipping 
and at Ribchester, were far from cordial. Reference has already been 
made (page 57) to the trouble he had with his tithes at Chipping; 
while at Riochester one of his flock, ** Robert Bcotman, Myiistrell," 
** a man of a ffrowarde and a perverse mynJe," aided by Sir Richard 
Sherburne, of Stonyhurst, ** a man of exacte power and auctorite," 
proceeded to damage his property-, and even to keep him and his 
family out of his parish church (Smith's Rihchesfer, 141-2>. 

He died in 1553 or 1554, apparently at Wishawe, in Notts, wheie 
he made his will February 1st, 1552-3. 

"George Wulfet, doctor of lawe," desired "to be buryed within the 
chauncel of Rybcluster yf I dye there or els wheie in Chiisten man's buryall." 

^ According to Canon Raines. 



Chap. 3.] THE RECTORS AND VICARS OF CHIPPING. 87 

He leaves ** to every one of ray godchyldren within Rybcliester, Chepen, and 
Wishawe parishins xiid to put them in remembrance to praye for my soule. To 
Alyce Crapfge, doucrhter to John Cragge, a doughter to my suster Alyce, his wief 
iiili, to be payed by William Wren ; to William Cra.i,'*;, brother to the said Alyce 
iiili, to be payed by my brother .Feffry Wolfet. 1 wyll my skarlet gowne, lyned 
with blacke damaske, and my beste murrey gowne, Imving the sieves and the 
forequarters lyned with tawney sarcenet, to be praised und solde,and the money 
to be bestowed on the poore householders. The residue to be dispersed by my 
executor in charitable dedes to tlie pleasure of Almyiflity God and cumforthe of 
the poore and iudegent people, not meanynge hereby to burden or charge his 
conscience in suche bestowinge, but onelie to commytte the same to his discre- 
cion, accordinge to such expectation and affiance whiche I have in him.'' He 
appointed his brother, Jeffrey Wolfet, executor, and Air. Robert Patchett and 
Sir Thomas Thorpe overseers. The will was proved 7th August, 1554, by Mr. 
Robert Cressie, official to the Archdeacon of Nottingham (diet. Soc, Ix., 195-6). 

Vicars of Chipping. 

John Marsden, (1662)— 1589. 

A descendant, probably, of the family long settled at the Pale, in 

Chipping, John Marsden has hitherto not been included among the 

printed lists of Vicars. Of the date of his institution we have found 

nothing, but he occurs as Vicar of Chipping iu one or two local wills 

of the date 1562, and he is also named in the episcopal visitation of 1562 

{Act Booky Chester). So that he became Vicar here between 1554 and 

1562. The information we have of him is derived from his will, proved 

at Chester, 21st March, 1588-9, dated 10th October, 1588 :— '* I, Sir 

John Marsden, clerke, give and bequeathe my soule unto Almightie God 

the father that made me, and unto God the sonne who hath redeemed 

me, and unto God the holie ghoste who sanctiefied me, and my body 

to bee buried in the churchyard of Chippin amongst myne oulde frendes. 

I give and bequeathe xls. of money to be divided amongst the poore, 

as the halte, blind, and lame, oulde folkes and children, and others 

which have most nede, at the discretion of myne executors." ** Item. 

I give and bequeathe unto John Hyton, aliter John Marsden, bastard, 

Sonne of Perce vail Marsden, 40s. ; and unto John, his son, xxs. to 

helpe him to an occupation. To ,the aforesaid John Hyton, all my 

clouthes for my bodye except one gowne of . . . silke." To Alis 

Parker, aliter Wever, £3 6s. 8d. " To John Parker, aliter Marsden, 

my bastard sonne, x^i to further him to learneinge at the schoole." To 

Alis Hearst, wife of John Hearst, xxs. ; to their daughter Margaret, 



88 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 3. 

xxs. To Margaret Barnes, aliter Marsden, 6b. 8d. ; to Percival 
Marsden, 6b. 8d. To the wife. of James MarsdeD, 12d. ; to each of 
their children, 1 2d. To the wife of James Parkinson [clerk], of 
Chipping Church, / s. To John Hearst, yonnger, 2s. The reversion 
cf his goods to his bastard son John Parker, whom with John Hearst, 
of Leagram, was appointed executor. — Witnessed by Richard Parker, 
and proved before the said Richard Parker, " Yicar of Chippin," and 
Robt. Parker de Broweholme. The schedule of debts owing to 
deceased included xs., due " at our ladye day in lent next,*' by Ralph 
Beesley, of Whalley. 

RiCHABD Parker, 1591-1616. 

Sprung from an ancient stock long settled in that outlying and 
detached bit of Clitheroe parish that borders on the parish of Chipping, 
Richard Parker, son of Reginald Parker, of Graystonley in Little 
Bowland, yeoman, was christened at Chipping Church on the 3rd of 
September, 1563. His first, last, and only cure seems to have been 
that of what was practically, though not strictly, his native paiish, to 
which he was collated on the 8th Feb., 1590-91, by William Chaderton, 
Bishop of Chester (Institution Books, Ser, A. v. i, R.O.).* 

Although, because of the quiet life ho almost necessarily must 
have led, we have found but little information of him, he would appear 
to have been a mar of some note, as he was commissioned Rural Dean 
of Amounderness. To the rate imposed in 1608, by the Bishop of 
Chester, upon the clergy of the diocese, *' for the findinge of horses, 
armes, and other furniture, '' Mr. Parker, Vicar of Chippin, and Mr. 
Calvert, Vicar cf Cockerham, were required to furnish a caliver. One 
careful service cf his ought not to be unrecorded : he carried out the 
injunction cf the Canon of 1603, whereby it was ordered that all 
Parochial Registers should be written over again on parchment. 
Moreover, as will be observed in Chapter iv., many interesting notes 
were inserted by him'/in our Registers. 

He also gave the Silver Communion Cup, now in use at Chipping 
Church. Vicar Parker died at Chipping in the year 1616, but the 
record of his burial is not now visible in our Parish Register. 

^ The MSS. of Raines and Piccope, monj^h and day, the one misplacing it on 

of this 



though agreeing as to the year of this the 28th Feb., the other on the 8th Oct. 

institution, are at variance as to its 



Chap. 3.] THE RECTORS AND VICARS OF CHIPPING. 89 

Ke was twice married. First to Alice, daughter of Richard 
Alston, of Hesketh End, gent., by whom he had issue a son and three 
daughters, viz., (1) Agnes, christened 18th June, 1696; (2) Alice, 
christened 2l6t June, 1697 ; (3) Eichard, bom 2nd Feb., 1600-1, buried 
the 1 8th July following ; (4) Maria, christened 9th June, 1604. He 
married secondly, 16th December, 1613, Anne Helme, by whom he 
appears to have had no progeny. 

Some reference to Richard Parker will be found in chap, ix., 
where an abstract of his father's will is given. 

William Armistbad, 1616. 
William Armisfcead, otherwise called, or miscalled, Amestdaile, 
had this living conferred upon him by Thomas Moiton, Bishop of 
Chester, on the 6th October, 1616. In spite of diligent search I have 
found nothicg more of him. It is, however, neither impossible nor 
unlikely that he maj' be identical with the subsequent Curate and 
Schoolmaster of Kirkham, and the still later Curate of Lytham, of the 
same name, who died at Lytham iu 1658. 

John King (1622)— 1672. 

The date of this Vicar's institution has not always been accurately 
given. Whitaker {Hist. Whallei/y ii., 482,) says he was instituted 
on the 27th August, 1647, while Baines and his editor (Harland) 
both adopted the brtter date 1622, and strangely enough the editor of 
the new edition of Baines's Lancashire dates the institution as 
**c. 1640.'' In plain truth, as we learn from our Chipping Registers, 
John King was vicar here early in 1622; moreover, in the record of 
his burial in 1672, it is expressly stated he had been vicar there fifty 
years. From his will it would appear as though he were sprung from 
a yeoman family of the neighbouring parish of Mitton. Our vicarage 
was conferred upon him by John Bridgeman, Bishop of Chester, but 
the date of his collation does not appear at Chester. 

But little is known of Mr. King's life and work during the long 
term of his incumbency. In 1646 he was appointed a member of the 
third classis of Lancashire, but his name appears not among those who 
signed the ** Harmonious Consent" in 1648, or the ** Agreement of 
the People" in the following year. In the Cromwellian Survey of 
1660 he is described as ^' an able and orthodox divine, he hath for his 



90 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 3. 

sallary Tenn Pouods per ann., formeily paid out of the rent reserved 
to the baid Bushupp [of Chester]. And since the prc6tts were 
sequestred hee hath received an Augmentation of Fifty Pounds per 
ann. by Order of the Comitee for Plundered Ministers, soe that his 
whole Stypend is Sixtye Pounds per ann.'' (Record Soc. Lane. Chesh., 
i., 1^« 0). The great augmentation here referred to was ordered on the 
27th Aug., 1647, whence we may readily infer that the Vicar's bent 
was towards Puritanism. It may be, however, that Mr. King was a 
peaceful, hardworking minister, to whom the accidents and externals 
of religion were of comparatively little import, as he not only accepted 
the Presbyterian form of Chuich Government, but also, at the Restora- 
tion, quietly resumed the old tenor of his ecclesiastical life, and 
doubtless, at the same time, his old ecclesiastical stipend, or something 
near it. We have no direct evidence to show that he held Chipping 
Vicarage avowedly or even consciously upon the Vicar-of-Bray prin- 
ciple (although the large amount of personal property he acquired 
tends to show that he was careful cf this world's goods), and so we 
prefer to regard him as an easy-going man, grown attached to the 
secluded spot in which he had so long dwelled, and therefore somewhat 
flabbily submissive and conformable to the various changes which took 
place. 

As the Register tells us : " John Kinge, Clerke, minister of God's 
word att Chippin for ffiftie yeares last past, departed this life, 
September the Twentie-second, Anno. Dom. 1672, and was buriedin the 
south side of the Chansell, in the parish Church of Chippin, aforesaid 
the twentie-third day of September, Anno. Dom. 1672," ** as neare 
as may bee," to quote from his will, ** to the place where my sonn 
Richard was buried." 

By his wife Mary, who survived liim but a few years, and was 
buried at Chipping on the 22nd March, 1674-5, he had an only son, 
Richard, born at Chipping Jan. 31, 1626-6, '* the satterday before the 
fEeast of the purification of the Virgin Marie, and was baptized the 
Sondaie follo\iing," February 1st, and there buried during his father's 
lifetime. 

By his will, dated 17th July, 1672, John King left to Mary, his 
wife, half of all his goods. Of the other half he bequeathed to Mary 



Chap. 3.] THE RECTORS AND VICARS OF CHIPPING. 91 

and Ann King, daughters of George King, late of Mitton, deceased, 
£5 a piece ; to Edward, Eobert, John, Ann, and Jane King, children 
of Eichard King, late of Mitton, deceased, 208. each ; to Thomas, Ann, 
Elizabeth, and Janet King, children of Robert King, late of Akesall, 
deceased, each 20s. ; to Ellen Pridham, daughter of Thomas King, 
late of Dublin, and to William Pridham, her son, each 20s. To 
Robert King, son of John King, late of Barnacre, deceased, ** beinge 
now resident with mee,** ten ewes and one tup, herded on Brunslack 
Fell.^ The residue of his goods, after payment of the above legacies, 
he bequeathed to Ann Bolton, wife of Richard Bolton, the younger, 
of Chipping, carrier, and to her children ; and he appointed his wife, 
Mary King, sole executrix. Witnesses, Ben Whaley, John Brabine, 
John Dobson. Inventory amounts to £222 18s. 2^d., from which the 
following items are given : — 

Inventory of Goods and Chattels of John King, late Vioar of 

Chipping, 

Prised 3rd of October, 1672, by Richard Marsden de Pale, Robt. 
Rhodes, of Chipping, Robert Parkinson, of Haslehurst, and Christopher 
Parkinson, of Blindhurst. 

Six oxen, 21/. 10s. ; five kine, 16/. ; three twinters, 51, lOs. ; five sterkes, 
6/. ; four calves, 21. 10s.; one gray horse and one bay coiilt, 71. ; four 
ould horses, 21. ; five score ould sheep, 20/. ; 36 lambes, 4/. 10s. ; 
come, 16/. ; hay, 4/. ; 20 metts of meal, 3/. lOs. ; 17 metts of malt, 
21. 13s. ; three peckes of wlieate, 9s. ; 50 loads of turfe, 2/. 

IIUSBANDRIE GbABBS. 

Carts, wheeles, and plowes, 21. ; yoakes, teames, and bowers, I6s. ; 
holmes, traces, cartsadles, backhands, neckcoUers, belie bands, frayles, 
and double geares, 2Us. ; sythes, hookes, spades, axes, and wimbles, 
78. ; one lather, one barrow, and one pitchforke. 

In the Kitchinqb. 

3 arkes, 4/. ; one cheese presse, 8s ; wodden vessels, 11. Is. ; one 
spininge wheel. Is. 

In the Milke House. 

Troughes, chesbatts, muggs, patts, one chist, with one frame, 1/. Is. 

1 On 4th April, 1646, John Sherburne Cloughfoot. (Dei^hy MSS.J This lease 

the elder, and John Sherburne, the evidently expired with our vicar's 

younger, of Wolf Hall, granted a lease decease, 
for tnr«e lives of a cottage, called 



92 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 3. 

In thk Pablob. 

One ffeather bed and boulster, 1/. 48. 8d. ; one caddowe, one coverlet, 
with 3 blankets, lis.; two ffeather beds more, one boiilster, one pillow, 
and one chaff bouister, 1/. 148. ; one ould caddow, 5s. ; one blanket, 
one paire of canvass sheets and vallens, 9s. 4d. ; 2 seild beds, with one 
cubboard, 21. 6s. 8d. ; one table, with seats about it, I/. lOs. ; throwne 
chaires, 6s. 8d. ; one ffire iron with 7 quishions, 58. 

In the House. 

One arke, 21. ; one chist with shelves, iOs. ; one table with seates, and 
other setldinge, 10s. ; chaires and buffet stooles, one round table with 
one trest, and other stooles, 1/. ; one tire irion with one gerdle, two 
pairs of racks, rackentree, 3 splits, 2 tostinge irons, with 2 pairs of 
tonges and other implements, 1/. 6s. 8d. ; brasse, 3/. 6s. 8d. ; 60H and a 
halfe of pewter, 21. 5s. 4d. 

In thb buttbbie. 

2 barrels with one peck and shulves with other things, 128. ; one 
stand and one barrel], 58. ; 3 doz. and a half of trenchers, 28. 6d. 

In thb Chambbb ovbb thb houbb. 

Linnen and canvas cloth, 21. 5s. ; 2 stone of f9axe, lis. ; 9 li of heckle 
fflaxe, 6s. ; ffive doz. and a half of linnen and canvas yame dight and 
undight, 41. 2s. 6d.; 3 doz. of napkins, 9s. ; 6 paire of canvas sheets, 
H. 4s. ; 4 table cloths, 6s.; 8 pillow beares with one towell, Bs. ; 6 
paire of linnen sheets, II. 16s. ; 7 ^i of wollen yame, 3s. 6d. ; one seild 
bed, with one ffeather bed and bouister, with one blew cadawe, one 
coveringe with one paire of blankets and curtains, 3^. 10s. ; 2 carpet 
clothes with curtains and vallens, 9s. ; 3 yards of linsie wolnsie, with 
one pillow ticke, 4s. ; salt, with chist that it is in, 5s. 4d. ; beife and 
bacon, 12. ; 3 chaires, 3s. ; one seild chist, 6s. 8d. ; 2 boxes, with a 
certaine quan title of ware, and one basket, 5s. ; one wallet with other 
loose clothes, Is. ; one cubboard with glasses and with white mettle, 
5s.; one seeinge p^lasse, Is. ; 3 quishions with one paire of trones and 
2 paire of wooll cards, 48. 

In thb Chambbb ovbb thb Pablob. 

4 stone and halfe of wooll, 21. 4s. ; sacks, pokes, winnowe clothes, 
with scuttles, sives, ridles, and one seed hopper, II. 4s. ; beanes, with 
ground meal and dust, 7s. 6d. ; one coulter, and one sucke, 5s. : one 
kindge, with one voyder, two fireirons, 4s. ; 2 paire bedstockes with 
bedding, with a coveringe and a blanket lent to an old woman, 
21. IOs. 6d.; 2 desks, one coffer, one basket, and one barrel, 10s. 6d. , 
4 stone of butter, 13s. 4d. ; 6 quarts of honey, 68. 

SUNDBIBS. 

Geese, turkies, diggs, with other poultrie, 12. ; two swine, 22. ; in 
readie money and debts, 382. IDs. ; the dead his apparell, 102. 



Chap. 3.] THE RECTOES AND VICARS OF CHIPPING. 93 

His widow, Mary King, by her wil', dated 10th Feb., 1674-5, 
desired "to be buried within the chancel of the parish church of 
Chippin, as near 1 3 my late husband as conveniently may be." She 
left legacies of £3 each to the four children of Thomas Parker, of 
Whitewell-in-Bolland, and also to the four children of John Dobson, 
parish clerk of Chipping. To Richard and Jane Alston, children of 
Eobert Alston, of Chipping, 20s. each. To Robert Eling, " now living 
with me, I give n^y part of the meane sheepe, now herded on Brent- 
slacke.*' To Richard Dobson, then living with the testatrix, £3 6s. 8d. ; 
to Christopher Parker, of Bradkirk, Esq., £5. One-half of her 
personal estate she gave to the children of Anne Bolton, and the 
remainder to John Dobson, parish clerk. She appointed Christopher 
Parker and John Dobson her executors. Witnessed by Richard 
White, Grace Kirk, Richard Martin. Mrs. King's will was proved at 
Chipping, 23rd August, 1675, the inventory of her goods amounting 
to £109 3s. 4d. 

Richard White, 1672-1692. 

In succession to John King, Richard White was instituted to 
Chipping Vicarage on the 16th October, 1672, on collation of John 
Wilkin s, IMshop of Chester {Insttt. Books , series B, vol. iii.). He 
was younger son of Christopher White, of Goosnargh, gent., a con- 
siderable land owner in the district, as will be noted in the extracts 
from his will printed below. The date of his christening does not 
appear in the Goosnargh register, probably owing to the confusion 
caused by the civil war. A graduate of Emmanuel College at 
Cambridge, he became B.A. in 1671, M.A. in 1675 {Grad, Cantdbr.) 

To this vicar a few reference's are made iu the Ribchester church 
bocks : — " 1684. Spent on Mr. White and other ministers y* came to 
preach at our church out of y® parish, 4s. 8d." ** 1685-^'. Spent when 
Mr. White preacht at Longridge, Is. 6d.'' {Hist, Ribchester^ pag© 109.) 
He was exceedingly active in the discharge of his ministerial duties, 
and appears to have been popular among his parishioners, and held in 
good repute by all his neighbours. He had a substantial legacy from 
John Brabin in 1683 ; and it was at his vicarage house that the last 
of the old Catholic family of Wolf Hall, Alexander Sherburne, came 
to terms with Thomas Patten about the sale of his estates. Along 



M HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 3. 

with his two sons, Henry and Nicholas (for whose admission he 
paid £2 10s.), Eichard White was an In -Burgess of the Preston 
Guild of 1682 (Lane. Chesh. Eec. Soc. ix., 180, 202.) 

After resigning Chipping vicarage in 1692, probably for other 
preferment, Richard White was instituted to the neighbouring vicarage 
of Whalley, on the 13th Jan., 1693-4, on the Archbishop of 
Canterbury's presentation. (Instit, Books, Series B., vol. iv.).* Here 
he remained minister for nearly ten years, until his death in 
November, 1703, his burial taking place at Whalley on the 19th of 
that month. 

By his marriage at Preston, 20th December, 1673, with Hannah, 
daughter of Henry Atherton, of that town, he had numerous issue (all 
except the last bom at Chipping): (1) Christopher, christened 8th 
November, and buried 11th November, 1674 ; (2) Henry, christened 
13th December, 1675; (3) Nicholas, christened 19th November, 1677 ; 
(4) Ann, christened 28th January, 1679-80; (5) Elizabeth, christened 
22nd August, 1685, buried ?0th January, 1685-6; (6) Hannah, 
christened 17th July, 1687 ; (7) Catherine, ^' christened 16th February, 
1689-90 ; (8) Eichard, christened 7th July, 1695. 

A few notes upon this local family may be of interest. Christopher 
White, lather of our Vicar of Chipping, was a very considerable land- 
owner in the neighbouring parish of Goosnargh. His will, dated 
8th April, 1671 (proved 10th March, 1672-3), is of great length. 

To his eldest son, Nicholas, he leaves his messuage called Barnes Fold, con- 
taining 66 acres, then in his own possession ; another messuage in Goosnargh, 15 
acres in extent, occupied by Mr. Thos. Parker ; three messuages, occupied by 
widow Parkinson, Thomas Adamson, and Christopher Oliverson, along with 32 

^ The advowson of Whalley vicarage Edward VI. the manor of Mayfield in 

came to the see of Canterbury by one of Sussex, and various other noble manors 

those shameful transactions whereby of Canterbury see. 
Henry VIII. and Edward VI. used to 

strip their bish<3ps of the ancient and ^ Catherine White married John 

solid endowments of their sees in ex- Atherton, Mayor of Preston in 1704, 

change for monastic spoil, commonly in and their son, William Atherton, and 

the shape of impropriate tithes. Thus, their grandson, Richard Atherton, were 

on the 12th June, 1547, the Lancashire respectively Mayors of Preston in 1732 

rectories of Whalley, Blackburn, and and 1738, and in 1782. The daughter of 

Rochdale, with the adowsons of their Richard Atherton married James Alan 

vicarages, part of the plunder of Whalley Park, of the Northern Circuit, who in 

Abbey, were made over to Archbishop 1775 became Recorder of Preston, and 

Thomas Cranmer and his successors, in 1816 a Justice of the Common Pleas 

Cranmer in return yielding up to King and a Knight. 



Chap. 3.] THE RECTORS AND VICARS OF CHIPPING. 95 

acres of laud in Goosnargh and Tarniker, subject to payment of the following 
legacies— 10 nobles a-piece to testator's stepsons, Robert and John Bamber ; an 
annuity of 24s. to his daughter, Jane, wife of James Norcrosse, of Ribchester, 
and of £3, £4, and £1^ f o his said daughter's children, Richard, Marj', and Anne ; 
a sum of 50s. to John, son of the late Mr. John Knevet, to be paid in 3 equal 
portions during the tliree years next ensuing, ** after the decease of John Willson, 
of Englefield [Inglewhite] ; 30s. a piece to Nicliolas and Gilbert, sons of Gilbert 
White ; and 40s. for a ring to testator's " very loving friend," Edward Shuttle- 
worth, of Larbreck, Esq. 

To his youngest son, Richard, he leaves a messuage in Goosnargh, called 
" Cowme Hills," then occupied by Mr. Joseph Thomson, containing about 46 
acres ; a messuage in Haighton and Whittingham, 28 acres in extent, occupied 
by Richard Cardwell, on condition of his paying the following legacies : to his 
uncle, Mr. Richard Chrichlow, all moneys due to him ; to Christopher Norcrosse, 
testator's grandchild, £20; and to John Knevet, 50-^. 

To his wife was left a full third part of all his lands for life, with the east 
end of the house at Barnes Fold. The inventory came to £149 12s. 

Nicholas, eldest sou of Christopher White, had issue Christopher, John, and 
Robert. His youngest, son settled at White Fold in Thornley, and there died, 
Sept. 25, 1758, leaving issue, Richard, died in 1748 ; and John, who, by his 
marriage with .Margaret Chippendale of Bashall, had issue a son, Robert. John 
White died Nov. 26, 1816, aged 85, his wife dying March 31. 1816, aged 82. Their 
son, Robert White, born Feb. 3, 1760, removed to Blackburn about 1820. 

Humphrey Eriscok, 1692 — 1701. 

Descended from a South Lancashire family, Humphrey Briscoe, 
or Burscowe, matriculated at Jesus College at Cambridge, where on 
the 20th May, 1686, he entered as sizar, taking the degree of B.A. in 
1 689, but proceeding no further {Graduati Cantahr.). Our Vicarage 
of Chipping was conferred upon him on the 12th August, 1692, by 
Nicholas Stratford, Bishop of Chester (7;w^iY. Books^ series B, vol. iv.). 

Of his short career at Chipping we have come across little. Some 
mention of him is made in the Ribchester Church Books : — " 1692-3. 
Spent on the Vicar of Chippin, 6 J." {ITist. Ribchester^ page 109). 
** 1693-4. Spt on y« Mr. Bristowe at Longridge, Is. 4d." {Ibid.)). 
*• 1698-1. Spent when Mr. Briska preached, 2s. 6d." {Ibid.). He 
dibd at Chipping, and was buried on the Tith November, 1701. 

By his marriage at Goosnargh, 8th December, 1696, with Ann, 
daughter of Robert Cross, of Barton, yeoman, he had issue two 
daughters, viz. : Elizabeth, christened Sept. 26tli, 1697, buried 31st 
Jan., 1715-16 ; and Priscilla, cljristored Apiil Sth, 1700. His widow 
eventually married her late husband's successor (see post). 



96 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Ohap. 3. 

In his will, dated September 20th, 1701 (proved at St. Michaels, 
Idth Juno, 1702), ** Humphrey Bursco we, clerk [vicar] of the parish 
church of Chipping," left a tenement in Haddock [Haydock], or 
Newton-in-Makerfield, to Ann, his wife, for her life, and after her 
death or second marriage (in which latter case one-half was bequeathed 
her) ; to his daughters, Elizabeth and Friscilla, to whom he also left all 
his personalty. As executors he appointed his wife, John Gross, of 
Barton, his brother-in-law, and Nicholas Burscowe (seemingly a 
kinsman of some kind). The will was witnessed by Cuthbert Hesketh, 
Gabriel Hesketh, and George Rauthmell. 

Thomas Atherton, 1701 — 1721. 

This Vicar graduated at Trinity College, at Cambridge, B.A. in 
1694, M.A. in 1698 ; and was collated to Chipping Vicarage by 
Nicholas Stratford, Bishop of Chester, on December 23rd, 1701. 
During his twenty years' residence here he was active in the discharge 
of his duties, and took a great interest in the management of Brabin's 
School. 

Resigning our Vicarage of Chipping in 1721, Thomas Atherton 
was admitted to the rectory of Aughton on the 13th July, the same 
year, on presentation of Thomas Heys, gent., patron for this turn only 
(Insttt. Books, Series C, vol. i.). He died at Aughton, and was there 
buried, Nov. 15, 1734. 

By his first wife, Ann, daughter of Robert Cross, of Barton, and 
widow of his predecessor, Humphrey Briscoe, whom he married at 
Chipping, April 30th, 1706, Thomas Atherton had issue — (1) Mary, 
christened 14th Sept., 1707, buried 23rd Nov., 1708; (2) Thomas, 
christened 30th April, 1710, and buried at Aughton, 20th April, 1722 ; 
(3) John, christened 8th Oct., 1712, died in infancy; Ann Atherton 
died at Chipping, and was there buried on January 9th, 1716-17. By 
his second wife, Katherine Heys, of Ashton, he had issue a son, 
Thomas, christened at Aughton, 22ud May, 1723, buried 21st April, 
1730; and a daughter, Katherine, christened 12th July, 1724. ^ 

Thomas Atherton, clerk. Rector of Aughton, made his will 20th 
May, 1733 (proved at Chester, 8th Feb., 1734-5). To his wife, 

^ In Aughton Church is a black mar- the choir stalls uu the north side of the 

ble monument to the memory of one of chanceL 

his sons— not now visible, being under 




Chap. 3.] THE RECTORS AND VICARS OF CHIPPING. 97 

Katherine, he bequeathed the yearly interest of £200, and his tene- 
ments in Billing (?) and Chipping ; to his sister, Mary Eushton, of 
Chorley, widow, and her son-in-law, Kichard Sefton, £40, and the 
interest of £100 ; and the residue of his estate to his only daughter, 
Katherine. He mentions his nephew, William Atherton, of Halsall, 
his nieces Elizabeth and Isabel Eushton, and appoints his wife, with 
Henry Cottam, of Liverpool, mercer, and his brother-in-law, Thomas 
Heys, of Ashton, gent., executors. 

Thomas Clarkson, 1721-1738. 

Thomas Clarkson, son of Eobert Clarkson, of Hey sham, yeoman, 
was (according to an entry in his own handwriting in the church 
register) born on March 7th, 1681-2, and christened on the 12th day 
of that month. ^ He matriculated at Queen's College, at Oxford, and 
took his degrees, B.A., 20th Oct., 1711, M.A., 27th May, 1714 {Cat, 
Oxford Grad.). From his published writings, mentioned below, he 
would appear to have lived for some j'^ears in the South of England, 
presumably at Hartlebury, in Worcestershire (the Bishop of which 
diocese, he says, has written a book, ** worth about a penny or 10s. 
per hundred '*). We have, however, not been able to trace his career 
before his collation to Chipping Vicarage, 19th August, 1721, by 
Francis Gastrell, Bishop of Chester {Instit. Books, series C, vol i). 

A man of an energetic, perhaps combative, turn of mind, Clarkson 
seems to have provoked, or incurred, the displeasure, not only of his 
Nonconformist neighbours, but also of his own parishioners. By the 
former he was convicted of laxity in his clerical duties, and accused of 
disloyalty, heterodoxy, and immorality ;^ while the latter in the person 
of Thomas Gradwell, who was the village tradesman, a churchwarden, 
and a trustee of Brabin's Charity, complained to the local clergy of 
the vicar's high-handed conduct, ** who think Mr. Clarkson to blame 
and promise their warm assistance if occasion required." 

^ Peter Whittl« gives the following protestant), assisted by Josiah Gregson 

circumstantial account of Clarkson's Alderman of Preston, in 1699, to abjure 

birth and early life, which we can only the popish religion —was sent to Oxford 

characterise as a patent fabrication :— took the degree of M.A., and after- 

*' Thomas Clarkson, A.M., was bom wards became Vicar of Chipping in 

at Preston, and baptized in the Catholic Lancashire " {Hist. Preston ^ ii., 207). 
religion, being that of his fathers. On 

the decease of his aged parent, he was ^ See chapter vii. 

persuaded by his \ mother (being a 



98 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 3. 

Eeferriug to the charge of disloyalty, Clarkson (to quote his own 
words) — 

" Takes this opportunity lo let the world know that there is not a person in 
all his majesty's dominions that bears a more zealous and dutiful regard to the 
Protestant Succession in the illustrous House of Hanover .... than 1 do; 
having written an essay at tlie very rise of the Rebellion in Scotland, sometime 
before the Rebels came to Preston, in Lancashire, A.D. 1715, on purpose to defend 
his late Majesty's undoubted right and title to the ImDerial Crown of these 
realms, in defiance of all others." 

To the other charges the writer of a postscript to Clarkson's 

work, thus replies : — 

** Tho' the preceding Discourse cost the Author abundance of pains in draw- 
ing of it up ; yet out of the great re;;ard he always had for consciences truly, 
scrupulous and for Universal Love and Peace amongst all members of our 
Church, as well as others, I heard him say that he would never have desired to 
have it printed for fear of giving ofifence to any person whatsoever, had not the 
Sectaries, to whom lie constantly showed all the favour he possibly could, un- 
avoidably provoked him to ir, viz., by their clandestinely and indeed unmerci- 
fully petitioning as^ainst liiuj to iiis honoured Lord and Patron (as it is publicly 
advertised in the Chester Weekly Journal^ that others of his Lordship's clergy 
were also complained against for gross crimes or misdemeanours at or about the 
same time), to force liitn to do that which he, in his conscience, after the most 
impartial and deliberate inquiry and consideration, could by no means comply 
with. And which, to iiave forced them to the like, in the like circumstances, 
would, he verily believed, have been looked upon by them to have been the 
greatest Act of Injustice and barbarity, as well as of Prophaneness and Impiety 
that could have been done or offered to them.'' 

How much or little truth there may have been in any of the alle- 
gations made against hiii^, we are, of course, not in a position to say. 
He made most of the en trios in the Chipping Hegisters in his own bold 
and legible hand, and was perhaps too much of a reformer of abuses 
to be popular. On August 13tb, 1735, he was admitted, on his own 
presentation, to tho rectory of Hey sham, ^ which, along with our 
Vicarage of Chipping, ho held until his death, which took place at 

^ The adowson (says Canon Raines) of July, 1844, for £8,000, to Clement 

appears to have been bought in 1735, Royds, of Mount Falinge, Esq. (now 

for £400, of William Werden, gent. [in 1850] Sheriff of Lancashire), the 

(who presented in 1698-9), by the llev. tithes having been commuted for £470, 

Thomas Clarkson, Vicar of Chipping, and the glebe consisting of ninety acres 

and Rector of this i)ari8h, and by his and a rectory house (Chet. Soc, xxii., 

descendant, the lie v. T. Y. Ridley, the 556), 
Rector, the adowsoii was sold on the yth 



Chap. 3.] THE RECTORS AND VICARS OF CHIPPING. 99 

Chipping, on the 28th March, 1738, in the 58th year of his age. 
Three days later he was buried in Heysham Church ; on the south 
chancel wall of which is a marble monument, with the following 
inscription : — 

Near this place lies all th at is mortal 

of the Rev. Thomas Clarkson, A.M., 

Rector of this church, who departed this life 

March 28, 1738. 

And of AnD, his wife, eldest daughter of 

Richard Town el ey, of Carr, Esquire, 

Who died June 13th, 1735, In the 34th year of hor age. 

Let into the north wall of the chancel is a stone on which are cut 
in rude letters : — 

This was Rebuilt by the Reverend Thomas Clarkson 

Of Greese, at his own [expense] a.d. 1737, 

When he was Vicar of Chipping and Patron and 

Rector of Heysham. 
By his wife, Anne, eldest daughter of Richard Towneley, of 
Carr, Esq. (christened Jen. 8th, 1702-3), he had issue sons, Thomas, 
christened Aug. 26th, 1738 ; Towneley, christened, Jan. 29th, 1729-30 ; 
William, christened March 30th, 1731 ; and Robert, christened Dec. 
22nd, 1733. Mrs. Clarkson was buried at Hej^sham, June 17th, 1735, 
in the 34th year of her age. 

In his will, dated Chipping, 25th February, 1737-8, Thomas Clark- 
son left the perpetual advowson of the Rectory of Heysham to James 
Fenton, Vicar of Lancaster, his executor, in trust for his son Thomas, 
^* with full power to present and nominate a fitt person to succeed me 
as Rector of Heysham, till my said son, Thomas, attains his age of 
twenty-one years, at which time I give and devise the same unto my 
said son." In case his son, Thomas, died young, then he left the 
advowson to his second son, Towneley, providing '*he be educated and 
brought up at one of the Universities, or be qualified to hold the said 
living, if not, then to my third son, William." He refers to his lands 
in Heysham called '* Greese," which he charged with the payme it of 
£200 to his youngest sou, Robert, when ho roachod his majority. 
Certain lauds, called ** Witham Hill," in Heyshaai, ho bequeathed to 



100 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 3. 

Lis son, William ; and his estate in Chipping he left to his son, 

Towneley. The residue of his goods were devised to his four sons, 

** share and share alike." The will was proved 4th August, 1738, the 

inventory amounting to £123. 15s. 5Jd. 

Tbe eldest son, Thomas ClarksoD, matriculated at Queen's College, at 
Oxford, 5 May. 1749, and proceeded to his B.A. degree only, 29th March, 1753. 
To Heysham Rectory he was admitted 18th May, 1756, on his own presentation 
{Insttt. Books, Series C, vol. i.). lie married at St. Peter's, Liverpool, 19th Sep., 

17G4, Hannah, widow of Waterson, and had issue (1) Ann, bom at 

4 o'clock in the afternoon, Dec. 2ud, christened Dec. 19th, 1766, buried August 
2nd, 1768, aged 20 ; (2) Elizabeth, christened Aug. 3rd, 1768, married at Heysham, 
Nov. 11th, 1797, to William Henry Addison, Esq., of Heysham ; (3) Thomas, 
christened Nov. Ist, 1769; (4) Towneley, christened Oct. 2nd, 1771. Mrs. 
Clarkson was buried at Heysham, May 28th, 1777. Thomas Clarkson was buried 
in his own church, July 28th, 1788, being 60 years of age. 

Towneley Clarkson, second son of the Vicar of Chipping, is described as 
** Captain Clarkson " ill the record of his burial; but although for some years 
resident in the district, we liave found little of hisshort career. By his marriage 
with Ann (maiden name uukiiowii) he had two daughters, both of whom died 
young. Captain Towneley Clarkson was buried at He^'sham, June 14th, 1758, 
aged 29. 

Thomas Clarkson, grandi^on of the Vicar of Chipping, graduated B.A. at 
Jesus College, Cambridge and was instituted to Heysham Rectory. He married 
at Heysham, Aug. 7th, 1792, Mary, daughter of William Thompson, of Lancaster* 
and hacKissue, sons, Thomas, born July 2lst, 1793; William Towneley, bom 
July 31st, 1794; Charles, born Sep. 26th, 1795; and a daughter, Mary, born 
Sep. 20th, 1797, buried March 4th, 1805. He died in 1812, aged 43, and was 
buried on the 17th August, in his own parish church. 

Thomas Clarkson, fourth of the name, and great grandson of the Vicar of 
Chipping, graduated like his father, B.A., at Jesus College, Cambridge, aud was 
instituted into the family living at Hej'sham, April 21st, 1819. 

He died at Heysham, May 3, 1824, aged 30 ; and a marble tablet was erected 
to his memory on the North Chancel wall of his church. 

Clarkson's writings included : (1) ** A defence of King George 
the First^s undoubted right and title to the Imperial Grown of these 
realms *' ; (2) " The Divine or Apostolical institution and power of 
juiisdiction of Bishops'*; and (3) ** The Nature, Necessity and 
Advantage of the Divine or Apostolical Eite of Confirmation, etc." — 
London : Printed for Mary Prescott, Bookseller in Preston ; and sold 
by J. Eoberts, in Warwick Lane, London, 1728, Svo., 260 pp. 



Chap. 3.] THE RECTORS AND VICARS OF CHIPPING. 101 

Of these lucubrations, we have seen only the lattor, the preface 
of which is dated *' Heysham, Oct. 1, 1727 " ; the book is dedicated to 
the " Eight Eeverend Father in God, Samuel, f.ord Bishop of Chester, 
and to the reverend his very worthy clergy ; but especially to the 
Laiety of his Lordship's diocese, of whatsoever profession or persuasion 
they be— by Thomas Clarkson, A.M., Vicar of Cliippiiig." 

William Eawsthoene, 1738 — 1739. 

This Vicar was younger son of William Eawsthome, of New 
Hall, in Tottington, by his wife, Isabella, daughter of Sir Eichard 
Atherton, of Atherton, Knt. 

To our vicarage of Chipping he was instituted on May 29th, 1738 
on collation of Samuel Peploe, Bishop of Chester {Instit. Books, 
series C, vol. i.). Here he remained for lass than a year, resigning 
upon his preferment to the rectory of Bads worth, in Yorkshire. 

At Badsworth he remained for the long epell of fifty-one years, 
until his death, which took place in 1790. 

By his marriage with Elizabeth, only daughter and heiress of 
Samuel Walker, of Stapleton Park, Yorkshire (who burvived him, 
and died in 1793) he had seven sons : — (I) Eilward, settled in the West 
Indies ; (2) Lawrence, died in the East Indies ; (3) Atherton, a 
merchant of Leeds ; (4) Eichard, a merchant of Leeds ; (5) William, 
settled at Wakefield ; (6) James, a captain in the army ; (7) John 
(Ba.mea^B Lancashire , iii., 117). 

John Milnbb, 1739-1777. 

Bom about 1710, this vicar graduated at Jesus CoUege, Cam- 
bridge,. B. A., 1731, M.A., 1745. His only cure seems to have been 
that of our vicarage of Chipping, to which ho was instituted, 19 Feb., 
1738-9, on collation of Samuel Peploe, Biaho]) oi Chester {Instit, Books, 
Series C. vol. i.). On the 17th Feb., 1748, he was appointed one of 
the King's Preachers for the County of Lancaster. 

An interesting reference to Mr. Milner occurs in a letter written 
by Thomas Gradwell, the leading local tradesman of his day, under 
date, 11th Jan., 1744-5: ''Mr. Milner is (thank God) pretty well 
recovered. He has been indefatigable in the affair [of Brabin's 
Charity], not only by his advice when he could seasonably bring it 



102 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 3. 

Upon the anvil, but crnstantly from the pulpit in a very pressing 
manner." 

Mr. Milner and John Wesley appear to have been intimate friends, 
aud a memento of Woslej^'s visits will be noted in chapter iv. It was 
in 1744 that the great Methodist first visited Lancashire; but not 
until 1751 do wo meet with any mention of Milner. ** Hence" (from 
Bolton), writes Wesley, under date, April Uth, 1751, "I rode with 
Mr. Milner to Ribchoster, where some Clergymen had appointed to 
meet him ; with wh^m we spent one or two hours in serious and use- 
ful conversation! Between five and six wo reached the vicarage at 
Chipping, where a few serious people soon assembled. The next day 
we rode to Ambleside" (Wesley's TForksy ii, 217). A year later 
Wesley writes : 

•* Friday, 5th June, 1752 — I went on (from Whitehaven) with Mr. Milner to 

Ulverstone. Here a very convenient place for preaching was offered. But few 
people had any desire to hear. So T went quietly hack to my inn. Saturday, 
the 6th, we reached Chipping, and were immediately informed that several 
there were consulting together how to hinder me from preaching. Mr. Milner, 
hearing they were met at the next house, went thither, and brought them all 
with him, who were the churchwardens (James Cottam and James Rogerson) 
and three or four persons more. Such a congregation was present as, I believe 
was never seen there before ; and a solemn awe seemed to rest upon the whole 
congregation from the beginning to the end. I preached in the afternoon on 
the conclusion of the second lesson, * God was in Christ, reconciling the world 
unto himself.' The people were all attention. Surely there is no counsel or 
strength against the Lord " {Ibid., 253). 

On the 8th July the same year Wesley was again at Chipping, on 
his way to Ireland, by way of Whitehaven. The following year he 

says : — 

•* Saturday, April 7, 1753.— I rode to Chipping (from Bolton). 8, Sunday. — As 
soon as we came into the aisle of the church from the vestry a man (since dead) 
thrust himself between Mr. Milner and me, and said, ' You shall not go into the 
pulpit.' 1 told him, * I am only going into the desk.' He said, * But you shall 
not go there neither ; ' and pushed me back by main strength. Eight or ten 
noisy men joined with him quickly, and set themselves in battle array. Fearing 
some might take fire on the other side, I desired Mr. Milner to begin the service. 
After prayers (for he had no sermon with him) great part of the congregation 
followed us into the vicaraije. They came thither again after the evening 
service ; and God made them large amends for their little disappointment in the 
morning." 



Chap. 3.] THE RECTORS AND VICARS OF (UIIPPING. 103 

The day after Mr. Milner journeyed to Kendal along with. Wesley ; 
and for a considerable time the Vicar of Chipping appears to have 
accompanied Wesley in his excursions through England and Scotland. 
On April 19th, 1754, Wesley records that " Mr. Bruce came with Mr. 
lililner (to Bristol), who had been for some time melancholy, even to 
madness ; but by proper application to his mind, as well as body, the 
disorder sensibly abated in a short time " {ihid, 297). Under date, 

20th July, 1759, Wesley speaks of Mr. M r, ** who gave us an 

account of his late trials," and expresses his wmder that " the butcher 
(Doctor so-called) to whom he was committed, did not murder him." 
Two days later, he writes: ^*At ten Mr. Milner read prayers (at 
Ha worth) ; but the church would not near contain the congregation 
{ihid. 472). No further mention of Mr. Milner appears in Wesley's 
Journals, nor djes Wesley seem to have ever called again at Chipping. 
In a letter to Jonathan Maskew,* dated "Chipping, Nov. 2, 1752," 
Mr. Milner says : — 

" When the good providence of God brings you this way again, there are 
many that will be glad to see you. We have soine that have found the 
precious pearl, and I hope many that are earnestly seeking for it. You, and such 
as you, will lift up your heads witli joy in that great and tremendous day, when 
many that now make a scoff of your labours would be glad'to hide themselves, 
though it were under rocks and mountains." Mr. Milner signs himself, "your 
very affectionate, but unworthy brother" (Allen's Methodism in Preston^ 
pp. 13, 14). 

Mr. Allen also says that ** for the high offence of giving up his 
pulpit to a brother clergyman, Mr. Milner was called before the bishop. 
His lordship heard him with "much mildness and candour ; and Milner 
told him so plainly and fully the happy efficacy and success of the 
preaching, even of the lay preachers, that he came away hoping that 
the bishop would not be an enemy, but a friend " (^ihid. page 14). 

It is a remarkable fact that Milner^s initials do not appear on 
the leads of the church tower, which was repaired in 1 767, although 
his signature in the registers for that year duly appears. He died on 
the 9th December, 1777, aged 67, and was buried within the chancel 
of his Parish Church on the 12th of that month. On the south chancel 

^ Jonathan Maskew was sent by 
Wesley to Newcastle, in 1752, as an 
itinerant preacher. 



104 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 3. 

wall is a largo wliito slab, on which is a chorub's hoad, and the following 
inscription : — 

In hopes of a joyful! Hesu- 

rrection Here lieth the re- 
mains of John Milner A. 

M. and vicar of this par- 
ish 39y" He Was a zealous 

preacher of the Gospel 

and a generous benefactor 

to the poor. He departed 

this life the 9th Dec^ 1777 

Aged 67. He was loved 

by many and his death 

much lamented. 

Thomas Pkaecb, 1778-1779. 
Thomas Poarco was the son of Henry Pearce, of Wotton-undei- 
Edge, Gloucostorsliiro. At the age of 17 he matriculated at Oriel 
College, Oxford, July llth, 1763, and graduated B.A. in 1767, M-A. 
in 1771, and B.D. and D.D. in 1793 (Foster's Alumni Oxon). 

To our Vicarngo of Chipping he was collated, llth March, 1778, 
by Beilby Porteous, Bishop of Chester, but resigned in the following 
year {Inatit. Books, Series C, vol. i.). 

On 30th October, 1781, Mr. Pearco was (by the same patron) 
collated to a prebendal stall in Chester Cathedral ; and the 1st Decem- 
ber following, on presentation of the Dean and Chapter of Chester, 
was inalituted to Coddington rectory in Cheshire. This latter prefer- 
ment he resigned in 1795, for the neighbouring rectory of West Kirby, 
to which lie was instituted on August ICth, 17 96, by the same patrons 
{Instit. Books. Series C, vol. i.). In the meantime (in 1792), he 
received the appointment of Sub-Deau to thoChaj el Eoyal. Prebendary 
Pearce died 23rd February, 1803, at his house on Lambeth-terrace, 
holding, in addi'ion to the above preferments, that of a minor Canon 
of St. FauPs Cathedral {Gentleman^ Mag., Ixxiii., pt. i., 199, 280). 

William Stockdale, 1779-1786. 
Son of James Stockdale, of Brack en thwaite, in Cumberland, 
yeoman ly Jane, daughter of William Wood, of the same place, we 



Chap. 3.] THE RECTORS AND VICARS OF CHIPPING. 105 

first meet with William Stockdale as Curate of Samlesbury, where he 
signs the register for the first time, 15th September, 1767. On August 
3rd, 1779, he was instituted to Chipping Vicarage on collation of 
Beilby Porteous, Bishop of Chester, but does not appear to have ever 
resided there, preferring his cure at Samlesbury, at which latter place 
he died, and where he was buried Sept. 9, 1786—^** Eev. VVm. Stock- 
dale, Curate of Samlesbury, Vicar of Chipping, and King's Preacher." 
It should be noted that his name has not yet been printed in previous 
lists of King's Preachers, nor does the date of his appointment to that 
office occur in the Institution Books. 

By his marriage with Eleanor, daughter of John Thompson, of 
Haile, in Cumberland, yeoman, by Dorothy, daughter of Eichard 
Jackson, of Brigham, yeoman, William Stockdale had issue: — (1) 
Eleanor, christened oth June, 1769 ; (2) Jane, christened April 27, 
1771 ; (3) William, christened 8th June, 1773 ; (4) John, christened 
27th December, 1778, baried 4th March, 1778; (5) Elizabeth, 
christened 24th Sept., 1778 ; (6) Mary, christened 30th October, 1780 ; 
(7) Hannah, christened 6th July, 3 782 ; and (8) Dorothy. 

After her husband's death, Mrs. Stockdale went to live at Preston, 
where she died, aged 70, on the 5th December, 1814, and was buried at 
Samlesbury one day later. In her will she mentions her two daughters, 
Dorothy and Eleanor Stockdale, to whom she left all her property. 

John Carlisle, 1786-1807. 
John Carlisle was instituted to Chipping Vicarage on 21st Nov., 
17{r6, on collation of Beilby Porteous, Bishop of Chester {Instit, 
Books^ Series C, vol. i.). He had served ls curate here for about six 
years ; and was also master of Brabin's School until his death. On 
Jan. 22nd, 1798, he was appointed one of the King's Preachers for 
Lancashire, by Bishop William Cleaver (ibid.). 

He died in March, 1807, and was buried at Chipping on the 30th 
of that month, aged 56. 

By his marriage, which took place at Chipping, April 11th, 1784, 
with Elizabeth (Betty), daughter of Richard Parkinson, of Wood gates, 
he had a numerous family : — (I) William, christened July 31st, 1784 ; 
(2) Richard, born in 1786; (3) Anne, born in 1788 ; (4) Catherine, 
christened Oct. 18, 1790, wife of John Wilson, Vicar of Mitton (see 



106 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 3. 

post) ; (6) Jannet, born in 1792, died in 1798 ; (6) John, born in 1794 ; 
(7) Elizabeth, born in 1797, died in 1820 ; (8) Eleanor, born in 1798 ; 
(9) James Crockston, born in 1799 ; (10) Alice, bom in 1800, died the 
same year ; (11) Rachel, born in 1801, died in 1818 ; and (12) Alice, 
born in 1804. Mrs. Carlisle was living at Chipping in 1814 ; and her 
son, William, supplied the churchwardens with Sacrament wine down 
to 1828. She died at Lancaster in 1830, and was buried at Chipping 
on the 26th of Januarj', in the 70th year of her age. 

James Penny, 1807-1816. 

Descended from a family Icng resident at Knutsford, in Cheshire, 
James Penny, youngest son of Henry Penny, apothecary, of Knuts- 
ford, by his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of Thomas Brooke, Esq., of 
Astley, in Lancashire, whs christened at Knutsford on the 12th June, 
1766. His father was brother to Edward Penny, the Royal Academi- 
cian. Like his four elder brothers, James Penny began his education 
at Manchester Grammar School, bis name being entered in the School 
Register on the 8th July, 1767 (Cheth. Soc, Ixix., 146). Ho was an 
exhibitioner of the School to Brasenoso College, at Oxford, where he 
graduated B.A. on the 1st Februarj', 1779, and, after passing to 
Hertford College, M.A., on the 24th May, 1784 (ibid.). 

After serving for some years as cm ate at Alderley, in Cheshire, 
to which post he was appointed in 1786 (Earwaker*s ^ast Cheshire, ii., 
636), Mr. Penny, in 1795, became Curate of Marton and Chelford 
Chapels, both in the Parish of Prestlury, being instituted to Marton 
on the 8th December, on presentation of Davies Davenport, of 
Capesthorne, Esq. {Ibid., 394), and to Chelford on the following day, 
on presentation of Thomas Parker, of Astle, Esq. {ibid.^ 369). The 
incumbency of Marton he resigned in 18C6. 

On May 10th, 1807, Mr. Penny was collated to Chipping Vicarage 
by Bishop Majendie, of Chester ; but liere he never took up his resi- 
dence, continuing to live at Chelford until 26th September, 1809, 
when he was instituted to Preston Vicarage, on presentation of Sir 
Henry Philip Hoghton, Bart. {Instil. Books, Series C. vol. i.). All 
three livings he held until his death, which tock place at Preston, 31st 
October, 1816, aged 60, and was there buried the 6th November 
following (Smith's Preston Church Records, 78). 



Chap. 3.] THE RE TORS AND VICARS OF CHIPPING. 107 

James Penny was twice married. He lost his first wife, Elizabeth, 
in 1803, who died 2l8t November of that year, aged 41 years, and was 
buried two days afterwards at Chelford (Earwaker's JEast Cheshire, ii., 
369). For his second wife he married at Preston, 7th April, 1812, a 
Miss Fen ton, of that town. By his first wife he had two sons: (1) 
Edmund Henry Penny, M.A., of Brasenose College, Oxford, assistant- 
master and librarian of Charterhouse, and Rector of Great Stambridge, 
in Essex, from 1839 to 1879; (2) Henry Penny, educated at Man- 
chester School, died in India ; and a daughter, Susannah. 

Edmund Wilkinson, 1 8 1 6 — 1 864. 

Edmund Wilkinson, a native of Penrith district, wae, on Nov. 
28th, 1816, instituted to Chipping Vicarage, on collation of George 
Henry Law, Bishop of Chester {Instit. Books y Series C, vol. i.) ; on 
which day his testimonial was signed by Robert Parkinson, minister 
of Longridge ; Hugh Hodgson, minister of Broughton ; and John 
Harrison, curate of Grimsargh, who stated that he was then assistant 
curate of Whitechapel, and had been personally known to them for 
2 years and 10 months 

From 1817 to 1837 he acted as master of Brabin*s School; and 
it was through his exertions that the school was eiiLirged in 1 840. 
He died at Chipping on September 23rd, 1864, at the advanced age 
of 81, and was buried at the east end of tlie churchyard. His wife 
predeceased him, dying 10th March, 1863, aged 82. Over the'r remains 
is a headstone, with an inscription. Within the church, a marble tablet 
and an inscribed brass fittingly record the virtues of this worthy vicar (see 
pages 71-2). Mr. Wilkinson married at Goosnargh, May 11, 1818, Alice 
Baines, of Goosnargh, but had no issue. A little more than a year 
later his brother, Richard Wilkinson, curate of Whitechapel, married, 
also at Goosnargh, August 26th, 1819, Alice Clifton, of Goosnargh, 
but survived only four yeais, and was buried at Whitechapel March 
2l8t, 1823, at the early age of 32. His sister, Alice, married Mr. 
Preston, of Penrith. 

Evidently a painstaking, hard-working man, Edmund Wilkinson 
still lives in the memory of those who knew him as a good preacher 
and (as far as his limited means allowed) a generous friend of the 
poor. He filled with eflB.ciency and credit such varied offices as that of 



108 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 3. 

minister, schoolmaster, and villatre constable. He looked well after 
tho charities of the parisli, and did his best to liave them administered 
rightly. His care of tho parisli registers was great, and the useful 
service he did in transcribing all the marriages down to 1753 calls for 
special praise. 

ElOHARD EOBINSON, 1864-1886, 

A native of the noiglibouring parish of Goosnargh, this vicar 
received his early education at St. Bees College, whence he proceeded 
to Trinity College, Dublin, where ho graduated B.A. in 1867. In 1860, 
he was licensed to the curacy of Salesbury, and in 1862 became curate 
of Chipping. On tho death of Edmund Wilkinson, he was instituted 
Nov. 8th, 1864, to tlio vicarage of Chipping, on collation of James 
Prince Lee, Bishop of Manchester. During Mr. Robinson's incum- 
bency (as recorded in chapter ii.), many important improvements in 
the parish were carried out at a large cost, including tho restoration of 
the church, and the erection of a new school and vicarage house. He 
was an active goveruor of Brabin's Charity. In 1886 he resigned the 
living of Chipping, upon his preferment to the vicarage of Carlton-on- 
Trent, near Newark. 

John Birch Jones, 1886-1891. 

This vicar graduated B.A. at Lampeter College, in 1872 ; became 
curate of Elton, near Bury, in 1£72 ; cuiate of Chatburn, in 1879; 
curate of St. John's, Broughton, Manchester, in 1880 ; and in 1883 
curate of St. George's, llulrae, Manchester. He was instituted to 
Chipping vicarage, 21st Dec, 1886, on collation of James Moorhouse, 
Bishop of Manchester ; and in 1891 was admitted, by exchange, to the 
rectory of All Saints, West Gorton, Manchester. 

George Burwell, 1891. 
The present vicar of Chipping graduated at St. John's College, 
Cambridge, B.A., 1870, M.A., 1874. Ho was curate of St. Peter's, 
Blackburn, 1870-74 ; and of St. Andrew's, Ancoats, Manchester, 
1874-79. On March 9, 1879, he was collated to the rectory of All 
Saints, West Gorton, Manchestei, on collation of James Eraser, Bishop 
of Manchester, On July 2, 1891, he was instituted, by exchange, to 
our vicarage of Chipping, on collation of James Moorhouse, Bishop of 
Manchester. 



Chap. 3.] 



THE RECTORS AND VICARS OF CHIPPING. 



109 



Curates of Chipping. 

1525— (1536). Thomas Hindley.^ 

Occurs 1562. James Eichmond.^ 

1750—1764. John Heskin. 

1755—1767. John Shewel.^ 

1778— 17«6. John Carlisle.* 

1808—1814. John Wilson.* 

1814—1817. Eobert Smith.* 

1853 — 1855. Joseih Lowe.'^ 

1858 — 1861. John William Broome.® 

1862—1864. EiCHARD Eoblnson.* 



I Thomas Hindley occurs Feb. 1524- 
5, stipend, £4 ; and again about 1530, 
stipend, £4. lOs. (Idba; Subsid., p. 25 ; 
Cler. Subsid. f t^, R.O.)- We last meet 
with bim, in or about (shipping, in 1536 
(Due. Pleas, Hen. VIII., vol. viii.). 

* ** Sir John Siiape of Wheatley in 
the parish of Chepin, clerke," makes his 
will Nov. 25, 1579. Gives his body to 
be buried within the church of Chepin. 
He gives to the church of Chepin 6s. 8d. 
And all the rest of his goods he gives 
unto James Rogerson, and makes the 
said James Rogerson and Anne his wife, 
executors (Add. MSS., 32, 115). 

* On Aug. 21, 1757, was christened at 
Chipping, Anne, daughter of Mr. Jno. 
Shewel, curate. His initials appear on 
the church leads, under date 1767. 

* Afterwards Vicar of Chipping, see 
page 

» Vicar of Mitton, 1814 1841, where 
he died, Aug. 24, 1841, aged 60. He 



married Catherine, daughter of John 
Carlisle, Vicar of Chipping, and had 
issue— (1) John, born in 1813, B.A., 
1834, M.A., 1837, fellow of Corpus 
Christi College, Oxford, 1838-54, B.D., 
1845 ; Rector of Hampton Meysey, 
Gloucestershire ; died Oct. 27, 1868, 
aged 55. (2) William. (3) Thomas, 
incumbent of lUrcle, near Bury, in Lan- 
cashire. (4) Catherine. (5) Elizabeth. 
His wife died at Mitton in January, 
1828, aged 37. 

Formerly Curate of Hindley and of 



Whitewell, and 
School, 1841-17. 



master of Brabin's 



'^ Of Trinity College, Cambridge, 
B.A., 1853, M.A., 1856; now Vicar of 
Haltwhistle, near Carlisle. 

^ Of Sydney Sussex College, Cam- 
bridge, B. A., 1858 ; now Incumbent of 
Holy Trinity, Ashton-under-Lyne. 

® Afterwards Vicar of Chipping, see 
page 108. 



CHAPTEE IV. 



gcije ^e0i0teira* 



f ■'■ 

'Ot (II 



IIL first two Eegisters of the Parish Church of 
( liipping are ho inextricably mixed up that, for all 
jinictical purposes, they may be regarded as one 
\ ilume They are folio size, each containing 41 
iiiiil -IS leaves of parcbinent respectively. Negli- 
^1 ntly and carelessly kept as they have been down 
to the close of the eeveuteeitth century, the entries therein contained 
yield fair roaults for genealogical purposes, the place of abode as well 
as name of occupation boii g often added. The later registers, from 
1690 to the present time, have been kept with great care, and appear 
to be perfect. 

CUKISTENIHQS. 

Ths entries of christenings from 1559 to 1584 are transcripts from 
the origiDiils, made by Eichard Parker, Vicar of Chipping, in 
1603.' It is to be regretted that only the bare entries of names and 
dates are given, and that more of these transcripts have not been 
preserved. 

1559 July 2. John Hurat 

12. Alia Priestly 
25, Margaret Uobaon 
Auguot 20. Grace Dobson 
Ijeptembur 11. Gylus BaaneatoF 
11. Eio. Poulton 
14. Agues Albene 
21. Margaret Maisden 
October 15. John Bleasdale 
18. Eobt. Bradley 

' The first page o£ the old paper 
register haa been prBserued, but, uQ- 
tortonatoly, the top uf the page is torn, 
and tbu date is not visible. On it are 
the regulations laid down by the C»nua 
of 1603 ; a fen calculatioDB by a later 



ih clerk ; and a reference by VioH' 
:er to a severe winter iii the dis- 
" between Pendle and pirelock" 
lick Pike), apimrently in the year 



Chap. 4.] 



THE REGISTERS. 



Ill 



1669 October 18. 

28. 

30. 
November 7. 
December 8. 

10. 

17. 

21. 
1559-60 January 6. 

17. 

21. 

21. 

1560 March 30. 

April 30. 

Map 12. 

19. 
June 2. 

29. 
August 19. 



September 20. 
October 13. 

16. 

27. 
November 17. 

24. 
December 13. 

20. 

20. 
January 16. 



1560-1 



February 



March 



1561 April 



17. 
22. 
22. 
24. 
31. 
31. 

2. 

9. 
12. 

2. 

2. 
16. 
19. 
22. 

4. 
13. 
10. 



Elesabet Marsden 
Robert Gromlholme 
Agnes Wilkinson 
Henry Gierke 
Elizabeth Parkinson 

WiUm 

John Dilworth 
Thomas Tomlinson 
Elizabeth Salisbury 
Margaret Goulde (?) 
Thomas Wilkinson 
Elizabeth Wilkinson 
Agnes Salebnry 
Anne .... 
Grace Shereboume 
James Helme 
Thomas Salbery 
Thomas Rodus 
John Marsden 
Thomas Boulton 
Robert Dilworth 
Roger Richmond 
Ellen Wilkinson 
James Parker 
Robert Parker 
Margaret Rods 
*Anne Bradley 
Robert Wedicre 
Christopher ffletcher 
Thomas Maudsley 
Isabell Parkinson 
Jane Dobson 
Jennett Bleasdell 
Thomas Tomlinson 
Richard AUston 
Elizabeth Allston 
Richard Bleasdell 
Alice Dobson 
Isabell Sherburn 
Alice Bleasdell 
Isabell Dilworth 
James Allston 
Jane Parkinson 
Alexander Bailey 
Margaret Wedicre 
Thomas Marsden 
Anue Pulton 



112 



HISTORY OF CHIPPING. 



[Chap. 4. 



.56 


1 April 


28. 


Robert Parker 






30. 


Janet Hill 






30. 


George Walker 




May 


20. 


John Bradley 




June 


1. 


Elen Parker 






8. 


John Marsden 




July 


23. 


. . . Tippinge 






24. 


John Marsden 




August 


1. 


John Parkinson 






23. 


John Sherburne 






23. 


Agnes Wilkinson 




September 


14. 


Thomas Parkinson 




October 


8. 


James Salesbery 






25. 


James Dilworth 






28. 


James Helm 




November 


6. 


Grace Richardson 






17. 


Agues Tomlinson 






25. 


Richard Blesdale 




December 


7. 


Thomas Bradley 


56 


1-2 January 


25. 


Jennet Salberry 




February 


1. 


James Bradley 






4. 


Margaret Parkinson 






8. 


Thomas Marsden 




March 


1. 


. . . Knoll 






— 


Alice Parkinson 






— 


Grace Clarkson 


56 


2 


29. 


Agnes Allston 




April 


12. 


Symon and Richard Shereburne 






16. 


Thomas Eccles 




May 


10. 


Ric. Blesdell 






28. 


Roger Potter 




June 


5. 


John Marsden 




August 


7. 


Grace Tomlinson 






15. 


John Boulton 






16. 


Thomas Marsden 




Septemeber 8. 


Alice Shereburne 






18. 


Jo. Marsden 






18. 


Jo. Dobson 






24. 


Jo. Johnson 






25. 


Jenett Weaver 




October 


5. 


Henry Salberry 






17. 


Nicholas Parkinson 






23. 


Elizabeth Marsden 




November 


23- 


Jo. Dobson 






23. 


Elizabeth Eccles 






25. 


Anne Seed 






25. 


Isabell Alston 




Chap. 4.] 



.] 




THE REGISrERS. 113 


1562 


December 


7. 


Willm. HothersaU 






9. 


Henry ffletcher 






14. 


Kobt. Swinglehurst 






15. 


Jo. Parkinson 






16. 


Grace Dobson 


1562-3 


Januaiy 


5. 


Alice Hulton 




ffebruary 


3. 


Jo. Parker 




March 


2. 


Anne Marsden 


1563 


April 


16. 


Ranould Parker 






18. 


Jo. Salberry 






23. 


Grace Dillworth 






28. 


Thomas Marsden 




May 


1. 


Willm. Rods 






4. 


Margaret Richmond 






7. 


Wilhn. Parker 






8. 


Jenet Parkinson 






30. 


James Parkinson 




June 


20. 


Stephen Weddicer 




July 


1. 


Jennet Alston 




Augutt 


27. 


Jo. Pie 




September 


3. 


Richd. Parker, the sonne of Ranould Parker, of 
Graystonlee, in BoUand, nowe Viccar of Chippin, 
ct scriptor kuiua librij wan christened the thirde 
daye of September, 156:} 




October 


7. 


John Coulthurst 




October 


22. 


Catherine Attkinson 




Kovember 


6. 


Leonard Bleasdell 




December 


25. 


Henry Bleasdell 


1563-4 


January 


16. 


Isabell Wilkinson 






18. 


Anne Waller 






30. 


Jennet Dickson 




ffebruary 


2. 


Edmund Parkinson 






10. 


Richard Tomlinson 




March 


1. 


George Tomlinson 






13. 


Gyles Threllfall 


1564 


April 


3. 


Richard Pecocke 


• 




15. 


Thomas Bradley 






27. 


Jo. Cowpeland 




May 


15. 


Alice.Parkinson 






21. 


Roger Dillworth 






27. 


Peter Salbere 




June 


3. 


Richard Rawlinson 






21. 


Edmund Hulton 




July 


2. 


Anne Helme 






7. 


Robert Dobson 






9. 


Jo. Wilkinson 






19. 


Roger Maudesley 



114 



HISTORY OF CHIPPING. 



[ HAP. 4. 



1564 July 


25. 


Jane Wilkinson 


August 


1. 


Margaret Parkinson 




1. 


Jennet . . . house 




9. 


Tho. Hodgson 




10. 


Robert Bradley 




20. 


Grace Sourbutts 




27. 


Margaret Radcliffe 




31. 


Jennet Parkinson 


September 


6. 


Elizabeth Parker 




13. 


Ric. Marsden 




18. 


. . . Woode 




21. 


Thom. Wedicre 


October 


4. 


Ric. Marsden 




12. 


Margaret Bradley 




15. 


Thomas Dobson 


November 


7. 


Jayne Sherebume 




21. 


Annie Rods 




23. 


Roger Tomlinson 


December 


18. 


Jennett Allston 


1564-5 January 


8. 


Jo. Seede 




12. 


Elizabeth Parkinson 




23. 


Robert Parkinson 


ffebruary 


9. 


Percivall Alston 


March 


6. 


Jo. Bradley 




11. 


Tho. Dilworth 




18. 


Alice Marsden 




19. 


Alice Parkinson 


1565 April 


6. 


Thomas Walmesley 




23. 


Alice Waler 




25. 


Jennett Marsden 




25. 


Thomas Swinglerst 


May 


4. 


Ambros Weever 




31. 


Mabill Threllfall 


June 


8. 


Annie Parker 




8. 


Agnes Weatherhead 




18. 


Christopher Marsden 




21. 


James Swinglerst 




28. 


Elizabeth Parkinson 




30. 


Robert Coulthurst 


July 


15. 


Roger Sal berry 




23. 


Roger Gregson 




29. 


Willm. Boulton 


August 


22. 


Alexander Parker 




28. 


Edward Richmond 


September 


16. 


Jo. Kirke 




19. 


Mary Sherburn 




27. 


James Rods 




Chap. 4.] 



THE REGISTERS. 



116 



1565 October 


6. 


Thomas Bancks 




7. 


Isabell Dobson 


November 


1. 


Isabell Coulthurst 


December 


8. 


Robert Allston 




10. 


Agnes Tomlinson 


December 


18. 


Thomafl Bradley 




22. 


Thomaf? Eccles 




30. 


Jo. ffletcher 


1565-6 January 


4. 


Agnes Parker 




8. 


Rich. Dickson 




14. 


Willm. Marsden 




20. 


Jo. Blesdell 




27. 


Isabell Bleasdell 




31. 


Jajme Rods 


ffebruary 


3. 


Edward Parker 




6. 


Anne Pie 




6. 


George Hurst 




16. 


Richard Salberry 


March 


3. 


Jo. Bleasdell 




24. 


Richard Salbery 


1566 


26. 


Robert Marsden 




29. 


Thomaji Wilkinson 




30. 


Anthony Threlfall 


April 


28. 


Margaret Harrison 


May 


5. 


Ric. Helme 




28. 


Anthony Parkinson 


June 


2. 


Leonard Walker 


July 


11. 


Jennet Parkinscm 




15. 


James Dilworth 




17. 


Jo. Eccles 




25. 


Jo. Bradley 




31. 


Margaret Wilkinson 


August 


7. 


Thomas Parkinson 




22. 


Jo. Rodes 




28. 


Ranould Walker 


September 


25. 


Elizabeth Wilkinson 




29. 


Robt. Woods 


October 


6. 


Grace Parkinson 




13. 


Agnes Allston 




16. 


Thomas Wilkinson 




18. 


Isabella Walne 




28. 


Edmund Parkinson 


November 


23. 


Thomas Dawson 




25. 


Richard Gleddell 




29. 


Rawffe Radcliffe 


December 


9. 


Jo. Rods 


1566-7 January 


4. 


James Hultou 



116 



HISTORY OF CHIPPING. 



[Chap. 4 



1366-7 



1567 



1567-8 



January 


5. 


Margaret Dobson 




7. 


James Parkinson 




28. 


Jenett Rods 




29. 


Ellen Bayley 


, February 


1. 


Roger Sherebume 




10. 


Thomas Parker 


March 


18. 


Joseph Alston, als. Gregson 




20. 


John Chromblolme 




24. 


Margaret Weatherhead 




31. 


Robert Bradley 


April 


14. 


Thomas Salberry 




14. 


Jo. Salberry 




27. 


Elizabeth Marsden 


June 


2. 


Christopher Parkinson 




21. 


Henry Marsden 


July 


4. 


Jo. Bradley 


September 27. 


Thomas Dobson 




28. 


Ric. Sourbutts 


October 


1. 


Grace Dewburst 




15. 


Alice Marsden, and Isabella Marsden 


November 


3. 


Jo. Core 




29. 


Roger Rawlinson 


January 


9. 


James Bourke 




20. 


Elizabeth Parker 


ffebruary 


4. 


Jo. Eccles 




4. 


James Rods 




7. 


Jo. Wilkinson 




7. 


Willm. Weddicar 




12. 


Jayne Parker 




19. 


Jenett Threlfall 




24. 


Ellen Waringe 


March 


3. 


Isabella Pecocke 




10. 


Robert Alston 




28. 


Elizabeth BleasdeU 


April 


9. 


Jaine Parkinson 




14. 


Ric. Wilkinson 


May 


13. 


Thomas Dickson 




29. 


Margaret Tarlton 


June 


5. 


Janet Tomlinson 




6. 


Thomas Parkinson 




12. 


Jo. Richmond 




14. 


Isabell Browne 


July 


7. 


Alice Sherburne 




8. 


John Hall 


August 


18. 


Ric. Bayley 




19. 


Anne Parkinson 


October 


12. 


Susanna Wawen 




Chap. 4.] 



THE REGISTERS. 



117 



1567-8 October 



December 



1568-9 ffebruary 



1569 



March 



13. 
13. 

9. 
31. 
31. 
18. 
18. 
18. 
19. 
20. 
26. 

4. 
13. 
26. 
31. 
25. 
15. 
25. 
12. 

5. 

15. 

18. 

September 9. 

9. 
September 12. 
October 2. 

2. 

6. 

30. 

30. 

November 18. 

December 2. 

2. 
12. 
28. 



April 
Juue 

July 
August 



1570 


October 


28. 


1573 


June 


8. 




September 


10. 


1574 


April 


23. 


1575 


March 


30. 


1576-7 


ffebruary 


10. 



Thomas Wilkinson 

Elizabeth Openhouse 

Grace Parkinson 

. . . Helme 

Thomas Coulthurst 

Peter Marsden 

James Parkinson 

Jo. Dobson 

Margaret Boulton 

Sara Salberry 

Jenett Weaver 

Jo. Threlfall 

James Richmond 

Hugh Dobson 

Elizabeth Bradley 

Grace Rodes 

Agnes Wilkinson 

Gilbert Mursden 

Agnes Cooke 

William Parkinson 

Marie Parkinson 

Agnes Bradley 

Robert Parker 

Alice Bradley 

Henry Richmond 

Roger Alston 

Elizabeth Marsden 

Elizabeth Parkinson 

Elizabeth Startivant 

Thomas Wilkinson 

Ellen Milner 

Ric. Shereburne 

Ric. Dewhurst 

Jo. ffowler 

Agnes Boulton 

The above compribes all the entries now to be 
seen in the Registers down to the end of the 
year 3569. Henceforth, extracts only are 
given. 

George Rathmell 

Ellen Parker, the daughter of Reynold Parker 

Hugh Shereburne 

Christopher Parkinson 

Roger Shereburne, the sonne of Robt. Shereburne, 

gent. 
Allexander Shereburne 



118 



HISTORY OF CHIPPING. 



[Chap. 4. 



1580 


December 


8. 


1583 


July 


27. 




November 


2. 


1589 


May 


8. 


1596 


June 


18. 


1597 


August 


21. 


1600 


April 


9. 




October 


2. 


1601 


October 


3. 
15. 




Decern her 


21. 



1602 December 10. 



1602-3 February 4. 



• • ' • n 

luj" 

Meusis 

februarii 

liichdus 

Parker 

baptiza 

tus 



Agnes Sherebume 

Magna eat Vetntas et prevalet. 

Rich. Parker 
Alexander Parkinson, son of Edmond 

Jenet Parker, daughter of Thomas 

Robert Parker, son of Thomas Parker, of Graystonley 

Agnes Parker, jUia Ricardi Parker, cler. 

Alis Parker, /E^ia Ricardi Parker, cler., haptzakk fuera4i 
apud Chippin vicessimo primo die Augtuti— on 
Monday 

Alice Parker, daughter of John Parker of Graystonley 

George Kirke, son of Jo. Kirke, of Blacksticks- -on 
Sunday 

Raufif Parkinson, son of Jo. Parkinson, of Chippin 

Ranould Parker, son of Ellis Parker of Lickhurst 

Thomas Parker, son of James Parker, of Further 
Greystonley, in BoUand, was christened at 
Chippin Church, this present St. Thomas's Daie, 
before Xmas, beinge the xxist day of December. 
Mother of the said Thomas Parker, was one Agnes 
Sherebume, daughter of Mr. Robert Shereburne, 
of Woolfhall, the said Thomas Parker's infant 
being the first borne son, and first borne of all, of 
the said James and Agnes (they being then of the 
age equall of xxi years). Sett downe more at large 
by me, Richard Parker, cousin to James Parker, 
descended of Raynold Parker, who was the son of 
John Parker, of Graystonley. I sett not this down 
soe much .... but for ... . this 
xxist day of December, 1601 

Elizabethe Haughton, daughter of Grace Haughton, 
christened the xth of December 

Richard Parker, sonne of Richard Parker Viccar of 
Chippine and Deane of Amounderness was borne 
the Wensday at neight at the very Instant of three 
of the clock, as the wyflFes declared beinge the 
thirde daye of the monthe of flfebruarye in the year 
of our liord God, one thousand six hundred and 
two, being Candlemas daye ["the day" after 
canceUed] at night, and was christned by Henry 
Norcrosse Gierke Vicar of Ribchester on frydday 
then next foUowinge beinge the fourthe daye of 
the said ffebruarie 1602 : Godfathers unto him 
were, first, Richard Allstone his grandfather Robt. 
Parker of Chippine Church 



Chap. 4.] 



THE REGISTERS. 



119 



1602 



1603 June 



9. 



1611 


May 


24. 




July 


8. 
20. 




October 


27. 




November 


26. 




December 


15. 


1611-12 


February 


15. 


1612 


March 


30. 




June 


4. 




September 


3. 


1614 


July 


31. 


1614-15 


January 


29. 


1617-18 


March 


15. 


1618 


September 


6. 


1618-19 


, January 


24. 


1619 


October 


25. 




November 


7. 


1621 


October 


3. 


1625-6 







1660 


November 


25. 


1669 


March 


28. 


1704 


August 


24. 


1720 


December 


18. 


1729-30 


February 


10. 



'^S^*fd""^" "«/ McK Parker 
godmother ^ Eiui pater 

ViccaHus de 
Chippine et Decanu de 
Amondemes 1602 

Maria Parker, iilia Ricardi Parker, nono die Junil. 

The said Maria Parker was borne on Friday, the 

6th day of June, being Friday, and christened on 

Monday after, being ninth of June. Teste^ Rich. 

Parker, Deane of Amondernes 
Ric. Parker, my son, was borne the second of 

February, 1601[2], and buried the 18th July, 1602 
Adam Houghton, reputed son of Adam Houghton 
Isabell Shearbume, jUia Johannis Shearburne, gent. 
John Parkinson, son of Francis Parkinson, Baines 

houses 
Renold Parker, jUiua Thomas Parker de Whytewell 
Raufe, jiliua Ricardi Parkinson de Blacksticks 
Isabell, filia Johannis Inskipp 

Richard Parker, jUiua Jacobi Parker de Greystonley 
Richard, jUius Christopheri Parkinson de Bleasdell 
Dorothie Singelton, jUia Cuthberti Singelton 
Roger Shearbume, iiliua Johannis Shearburne de 

Whitaker 
Ellen Shearburne, /JZta Symondi Sherburne 
Anthony, f,lius Christopheri Swingelherst de Burholme 
Marie, iilia Robt. Parkinson, of fayresnape 
Ann Swynglehurst, flia Robt. Swynglehurst de 

fayredoekholme 
24.^ Robert, filiria Christopher Parkinson de Blyndhurst 
25. :" Ann, iUia Robt. Parkinson de Dowhey, or Broadhead 
John, filius Robt. Swinglehurst de fearedockholme, 

gent. 

Edward, son of Edward Knowles, parishe clarke 
Richard Kinge, the of sonne me John Kinge, 
cleric, vicar of Chippin, was borne upon the Satter- 
day before the flfeast of the Purification of the 
Virgin Marie, wch was the [31 st] of January, and 
baptized the Sondaie ffollowinge — John Kinge 

Richard, the son of Dr. Robert Richardson of Thornley 

Moses, a child found within the fforest of Boll and 

John, Alice, and Jane, son and daughters of William 
Kigley, of Thornley. 

Henry, son of Peter Walkden, dissenting minister 
Townley, son of Thomas Clarkson, our vicar, was 
born about 12 o'clock o'th' day, Jan 29th. 



120 



HISTORY OF CHIPPING. 



[Chap. 4. 



Marriages. 
The earliest entry now visible in tLe Register is of the date 
1599.* Well might a f orm r vicar, Edmund Wilkinson, consider it 
necessary to copy ** the whole of such entries of marriages '* down to 
1753, in order to save himself and his successors from experiencing 
" considerable difficulty " when searching the old books, ** from the 
confused state " in which the original books have been kept. He 
adds the wise caution ** to carefully examine the originals." We print 
below the whole of the entiies down to the year 1635 ; after that year 
we add merely a few selections ' : — 



1599 
1600 

1600-1 



April 
September 
August 
February 



1601 April 



1601-2 
1602 



June 22. 

August 3. 
5. 
September 13. 
Fovember 16. 
February 
April 



1602-3 
1603 



May 

June 

August 

October 

December 

January 

August 



29. John Bond and Jane Bond 

9. Barnard Dewhurst and Isabell Alston, wydowe 
28. Thomas Bond and Ellen Roodes 

4. Willm. Rogerson and Mary Ballard 
10. James Parker and Af?nes Sherebum 
20. Thomas (jrorton and Margarett C*awoode, of the 
parishe of Goosnergh, being lawfully [asked] att 
Chippin Church and at Goosnergh their own parish 
church by Ric. Waring, clerk there in absence of 
of Jo. Read, and were married at Chippin Church 
on Sonday the xxvi h of April, 1601, between xi. 
and xii. of the clock before ye congregacion dep't — 
Rich. Parker 
Willm. Hilton and Ellen Bleasdall, widow 
George Waring and Jenet Helme 
James Brockden and one called Ales a Goode 
Robt. Aw tie and Jenet Threllfall 
John Richmond and Anne Simpson 
Wm. Blackburn and Agnes Marsden 
John Hambton and Mary Philipson, weare married 

the sixt of Aprill, 1602. 
John Dobson als Shepheard and Jane AUston, widowe 

29. and Ottlie (?) widowe 

16. Thomas Tompson and Elizabeth Starsicker 
Ric. Mutton and . . . Simpson 
Robert Hacking and Alis Richmond 
John Threlfall and Alis Parkinson 
Wm. Bleasdell and Catherine Whitendale 
Edmimd Parkinson and Ellen Turneley 



26. 
6. 



24. 



29. 
26. 
15. 
20. 
1. 



^ No entries are to be found for the 
years 1604-10, 1616, 1618, 1618-20, 1625- 
34, 1636 52, 1659 60, 1663-66, 1672- all 
inclusive. 



^ I may be allowed to state that I 
have copied the whole of the christen- 
ings and burials now visible in the 
Chipping Registers down to the end of 
the year 1740. 



Chap. 4.1 



THE REGISTERS. 



121 



1603 


August 28. 




September 21. 




October 16. 




December 18. 


1611 


June 8. 


1611-12 


February 13. 




March 25. 


1612 


September 2. 


1613 


October 14. 




20. 




November 18. 




December 16. 


1613-14 


February 16. 


1614 


May 3. 




12. 




September 6. 




October 18. 




December 1. 


1614-15 


February 15. 




16. 


1615 


July 15. 




August 18. 




October 2. 




April 27. 


1621 


December 2. 


1621-2 


January 8. 


1621-2 


February 8. 




14. 




15. 


1622 


April 30. 




June 20. 




August 5. 


1622-3 


February 5. 




26. 


1623 


September 14. 




October 20. 




November 2. 


1623-4 


February 4. 


1635 





James Banck and Jane Newsbame, als. Beare 
James Richmond and Jenet Richmond 
Rich. Walker and Agnes G region 
Robt. Tomlinson and Anne Parkinson 
Robt. Barton and Margaret Harrison 

Richard Sowerbuts and Elizabeth Breadley 
Nicholas Helme and Ellen Nuby 

Lawrence Roberts of Heptonstall and GraceTorueley 

William Wilkinson and Agnes Towneley 
John Barnes and Agnes Higham 
Thomas Kirke and Alice Parker 
Richard Parker clericus and Anne Helme 

Richard Bamber and Elizabeth Dobson 

Reynold Wilkinson and Alice Corle? 

Richard Parker and Isabell Thorneley 

William Eccles and Ellen Roodes 

John Marsden and Catherine Knowell 

John Hearst and Janet Harrison 

Henry Maudsley and Ellen Threlfall 

Richard Simpson and Alice Parkinson (per licentiani) 

James Helme and Alice Helme 

Henry Marsden and Ellen Thorpe 

'iliomas Howker and Clemence Singleton 

Edward Richmond and Alice Seede 

. . . Roads and Alice Rawcliffe 

George Alston and Anne fForest 

Lancelott Eccles and Janet Hackinge 
James Roads and Alice Richmond 
George Barnes and Agnes Wilkinson 

Richard Bee and Isabell Bleasdale 
Anthony Threlfall and Marie Richmond 
Thomas Stan worth and Agnes Woode 

John Hall and Elizabeth Cooke 
John Marsden and Agne3 Bonde 
Richard Coulthurst and Elizabeth Burnc 
John Stursicare and Margaret Salsburie 
Hughe Bradley and Margaret Bonlton 
Henrie Chatburne and Isabell Waddington 
Robert Ellston de Brockhall, within the parish of 
Preston, gent., and Anne Shereburne de Woolfe- 
hall, within the parish of Chippin, vid., were 
married, the eight daie of March, 1635- anno 
domine 1635. 

p. me Johannem Kinge, 
VioJir. ibidem. 



122 



HISTORY OF CHIPPING. 



[Chap. 4. 



1656-7 



1668 


September 


22. 


1682 


April 


18. 


1685.6 


February 


2. 


1691 


September 


22. 


1693 

1696-7 

1706 


November 

February 

April 


6. 
22. 
30. 


1727-8 


January 


30. 


1600 


August 
September 


15. 

o 



KiOO-l 



ffebruary 

March 

July 



July 



23. 
29. 
10. 
17. 



20. 



1612-13 


March 24. 


1616-17 


March 18. 


1621 


March 2. 


1622 


December 31. 


1623 


August 28. 




September 28. 



. publication of an intended marriage betweene 
Thomas Sherebume, of Thomeley, and Elizabeth 
Dobson, of foolwood (Fulwood), beginninge ye 8th 
January, and ended ye first and ye 8th February.* 
Willm. Ingham, minister of Ribchester, and Grace 

Hesmenhough, of Ribchester, spinster 
James Norcrosse and Mrs. Ingham, both of ye parish 

of Ribchester 
Mr. Jeffrey Rishton and Mrs. Sarah Adderton both 

of Preston 
Mr. John Loxholme and Mrs. Elizabeth Atherton 

both of Preston 
Mr. Edmond Ilayhurst and Mrs. Dorithy Ainsworth 
Mr. Clement Toulnson and Mrs. Mary Herbert 
Thomas Atherton, Vicar of Chippin, and Ann 

Briscoe, relict of Humphrey Briscoe, late Vicar of 

Chippin 
Mr. Nicholas Haythomthwaite and Mrs. Jane Parker 

Burials. 

Richard Singleton, gent. 

Isabell Gregson, als. Parker, bastard daughter of 
Thomas Parker, of Graystonlie in Bolland (beinge 
by misfortune was .... upon a peble going 
over was drowned .... beyond Graystonlie, 
my father's late house, for want of a good bridge, 
and was carried downe to ... . there found 
the same day being Wednesday the 3rd day of 
September, the ould bridge being washed down by 
a flood) 

Ric. Parker, son of Thomas Parker of Graystonlie, jun. 

Edward Parker [son of Reyn]ld from Graystonley 

Rautfe Dill worth 

Anna Marsden, spinster, having pushed herselfe in 
houlding pit (belonging to Henry Clerk) was found 
to have perished herselfe, xvth of July 

James Coulthurst of Bleasdell, having also perished 
himselfe upon Sunday morning following beinge 
the xixth of July 

Ambrose Agard, Esquire 

Thomas Alston of Lee House 

Mistris Haworth 

A poore woman 

Symou Sherburne 

Younge Stanley 



* The marriage took place at Preston 
the day following 



Chap. 4.] 



THE REGISTERS. 



123 



1624 


April 


18. 


1630 


June 


8. 


1655 


April 


30. 


1656 


May 


19. 


1658 


July 


24. 


1667 


July 


12. 




October 


15. 


1669-70 January 


21. 


1671 


October 


18. 


1672 


April 


2. 


1673-4 


January 


12. 




March 


18. 


1675 


September 


• 8. 







15. 


1676 


September 


16. 




November 


2. 


1677 


March 


26. 


1679 


December 


28. 


168.3 


July 


17. 


1687 


December 


25. 


1702 


May 


12. 




July 


26. 


1704 


September 


5. 


1715 


May 


21. 


1719 


November 


29. 


1719-20 January 


8. 


1721 


August 


7. 


1722 


December 


1. 


1727 


September 


19. 


1736 7 


January 


19. 


1743 


May 


15. 



1744 December 27. 
1750-1 January 3. 



Mr. John ffawkynghame 

Michaell Doughtie 

Elizabeth Hesketh, gentlewoman, of Laithgrim 

John Mitton, Doctor cf Physicke 

Richard Parkinson of ffairesnape 

Edward Knowles, clarke of Chippin Church 

Ould Sisely Bradley of Bradley in Chippin 

Mary Brabine, sister of John Brabiue of Chippin, 

gentleman 
Richard Townley of Tiaithgrim. 
Richard Boulton of Goose lane in Chippin, whoe was 

drowned in the little milne dam in Chippin 
Richard Sherburne of Buckley, gent. 
Mr. Willm. Parker of Wolf hall in Chippin 
James, the son of John Dobson, parish clarke att 

Chippin, aged nyne yeares, uyne months, and sixe 

dayes, departed this life the seaventh day of 

September aboute sixe a clocke in the morning, 

anno dom. 1675, and was buried the next day 

following 
James Remington, late schoolmaster at Cheppin 
Robt. Bradley of Chippin lininge weaver, who 

murdered himselfe by cuttiuge his owne throate 

W'h a knife 
Mrs. Clifton of fFairsnape in Bleasdell 
Thomas Swinglehurst of Chipi)in, Aged one hundred 

yeares and 4 monthes 
Ottivell Maudsley of Chii)pin 
Mr. John Brabin 

John Dobson, a glover weh came from London 
A lexander Sherburne of Stonihurst 
Christopher Parkinson of Bleasdall 
Mr. Geo. Toulson of Stakes in the county of Yorke 
Mrs. Pencoth 

Mr. Charles Harris, of Bolland 
An old Piper 

Richard Pencoth, ])opi8h priest of Chipjiing laund 
Thomas, son of Mr. Robert Lacy, passed through 

Chippin 11th November, to be buried at Mittou, 

the same day 
Jane Wilson, of the Alms House, Chippin 
George Cave, a Scotchman 
Robert Parker of Fairy Oak House 
Mr. Richard Rawthuiell, minister of Whitewell iu 

Bolland 
John Wharton of Dil worth 
Joseph Clarke, Priest of Lee House 



124 



HISTORY OF CHIPPING. 



[Chap. 4. 



1795 December 12. Mrs. Sparrow, Lauad, Leagram 

1797 June 5. Richard Parkinson, Bliudhurst, in Bleasdale 

Inside the Burial Register (1740-1806) is pasted a sheet of paper 
on which is written : "John Wesley, late Fellow of Lincoln College, 
in Oxford, crdain'd both Deacon and afterwards Priest hy Dr. John 
Potter, late Archbishop of Canterbury, June 7th, 1752." " Benjamin 
Inghan), late of Queen's College, in Oxford, ordained by John Potter, 
late Archbishop of Canterbury. Deer. 24 and 25, 1752." Wesley 
was at Chipping as the guest of Vicar Milner, on the 6th and 7th 
June, 1752. There is no note in Wesley's Diary of Ingham or him- 
self being at Chipping in the following December. 

The following table may be of interest.* 





1569-71 


1599-1601 


1629-31 


1669-71 


1699-1701 


1749-51 


No. of Baptisms. . 
No. of Burials ... 
No. of Marriages. 


106 


56 

28 
12 


6 

12 


105 

153 

16 


67 
96 
22 


78 
88 
15 



The following also appears in the Register : — " Collected within 
the parish church of Chippin upon the 2U.t day of fEeb., 1668 [9], the 
sum of fower shilling and fower pence towards the relief of the poore 
inhabitants in Haverhill. 



* It ought to be stated that Chipping 
was and (to some extent) still is the 
burial place of a wide outlying district 
— a fact which explains the i^reponder- 
ance of deaths over births 




CHAPTER V. 

^ljippin& ^cljO0l& anil ©^oHtiee. 

\ N hia will, dated 9tli day of April, 1683, John 
Brabin of Chipping, gentleman, "being infirme 
f body ' after commending his " Soula to the 
liands of all mighty god my maker and redeemer," 
and hisbody to Christ'an burial, leaves his freehold 
ostate called " Goose Lane " (lately purchased from 
Bicbard Bolton of Chipping, yeoman), to James Ilaj-thornthwaite, of 
Stable Oak in Bowland, Robert Parkinson, of Hazelhurstin Bleasdale, 
Christopher Parkinson, of Blindhurst in Bleasdale, and Richard Mars- 
den, of Gibbon Bridge in Bowland, in trust for the following uses : — 
Out of the yearly rente of the said lands to pay £13 Cs. 8d. " for the 
wages or stipend of such Schooie Master as they (the trustees) and 
their assigns shall from tymo to tynie appoyat and thinke ffltt ta bring 
upp such children (whose parents shall have resideaoe within the 
Towneahip of Chippin or other Towneships neare adjoyneing) to bee 
Scholtera and the said children to bee taught by the said Schooie 
Master without haveing any other wages for theiro being aoe taught 
save what the parents of such children shall please to bestowe" upon 
him. Power being given to the trustees to dismiss incompetent 
masters, the testator further empowered them to employ the balance 
iif the income "in bookes and cloathos flor the use of such pjor 
children," within the townships of Chipping, Thoruley, and Leagram, 
and such part of Bowland as lay within the County of Lancaster, ns 
" shall come to bee taught " by the said schoolmaater. The clothes so 
provided were, the donor enjoined, " to bee eyther Vj'olett Colour or 
Liver Colour with Cappa of the same cloath and colour." 

To the same trustees he also left his tenement called " Waller's," 
in the occupation of John Parkinson, the yearly proceeds to le used 
" ffor the putting fEorth of all or some such of the said poore Schollers 



123 HISTORY OF CHIPPIXG. [Chap. 5. 

ns shall bee soe cloathed and as shall bee soe taught to traids or 
callings when the said poore children shall be capable thereof.'' 

After making siir.dry bequests (noticed below), John Brabin 
directed his executors, out of the remainder of his personal estate, " to 
build a Schoolehouse which JSchoolehousa shall be iniployed for the use 
of the said Schoolemaster and Scollers." He also left his ** dictionary 
to be kept for y® use of y« schoole and my Bible alsoe aftei it bee well 
bound and covered to bee reserved for y® same use." 

No time was lost in carrying out the wishes of this generous 
benefactor to his adopted village. In May, 1684 (less than a year 
after John Brabin's death), some land was bought from Richard 
Eccles, of Chipping, on which to build the school, and in September 
following (probably on the first anniversary of the founder's death), 
6s. Od. is recorded as being spent on *'the rearing of the schoolhouse " 
(although it does not appear to have been fit for use until some years 
later). 

From the extracts of accounts and resolutions of the trustees which 
follow, a fairly complete idea of the working of the school is obtained. 
F^r a lengthy period quarrels hampered the good that undoubtedly 
was done, and much money was wasted in lawsuits, until, after 
gr?dual changes in the scope and character of the school, on May 27, 
1878, it was reconstituted by the Charity Commissioners, and the trust 
moneys were devoted to the uses of an ordinary public elementary 
school (spe page 133), with the advantage of several scholarships, to 
keep alive the memory of the good founder (of whose ancestry and life 
some account will be found further on in this chapter). 

From the book of accounts, which has been kept with g. eat care, 
the following items of most interest are taken : — 

1GS3 Spent at the funeral of John Brabin 

Paid to Mr. Henry Brabin at York 

Paid to Doctor Bushell and Mr. Elsley for 

probat of will 

Mr. Kd. Whyte [Vicar of Chipping], he having 

received £3 in John Brabin's lifetime 
Goods sold at time of John Brabin's death 
Money in hand at do. 

J uly 18. A true and perfect inventory of t?oods : One 

table at the house in Goose Lane 01 18 00 



£ 


8. 


d. 


24 


11 


08 


50 


00 


00 


01 


08 


10 


07 


GO 


00 


15 


01 


00 


.86 


03 


06i 



£ 


8. 


d. 


06 


06 


08 


37 


07 


04 


527 


17 


11 


126 


08 


04 


00 


16 


00 



Chap. 5.] CHIPPING SCHOOLS AND CHARITIES. 127 



Goods in dye house 

Debts owing in the shoppe within the shoppe book 
In bonds and bills^ ... 

In ready money and gold 

Mr. Roger Parker of Harden, shop debt 

1684 May 13. Spent at Chippin when wee contracted with 

Richard Eccles for land to build the schoole 

and almeshouse upon 00 06 00 

July 25. Payd to Robert Parkinson ffor meate and drinke 
att examination of several young men to 

choose a Schoolmaster 01 04 00 

Payd to Mr. Cracroft for his paynes in coming 

thither to examine them 00 10 00 

Aug. 7. Payd att Goosnargh ffor ale att the examination 
of some schollars out of which a Schoolmaster 

was to be chosen ... 

Sept. 12. Spent att the rearing of the Schoolehouse 

Spent att sealing the bond by the Schoolmaster 

Payd for bread and cheese and tobacco att the 

rearing of the schoole 

1685 Oct. — . Payd for ale att the rearing of the almshouse ... 

Spent att putting out of apprentices 

Payd for three locks for the almshouse and one 

lock for the Schoolmaster's chamber 00 03 06 

Payd to James Welsh upon the bynding of Roger 

Beasley a poor boy of Chippin to bee his 

apprenbice. .. ... ... ... ... ... 

Payd for a bed cover for the Schoolmaster's bed 

Payd Mr. Winckley [for legal work] 

1685-9 Jan. 23. Given to the men in ale that putt the barne at 

Bathris (?) right 00 01 06 

1686 Dec. 14. Paid to Alice Saul for the use of her mother and 

widow Walmsley beinge twoo of the poor in 

the almshouses ... 

Paid to the poor during the year 1688 ... 
Paid for a smock for widow Walmsley ... 
Paid for cloath and the dying thereof for coats 

and caps for the scholars 02 08 04 

Paid to Rd. Parkinson for a room for use of 

schollars until school was ready 
Paid for bookes for poor children... 
Paid for 18doz. of buttons for children ... 
Paid for bible for Chris. Barton 



00 


04 


06 


00 


06 


00 


00 


00 


09 


00 


04 


03 


00 


03 


00 


00 


00 


06 



05 


10 


00 


00 


01 


06 


01 


18 


10 



03 


03 


00 


11 


08 


00 


00 


02 


03 



00 


07 


06 


00 


05 


07 


00 


03 


00 


00 


02 


08 



* A full list is given of these^ bonds, 
due from twenty-three persons, in.sunis 
from 5s. to £84. 



£ 


B. 


d. 


00 


09 


00 


00 


04 


06 


00 


00 


02 


00 


02 


00 


00 


01 


02 


01 


05 


05 


02 


05 


00 


00 


01 


00 



123 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 5. 



Paid for 8 coats and caps making 

Paid to Edmund Hayhurst for furniture for 

• children's coats 

Paid for a primer for Harling's lad 

Paid for a Lux Qrammatica and a Mortua (i) ... 
1689 May 21. Paid for bringing Mr. Penketh's ^ horse to the 

*^ * ' « Hi It* ••• ••• ••• •«• ••• 

Paid Rd. Marsden for soldiers* coats and pay ... 

Paid for 23iyds. of cloath 

Sept. 13. Paid for hearth money due 25 March last 
1693 April 21. Paid for a coffin for widow Burnett (being one of 

the poor in the almshouse 00 03 04 

Paid for cloath for coats and breeches for Edmund 

Cragg, and for a hat for him 00 08 06 

1695 Oct. 11. Paid at St. John*s Court' admittance money due 

upon purchase of 'Waller Clough 00 01 06 

1699 Paid for twoshirts and one shirt washing by one 

of the poor 00 03 00 

1704 Paid Henry Maudesley for flitting his sister's 

bed and chist from ye lower almshouse to 

ye higher, and setting a lock on ye door ... 
Paid Samuel Felgate for going to Whalley 
Paid to Mr. Townley for buttons and thread for 

poor men's coats... 

Spent at Will. Rogerson's when we met 

Paid for going to get Mr. Mort*s advice * 

Paid Maddam Patten cheese rent for two years 

which was in arrear for Waller Clough 
Paid for a greeke grammar for Samuel Felgate 
Paid for a coffin for Mary Ingham, one of the 

poore of the almshouse 

Paid for a cheese for her burial 

Paid for bread and drink at the same 

Paid for making her grave 

Paid to ye ringers at her funeral 

Paid ye church dues 

1722 Paid poor iu almshouse every 15th day for 12 

months — in all 
Given to Jane Wilson when she was sick 
Paid the managing trustees— Chr. Bateson and 

William Cutler each £1 for twelve months... 02 00 00 

* ]\[r. Penketh was a well-known Knights Hospitallers had long since 
( 'atholic priest at this time serving at had their lands confiscated. 
J^eagram Uall— or the I^awnd. * A North Lancashire lawyer of 

* The court of St. John of Jerusalem repute. 
— then and fctill so-called, although the 



17056 


Jan. 


15. 


1706 


Dec. 


16. 


17(17 


Oct. 


17. 


1712 


Dec. 


31. 



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00 


06 


06 


00 


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00 


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00 


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00 


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£ 


B. 


d. 


00 


10 


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02 


02 


00 


00 


09 


OOi 


04 


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03^ 


00 


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01 



Chap. 6.] CHIPPING SCHOOLS AND CHARITIES. 129 



1724 Paid for three bibles ... 

Paid Mr. Clarkson [vicar of Chipping] for writing 
1728 Aug. 9. Spent at Ann Webster's in order for an election 

of a schoolmaster, but deferred 

Paid for blue coats and books for one year 

Paid lads for stones gathering 

Spent on trustees on account of candidates [for 

mastership] at several times 

Paid y« usher for teaching ye school 2 weeks in 

ye master's absence 

Paid clerk wages to ye usher 

Paid James Sands for making 4 blue coats and 

leather 00 04 06 

1741 Spent when John Lund came to Chipping to find 

his apprentice who had run away from him.. 00 00 00 
Spent at Preston on account of Lund and his 

apprectice, Wm. Swinglehurst, overseer, 

being present before Mr. Justice Butler ... 00 01 01 
1750 Dec. 10. Repairing glass, 107 diamonds at Id. each, 8 

panes repairing and oyling at 4d 00 11 07 

As already stated mucli money was wasted upon law suits, 
ostensibly on this clause in the testator's will ; " if any of the said 
trustees should happen to dye that then the surviving trustees should 
nominate new ones in the place or places of those so dying and such 
new election to be so continued for ever." 

It appears that on the death of any of the original trustees, the 
remainder nominated persons to the vacancies, without conveying the 
estates to them in trust for the charities, or obtaining legal sanction 
for their appointment. At length all the original trustees died, and 
the persons so taken in to fill their places, viz., Richard Farrar, Robert 
Parkinson, Thcmas Gradwell, and Giles Bleasdale, managed the trust 
until about 1736, when they happened to have ** a troublesome 
tenant " on part of the trust estate, and were obliged to take legal 
steps to evict him. A difficulty arose as it was discovered that the 
** legal estate" was vested in John Hay thornth wait e, grandson and 
heir of James Haythornthwaite the last of the original four trustees 
appointed by John Brabin in 1683. Thereupon the trust estates were 
conveyed by John Haythornthwaite to the present trustees, on the 6th 
and 7th January, 1736-6, who continued to act as such until 174'), 
when Edmund Eccles and John Parkinson, two of the principal people 



130 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 5. 

of Chipping at that time, filed an information for an account of the 
charities for the past twenty years. The case was brought before the 
law courts, only to be dismissed, the plaintiff's having to pay costs 
amounting to £46 7s. 9d. Some interesting particulars came to light 
in the course of the proceedings which lasted over two years. Men- 
tion is made of four books relating to Brabin's charities, ** one of 
which is a large old book containing an account of the receipts and 
disbursements in general of the several trustees for the time being, 
ever since the foundation thereof.'* *' One other small book," con- 
taining an account of the application and distribution of the rents and 
profits of the house in Chipping (where one of the trustees, Thomas 
Gradwell, was then living) for the poor's benefit from 1728 to 1744. 
In it, it is added, are particulars of ** what cloth for coats and caps 
with books given yearly for the poor scholars and their names, in 
what clothes was given when they were put out apprentices respec- 
tively, together with a succession of the trustees from time to time 
appointed from 1683 till 1745." ** Another book of about a quire of 
paper " in which Thomas Gradwell ** for the preservation of the above 
old book of accounts which was much decayed," drew out the accounts. 
The fourth look was also a book of accounts. Incidentally, mention 
is made of the tenants of the charity lands some years paying their 
rents, ** at several times as they could raise the same." 

The following letter, written by Joseph Yates, steward to the 
Eail of Derby, to Thomas Gradwell, one of the trustees, is of interest: — 
•• Ribchester, 5th Oct., 1744. 

Yours reed- relating to my two friends (John Parkinson and Edmund Eccles, of 
Chipping), having viewed and valued the tenements adjacent to the High House estate 
on which acct. I am greatly obliged to them for that their labour, & shall be glad to 
retaliate them for their so doing. Mr. Edmund Eccles went along with me to the High 
House, but intimated nothing to me on the road of any business ; when we came from 
High House to Singleton's [a family long settled at the Hills farm in Dil worth], there 
I named to him concerning peaceable measures to be adopted regarding Mr. Brabin's 
trust and inspection of accounts. However he seemed to slight my utmost endeavours 
to the compassing matters to issue in that way, but was on the contrary determined to 
begin and go forward into law suits, which I am concerned at, and wish Mr. John 
Parkinson at the church, or any other may prevail and prevent such costs that will not 
answer to any good understanding among neighbours, but will in all probability be 
attended with ill consequences which I shall not a little be sorry for. I mean to visit 
my Lord Derby to acquaint him of my proceedings towards answering his request and 
my desire, and will let him know whereby I cannot obtain that, who am, Sir, Your 
Tery humble Servt. —Joseph Yates. 



Chap. 6.] CHIPPING SCHOOLS AND CHARITIES. 131 

Edmund Eccles in his action against the trustees was backed up 
by ** Fleetwood and his son Hickerstaff," and is described as being 
**hand and glove" with the latter. 

In a letter dated ** Manchester, 19th Oct., 1744," Joseph Yates 
again writes to Gradwell, giving an account of his interview with the 
Earl of Derby : — 

** Yours came to hands at maile, and I communicated tbe contents to my Lord 
Derl)y at Knowlesley immediately after my breakfasting with his lorduhip on Monday 
morning last, and on my further intiinating my progress and labours and endeavours 
for the obtaining a peaceable and fair good issue of the quarrels and misunderstandings 
arisen in the parish of Chipi>ing about BrabinV trunt, etc., his lordship seemed to 
approve of my conduct and proiK>sall relating thereto, and does not like of Mr. Edmund 
Eccles's mode of proceedings and consequently of any other linkt with him in that chain 
of thought attended with such hasty and rash results, before other deliberate and 
prudent measures taken ; and told me I miglit make use of his name accordingly, and 
his lordshi[> added that neither his lordship nor hiu tenants (and I also said with him) 
should be charged to any suits about these controversies, and signified that he imagined 
the trustees would defend out of the effects relating to the said trust. Then, in con- 
sequence who must be said to cause a waste of the charity? Surely the disturbers and 
promoters of such trouble must charge their con-science therewith, unless on producing 
the accounts au embezzlement appear ; but first let them be fully examined (which I 
told him was offered by the trustees to be hvid before others and ujyself). And to that 
end I shall now consider over the copy of J3rabin*s will and the papers delivered by 
you, and for that purpose I heartily wish for assistance by proper, honest, and prudent 
persons. You may make this publick. Pray let me know how parson Milner does. 
Wishing to hear of his recovery, to whom and to yourself as also to the rest of my 
friends on your si«!e of the country I desire my sincere respects and services." 

In reply, Mr. Gradwell writes, under date Jan. 11, 1744-5 : — 

" Sir, — ^Yours of the 19th Oct. to hand, which I ought to have answered not only 
to return our thanks for the same, but chiefly for your good oflSces with my Lord Derby 
and others." 

Shortly afterward, Thomas Gradwell writes under date " May, 
1745": — 

** This day, standing in Richard Hornby's, Esquire Yates, John Parkinson, of 
Blackball, James Rogerson, Giles Bleasdale, Thomas Slater, and myself also present, 
who had alike before waited in the little parlour opposite while Mr. Yates, Mr, 
Milner (Vicar of Chipping), John Parkinson, and James Rogerson, argued with 
Edmund Eccles. It was proposed that Mr. Yates should send for Edmund Eccles 
who left *em while we waited in the little parlour, which James Rogerson took upon 

him to do On Easter Tuesday, being the 16th inst. Mr. John Parker 

of the Lees, went in the church were the churchwardens were making their accounts to 
the heads and inhabitants of the parish, expecting Edmund Eccles to have been pre- 
sent but was not. John^Parkinson of Colecoats, the complainant, was there, but hung 
down his head and would give no answer.'* 



132 HISTORY OP CHIPPING. [Chap. B. 

Proposals for an amicable settlement were made in 1750, the 
main alterations in the management being the substitution of eight 
instead of four trustees, and that the charity lands be let publicly by 
auction. All in vain w<?re these peaceable plans ; nor did ** the Com- 
mission," procured to arbitrate upon the dispute, fare any better, in 
spite of the great interest taken by the Stanley family. 

Writing from Preston, 5th July, 1754, Mr. William Shawe, a 
well-known local lawyer, informs Thomas Gradwell : — 

** Yesterday, Lord Strange attacked me on the subject of the Chippin Charities. 
He seems surprised you reject the proposal made to you for ending this dispute. He 
desires your answer whether you agree to them or not. If you refuse, he assures m« 
he's determined to see this matter speedily ended himself. I desire you'll let me know 
what answer I am to give him." 

Gradwell proved obstinate, and was backed up by his legal 
adviser Mr. John Parkinson, of Clitlieroe. And so slowly did matters 
drag on that it was not until 1770, after the death of Thomas Grad- 
well, that peace and quietness were again restored. In a letter (dated 
81st July, 1770) from Crane Court, London, by Mr. Wm. Lucas, legal 
adviser to the trustees, addressed to Mr. Procter, Wolfhall, the writer 

says : ** As I am informed of the death of Mr. Thomas Gradwell, with 
whom you was a trustee of Brabin's Charity, I trouble you with this, 

with the desire to prevent as much as possibe the trust money being 

wasted in law, that you will forbear to elect any trustee till I see and 

talk with you upon it." He refers to the trouble he and Lord Strange 

have had ; to Mr. GradwelFs obstinacy, who having grown ** very old 

and obstinate," they thought it best ** to let it rest till his death."^ 

From the evidence of Edmund Wilkinson, Vicar of Chipping, 

sent by him in 1825 to the Charity Commissioners, th© following 

account of the later history of the School is mainly taken. The yearly 

rental, in 1826, of the estate was £60 ; out of which sum ** 16 poor 

boys, chosen by the trustees, out of the townships of Chipping, 

Thornley, Leagram, and Little Bowland, are supplied with coats, and 

trowsers, and also with school books, and the residue allowed to the 

Master of the school." Anticipating the reference to the Founder's 

will, wherein the number of boys to be clothed is not limited, but the 

^ Writing from Preston, 8th April, decline business and think of making 

1767, Mr. Lucas mentions **Mr. out his bills (many of which have been 

Starkie'sbad health having made him but too long neglected)." 



Cha?. 5.] CHIPPING SCHOOLS AND CHARITIES. 133 

Master's salary is limited to £13 6s. 8d., per year, Mr. Wilkinson 

explains that as the estate in 1684 produced only £17 a year, the 

trustees (acting upon legal advice) thought proper not to clothe above 

16 boys ** in order to remunerate in some degree the master for his 

trouble," who also received the rent, £4 5s., of a cottage adjoining the 

school. 

After having suflB.ced for the wants of the parish for over a 

century and a half, Brabin's School was, in 1840, found too small for 

the number of scholars who usually attended it ; and was accordingly 

enlarged by mea^is of subscriptions ; the principal subscribers being: — 
Eail of Derby, £5 ; Bishop of Cheater, £10 ; Rev. R. V. Law, £10 ; Mr. Stanley, £5 ; 
lid. Walmeslcy, of Preston, 'V. B. Addison, J. C. Parker, Rev. E. Wilkinson, Evans 
and Wahiisley, of Chipping, and John Kenyon, £2 each ; Wm. Rhodes, Hy, Wilkin- 
son, Robt. Wilkinson, Henry Wood, James Luud, Simon Bond, and Robert Illing- 
worlh, of Lickhurst, £1 apiece. The total raised was £65 Oh. 6d. ; ^ the cost was 
£67 I83. Id., and the balance was apparently found by the Vicar of Chipping. 

In 1880, iu which year a school was built in Thornley by the Earl 
of Derb}', new schools were erected in Chipping, on a site close to 
Brabin's School, at a cost of about £2,564, of which sum £564 was 
raised by subscription, and the remainder was defrayed out of the 
funds of Brabin*8 Charity. The leading subscribers were : — 
Edward Stanley, £70 ; John Fletcher, £55 ; Johh Smith. £50 ; Jas. Wilkinson, £50 ; 
Messrs. Jackson, £25 ; Miss Robinson, £20 ; Dr. Turner, £20 ; Robt. Wilkinson, £20 ; 
Wm. Rhodes, £15 ; R. Bleasdale, Dr. Piatt, Mrs. Procter, Wm. Rhodes, of Chipping 
House, Rev. R. Robinson, and John Wilkinson, £10 apiece. The total number of 
subscribers was 136. 

On May 27th, 1878, the Charity Commissioners reconstituted the 

school, which is now conducted as a public elementary school. The 
memory of the pious founder is kept alive by prizes and scholarships, 
and the sum of £25 a year is allotted to t!ie school in Thornley built 
in 1880 by the lord of the manor, the Earl of Derby. 

Trustees of Brabin*s School. 

1683 James Haythomthwaite 1702 Richard Parkinson 

Richard Marsden 1706 Robert Winder 

Christopher Parkinson . 1706 Christopher Bateson 

Robert Parkinson 1712 William Cutler 

1694 Bernard Howson 1723 Robert Parkinson 

1700 Richard Farrer 1728 GUes Bleasdale 

' All the materials were carted by 
farmers in the district, saving thus about 
£10 or £12. 



134 



HISTORY OF CHIPPING. 



[Chap. 5. 



1735 Thomas Gradwell* 

1744 Thomas Slater 

1762 Michael Bleasdale 

1762 John Harrison 

1767 James Bleasdale 

1767 John Proctor 

1770 William Rhodes 

1776 Richard Parkinson 

1797 Richard Eccles 

1804 John Clince Parker 

1807 John Parkinson 

1812 James Rhodes 

1824 John Clince Parker 

1827 William Rhodes 



1831 Henry Wilkinson 
1841 Andrew Parkinson* 
1853 John Smith 
1871 Edmund Parkinson 
1871 *John Smith 
1878 Richard Robinson 
James Wilkinson 

*Jame8 Sefton 

*Richard Heywood Thompson 

•George Charles Hale 
John Fletcher 
1884 *George Kay 
1887 *George Tweedy 

*Richard Chevenix Trench 



(Those marked with an asterisk are the present trustees or governors). 

Masters of Brabin's School. 

While the power of appointment to the mastership of the school 
rested with the four trustees, it seems to have been desirable fcr the 
master to obtain a license from the bishop of the diocese, althongh, as 
will be noted in the case of Thomas Felgate, not absolutely essential. 

1684 — George Escolme was the first master appointed. In the 
books it is recorded that, on Aug. 7th, 1684, 4s. 6d. was spent ** att 
Goosnargh for ale at the examination of some scholars out of which a 
schoolmaster was to be chosen." He was son of John Escolme of 
Ellel, and matricnlated, 18th Feb., 1686-7, at St. Mary Hall at Oxford, 
and graduated B.A. from Hart Hall, Oxford, 28th May, 1692 {Foster's 
Alumni Oxon. 465). In this year he resigned, on his appointment as 
Head Master of Clitheroe Free Grammar School, in the books of which 
it is stated that his first half year's salary (£40 a year) was paid en 
Aug. 28tb, 1693. On August 13th, 1713, ** Mr. Escolme paid down 
balance of his accounts and same was put into the school chest '' 
{Clitheroe School MS S.). A. year later he appears to have resigned, 



^ Thomas Gradwell, of Chipping, 
mercer, in his will, dated May 4, 1770, 
leaves a dole of 3d. and a penny loaf to 
those who attend his burial ; and after 
bequests to his niece Agnes Noble, and 
the children of his late nephew, John 
Noble, adds -" Whereas I stand a 
trustee for that generous, noble, worthy, 
and unprecedented endowment and 
charity of the late Mr. Brabbin, I order 
my executors to buy good durable wollen 



cloath of any kind proper for coats, 
wastcoats, and breeches, gowns and 
petty-coats, to the value of £5 10s., 
among the necessitous inhabitants of 
Chipping." He was buried at Chipping, 
July 25, 1770, at a very advanced age. 

* Notices of many of the other trus- 
tees will be found in the chapter on 
'' Old Families." 



Chap. 5.] CHIPPING SCHOOLS AND CHARITIES. 135 

and thenceforth is lost to our view. He married at Clitheroe, 4th 
June, 1707, Elizabeth Oddy, of the parish of Gisburne. 

1692 — John Clayton was master for a few months only, and of 
his later career we have found nothing. He was followed by 

1692 — Thomas Felgate, probably a connection of Samuel Fel- 
gate. Vicar of Mitton. Among the papers in the Bishop's Eegistry at 
Chester is a letter written by William Bushell, Curate of Gcosnargh, 
to his " very worthy friend the Eoverend Dr. Entwistle att Wigan, 

in the ccurse of which he says : — 

'* At the instance of Mr. Felgate, the bearer, I humbly make bold to give you 
this, on purpose to desire you would befriend liim so far as to entreat my Lord (to 
whom my bounden duty and service) that his lordship would be pleased to grant him a 
license to Chipping Schoole, whereof he was duly elected master and hath taught there 

ever since for four years last past I apprehend it hath been the custom 

of the Feoffees not to [lermit any master to take a license to Chippicge Schoole, because 
they would still be in absolute power to turn out, and put in, at pleasure, without any 
other reason at all, but only ut volo, sic jubeo. 

" Kind S"^ 
** Your most affectionate and most humble servant, 
** Goosnargh, July 26th, 1697." " W'" Bdshell. 

Doubtless Felgate duly received the Bishop's licence, as in the 
record of his re-election as schoolmaster of the "ffree Schoole" of 
Ciiipping, in the same year he is desciibed as **the meetest for his 
learning and sound method iu teaching by examination, and a person 
of a sober gnd honest conversation, orthodox in his opinion, and doth 
perfurm his duties.*' He continued master until his death, which 
occurred at Chipping, where he was buried on January lOfch, 1701-2.* 
By his wife Agues (who was buried at Chipping, 29 Jan., 1697-8) he 
has issue a daughter, Anne, baptized 27 Nov., 1695. On March 26th, 
1702, administration of the goods of Thomas Felgate, Schoolmaster of 
Chipping, was granted to Edmund Hayhurst and Thomas Dishton 
(?Ilishton), as the principal creditois (the amount being sworn at 
£7 6s. 2d. 

1702 — Thomas Felgate was followed by Mr. Aspinall of whom 
we have found absolutely nothing beyond the bare fact that he 
received his salary as master. 

^ Thomas, son of Samuel Felgate, School (buried at Chipping, 10 May* 
Vicar of Mitton, bap. 2 July, 1665, may 1710) was a son of the schoolmaster- 
be identical with the Chipping school- From 1701 to 1730, one Thomas Felgate 
master ; and it is also possible that was Curate of Longridge. 
Samuel Felgate, a scholar at Brabin's 



136 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 5. 

1705 — Richard Taylor, of Clitheroe was the next master. In 
the books of the trustees, it was recorded under date 15th June, 1705, 
" paid for dinuers and drickes for 16 men, when the scholars were 
examined (by Mr. Escolme, of Clitheroe, formerly master of Brabin's 
School) tv> choose a master out of them, at Leonard Webster's, 
16s. 2d." And on the day following, Is. 6d. was spent at Clitheroe 
"when Mr. Eichard Taylor (probably a Scholar of the School) was 
elected Master to y« Schoole at Chippin." Eichard Taylor stayed 
little over eighteen months, and was followed by 

1707 — Mr. Parke, of whom (unless he be identical with his 
namesake, elected Master of Clitheroe Grammar School, in 1723) we 
know nothing, save that he held the mastership for a period of two 
years. 

1709— Thomas Hanson was elected master early in 1709. He 
was youngest son of John Hanson, of Kirkham, and was christened 
there in December, 1687.^ In the books it is recorded that Mr. 
Atherton, Vicar of Chipping, Eichard Farrar and Christopher Bate- 
son, two of the trustees, went to Kirkham to see Hanson's father 
about his removal. His stay in Chipping was of short duration. 

1712 — Eichard Bateson, son of Christopher Bateson, parish 

clerk of Chipping, was bom on Wednesday, the 1st of June, 1692. 

About 1712 he was elected master by the feoffees, of whom his father 

was one. In Jure, 1716, the following certificate (extracted from the 

Bishop's Eegistry, Chester) was sect to the Bishop of Chester, with a 

request for his lordship's license : — 

** We look upon ye present master, Richard Bateson, to be a person qualified as 
well for his learning, morals, and diligence, as in all other respects to teach ye Free 
School, and so recommend him for your lordship's license and approbation. 

** Thos. Atherton, Vicar. Geo. Eccles, 

Richard Parkinson, \ John Winder, 

Richard ffarrar, I !?« « „ James Walne, 

Willm. Cutler, ( *®ott«e8- John Kirkham, 

Coffer Bateson, / Churchwardens." 

" This is to certifie whom it may concern yt Richd- Bateson, master'of ye free 
school of Chippin, received ye sacrament of ye Lord's Supper at my hands on £aster 
day, as witness my hand this 15th day of June, 1716. 

** Thomas Atherton, Vic. de Chippin. 
James Walne, Churchwarden." 

^ In the Kirkham Register, under married again, have b^en before married 

date April, 1683, is the curious entry : by a Deacon only.^' 

*' Jokn Hanson and Elizabeth Warde 



Chap. 5.] CHIPPING SCHOOLS AND CHARiriES. 137 

In 1723 he resigned the mastership to become Usher of Clitheroe 
Grammar School, at a salary of £20 a year, an appointment he only 
lived to enjoy for five years, being buried at Clitheroe, 17th August, 
1728, aged 36.» 

By his marriage with Bridget, daughter of George Rauthmell, of 
Lees in Bowland, which took place at Chipping, 28 Feb., 1716-17, he 
had issue five sons, Christopher, bapt. 12 Nov., 1717 ; George, bapt. 
30 March, 1719 ; Henry, bap. 30 April, 1721 ; Thomas, bapt. 20 May, 
1722; and Stephen, buried at Clitheroe, 20 Feb., 1725-8; and two 
daughters, Jane and Grace. Brid<^et Bateson was buried at Chipping 
Jan. 16th, 1763. 

1723— EiCHVRD Backhouse, the next master of Brabin's School, 

held the post for five years, his tenure of office being marked by 
neglect, and, possibly, other offences. Early in 1726, two of the 
trustees record that they spent one shilling ** when they went to 
admonish Mr. Backhouse for neglect." But it is curious to note that 
these same trustees (Farrar and Bateson) on Dec. 2, 1727, were 
able to write to the Bishop of Chester desiring a license for Back- 
house, whom they described as having ** proved himself to be a man 
of good conduct, diligence, and industry for three years, and is approved 
by all the neighbourhood. The other two trustees, however, told a 
very different tale, as they wrote to the Bishop on ?1 December 
following : ** We are astounded that Eichard Backhouse should have 
y® impudence to write that he got our hands, either before he went to, 
or came from, your lordship, since we never gave him authority to 
use the same. We again desire that such a man may never have a 
license, but be punished according to his deserts. — Willm. Cutler, 
Eobt. Parkinson." 

This outspoken letter apparently led to the master's dismissal or 
resignation, which took place on the 27th July, 1728. Of his later 
career we know nothing. 

He married at Clitheroe, 22nd Nov. 1724, Anne, daughter of Ed. 
Marsden of the Pale, being called in the Eegister ** Eichard Baccus, 

« On Aug. 23, 1723, " John Park to and Mr. James Cowgill " {Clitheroe 

be chief Schoolmaster and Richard Grammar School MSS.). In Whitaker's 

Bateson to be Undermaster or Usher of Whalley^ ii., 95, John Park is called 

the School, both places being vacant bv " John Parker." 
ye resignation of Mr. John Glasbrook 



138 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. (Chap. 5. 

schoolmaster of Chipping." During his stay at Chipping he had a 
son, Alan, born at Whitewell, 22 Oct., 1725, and baptized at Chipping 
the Ist Nov. following. 

1728 — EiCHARD WiTHNELL, clearly a native of Withnell in Choiley 
pansh, succeeded Richard Backhouse in the mastership of the school, 
the date of his election being Aug. 1, 1728. He was formerly school- 
master at Broughton in Amounderness, where he married, 1 7th Nov., 
1709, Margaret Albin, of Whittingham. He died at Chipping, and 
was there buried, February 18th, 1730-1. 

By hia will, dated 19 May, 1730, he leaves to Margaret, his wife, £50 and all his 
household j?oodH. His tenement in Withnell he gives to the eldest son of his brother 
Thomas Withnell, deceased, and his heirs, subject to a life charge of 40s. a year to his 
said wife. Other bequests are to his sisters, Margaret and Alice ; while Henry Norris 
and William Miller of Withnell are appointed executors (to whom was paid on 4th 
March, 1730-1, the balance of salary due to Mr. Withnell). The will was proved 
5th June, 1731, testator being described as *' late of Legram, schoolmaster;" the 
inventory came to £161 13s. Od. 

] 732 — William Townley, a member probably of the Townley 

family settled in the neighbouring parish of Ribchester, was the next 

master, and held the post, with that of parish clerk (from 1764), uutil 

his death in 1776. He was buried at Chipping on 29th March. 

By his marriage at Chipping, April 27, 1734, with Elizabeth Sudel, he had issue, 
Stephen, bap. 14 March, 1734-5 ; John, bap. Nov. 22, 1739 ; William, bap. Sep. 11, 
1743 ; and Anne, bap. May 10, 1737. His first wife was buried at Chipping, Feb. 13, 
1763. In his old age he mairied, secondly, 30 Sept., 1765, Ann Parkinson, of Mitton 
(she survived him and was buried Oct. 6, 1792). In his will, dated 1 March, 1776 
(proved at Lancaster, 4th April following), he mentions his wife Ann ; his daughter Anne 
E.lmondson and her son James ; his son John Townley and grandson Thomas ; and 
leaves a small legacy to his youngest son, William, " if he appears within two years to 
receive it." 

1776 — John Carlisle (see page 105). 

1807 — John Wilson (see page 107). 

1814 — Egbert Smith (sae page 109). 

1817 — Edmund Wilkinson (see page 107). 

1827 — Henry Wood, son of Thomas Wood, of Burnley, was 
appointed master in February, 1837. Active and zealous in the dis- 
charge of his duties, he held the post for 39 years, when, owing to old 
age, he resigned at Christmas, 1876. As a Sunday schoolteacher, a 
member of the choir, and indefatigable in all good works, he was 
deservedly much respected. He died on the 5th August, 1881, in the 



Chap. 5.] CHIPPING SCHOOLS AND CHARITIES. 139 

SOth. year of his age. By his marriage at Chipping, 20tli Sept., 1838, 
with Jane, daughter of William Bond, of Sander Rake, Chipping, he 
had no issue. His wife predeceased him 27th Oct., 1875, and was 
buried at Chipping, aged 61 years. 

1877 — John Yates Rideal, the present master, educated at 
Cheltenham, was formerly master of the National School at Turvey, in 
Bedfordshire, 1866-88 ; master of Startforth School, Barnard Castle, 
1869-72 ; and master of St. James's School, Hebden Bridge, in York- 
shire, 1872-76. He was appointed master of Chipping Snhool out of 
80 applicants, early in 1877. 

Under Master or Usher. 

Christopher Parkinson, of Blindhurst, in Bleasdale, by will, dated 
8th July, 1702, gave the " cleare profits " of a " parcell of tenement," 
lying in Goosnargh, formerly in possession of James Core, deceased, 
for the remainder of a term of 200 years, to the use and behoofe of 
an under master in the free School of Chippin, to bee yearly paid hiiu 
as the rents grows due.*' The rent .produced from the tenement called 
*' Scales " was £4 a year, and this sum, together with 9s. the interest 
of £10 left by an unknown donor, was the salary of the Usher, down 
to about the year 1800. In 1825, one-third of the children paid him 
Id. per week. 

Apprentices, 

But few references to the apprentices, or to the trades they were 
put to learn, are to be met with in the Book of the Charity. 

In 1825, the "Town End " Estate produced £66 a year, and this 
sum " agreeably to the interest of the testator '^ was at that period 
applied to the purpose of binding those poor children as apprentices, 
who have been clothed and taught at the expense of Brabin's charities. 
The custom gradually fell into disuse, and was finally done away 
with in 1878. 

John Brabin. 

John Brabin came to live in Chipping probably soon after the 
death of his relative, George Parkinson of Fairsnape, gent. A 
prosperous and successful tradesman — a dyei and general cloth- 
dealer, he was soon wealthy enough to follow the instincts of his class 
and become a landowner. The prevaling idea about him has un- 



140 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 5; 

fortunately crept into print. ** The school was founded by the vene- 
rable John Brabin, who, after the customary precautions of making 
his will, went on pilgrimage to London, in the year of the Great 
Plague. He never leturned, and the district became his legatee for 
this useful, though unpreterding grammar school " {Canon Parkinson^ 
hy John Evans, page 6). In Baines^s MSS, (now at Dr. Shepherd's 
Librar}', Preston) it is stated on some local quidnunc's authority : 
** Traflition states that the fouTider of this school, being a tradesman 
at Chipping, and finding his creditois had died in London of the 
plaguo, left his wealth to the parish." 

It is discreditable that such scandalous libels and pious fictions 
should have gained currency in the district which owes so much to 
the thoughtful generosity of a worthy North Country gentleman of no 
mean ancestry, wlio, through his connection with the great Parkinson 
*' clan,'* as well as by his wealth, was in his day the leading man in 
Chipping. 

Jolin Brabin was never mairied. His sister, Maiy, was buried 

at Chipping, 31st January, 1669-70, where he himself died in July, 
1683, and was there buried on the 17th of that month. 

In addition to the bequests for founding a School, John Brabin 
alsD left provision for building almshouses and giving relief to the 
poor (reference to which will be found later on in this chapter^. His 
private legacies were very numerous. 

To his " deare brother," William Brabin, if hee shall be liueingsix months after 
ray deceass tfifty pounds, t > bee sent him in gould if it can be procured." To his 
cousin, Henry Brabin, £50 ; to his Kinsman, Mr. Robert Pigott, *' my buffe belt with 
silver clasps, a paire of glouessent meeout of Ireland, and forty shillings in money." 
To his cousins, Mrs. Lucy Rishton, Mrs, Margaret Hesketh, Mrs. Margaret Jameson, 
and to the dau^^hter of his cousin Rayra<md in Dublin, "begotten of his cousin Henry 
Brabin, of Ribbleton, gent., deceased^;" and to his cousin Margaret Copeland, legacies 
of £2 to £10. To Richard son of Richard Bolton of Chipping, £10 ; to Mr. Richard 
White, minister of Chipping, " my best shooes, and Tenn pounds in money ;" to Mr. 
James Butter worth, minister of Goosnargh, 10s. To his goddaughter, Alice, daughter 
of Benjamin Whalley of Chipping, yeoman, £10 ; to Thomas brother of the said Alice, 
his bodk of "Hall's Contemplations," and 20s. To Robert Dobson, his godson, £10. 
To John Walton, dyer, 10s., " to bee allowed him in his rent for the dyehouse." • To 
John, son of Thomas Kirke of Chipping, yeoman, deceased, £3 63. 8d. To widow 
Faber of Heyning (near Slaidburn), 20s. To Richard, son of John Hay hurst 

^ Probably the "Captain Brabent of Richmond Wills to Christopher Towne- 

Preston," who, in 1670, delivered 2279 ley, the antiquary {Add, MSS, 32115). 



tan* 



Henry Bra) 
WiUdat^ 
Sedberghl 
1616-17. : 



Thomas Br^^ 
gent. die<k 



Jane, wife of Thomas 
Blackbume, gent. 



Henry Brah ^^^■ 
ton, genf®°» 
1599. •®"*- 



(2) 
:6eorge Pigott, 
of Preston, 
gent. 



I 

Henry Brabin. 



Willian ^. , „ , 
(^f WJAom, of Brockhall,: 

cent>i^J«ily25, 1671; 

JuneA^^g- 8, 1671. 



Mary, dan. of 
Wm. Turner, 
of Preston. 



ieth. 



Margaret. 



Anne. 



Mary. 



Henry ! 

wo^'^' ^^^^ *'^® ^^^8 ^^^ inquisitions they 



CO] 



' faces. Or. The above pedigree has been 




C\ 



Chap. 5.] CHIPPING SCHOOLS AND CHARITIES. Ill 

of Chipping, innkeeper, deceased, 13s. 4d. '*to buy him a cow hyde with." 
To his cousin Alice, granddaughter of his Aunt Harling l)y her daughter 
Mary, 20s. To Christopher Parkinson, one of the trustees, "inyne deske in 
the clossett, ray hatt and hatt case, two brushes, my best brasse candiesticke and 
snuflFers." To each of the trustees, £6 13s. 4d. To George Pigot of Preston, Esquire, 
the sum of £10, *' and my new moeheire rydeing coate, if hee shall take upon him the 
oversiershippe of this my will." To William, son of Henry Parkinson of Goosnargh, 
yeoman, deceased, 40s. to be employed in learning him to write and cast account. 
Then follows : — 

** A Shedule to my will contayneing some small leggassis wcii I 
desire may bee distributed by my executors accordinglye 
yt is to say to John Walton dyer a cap & ye worst [worsted] cravate 2 bands & a 

cloath bag 
To Grace Kirke a pare of ould shoes & ould slippers fflanen stirruiDS knit socks & 

broane wastcote 
To Robt Loude a gray Camlet Ryding Coate & Gray serge Coate & dublet a pare 

serge breeches & fushton drawers 
To my Cosen Chris: Melliu sonn of Garstang y^ Glasier my best jump Coat w^'i 

twist buttons 
To John y® sonn of Henery Shirburne ye sad collr Camlet Coate 
To ye sonn of Mr Roger Shirburne y« best dublet 
To Thomas Marsden my best gray wastcote to Thomas wife a booke called y^ 

Boules ingrafting into Christ a Little prayer booke w^^ was my sisters a 

Round pocket dyall 
To Henery Marsden my booke of Assemblies Catechisme my whipp & pare of 

Gloves with cut fingers 
To Thomas y® sonn of James Hathertwaite my New Linen shirt one of y^ best 

hand Carchiefs & Cravate 
To George Bordman a pare stockings a band & y^ laced Cravate 
To Rich Bolton judholmes [the name of a farm in Chipping] a pare of Camlet 

trouses a cloath Gamashes & a windoe sheete w'^'^ was his fathrs 
To Christopher Bateson a booke Called orlando furioso another called Christian 

pollacye another y« helpe to English histerye a cap 2 bands a handkershiffe 

pen knife pocket knife & seale sisers sheaves yardward most of w^'* things 

hee hath had 
To Edmond Hayhurst a booke of Peirson on ye salmes my tray & gould weights 

ye Clarkes Guide most of wch things is deliv'd him 
To Robt Windr my booke of Aliens feare of God : to Robt Dobson my booke of 

ye duty of Man 
To Allis Bond father my flannen cap I promised her 
To Alice Emmot, my othr .... Cap a pare stockings & strips and fiive 

shilliugs in money "* 

To John Startivant wife one of my flanen shifts & to Robt BorJman wife 

another 
The hangings in my Roome & ye Carpet of y^ table in y« greate Chamber being 

new cloath & plaine I wold haue distributed amongst y^ Children of 

Edmond Swinglehurat Robt & Dorathy Parkinson of Blindhurst Roljt 



142 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 6. 

Parkinson of Hazlehurst and Hen: Bolton according to their severall 
necessatyes 
I give my Black Cloath for y® vse of y« Church & parrish to bee kept by y« 
Clarke and Churchwardens k by them lent to such as haue neede thereof 
My dictionary to be kept for y« use of y® schoole & my Bible also after it be well 

bound and coverd to be reserved for y® same use 
My Chamber & Closet over the shopp to bee reserved for a season to y® use of my 
executors & there overseer to mete and consult of my affairs in & y^ Counter 
in ye Closet to kepe there accompts in & all there writeinge concerninge my 
estate 
It is alsoe my desire y' y® Cleare Rent of y« house where in I line w*^ y« shopp 
dyehouse barne orchard Garden w*^ all its appurtences & y« Rent of waller's 
tenemt beinge 12 p. p Annum to bee both distributed to y« most needfull 
people according to my will on St Andrews day & good fryday yearly the sd 
Rent of Wallrs tenemt to bee distributed y* way onely till ye Leasse be out 
& then y« whole to bee imployed according to y® 8<* will 
I would haue Henery Knowles who was Rich. Boltons apprentise and turned 
over to mee when I entred on ye Goose lane to haue 20s towarde a stocke to 
trade wth at ye End of his app[rentice8hip.] 
If ye wife or any sonn or daught*^ of The contents above I desire may bee 

one Henery Barber aboute Hull if any observed by my executors & performed 

bee liueing to pay 45/- to such wife or by them as part of my will witnesse my 

children of y® s^ Henery for A peace hand here unto subscribed by 

Cloath long sins bought of ye s^^ Henery John Brabin." 

before hee fled away from y^ Cunstable 
k officers who were in search of him 
upon ye suspicons of Cliping or 
Coyneiuge 

Proved Ist of Sept. 1683 at Preston by the four executors. 

Brabin's Alms Houses and Charity. 

Out of the personal estate of John Brabin were built three alms- 
houses close to the school, and with the residue were purchased two 
estates iu the parish of Chipping — ** Waller Clough " and "Brock- 
bouse." In 1688, these yielded £11 8s. ; in 1722, £18 ; and in 1825, 
£73 ; affording maintenance to six poor people, as well as a supply of 
clothing to poor householdera in the township of Chipping. Six poor 
people are now maintained in the almshouses. 

Down to 1880, when tbe new school was built, the rent received 
from two cottages and a garden in Chipping, bequeathed by John 
Brabin, was spent on cloth for the benefit of t'e poor of Leagram, 
Chippir.g, and Thornley, but as already explained by the new scheme 
of the Chiirity Commissioners, the whole of the funds go towards the 
purposes of education. The division of these charities (it is only right 



Chap. 5.] CHIPPING SCHOOLS AND CHARITIES. 143 

to add) has caused considerable local dissatisfaction, among those who 
consider that the directions of the founder ought to have been more 
strictly carried out. 

Charity of Edward Hakrison, 1671. 
Edward Harrison, of Chipping, husbandman, by will, dated 22nd 
October, 1671, ** out of such worldly estate in money as tho Lord hath 
lent me," left the sum of £30 to ** be imployed by his trustie and well 
beloved ffrends, Cuthbert Hesketh of Goosnargh, gent., and Eobert 
Rhodes, of Chipping, yeoman, for the use of the most needfull poore 
people within the townshippe of Chippin for ever." The interest of 
the said money to be distributed yearly on St. Thomas's Day ** at the 
parish church portch of Cliippin." 

He left legacies to his natural daughter, Elizabeth, by Alice Radcliffe, £50 ; to 
Kichard Ward of Ward Green, Ribchestcr, gent., 40s., and to his daughters, Elizabeth ^^ 
Martha, and Mary Ward, 20s. each ; to James Roades of Chippin his " greater sielled 
chist," and to Anne, his wife, £5, and the ** lesser sielled chiat," and to Margaret, thei]. 
daughter, 408. Other bequests were to John, Edward, Grace, and Ellen Harrison, of 
Chipping ; Thomas and Anne Read of Dilworth ; and John Richmond of Foxfieltl. 
The donor appointed a "twopence dowle bee delt for mee to the poore." He was 
buried at Chipping on the 8th November, 1672. 

Chabity of Eichard Lund, 1676. 

Eichard Lund, or Cragg, of Thornley, husband!nan, ** being in 
reasonable good health," made his will on the 10th October, 1676. 
To Cuthbert Hesketh, of White Hill in Goosnargh, and Ellis Dilworth, 
of the Arbour in Thornley, he left " £30 for the use of t!ie poor of 
the parish of Chippin, to be set out be set out by the said Cuthbert 
Hesketh and Ellis Dilworth and their assigns at interest, and the 
interest thereof to be yearly paid to the said poor at their discretion on 
or about Sfc. Thomas Day before Christmas.'' 

He made numerous x)rivate bequests, including £10 to Thomas and Richard, sons 
of Ellis Dilworth ; £5 to Agnes, wife of the said Ellis Dilworth ; 23s. each to the 
children of William Dilworth, of Thornley ; to the children of James Dilworth, of 
Chipping, 20s, each ; to Isabel, wife of Richard Harrison, of Marton, £10 ; to Ellen, 
wife of Robert Gilchrist, £3 ; to Dorothy, wife of Robert Co well, £3 ; to William 
Battel!, 20s. ; to Katherine Walker and her dau^her, Ann, £4 ; to Dorothy, daughter 
of Evan Banks, £5, and to Cuthbert Hesketh aforesaid, 40s. All the remainder of hid 
personal estate he gave to the said Cuthbert Hi-sketh and Ellis Dilworth for the-ir 
trouble as his executors. Ricliard Lund was buried at Chii)ping, 2Gth December, 1676, 
and his will was proved at Ribchester, 9th February, 1676-7, the amount of the inven. 
tory being £92 4s. 6d. 



Hi HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 5. 

Charity of Henry Barnes, 1696. 
Henry Barnes, of Chipping, yeoman, by will, dated 30tli Nov., 
1696, left £37 5s., ** to be put forth at interest," and the yearly pro- 
ceeds to be distributed to ** y^ poor inhabitants of Chipping upon St. 
Thomas's Day before Christmas." As trustees he appointed Cuthbert 
Hesketh of White Hill, gent., Gabri( 1 Hesketh, nephew of the said 
Cuthbert, James Parkinson of Blindhurst, gent., Michael Bleasdale of 
Chipping, yeoman, and William Rhodes of Chipping^ yeoman. 

He died possessed of considerable landed property in Chipping and Goosnargh, which 
he left to his wife Agnes, with legacies to George, son of Henry Barnes of Goosnargh, 
skianer, Cuthbert Hesketh, George Bleasdale, Jane Harrison, John Fairclough, John, 
George, and Grace Barnes, his brothers and sisters; and appointed his wife sole 
executrix. Henry Barnes died in December, 1696, and was buried on the 23rd of that 
month. His widow, Agnes Barnes, by her will, dated 16th April, 1707, left her estate 
in Goosnargh called *' Goosnargh Field,'* to Henry, son of John Fairclough, as soon as 
ho was 21 years of age. Her messuage, held under Mr. Shuttleworth, to the said John 
Fairclough; to Thomas Fairclough of Leyland, £6; to Elizabeth Parkinson of 
Claughton, 20a. To every poor person of Goosnargh and Chipping 2d., ** to be dealt to 
them by the poor book of both the said townships." She was buried at Chipping, 29th 
May, 1707 ; and her w ill was proved at Preston, 26th June, 1707, by her nephew, John 
Fairclough, the value of her personal estate being sworn at £76 16s. lOd. 

Charity of Thomas Wallbank, 1732. 

Thomas Wallbank, sprung from a respectable yeomanry family 
long settled in the district, a collector iu tlie Inland Eevsnue Service, 
by his will, dated 24th Ma}', 1732, made the following charitable 
bequesta : — ** I bequeath £10 to be placed at interest, and that interest 
to be given for the preaching of an Annyversary Sermon on St. 
Thomas's day iu the Parrish Church of Chippin by the Yicar thereof 
for the time being, for ever. I bequeath £30 to the poor of the towns 
of Chippin and Leagrim, viz., to each £15, the interest thereof yearly 
to be distributed on St. Thomas's day to such poor of the respective 
towns as shall attend y® sermon, and the same to continue for ever in 
that settled form and not otherwise." 

Other legacies were ; to his mother Ann, and his sister, Ann Wallbank, £200; to 
his brother, Nicholas Wallbank of Goosnargh, £50, and to his son, William, testator's 
clerk, £30, and to his daughter, Margaret, £20 ; to his brother, Robert Wallbank, 
£300, the interest to be spent in bringing up his children ; to his brother, Edward 
Wallbank, £100 ; to his brother, John Wallbank, £20; to his cousin, Edward Wall- 
bank, of London, £5 ; and to his godson, Edward Ains worth, £5, He appointed his 
kinsman, William Wallbank, of Blackburn, and his said brother, Nicholas, execmtors 



Chap. 6.] CHIPPING SCHOOLS AND CHARITIES. 145 

His will was proved the .3rd October, 1732 ; but bis burial is not 
recorded in the Chipping or Goosuargh registers. 

Charity of an Unknown Donor. 

This charity consists of '* The Poor's Cottage and Smithy,'* and 
produces yearly the sum of £5 9s. 

The above charities are managed by one set of trustees. Down 
to April, 1767, the money was lent out at interest on ** simple contract 
and personal security," when, on ** account of their uncertain state,'' it 
was decided at a public meeting of the parishioners to empower the 
then trustees to buy the ** Malt Kiln " estate (£7 lOs. being handed 
over to Thornley township). This estate consists of land and cottages, 
and produces an annual rental of £14. The charities seem to have 
been administered with careful regard to the wishes of the donors — 
from 40 to 50 yearly receiving relief ; while the Vicar of Chipping is 
paid lOs. for the sermon on St. Thomas's Day. The present trustees 
are John Charnley and William Tomlinson, of Chipping. 

Charity of Edward H?:lme, 1692. 

Edward Helme, of Chipping, yeoman (for some account of whose 
family, see chap, ix), by will, dated 3 1st Jan., 1691-2, left the tene- 
ment in which he than dwelt to his wife for her life, and in case she 
re-married, one-half thereof to go to his nephew, Thomas Barnes. His 
lands and tenement on Elmridge he left to his wife for life, and, after 
her death, the tenement to John Bright, and the lands to the said 
nephew, Thomas Barnes, subject to payment of £10 to the five children 
of Thomas Bonney, his nephews, and of £10 to Eichard Charnley of 
Barton. "If the said Thomas Barnes die without issue I bequeath the 
profits of the said lands unto y® impotent poore of the townshippe of 
Chippin for ever." He appointed his friends, Bartholonew Eccles, 
James Richmond, Henry Winder, and Thomas Parkinson, executors. 
The will was proved, 26th March, 1693, the inventory coming to 
£86 4s. 6d. 

The estate now consists of 28 acres of land statute measure, or 17 
acres customary measure. In 1757, the service of an arbitrator, 
appointed by the Duchy Court, was called in to settle certain matters 
in dispute. Ard, in 1771, a new scheme was established for the regu- 
lation of the charity, whereby the net yearly rent was to be applied 



N4. 



146 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. &. 

for the benefit of the most deserving and necessitous inhabitants of 
the township, to be selected by the trustees, by providing them with 
clothes, bedding, fuel, medical or other aid in sickness, food or other 
articles in kind, or with pecuniary and in special cases. The Vicar 
and Churchwardens of Chipping for the time being, along with 
Edmund Parkinson of Higher Core, were appointed trustees. The 
amount now distributed on St. Thomas's Day and Good Friday is £35 
per annum. In 1722, the rental was £6 128. 6d., and in 1831, 
£30 lOs. 

Chaeity of Alice Webster, 1742. 

By will, deted 27th April, 1742, Alice Webster of Leagram 
(buried at Chipping, Oct. 8th, 1743), directed **that £18 should be 
put out at interest into some safe hand, and the yearly interest thereof 
to be yearly given and distributed to the poor and necessitous house- 
keepers in Leagram and Chipping, in money, cloth, or catmeal, at the 
discretion of her executors." The sum of £2 appears to have been 
left by a brother of this donor, as, in 1825, £20 was in the hands of 
James Sumner, of Leagram, who distributed 168. yearly " in a private 
manner." 

Sundry Charities. 

In Chipping, as in most other parishes, there are several charities 
of which there is now only the bare record, although it is possible 
that some of the charities briefly described below may include the one 
already recorded of ** an unknown donor." 

Thomas Parkinson, £20 ; Eichard Startifant, two small cottages; 
Henry Wilkinson, £18; Thomas Threlfall, £10. Elizabeth Kich- 
mond, of Hall Trees, Chipping, spinster, by will dated 3rd Jan., 1766, 
left £30, the interest of which was to be distributed yearly among 
** the poor widows and fatherless children belonging to Chipping." She 
appointed as trustees her sister, Esther Richmond, John Harrison, 
Henry Bleasdale, and Henry Haighton, gent. A legacy of £5 is said 
to have been left by Penelope Willingeur, of Brimingham (? Birming- 
ham), in her will dated 27th Oct., 1741, and that 208. of this was 
expended in obtaining copies of lier will and of the will of Williaju 
Slater, of St. Thomas's, Southwark, her former husband. 



Chap. 6.] CHIPPING SCHOOLS AND CHARITIES. U7 

Charity of William Wright, 1712. 

In bis will, dated Hth March, 1711-12, WiUiam Wright, of 
Thornley, blacksmith, made the following directions : "I do give, 
order, and devise that some poor child or children shall be put out 
apprentices, and some Well en and Canvas . cloth shall be bought for 
the most necessitus poore w*Mn the Towoshipp [of] Thornley yearly, 
every year during the remainder of the lease aforesaid '* [«.^., the 
lease of his messuage in Thornley called Tumlpys granted by Edward 
Stanley, Esq., after the children of his sister, Frances Walne, had 
attained their majority]. After enumerating certain bequests, as 
stated below, he proceeds : " The residue of my personal estate [£160] 
I dispose as followeth — I do order that Cloths shall be bought w*** it 
for the poore of Thornley, and to be given to them at the discretion of 
ray executors." 

The books of this charity have been excellently kept from 1729 to 
the present time ; and on the whole the trust seems to have been care- 
fully performed. Down to 1740 (when the lease of **Turnleys'' 
expired) £8 a year was spent in clothing. Prom 1745 to 17M the 
interest on £160 yielded 4*6 8s.; reduced to £5 from 1766 to 1785, 
About 1786, £7 5s., *'the proportionate share*' of the township in 
Richard Lund's Charity, and £18 left by some per-on unkown, were 
vested in the trustees of Wright's charity. The combined charities 
amounted in 1812 to £220, and this sum has since that time been lent 
out on loan at 4i per cent, per annum, thus producing £9 18s. a year. 
The township's share in Brabin's Charity, amounting in 1878 to £3 a 
year (when it was discontinued), has also been distributed along with 
Wright's Charity. In 1729, 20 persons participated; in 1789,32; 
and in 1887, 21 persons. No charge whatever has been marie by the 
trustees for this work. The present trustees are the Vicar of Chipping, 
the Churchwardens of Thornley, and Robert Wilkinson, of New House, 
Thornley, the last named acting as managing trustee. 

William Wright, the Thornley blacksmith, was son of Christopher Wright of 
Thornley. Ou the 2nd Feb., 1669-70, administration of the goods of the said 
Christopher Wright was granted to Jane Wright, widow, and John Crooke of Preston, 
yeoman. By his marriage, 28th July, 1701, with Agnes, daughter of Thomas Dil- 
worth of Thornley, yeoman (who was buried at Chipping less than 18 months after. 
Pec. 30th, 1702), he had no issue. He himself died in April 1712, and was buried at 
Chipping on the 24th of that month. 



148 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 5. 

Besides the charitable bequests abready mentioned, he left the following legacies. 
His freehold messuage called the Carr Side in Thomley (to this day the township's 
smithy) then in the occupation of Richard & Deborah Newsham, at the yearly rent of 
£3. was to go to John, Richard, & William Walue, sons of his brother-in-law Thomas 
Walue, and their heirs for ever. His messuage called Turnleys, held under Edward 
Stanley, Esq., he left in trust to Thomas Eccles, with instructions to pay to seven of 
the children of his sister Frances Walne during their minority, and then to hold the 
same for the benefit of the poor of Thomley. To Robert Walne an annuity of 40s. 
To his sister Anne, wife of Wm. Thompson and her two children, £60 ; to Thomas 
Dilworth his godson and nephew all his smith's tools, and £5 ; to his mother-in-law 
Susannah Dilworth, £8 ; to his goddaughter Agnes Radcliffe, 40s. To his executors, 
George and Thomas Eccles, each two guineas. The will, witnessed by Henry Bleas- 
dale, Robert Parkinson, and Christopher Bateson, was proved, 5th June, 1712, the 
amount of inventory being £310 13s. 6d. 




CHAPTER TT. 



. HE four churchwardens for the parish— two for each 
townsliip — wtre appointed, two by the Vicar, and by 
the pariehionerB, the like number. The exceedingly 
ncomplete list of these officials given below has been 
compiled mainly from the parish registers and the 
Thornley Towoship books. A diligent search for the Chipping 
Township books, has, I regret to say, been fruitless. 

1709 William Wright 




I JohnWallur 

John Wilkinson 

Lawrence Cutler 

Bicbard Suwerbutta 
1S02 Biohard Bonlton 

Thomas AllBtoa 

James Helms 

William Turacley 
1697 Henry Charnock 

Richard Simpson 
1699 Wm. Wawne de Lowdbank 

James Ble&adsU 

1701 Wm. Wright 
John Marsden 

1702 Robt. White 
Wm. Walne 

1T03 Edmund Ecdea de Birka 

Roger Ken; on 
1701 John Wilkinson 

John Walmsle; 

1705 Wm. Cutler 
Thoa. Krnyon 

1706 Thomas Seed 
Edmund Parkinsen 

1707 William Thompson 
Lawrence Cutler 

1708 John Bradley 
Thos. Ksnyon 



Lawrence Cutler 

1710 Bobt. Batdiff 
John Uaradan 

1711 Robt. DuDderdale 
Rd. Kenyon 

1712 John BiUington 
Wm. Spencer 

1713 Wm. Walne 
Thoa. Rhodes 

1714 Wm. Cutler 
Tbos. Elliot 

1717 George Ecclas 
Anthony TbrelfaU 

1718 Wm. Henkath 
Giles Bleasdell 

1720 Richard Ecclee 
Giles Bleaidell 

1721 Bobt. Broadburst 
Bartholomew Eccles 

1722 Rd. Gooday 
TliDs. Rhodes 

1723 Wro. Prooter 
James HaightOD 
Bobt. Dundsrdall 

1724 Rd. Dilworth 
Robt. White 
Wm. Wawen 



150 



HISTORY OF CHIPPma 



[Chap. 6. 



1725 


John Cottam 
Wm. Rhodes 
Wm. Bordman 


1733 


Alex. Bleasdale 
Ellis Dilworth 
Hy. Fairclough 






1726 


Edmund Ecoles 




Wm. Spencer 








Rd. WaterhoiiBO 


1734 


Thos. Gradwell 






1727 


Thos. Parkinson 




Rd. Ratcliffe 






N- 


John Parkinson 
Edward WaUbank 




Hy. Fairclough 
John Cottam 






1728 


John Cottam 
Rd. Cutler 


1735 


Robt. RatcUffe 
Robt. Seed 






- 


Rd. Farrer 




Evan Eccles 








James Leech 


1736 


Rd. Eccles 






1729 


Wm. Swinglehurst 




Joseph Ratcliffe 








Rd. Ratcliffe 


1738 


Rd. Wilson 






- 


Wm. Spencer 
Thos. Dobson 




Thos. Hacking 
Lawrence Harrison 






1730 


Wm. Swinglehurst 




Wm. Spencer 








Jonas Rhodes 


1739 


John Parkinson 








Henry Salisbury 
John Kirkham 




John Hey 
John Kenyon 






1731 


Rd. Waterhouse 




Wm. Salisbury 








John Kenyon 


1740 


James Edmundson 








Regiifald Alston 




Thos. Parkinson 








Robt. Dunderdale 




Thos. Parkinson 






1732 


Thos. Dilworth 




EUis Dilworth 








Thos. Parkinson 


1746 


Henry Salisbury 








Arthur Wilkinson 




Jonas Rhodes 








Hy. Bleasdale 










From the township books of Thornley, commencing in 1697 


\ the 


following items are taken : — 










1700 


Nov. 1 John Parkinson, surveyor for ye 


east end hath laid 


s. 


d. 




out these moneyes conseruing ye highwayes : 








for a peece of wood had out of Ban Chew (?) for a plats 





8 




paid for a certificate 


• • • m t 


• ••• ••• ••• 


1 







paid for writing a bill at privy sessions 





2 




spent when I attended ye 


qu. sessions 


1 







for one day mending a peece of way 





6 




When I went out of office at qu. sessions 


1 







Richard Rogerson, surveyor for the west end a/c. : 








for ye moss yeat brow 


mending ye cart-way and 







causeway 



1 



Spent when I went to ye sessions and other charges.^. 2 

The total expenses of keeping tne highways in order for the 
township of Thornley — an extent, however, at that time of only two or 
three miles -was only 7s. 4d. ! 



Ghap. 6.] OHUROHWARDENS AND PARISH OFFICERS. 151 

Memorandum. — That a bargain is concluded with Henry Marsden {Constable of 
Thornley) for ye year 1717 towards the maintenance of Elizabeth Bradley for the sum 
of three potinds, whereof the town is to pay one pound, twelve shillings, and the rest is 
to be paid out of her grounds. 

In 1719 we find the following : 

** Nov. 37th. -List of goods destrained, belonging to Thomas Marsden of Thorn- 
ley by Richard Boulton for rent due and in arrear, being all sorts of goods upon the 
premises : One red cow, £3 ; a black brand cow, £3 ; one gray gelding and a black 
mare, £5— total of quick goods, £11. Dead goods : Hay, £1 ; bedding, pewter, brass, 
chist, and trunkes in the house, £1." 

1727 Jan. 2 ** Then was Cuddy Threlf all's accounts shown beforo the whole 

heads of the^ownship of Thornley Upon the collection of the 
the Tyth Rent for four years last past, and it doth appeare 
there is only 10s. 3d. in the collector's hand which is allowed 
for his expences and charges in going to York and all his other 
trouble. 
Edmd. Parkinson Richard Parker 

Richard Eccles John Wilkinson 

Thos. Eccles Robert White 

Richard Cutler William Rhodes 

James Walne Thomas Seed." 

Very careful were the oj£cers of the township about the settlement of strangers. 
William Farkes of Ho worth, in the Westriding of York, having by virtue of a " flying 
certificate" dated 23 April, 1711, along with his wife and family, for some time dwelt 
in Thornley ; but on February 2nd 1721-2, he took a farm in Rowland and thereto 
removed on the 14th May following, and on the 3rd May he signs in the township book 
an agreement that ** neither he nor any of his family hath gained any settlement in 
the saide township of Thomeley by either farming of lands, paying of * 'sessments or 
serving office." 

1754 April 15 Paid John Atkinson 50 week's pay at 12d. and 58. 

towards house rent 2 15 

April 15 Paid Joseph Bleasdale for boarding Dickinson 

and Hakinson and .for clothing 2 19 8 

April 15 Paid Francis Bleasdale's ! assessment of 8d. per 
week, and 2d. per week for fire, and for cloth- 
ing for her child and for meal 2 2 llj 

June 22 Paid Margaret Richardson 8 week's pay at Is. 3d., 
and Is. to old Wm. Salisbury for her son's 
board, wages when she was gone to Liverpool 11 
1758 Dec. 27 Then agreed upon betwixt the township of Thornley and John 

Blakey that he is to keep his wife's daughter, Elizabeth 

Richardson, from Martinmas last past until the sum of £2 

Is. 4d. be run out at Is. per week, which said sum he has 

already received in goods and cash. 

In 1766 hired officers were paid : Constable, 10s. ; Overseer, £1 10s. ; Supervisor 

of Highways, £2, ** but if any person serve any of the said offices himself payment was 

only to be made at the rate of 2s. 6d. for the overseer, and Is. each for the other two 



152 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. «. 

offices.** Aourions resolution is the following: "March 22th, 1771, Rd. Hikrdicar 
paide to Mr. Richd. Eocles the sum of £12 Is., towards carrying on an action of lawe 
relating the road between Dusty Clough and Chagley Moor, being the reversion of 
money paid by Robert Alston concerning a bastard chield.'* 

Parish Clerks and Sextons. 

The duties of Clerk and Sexton at Chipping appear to have 
always been discharged by one individual. In a copy of a document 
(without date) concerning " the Vicar's Rights or Dues," it is stated 
that there is " one clerk who hath two lajB through the parish, viz. : 
four pounds eleven shillings per annum^ i,e,y Chipping paying one 
pound eight shillings per lay, and Thornley seventeen shillings and 
sixpence par lay, besides what he hath under the Yicar for church fees, 
one Sexton and five Ringers, all chosen by the Vicar. We have a 
clock looked to by the Sexton at six shillings and eightpence per 
year, and four shillings and sixpence p,^r 3'ear for keeping clean the 
church, church-yard, and church pewter, and one shilling for weeding 
all the church steps, five shiilings is also allowed by the parish for 
washing the church linen against the three several sacrament days, 
and also three shillings more for drawing up the presentments and 
transcripts. The Clerk is likewise obliged to collect all the Vicar's 
dues lelonging to him both in the church and parish." 

The following names furnish a complete list from 1600 to the 

present time : — 

1611. Ralph Cooke. ^ 

1611 — 1667. Edward Knowles. 

1667-— 1680. John Dobson.^ 

1680 — 1728. Christopher Bateson. 

1728—1764. William Dilworth. 

1764—1776. William Townley. 

1776—1821. John Townley.^ 

1821—1835. Thomas Knowles.* 

1836—1855. Mark Bond. 

1856 — 1878. James Parkinson. 

1879—1886. Henry Leeoe. 

1887—1891. William Proctor. 

1892. Richard Procter. 

1 Ralph Cooke was buried at Chip- » John Townley buried Feb. 15,1821 

ping, May 23, 1611. aged 82. 

« John Dobaon buried May 21, 1680. * Thomas Knowles buried July 26, 

1835, aged 38. 



Chap. 6 ] CHURCHWARDENS AXO PARISH OFFICER! 153 

In the parish register we find the foUowinjy : — ** Edward Knowles 
of Chippin in the said county being chosen by the inhabitants and 
. . . . of the parish of Chippin to boe theire parish clar!xG, came 
before us this 22d. of September and was by us approved on to bee 
the register for the said parish to have the keepinge of the booke and 

was by us approved on accordinge to the Acte cf 

Parliament of the 24th of August last in that case prouided 

RlC : SnUTTLEWORTH 

**Cora. Lane. 1653 John Starkie." 

Edward Knowles died in 1667, and was buried at Cliipping en 
July 12, having been clerk for the long spell of 56 years. 

Christopher Bateson, a member of a family long settled in Bow- 
land, was a trustee of Brabin's School, and took an active part in its 
management (see chap. v.). In his will, dated June 16, 1727, he left 
his son Richard, 14/. Is. His messuage, hold under Sir Nicholas 
Sherburne, to his daugliter, Elizabeth Bateson ; and in a codicil, dated 
July 3rd, 1727, he adds: "Whereas my said daughter has unfor- 
tunately liad an illegitimate son now living named Jonathan neither 
he nor any other illegitimate children shall ba any hindrance to my 
son Eichaid entering upon the moiety of my messuage. ' Inventory, 
46/. 98. 6d. By his marriage, at Chipping, June 12, 1()86, with Grace 
Marsden, he had issue Richard (afterwards master of Brabin's School) 
and Elizabeth. His wife was buried at Chipping, Sept., 1702; and 
he himself was there buried, Jan. I -I, 1727-8. 




1670 (i 



CHAPTER Vn. 

'^onconfcvminQ (S>\jvtvcitea* 

CHIPPING CATHOLIC CHAPEL. 

i N times of persecution Catholic priests lived in the 
Chipping distritt at Wolf House, Laagram HtU 
{or The Lawnd, as it waa thea generally called), 
Stonjhurst, and at other houses of the gentry in 
the neighbourhood ; and from these centrea 
inim tered to the spirituiil wants of the people. In 
II pp. 25-6), Gohei't Cottom, an old local priest, was 
lyiug hid at Wolf Uouae; and in 1586, Richard Parker, Yicar of 
Chipping, on the information of John Salesbury, represented that one 
Guile, a prieat, wns harboured by Jamea Dewhurst, of Chipping 
(Zatic. Lieut., Ft. ii., 189-190). The Lawnd, at Leagram, which, 
from 1556 to [ate m the seventeenth century, waa used aa a dower-house 
of the Sherburnes of Stonyhurst, would doubtless prove a safe and 
huapitable shelter to the miasionary prieats at the time, and waa pro- 
vided with a dumeatic chapel and the uaual priests' biding places. 

Tradition has it that Fr. Arrotrsmith, who was executed at 
Lancaster, August 28th, 1628, occaaionalty ministered here. 

Tlie oldest chapel at Leagram, of which there is any knowledge, 
and of which there have been any remains found, stood on the high 
ground at the north- weaterii extremity of the court-yard of the Lawnd. 
An old man living, aged 83 (in 1873), remembered it in ruins when 
he was a boy ; it was T3ry small, and the walls were of great thickness, 
as was evident from the foundationa whijo laid bare In I87I. About 
1787, Thomas Weld, £sq., erected a larger chapel on the aite of the 
west wing of the old mansion, 60ft. in length, 26ft. in width, with five 
long ruuud-headed windows on one side ; the inside being very plain, 
and the ezteiior more ao. This building again proving too small for 



Chap. 7.] 



NONCONFORMING CHURCHES. 



1.55 



the growing wants of the congregation, shortly after the late George 
Weld came to live at Leagram, a sitij was granted with some land by 
him, adjoining Brabin*8 Old School, and a large chapel and a priest's 
house were erected thereon, and opened for public worship in 1827.^ 

The Chapel, dedicated to St. Mary, is a handsome stone building, 
almost square, with a school and cemetery adjoining. 

Mr. Joseph Qillow has supplied the following account of tlie 
mission and its priests. 

The early history of the chaplaincy is obscure. Bro. Foley, in 
his 5th volume of Records 8. «7., p. 339, under a brief and somewhat 
inaccurate notice of this mission, gives a copy of a tahella mismrum 
with instructions for the priest serving an ancient Sherburne founda- 
tion. This, however, evidently refers to the Stonyhurst chaplaincy, 
quite distinot from that at Leagram. In a Jist of Lancashire priests, 
dated March 3, 1696-7, appear the names of Charles and Richard 
Penketh. The latter is noticed below ; the former in an information 
to the Commissioners of Forfeited Estates (B. 62, p. 93), Dec. 27th, 
1716, is said to b.) then at the Lawnd : — 

"The mother of Sir Nicholas Slierbiirne, of Stonyhurst, gave an estate 
near Chippin.ij, of £'iO per anniitn, to Charles Penkot, a Popisfc priest, to go at 
his death in a succession for ever to Popish priests for their maintenance and 
support, the said Charles Penket, now living at the lIou>«e called Chipping Lane, 
to which the estate is given him as aforesaid belongs." ^ 

EiCHARD Penketii, D.D. (1696)-1721, was educated at the 

English College at Seville, whar^ apparently he took his degree of 

D.D., and Dodd esteemed iiim worthy of inclusion in his Flores Gleri 

AnglO'Catholici in 1699. His name is associated with the Surrey 

demon-'ac controversy by Taylor in his Surrey Imposter, published in 

1697. Like many Catholic priests of his day. Dr. Penketh was a keen 

sportsman, and his name as a leading member of the Stonyhurst Hunt 

is celebrated in verses by the local poet Cottam. The Jacobite diarist. 



^ The information in this paragraph 
is derived from Gillow's and Hewitscm's 
Tyldesley Diary y pp. 81-2. 

* The informant was apparently in as 
much uncertainty about the Christian 
namo of the priest as about the grant of 
the estate, for, so far as we can gather, 
Charles Penketh died at another mission 



some ten miles from Leagram in or 
about the year 1699, and the Ticagram 
estate was not capable of being dealt 
with as asserted. The Penkeths belonged 
to an ancient Catholic family seated at 
Penketh, in the parish of Prescot. At 
Flowers' Visitation, in 1567, they re- 
turned a pedigree cf <relve generations. 



156 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 7. 

Thomas Tyldesley, also alludes to his going fox-hunting with 
«*Mr. Penkef' on June 5, 1712. After the Eising of 1715, the 
persecution of Catholics was revived with great vigour, and so we find 
"Rich. Penketh, a reputed Priest, of Holland and Leagram," con- 
victed of recusancy at the Lancaster Session^, Tan. 15, 1716-17. No 
doubt, in couQmon with other priests, he would have to conceal himself 
until after the Commissioners had relaxed their inquiries. The 
following witnesses were summoned to give evidence before them at 
Preston : — 

"James Parker the Taller of Lagram sworne this 18 July 1718 upon his 
oath says he has known Chipping Lawn and rented the same of Mr. Sherburne 
and paid 32" lOs. per ann. and paid the same to his steward. That he knew 
Mr. Penkard who lived at Chipping Lawn and was reputed a Romish priest." 
" James Parker the Shorter of the same hath rented part of Chipping Lawn of 
Sir Rio. Sherburne at 9" odd money and paj's his rent to his steward. That he 
hath known Mr. Penkard about 20 yrs. who is reputed a Romish priest and hath 
heard him say something in Latin what is called Masij, but he hath not been 
there since the Rebellion, but never paid him any rent.'' [Forfeited Estates^ 
S. 100). 

Dr. Penketh died at Leagram, and his burial is thus recorded in 
the Parish Church Register: ** Richard Pencoth A popish priest 
buried 7™° August 1721— of Chippin Laund." On May 2lst, 1715, 
the burial of **Mrs. Pencoth" — possibly the Doctor's mother — is 
entered in the Register. Some otlier priest no doubt served the 
mission for a few years before the arrival of Mr. Kendal. 

Robert Kendal, 17(29) — Circa 1733, came of a family that has 
given many worthy priests to the church, he himself being the 
youngest of four brothers so devoted, sons of Jolin Kendal, senior, of 
Ful wood, near Preston. He was born May 12, 1700, and made his 
rudimentary studies at the celebrated Dame Alice's school, at Ferny- 
halgh. Thence he was sent to Douay College, where he took the 
missionary oath in 1718, and after ordination came to Chipping 
Laund. Here he was at the time of Bishop Williams' visitation in 
1729. He left two years later, probably about 1733, and there or 
subsequently became chaplain to Lord Molyneux^ at Croxteth Hall, 
where he remained till his death, April 19, 1746, aged 45. 

John Moohe, (1733) 1783, a native of Lancashire, took the oath at 
Douay College, Feb. 2, 1724-5, and in due course came to the English 



Chap. 7.] NONCONFORMING CHURCHES. 157 

Mission. The exact date of his arrival at Chipping is not known, but 
it was probably in or about 1733. He happened to be at Preston 
during the affair of 1745, and was sheltered from his pursuers by a 
Catholic woman. For some time before his end he appears to have 
been in infirm heahh, but continued to reside at Leagram until his 
death, June 26, 1783, and was buried on the 29th of that month, 
according to an entry in the Pai'ish Church Register. On Sep. 30, 
1770, was buried "Ellen Moore of Lawn-in-Leagram," doubtless a 
relative of the priest. Bishop Watson made his visitation at Chipping 
June 3, 1774. 

James Lawrenson, 1783-1795, son of James Lawrenson and his 
wife Jane Cotham (probably a relative of the Penkeths), was born in 
Lancashire, April 28, 1752, took the oath at Douay College, July 2, 
1777, in his first year's theology, and after ordination waa appointed 
to this mission in 1780 to assist Fr. Moore. On Sep. 28, 1784, Bishop 
Mathew Gibson made his visitation, and confirmed 42 persons, the 
number of communicants being returned at 120. Eleven days later 
his lordship paid Chipping a second visit. In August, 1795, Mr. 
Lawrenson left Chipping to take charge of the mission at Scorton. 
Ultimately he retired to Garstang, where he died Jan. 15, 1 828, aged 75. 

John Hart, O.S.F., 1795-1803, a friar of St. Bonaveuture's 
Monastery, Douay, for nearly two years after his arrival in Aug., 1795, 
lived in the upper story of Brabin's School at Chipping until the new 
priest's house was built and made ready for him at the Lawnd. He 
retired in ill-health to Osmotherley in 1803, where he died on Dec. 9 
of that year. 

EiCHARD AiTTHONY SuMNER, O.S.F., 1800-1803, a native of 
Chipping, born in 1775, was educated with his twin brother, James 
Loo, at the English Franciscan Monastt^ry at Douay, whence they had 
to fly from the persecutions of the French revolutionists. After many 
hardships, they completed their studies at a Franciscan convent at 
Rome, and were ordained priests. In their persons the similitude 
was so exact that, on their return to England, their own father could 
not tell one from the other. Richard died at Clare House, Plymouth, 
July 16, 1822, and James ut Taunton six days earlier, aged 47. 

John Louis Reeve, 1803-1828, son of Matthew Reeve, born at 
Birmingham in 1777, was educated at Liege Academy and Stonyhui'st 



158 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 7. 

College, and was ordained priest, June 12, 1802. lie was appointed 
to this mission in 1803, and remained till 1828, and was not at 
Poutefract from 1816-20 as stated by Bro. Foley ; the compiler of the 
Records S.J. has confused him with his cousin, Fr. John Keeve alias 
Power, al one time a Jesuit. In 1827 Mr. Reeve took possession of 
the new chapel and priest's house adjoining the village of Chipping, 
and the old chapel at Loagram Hall was only continued for domestic 
use. In 1828 Mr. Eeeve removed to the old Jesuit Mission of Bedford 
Leigh, which he served till Oct. 10, 1840, when he withdrew to Ross, 
CO. Hereford, and there died Jan. 1, 1845, aged 68. 

Edward Morrow, S. J., 1828-1838, a native of Ireland, born Jan. 

1, 1797, was educated at Stonyhurst, and in 1828 exchanged missions 
with Mr. Reeve. He remained here, with a short interval in 1834-5, 
duiing which the Rev. James Peacock supplied, till 1838, when he 
went to Wigan. He died at St. Francis Xavier's, Liverpool, Nov. 12, 
1862, aged 65. 

James Bateman, S.J., 1838-1840, born in Lancashire, Oct. 9, 
1805, was educated at Stonyhurst and Mont-Rouge, France, and was 
ordained at the former in 1836. Ho ultimately died at Newhall, 
Essex, June 17, 1879, aged 74. 

John Brice Bridge, S.J., 1840, a native of Liverpool, born Nov. 

2, 1793, studied at Stonyhurst, ordained priest in 1819, was here a 
very sliort time, and, after serving in various positions, died at AUerton 
Park, Yorkshire, Feb. 20, 1860, aged 66. 

Felix Pooli:, S.J„ 1840-1841, born at Poutefract, April 19, l80J, 
was educated and ordained priest at Stouyhurs'. He died at Rhyl, 
Oct. 23, 1868, aged 59. 

John McClune, S.J., 1841-1842, born in Liverpool, April 19, 
1809, according to Bro. Foley on the same day as his predecessor, was 
educated at Stonyliurst, and subsequently sub-minister there. He 
died at Stonyhurst, Dec. 16, 1848, aged 39. 

John Middlbhurst, S.J., 1842-1843, a member of an old Catholic 
family settled at Hindley, Abrani, and Wigan, at tlie latter of whicli 
he was born Feb. 8, 1805, was ordained priest at Stonyhurst in 1834. 
lie came here from Broughton Hall, Yorkshire, and, after his 
departure, spout most of his life at Bedford Leigh, dying at Soutlipoit, 



Chap. 7.1 NONCONFORMING CHURCHES. 159 

Feb. 12, 1877, aged 72. He was a man of remarkable humilit}', 
meekness, and suavity of manners. 

James Knight, S.J., 1843-1844, eldest son of James Kuij^ht, 
Esq., of Cannington, co. Somerset, was born there, July 20, 1780, 
He studied at Stonyhurst, and was ordained priest at Sion, April 1 1 , 
1824. After serving the mission at various places, he came here in 
1843, died suddenly of apoplexy, Nov. 12, 1844, aged 64. 

William O'Brien, 1844, served the mission temporarily. 

EioHARD Eaby, 1844-1846, son of Eichard Eaby, of Leicester, 
woollen manufacturer, was educated at Stonyhurst and admitted into 
the Society. Upon leaving here he was placed at OHtheroe, whence 
he went to Wigan in 1847, where he remained till 1850, and then 
became secularized and was appointed to the Leicester Mission. In 
185*4i, he removed to Bosworth Hall in his native county, whence he 
went to Ashbourne, co. Derby, and so continued till his retiremeut to 
Nottingham^in 1876. There he died Jan. 17th, 1883. 

James B^teman, S.J., 1846-57, bom at Lancaster, Oct. 9, 1805, 
was ordained priest at Stonyhurst in 1836. He came here from 
Wigan in 184tf, and remained until the Society surrendered the 
mission to the Bishop of Salford in 1857. He died at Newhall, 
Essex, June 17, 1879, aged 74. 

Peter de Blon, 1857-1860. In 1860, Fr. de Blon we:it to 
Manchester, whence he withdrew to his native country in 1867. 

John Newton, 1860-1861, an Ushaw priest, who removed from 
here to St. Mary's, Manchester, in 1861, and is now at St. Alban's, 
Blackburn. 

John Canon Eimmer, 1861-1865, born at Huyton, near Liver- 
pool, in 1816, was educated at Sedgley Park, Ushaw, and at the 
English College at Eome, and was ordained priest in 1811. He 
served the mission at St. Augustine's, Manchester, Bury, and 
St. Mary's, Burnley. From the latter he came to Chipping in 1861, 
end after his departure in 1865, he was successively at Ashton-under- 
Lyne, and Stydd Lodge, Eibchester, 1868-72. He then returned to 
Burnley, whence he retired owing to failing health in Oct., 1890, and 
resided at his native place till a fortnight before his death at Birkdale, 
April 20, 1891, ager^ 74. He was appointed Canon immediately after 
the creation of the Salford Chapter. 



169 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 7. 

IsiDoiiE John de Ghysk, 1865, the present priest, is a native of 
Glient, in Belgium, and was tliere educated and ordaioed. For three 
years ho was at St. Joseph's, Manchester, and thenco came to the 
mission at Chipping. 

I.EE HOUSE CHAPEL. 

The Catholics of Thornle}^ township during the sixteenth century 
would doubtless wrrship at the private chapels in the ncighbourliood. 
This mission was opened in 1738, tlie founder being Thomas Eccles, 
of Lee House, sprung from a yeomanry family of repute in the parishes 
of Cliipping and Hibch ester, who settled the following lands in 
Thoruley : — ** Lee House, 18 acres in extent ; Dewhurst land, 3 acres; 
a cottage at Birks, and 10 acres of laai called Leo Barn or Daggers,'* 
the whole valued at £370, upon Thomas Walmesley, of Showley, 
junr., gent., Thomas Eccles, of Dilworth, shopkeeper, and John 
Cottam, of Knowlo Green, in Ribchester, yeoman (whom he also 
appointed executors of his will) in trust for the use of "a Friar or Friar 
Minor of the order of St. Francis of the English Province to live and 
olRciato at the Lee House and to have a chapel there, and that all the 
church stuff for the priest and altar, and my book of Religion may be 
preserved at the Leo House, and that the priest be not absent more 
than one whole week in the month." ^ 

From the date of its foundation in 1738, the mission continued to 
be served by the Friars until the strength of the English Franciscan 
Province became so much reduced, that in 1826 it was found necessary 
to transfer the charge to the Yicar Apostolic cf the Northern District, 
who appointed the Rev. Francis Trappes to the incumbency. In 
1810 the chapel was closed owing to a dispute between the incumbent 
and his superiors, into the merits of which this is not the place to 
enter. It was not reopened until 1859 ; and in tlie interval we are 
told that the church lands were **in the hands of an agent, by whom 
the chuicli and house were left without repairs and allowed to decay, 
the gardens to wajste, and the land impoverished until it was run out." * 
All agreement was then arrived at by which the charge of the 
mission was transferred to the Benedictines, to whom the English 
Franciscans woio in many ways obligated. 

C. ^ From a fragment of a c()i)y of the ^ Lee Ilouse Church Books, 

origin.il iiideutuie at Lee Ilouse. 



Chap. 7.] NONCONFORMING CHURCHES. 161 

The building, dedicated to St. William, is a plain stone structure, 
with a priest* s house attached. Its external appearance may be 
judged from the engraving here given. Portions of the old house 
remain of sixteenth century date, when the Alston family lived here. 
The interior, which during the present year (1892) has been renovated, 
is plain and simple. On the north wall is a marble tablet with the 
inscription: — To the Memory of the Revd. J. B. Martin, O.S.F. 
This Monument is raised to attest the general esteem of his 
friendly, hospitable, and disinterested conduct as a neighbour 
and priest, and especially to record his having for his own 
mission during his ministry paid a debt of £1300, incurred in 
purchasing the land and building the chapel, at the hlll in 
GoosNARGH. May he rest in peace. Fr. Joseph Bonaventure 
Martin died April 29, 1834, aged 62, at the Hill, Goosnargh, of 
which congregation he had been 32 years the respected pastor. A 
stone slab at the north-east corner bears the arms of the Riddells of 
Cheeseburn Grange, Northumberland, and an inscription, fast fading 
away, commemorating the burial, 6 Nov., 1830, of William, son of 
Ealph Riddell, Esq., and his wife Isabella. The Biddells were 
connected with this locality as the owners of the Alston Hall Estate. 

The monuments in the cemetery are few, and all of the present 
century ; the base of a stone cross is said to have been brought here 
from the old highway between Longridge and Chipping. The 
registers commence in 1800. 

Of the founder of the mission an interesting relic is preserved in 
the priest's house— a portrait in oil, of which a reproduction faces this 
page. Among the masses to be perpetually said are: ^'Jul}'' 18, 
Thomas Eccles, the founder, one mass a week (from time immemorial 
has been said on Sundays) ; June 18, Edmund Eccles, Dec. 28, 
Elizabeth Eccles " (the father and mother of the founder). 

Thomas Eccles, a resciiant convicted at Lancaster in 1716, made li is will 
24 Feb., 1742-3 (proved 10th Sep. following). He gives an annuity of £1 10s, 
to George Thorpe, son of his brother-in-law, Lawrence Thorpe, provided that 
Richard Eccles of Birks, and Henry Eccles his brother, so long do live. To 
Thomas and June Thorpe, brother and sister of George Thorpe, £20 and £50, 
respectively; to Frances Winder, £8; to Margaret Walmesley, daughter of 
Mar„'aret Cay aisd granddaughter of Christopher Walmesley, £10; to Richard 
Boulton, to his cousins John Turner and John Barnes, to George and Mary 



162 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 7. 

Eccle?, children of Thomas Eccles of Dilworth (one of his executors), each 208. 
To his executors 3 guineas apiece, to whom he leaves the residue of his personal 
estate, except his clothes, left to Christopher Simpson, and William Winder. 

Thomas Eccles died on July 18th, 1743, and was buried at 
Chipping three days later. * 

Priests of Lee House Ohapel. 

1738-1745. — Fr. Germain Helme, O.S.F., generally called 
Holmes, whose baptismal name has not been ascertained, was a native 
of Qoosnargh, aild a member of an old local family. Fr. Helme was 
stationed at a chapel opened about 1715, in close proximity to White 
Hill in Qrimsargh, long the residence of the Heskeths. From thence 
he served our mission at Lee House until 1745, when, during the per- 
secution that followed the Stuart rising, he was apprehended and 
imprisoned in Lancaster castle for being a priest, and there died in 
the following year. Mr. Gillow (from whose Bibliographical Dictionary y 
iii., 259-60, the above account is taken) has supplied the following 
record of the incumbents : — 

1745-1750. — Fr. Joseph Francis Clarke, O.S.F., whose burial 
is recorded in the Chipping parish register, Dec. 30th, 1750. 

1751-17 .— Fr. Thomas Leo Francis, O.S.F. 

17 -1784. — Fr. Pacificus Price, O.S.F. In the parish register 
of burials is the entry : ** 1784, April 3, Mr. Price of Lee Houso." 

1784-1800.— Fr. John Henry Wareing, O.S.F. On Sep. 17, 
1784, when Bishop Mathew Gibson made his visitation and adminis- 
tered confirmation to 33 persons, Fr. Wareing returned the number of 
communicants at 120. Jr. Wareing died at Lower Hall, Samlesbury, 
July 1, 1816. 

1800-1815. — Joseph Tate, O.S.F. After serving the mission for 
fifteen years, Fr. Tate died July 24, 1815. 

1815-1816. — Fk. John 13ernardine Davison, O.S.F., was born 
at Catterick, co. York, Feb. 27, 1791, and was sent here immediately 
after his ordination. Early in 1816 he went to Lower Hall upon the 
death of Fr. Wareing, and thence in the same year to Plymouth, 
where he was Chaplain to tho Poor Clares till Aug., 1820. He was 
then reinstated at Lee House, where he continued till the mission was 

^ For an accouut of the Eccles family 
see chap. ix. 



Chap. 7.] NONCONFORMING CHURCHES. 163 

transferred by his Order to the Bishop of the Northern District. He 
then withdrew to Osmotherh y, eo. York, a retreat for the super- 
annuated members of the Franciscan Province ; but in Oct., 1841, he 
volunteered to assist the Rev. Edw. Metcalfe at Newport, Mon., where 
he caught typhus fever in attending the sick, and died Feb. 1. 1842, 
aged 51. 

1816-1820. — Fk. Thomas Pacificus Kington, O.S.F., a native of 
Warwick, was educated and ordained piiest at St. Bonaventure's 
Monastery at Douay, and at the time of the French Eevolutii n was 
chaplain to the English Poor Clares at Aire, in Artois. He was 
arrested and thrown into gaol, and would have been guillotined on 
July 28, 1794, had not the tyrant Eobespierre come to a timelj' end 
on the preceding day. After being some time on the mission in 
England, he was appointed chaplain at Taunton Convent in 1807, and 
so continued till he took another mission in 1812. He died at 
Osmotherley Feb. 18, 1827, aged 73. 

1820-1826. — Fk. John Bernakdine Davison, O.S.F. (second 
time, se3 above). He was the last Franciscan to serve this mission. 
The old English Province was now rapidly dwindling, and in 1830 
was dissolved. 

1826-1827. — Eev. Philip Orrell, secular priest, was son of 
James Orrell, of Blackbrook, co. Lancaster, Esq., and was born Oct. 
6, 1800. He was educated and ordained pries: at Ushaw College, and 
thence came to this mission. Subsequently he was at Congleton for 
six months, 1827-8, Pleasington, 1828-34, Poulton-le-Fylde, 1834 till 
his retirement to Ushaw College in Sep., 1862, where he died Oct. 13, 
1866, the last male representative of his time-honoured family. 

1827-1840. — Rev. Francis Trappes, secular priest, born Jan. 28, 
1790, was the eldest son of Michael Trappes, Esq., of Nidd Hall, 
CO. York, by Elizabeth, daughter of James Lomax, of Clayton 
Hall, CO. Lancaster, Esq. He was educated at Stonyhurst, 
where he was admitted June 16, 1798, aud, joining the Society of 
Jesus, was placed after his ordination at Preston. In 1827 he became 
secularized and was appointed to this mission. In 1840 he had a 
difference with his bishop, which resulted in the suspension of his 
faculties, an account of which he published in 1841. He was thus 



164 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 7. 

obliged to retire from missionary work, but declined to give up 
possession of the chapel at Lee House, which in consequence was 
closed for about nineteen years. In 1853 Mr. Trappes was given 
charge of the mission at Chepstow, Mon., which he retained till his 
appoiutment in 1856 as chaplain to Mr. Edward Riddell, at Cheese- 
burne Grange, Northumberland, where he remained till the infirmities 
of old age obliged liim to retire in 1870. He died at Clitheroe on 
Feb. 10th, 1871, aged 81. Mr. Trappes was an active and energetic 
man ; in 1835-6 he served the office of overseer and constable for the 
township of Thornlej'. He is credited with the removal of the base 
of an ancient roadside cross to his burial-ground. He was the author 
or compiler of a work on Liturgical hymns for the chief Festivals. 

1859-1868. — DoM George Alban Caldwell, O.S.B., a native of 
Warrington, ordained priest in 1830, was placed in charge of the 
mission, upon its being surrendered by Mr. Trappes, to the English 
Benedictine Congregatiou, in accordance with the settlement of the 
dispute with the Bishop of Liverpool. He died at Liverpool Jan. 15, 
1870, aged 65. 

1868-1870. — DoM Joseph Benedict Murphy, O.S.B., born at 
Ormskirk in 1834, was twice here, the S3Cond time from 1871-1874. 
He died in Liverpool Feb. 5, 1877. 

1870-1871. — DoM Richard Cyprian Tyrer, O.S.B., born near 
Preston in 1799, was ordained priest in 1828. After serving the 
mission a little over a jear, he died here July 6, 1871, aged 71, and 
lies buried in the cem3ter3\ A handsome coffin-shaped stone records 
that he was *' Aetat lxxi. ; Kel. Prof., li. ; Sacerdos xliv." 

1871-1874. — DoM Joseph Benedict Murphy, OS.B. (second 
time, see above). 

1874-1876. — DoM Thomas Austin Atkinson, O.S.B., born March 
10, 1815, at Newca3tle, was ordained priest in 1842. He died at 
Lee House, March 26, 1876, aged 61, and was laid in the burial- 
ground, where is a tombstone to his memory. 

1876-1882. — LoM William Jerome Watmough, O.S.B., was 
appointed to the mission June 10, 1876. 

1882-1884. — DoM James Cuthbert Proctor, O.S.B., came to 
Lee House, Jan. 19, 1882. 



Chap. 7.] NONCONFORMING CHURCHES. 165 

1884-1886. — DoM James Ignatius Dewhurst, O.S.B., was 
appointed Feb. 11, 1884. He died May 14, 1886, and was interred 
in the cemetery adjoining Lee House. 

1886-1891. — DoM Frederick Edmund Roche, O.S.B. 

1891. — DoM John F. M. Carew, O.S.B. , the priest now in charge 
of the mission. 

HESKETH LANE CHAPEL. 

It is not often the good fortune of a local historian to be able to 
relieve his somewhat dry narrative by a piquant and faithful account of 
the life and labours of a pious country minister gathered from auto- 
biographical records during the middle of the eighteenth century. 
Such contemporary gossip is not only entertaining ; it is also valuable 
as affording illustration of social life and manners in the rural parts of 
North Lancashire. Nor do we value the diary of the Rev. Potor 
Walkden less because of its narrow escape fi'om destruction among the 
rubbish of a cottage in the forest of Rowland. As printed hy the late 
W. Dobson of Preston, the extracts from this diary (Walkden's Diary ^ 
1866), supplemented by information collected from the MSS. of Mr. 
James Bromley (Lane, and Ches. Historic Soc. Trans, xxxvii.), will be 
largely made use of in the following account. 

Hesketh Lane Chapel (now converted into a dwelling house) 
stands about two miles to the west of Chipping village. Its appear- 
ance (as it was about three years ago) is quaint, as will be seen from 
the engraving fronting this page. On the doorway is the date of its 

erection : 

MDCCV. 
and above the date another stone bears the almost illegible inscription : 

nFOR HK LOVETH OVR NATION (\r 

... HE HATH BVILT VS A SYNAGOGVE UO. 

Attached to the old chapel is a croft, probably used as a burial ground. 

The exact date of the first formation of a dissenting ** church' ' 

in Chipping is uncertain ; but Oliver Heywood, writing under date 

Jan. 13, 1687-8, says, "though withal Popish meeting places have 

been set up in many parts of the kingdom .... on the other 

hand, godly dissenters have gained ground and grown more numerous 

than ever, so that at Chippin, Wyresdale, Poolton, etc., in Lane, 

meetings are set up, where never any were before, even in Popish 



166 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 7. 

places'' (Hoywood's Diaries^ iii, 228). Probably the Rev. Thomas 
Jollie, who was ejected from Altham in 1662, had something to do 
with the origin of this "church." Bishop Gastrell states that £40 
was left by James Bolton, about th 3 year 1 700, " to a meeting-house, 
but w° y® door of liberty is shut, to poor widows and orphans" (Cheth. 
Soc, xxii, 403). But in the will of James Bolton, of the Parsonage, 
dated May 5, 1715, he states : " Unto Margaret Boulton my wife the 
interest of £20 yearly for life, and after her death the same to the 
minister of y® New Chappell in Hesket laine po long as y® Door cf 
Liberty is continued ; if y** Door of Liberty should be shut I do give 
y® said interest unto widows and orfans att y® discretion of my exors. 
untill y® Door of Liberty be opened againe." 

On Oct. 1, 1727, Edmund Parkinson of Cookhill, Chipping, in his 
will says : ** I give to the use and towards the maintenance cf a 
dissenting minister at the Hesketh Lane Chapel, £6 ;" and appoints 
his " two neighbouis the Rev. Mr. Peter Walkden, minister at 
Hesketh Lane Chapel, and John Parkinson of the Daubhall, execu- 
tors." When the chapel was sold in 1888, " the proceeds were 
divided between Longridge and Knowle Green and the County Union 
of the Congregational Church" (Nightingale's Lane, Nonconf.y ii., 217). 

The chapel erected in 1705 was generally termed "the New 
Chapel," thus implying the existence of a building of still earlier 
date, if not on the same site. 

J. Mitchell, about 1693. 
An early ministT at Chipping was J. Mitchell, who was a son of 
Richard Mitchell, of Marton Scar in Craven, and an intimate friend 
of Oliver Hey wood. He was ordained at Mr. Fraukland's at Rathmel, 
June 7, 1693, and " is said to have commenced preaching at Chipping 
and Bolton." He died in Nov., 1712, aged alout 40, in Rossendalo, 
where he was serving as minister (0. Hey wood's Diaries^ iv, 315). 

Joseph Gillibband, (before) 1705. 
Joseph Gillibrand, who followed Mr. Mitchell, was ordained in 
1701, and soon after came to Chipping. " It was probably owing to 
his exertions that Hesketh Lane Chapel was built in 1705," as he 
appears as one of its first trustees. He left about 1710 to take charge 
of the Congregational ** Church" at St. Helens, near Liverpool. Here 



Chap. 7.] NONCONFORMING CHURCHES. 167 

he stayed for thirty years, becoming one of the ''most popular preachers 
in Lancashire, as well as an affectionate pastor, beloved by his people, 
and respected by all parties in the town and neighbourhood. Mr. 
Gillibrand died on June 18, 1740, and, according to the custom of the 
time, was buried within the chapel where he had so long ministered' ' 
(Nightingale's Lancashire Nonconformity^ Halley's Puritanism and Non- 
conformity , ii, 321). 

Pbteb Walkden, 1711. 

The well-known Diarist was bom near Manchester, Oct. 16, 1684. 
'' He i^peara," 8aya Mr. Bromley, '' to have been one of a large family, 
several of whom settled in the vicinity of their birthplace, and were 
in comfortable, if not affluent, circumstances. He seems to have 
attended a village school until 1706 [t.^., up to his twenty-third year!], 
when he was removed to ' y® famous school of Manchester' [not the 
Grammar School, see Bygone Lanc,^ by E. Axon, 1892], where he 
studied under the Rev. James Cunningham till 1709, in which year, 
on the 1st of May, he entered on his first cure in the Presbyterian 
ministry, at Garsdale, Yorkshire, where he was stationed till the close 
of 1711" (Lane, and Ohesh. Hist. Soc. Trans, xxxii, 118). From 
Garsdale he removed to Hesketh Lane. Here he lived at Daub Hall, 
a farm about half-way between Hesketh Lane and Chipping village ; 
and, like Parson Trulliber in Fielding's historic novel, he looked after 
his pigs and cows on week days, and preached at Hesketh Lane and 
Newton, eight miles away, on alternate Sundays. His diary, which 
begins in 1725, shows how hard his family and himself found it to 
make both ends meet. It is remarkable that no mention is made of 
the Jacobite plotting which undoubtedly was industriously engaged 
in by many of the Diarist's neighbours. It is difficult to believe that 
Mr. Walkden could have been indifferent to what was going on around 
him — far otherwise : probably, then, one or more volumes of his diary 
are missing. 

We have seen what sort of country the district was about which 
Walkden wrote, so we can appreciate many of the allusions which 
would otherwise be obscure. Beads were few, and, with exception 
of the old Roman road over Longridge Fell, were — to use an apt 
expression — ** infernal." Carts were almost unknown. ** Trales" — 



168 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 7. 

"sledges" — and ** gals"* were chiefly used to convey produce to and 
fro ; while men and women rode to market or to visit their friends at 
a distance. The state of the currency in the region was deplorable, 
even ** brass" or copper money was at a premium. By means of 
barter and deferred payments the trade of the little community was 
regulated. Beef was occasionally sold by the foot, and spirits by the 
aliquot parts of the famous "Black Jack ;"'^ for instance, Walkden 
mentions having ** met with John Wilsou, of whom I bespoke a foot 
of his cow in meat" {Diary , 25), and says he paid IJd. for "half a 
jack of spirits." AJe was the common beverage of the people, and 
the good minist3r dearly loved his "penny pot of ale," defending his 
indulgence with reasons as amusing as self-evident. "He was wet, 
he was dry, he was hot, he was cold, ill or hungry, or someone else 
was thirsty, and the sovereign balm for these fleshly ills was *a penny 
pot of ale' " (Lane, and Ches. Hist. Soc. Trans. ^ xxxii, 133). Sundays or 

weekdays, it mattered not — we read — "Jan, 14th, Lord's Day 

administered the Lord's Supper came to Walmsley's, and spent 

twopence and no more on my love' and Alice Martin" [Diary y 8). But 
the Diarist does not seem to have ever stayed very long et any of the 
inns; nor yet to have taken too much of "the cup that cheers," 
although he did forget his razor, and again his Bible, at a house of 
call. 

Like his fellows of the Church of England, Walkden kept up 
the old customs with the usual ceremonies. He sat the New Year in, 
celebrated the Gunpowder Plot, " tipped" his son's school-fellows on 
occasion of the annual " barring-out." He never omitted to " strike" 
his bargains — for "the luck o't;" nor did he neglect marking his 
pigs in the cruel fashion then in vogue. He records a peculiar 
formality apparently customary on the taking possession of an estate 
by a new owner ; " the land being fallen to Hobert Parker de Haddam 
Laund* by William's death, I stayed and bare witness that John 

* Gals, or Galloways, was the local Jacqueline, a kind of stone pitcher, pro- 
name for pack-saddle horses. perly a female name. 

* The Black Jack— a leathern jug : * '* My love" was the endearins: term 
compare our words Jwf? and(7i^^, properly the Diarist always used of his wife, 
pet forms of the names Joan and GUlian * Kadholme Laund. 

respectively ; compare also French 



Chap. 7.] NONCONFORMING CHURCHES. 161) 

« 

Parker o'th Lees,^ in the name of his father, put the family that 
lives in the house all out, shut the door upon them, and thereby eaid 
that he took possession of the estate and house" {Diary ^ 4). Very 
eager too was the country minister — as was only natural — to learn 
something of what was going on in London. Frequent purchases of 
newspapers at Preston are recorded ; and some of the then striking 
pieces of news are commented upon, e.g.^ on February 8, 1730, the 
** papers inform me of the death of the young Emperor of Russia, or 
Czar of Muscovy, Peter the 2nd, who died on the 29th of Januarj',^ 
1729-30, in the 15th year of his age, and that he is succeeded in the 
empire by Ann Ivanovna, present Duchess Dowager of Courland'* 
{Diary, 103-104). And again he "got a 4th newspaper... — which 
informs me that on February 26th past. Colonel Charteris'* was tried 
at the Old Bailey for a rape on the body of Ana Bond, and found 
guilty;" and that "Pope Benedict the 13th died at Eome, on the 2l8t 
February, new style" {Diary, 104-105). From the Diary we likewise 
learn what was the course of Mr. Walkden*s ministerial duties. He 
appears to have worn a gown ; and the order of morning service on 
Sundays was thus : prayer, reading from the Old, and then from the 
New Testament, psalmody, prayer again, sermon (often extending to 
an hour-and-a-half), private meditation, hymn, benediction. Then 
came the Communion Service, catechising of children, and baptisms 
(for which latter ceremony the minister had to pay a capitation fee of 
6d. per child to the Yicar of Chipping). A service was held on " what 
is commonly called Christmas Day ;" evidently Walkden, like the early 
Protestant Dissenters, was opposed to the observance of the day as a 
religious anniversary. Then Walkden occasionally exchanged pulpits 
with neighbcurii g and other pastors, riding as far as Lancaster and 
Carnforth. " Private days" at his own home, and the houses of his 
flock, were of frequent occurrence. One such service was "for the 
mercy of his son NathaniePs restoration to *em, after he had been lost 
48 hours on the fell." He visited the sick and distressed, sought out 
negligent worshippers, dutifully read out the ** briefs" at morning 

^ The Parkers were living at Grey- mencement of the year long before the 

stoneley in the 16th century. country generally. 

• Old style. Mr. Walkden adopted « The "infamous Colonel Charteris." 

the new style as representing the com- 



170 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Lhap. 7. 

prayer. He conducted the funeral service, sat down with the mourners 
— ** servitors," he styles them — at the " arvell," the remnants of which, 
with a fee for a funeral sermon (usually 2s. 6d.), he generally received. 
He followed the dead from the house to the parish church, and stood 
before the coffin at the second service there, and at the grave side. 
Two entries testify to the ecclesiastical bigotry and laxity of the times. 
*' She died, and was buried at Slaitbum [Slaidbum] Church, but 
without finy ceremony of priest or clerk, because she died excommuni- 
cate ;" and, " the corpse was just at hand, but no curate [of Chipping] 
to read ; however, the clerk performed the office, and buried William 
Jenkinson." His fame for practical piety and pulpit oratory evoked 
the appreciation of many celebrated Nonconformist divines. 

Not only was Mr. Walkden a spiritual pastor, he was also the 
friend and counsellor of the whole country-side. Frequent visits to 
the neighbouring farms, especially to Radholme Laund, and Bradley 
Hall, kindly acts of practical charity, and abundant, if homely, hospi- 
tality to friend and stranger alike, a ready willingness to visit any of 
his flock in trouble, show that he was appreciated by his neighbours, 
and that the kindly feeling was reciprocal. Clergymen of the 
Church of England, in temporary distress, were entertained by the 
broad-minded Presbyterian, e.g., we read : — ** A wandering straggle- 
brained clergyman called in his way to Goosnargh, and got some 
refreshment. His name is Smith, who pretends to hold a benefice in 
Derbyshire, net far from the Peak, and is driven aside by trouble 
arising frrm his being bound with a kinsman for £600 '* [Diary, 11) ; 
and Mr. Holt, ** an old itinerant mendicant preacher in the Church of 
England," enjoyed Walkden's hospitality for a night. 

No apology seems to be necessary for the somewhat lengthy 
extracts from Peter Walkden's unpublished MSS., which, by the 
courtesy of their owner, Mr. James Bromley of Lathom, I am able 
here to present. While their importance may not, in most instances, 
be other than local, at least our knowledge of the condition of North 
Lancashire Presbyterianism is increased, and some welcome light is 
thrown upon the state of the County Palatine during the period of the 
Jacobite rebellion : — 

1. Letter from George White/ield, wherein is described an error in the 
biography of that great preacher, and from which it would appear that Walkden 



Chap. 7.] NONCONFORMING CHURCHES. 171 

had invited Whitefield to Holcombe, near Burnley, where the former was then 
located. 

2. Kelly, or the Modem Beformer. This is a serio-farcical drama, the 
action of which is laid in j-e Rose room at ye Raven Inn, at a village in Lanca- 
shire. The dramatis personos are — Tom Squabble, a loquacious disputant and 
village constable; Jack Clapper, an enthusiastic but thirsty Churchman; 
Hogshead^ landlord of the Raven ; Mr. Stedfast, a Presbyterian teacher ; Will 
Dnmpling, "a man of letters" and the parson's satellite ; Nathan Alphabet, an 
Oxford student ; Joseph Garbage, a converted butcher, whose trade improved in 
the process; Jenny, his sister; and Kelly, a high-clmrch Jacobite parson. 
Differing in this matter from Mr. Bromley, I judge that the piece was written 
by Walkden himself, and that the scene and characters are both local, the inn 
now called the "Dog and Partridge," but 200 years ago known as the *' Green Man," 
in llesketh Lane, Chipping, being identical with ** The Raven" of the play. As 
Mr. Bromley remarks, " the humour of the piece, and the use of a few provin- 
cialisms peculiar to Mr. Walkden, affords some evidence that he may have been 
the author, and I have found no trace of the farce elsewhere" (Lane, and Chesh. 
Hist. S')c. Trans, xxxvii.). To which may be added the following points ;— The 
then Vicar of Chipping, Thomas Clarkson, as stated in Chap, iii., corresponds in 
almost every respect to " the parson" whose life and conduct was the subject of 
the (let us hope) malicious "Whigg lyes" of Jack Clapper. It is of course 
possible, as Mr. Bromley further remarks, tliat " the style of the satirical rogue 
is too trenchant, the inuendoes too flagrant, and the humour too caustic' for the 
benevolent minister of Hesketh Lane, and that the transcript has been made 
from MS. privately circulated amongst the Puritan preachers in those troublous 
times. In any case, however, the "budget of village scandals" unfolded by 
Mr. Clapper affords us a piquant picture of the moral tone of the clerics and 
laymen of the period. 

KELLY, OR THE MODERN REFORMER. 
The farce, which consists of sixteen closely-written pages in Mr. 
Walkden*8 minute and neat hand, and has no date, thus commences: — 

Tom Squabblb Village Constable. 

Hogshead The Landlord. 

Mr. Kelly High-Church Parson. 

Steadfast Presbyterian Teacher. 

William Dumpling Schoolmaster and Clerk. 

Jos. Garbage A Converted Butcher. 

Jack Clapper A Strong Churchman. 

SCENE,— A Village in Lancashire. 
Tom Sqctabble and Jack Clapper meet. 
Squabble. How now, Jack, whither in such haste this hot sultry weather? 
Clapper. Why, I am going to acquaint our Parson yt there is a glass of 
rare nitty ale at our neighbour's Hogshead's of j« Raven. 



172 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 7. 

S. That's very kind of thee TU swear, Jack, to stand pimp to y® Parson's 
appetite, but I can save thee that trouble now, for he already knows of Hogs- 
head's fresh tapp, and will be there this evening. 

C. How do you know that ? 

S. Come, let us go and crack a pot togetlier, and I'll tell thee, for alehouse 
intelligence is best communicated over a sociable glass. 

C I like yo proposall well enough, but I scruple thy company a little, 
Tom, for our Parson tells us you schismaticks are no more to be converst with 
than heathens and publicans. 

S. Pho ! that's a gist, he only means we must not pray together because 
we have not each of us a cross on our foreheads ; but what's that to a glass of 
ale ? There's no schism surely in a bumper. 

(They go into y« Raven). 

S. Ho ! Landlord ! a quart of your fresh tap, and a room for us. 

Hogh. You shall, sir ; what room would you have? 

8. The Rose, ye Rose. 

H, I beg your pardon. 1 cannot oblige you with yt room, gentlemen, for 
our Parson has bespoke it ; and is to be here with some company to-night. 

8. I know yt, and am to be one of ye company, therefore show us ye Rose, 
and you, landlord, come and make one of us till y® Parson come. 

H, Content ; I'll only call for liquor, and be with you presently. Here, 
Sisley, draw a quart of ale out of y® left hand barrell, number 15, and bring a 
clean glass, quick, quick. 

8. Did I not tell thee, Jack, y* Parson would be here ? 

(7. Ay, but I cannot imagine how he should know so soon of our landlord's 
fresh tap. 

8. You should rather wonder he did not know of it sooner, for a burying 

or a christening might as well escape his knowledge as a run of good drink.* 

H. Here, gentlemen, here's a glass of brimming liquor. 1 have had y® 
Parson's judgement of it already, and he has warranted it correct as long as it 
lasts. 

8. Thou hear, Jack, what secret intelligence ye Parson has, and how need- 
less thy officious errant would have been. 

C. Ay, ay, I am satisfied ; but I wonder what company he is to have here 
to-night. 

H. Why, Will Dumplin, Garbage and his sister, my son Nathan, and Mr. 
Stftdfast, ye young non-con. teacher. 

C, O what a beadroll; I'll warrant ye} rebaptization business is to be 
talked over among 'em. 

8. Yes, so it is, we shall have rare diversion, and I question not but Mr. 
Stedfast will put ye Parson hard to it. 

C. Come, come. Squabble, you may be mistaken, for our Parson is a great 
scholar, and knows what he has done. 



Ohap. 7.] NONCONFORMING CHURCHES. 173 

S. It's well if he does. Nay, I am almost sure lie does not, but Mr. Sted- 
fast, who is a young and ingenious man, knows more of ye matter than I, and 
here's his good health. 

H. Witl) all our hearts, but then you should drink our Parson's health, too. 

S, Yes, yt I will, and his families besides.* 

H. Family, what do you mean by family ? He has neither wife nor child 
as I know of. 

S. That's strange, when all y^ neighbourhood rings of a bantling. 

H. I am sure I never heard he was married. 

S. Nor I neither, but there is such queer talk abroad, y^ I am afraid there 
is something worse than matrimony in y^ case. 

C, Prithy, Tom, don't sow scandals in ye dark, but be plain and tell us 
what thou means by somewhat worse than matrimony. 

S. Come, come, you may pretend ignorance as long as you will, but you 
cannot help knowing somewhat of ye matter as well as me and ye rest of our 
neighbours. Don't you remember yt buxom lass who came on this side last 
year in search of her father, who was among ye Rebels, as she pretended? 

H, Yes, yt I do very well ; but what would you insinuate by yt? Can't a 
poor woman who applys to ye cassock in behalf of honest c— hmen in distress, 
get a swell'd belly, but ye Parson must have the reputation of it ? I swear. 
Squabble, thou art a scandallous fellow, and deservest thumping for thy 
malicious aspersions. 

S. Hold, Landlord, be not so choUerick, defer your passion till you have 
heard all, and then you will see reason to veut your spleen on somebody 
else than me. 

C. Let's hear what reason you have for this suspicion. 

S. Reason ? Why, I have such a reason as has frightened ye Parson out of 
his witts. 

JjT. Let's have it quickly, else I cannot contain. 

S. Take it then as fast as I can speak it. You yourself know ye poo^r 
woman has been on this side with her big belly, and, as I am informed, was so 
modest as to squeeze forty shillings out of ye Parson's pocket. But since then 
ye woman's mother has been over, and swears by her daughter's description of 
ye man, ye Parson must be him. 

O. You speak with so much assurance as if you were very intimate with 
the old beldame. 

8. Why, to be plain with you, I met her in our township when she was in 
quest of her daughter's gallant, and, acting as an officer, took her up for a 
vagrant, and would not part with her till she had informed me of her business, 
which with much adoe I got out of her. 

C. And pray, what was it ? 

S. Why, she wanted a man y* had got her daughter with child, and lived 
hereabouts. She knew not his name, she said, but he wore black cloaths, and a 



174 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 7. 

fair wigg, and on Sunday appeared in a white frock ; but she would make him 
pay for it before she had done with him. 

11. The impudent baggage! I'll warrant you were I the Parson I would 
put her in ye house of correction, and so clear myself. 

8. But I fear he could not do it, for since y* came out Goody Dobson 
remembers she saw him lead ye young doxy thro' ye narrow lane above here 

into neighbour-what-do-ye-call-him'ri field where they laid 

them down under ye hedge, but what they did there ye Lord knows, she says, 
only by ye result. 

H. Phaw ! What signifies it what yt old superannuated jade says. It's 
only envy has prompted her to bear so hard on ye Parson. 

8. Ay, but his politick management since y* affair confirms me more than 
anything else in my suspicion of his guilt. 

H. What ; has he confest ye fact and promised to do penance? 

8. No, no ; you know there is such a thing as commutation, if it were 
come to yt. but it's not so neither. He has found out a much readier way of 
despatching yt affair, and has complyed with what ye old mother calls doing 
something handsomely for her daughter. 

H. But has he compounded ye matter, indeed ? Prithee, let's hear how it 
was, for it looks somewhat odly. 

S. Since you seem a little pacifyed, I'll tell you. 

H. Pray do. 

S. The old woman, who I told you before came to hunt up ye Parson's 
quarters, made such a noise in ye neighbourhood yt he was forced to get a 
private hearing of ye matter before a certain limb of the law in one of ye next 
towns, who ordered y^ matter, so yt ye woman swore eternall silence on yt head, 
and Tom Thimble, our Parson's agent, payd down a round sum of money in 
consideration of ye woman's oath. 

G. Prithee, Squab, how camest thou by this private intelligence? 

S. Why, Truely neighbour .... assured me of this and more, for he 

lent ye Parson a considerable sum upon bond, who, as I hear, is in a borrowing 

posture again, the attorney and informant having shared ye former loan among 

'em. 

II. There's something in yt confession, if true, but it [will be] well if je 

uLLorney have not a second leasing of it, for those men of ye law know but too 

well how to improve a business of yt nature to their own advantage. 

5i. No, no, neighbour, you need not fear yt» for as I am informed his fee 
was considerable enough to have engaged any reasonable man to silence ; but if 
it were not so, ye Parson, I am sure, apprehends no danger from him now, for 
he is since dead and lies as mute as a fish in Desborough Churchyard. 

II. Nay, then, I am resolved not to believe a word of your story if we 
must go among ye dead to find out ye truth of it. 

S. You may do as you please, but I know too much to think well of ye 
Parson's chfL*<titv, nd Clapper there by his silence must needs know somewhat 
as ^ ell as me. 



Chap. 7.] NONCONFORMING CHURCHES. 176 

C. It's true, I have heard ye Parson was concerned in a private occurrence 
of yt nature, but, as he himself says, it was on another gentleman's account, 
who is a married man, and would not for all y© world have his name called in 
question. 

S. A likely story y* ye Parson should expose his own reputation only to 
screen ye character of a layman, who might have managed ye matter with as 
much secrecy as he; and, as he was a layman, would have undergone less 
scandal should the matter come to light; but after all, Clapper, I cannot think 
thou believest this representation of y® case, for if thou dost thou bearest 
harder on ye Parson than I have done, representing him as pimp to ye adultrous 
lust of his neighbours, which by his office he ought to prevent, or to see punished 
by ye wholesome severities ye church has provided in y* case. 

Enter Will Dumpling. 

D. How now, lads, what are ye doing, is ye Parson come yet ? 
U. No, but we have been drinking his health. 

D. Amen, 1 wish him well with all my soul, for he is a true lover of his 
Church and King ; but has Squabble drunk it ? 

G. Yes, he has, but would fain have joyued his family with him, and has 
told us a long story of a big-bellyed woman fingering his purse-strings. 

D. Hang him, hang him, it's only a damn'd whigg lye, to scandalize our 
Parson for his zeal against schismaticks. 

S. Prithee, Dumplin, do not pretend ignorance, thou know'st ye Parson's 
constitution as well as thine own, being brethren in iniquity. 

D. What do you mean by that ? 

S. Why, I judge y* as thou got thy wife with child before thou married 
her, so there's no such great improbability, but ye Parson" might be as active 
yt way as thyself, for I take him to bee full as brisk a man ; and his attention 
to ye Rebels and their cause might be an additional incentive to ye close famili- 
arity he used with ye Rebel's vagabond daughter. 

D. What have you to do with me or my wife ? I am sure we are married 
hone?tly, and y^'s enough; and as for ye Parson, if he did kiss ye Rebel's 
daughter, as you call her, I don't see much harm in it, as he did it, as you con- 
fess, out of zeal for ye good old cause, ye C — h. 

S. Rarely said, Dumplin, aeal for ye Ch— h justifies anything I find in 
your opinion. 

D. I do not say so, but I am sure it's much better [to] be excessive in zeal 
for ye c — h than defective, as you Schismaticks are, hang ye altogether for a 
pack of infidels. 

5i. That is, it's better be a whoreing, drinking, cursing, swearing, high 
c — hman than a sober protestant dissenter. 

D. Hang your sobriety. What I mean is, it's better much to be in ye 
church, where a body may bo saved, than among ye damn'd Presbyterians, who 
are no Christians. 



17G HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 7. 

Enter Nathan Alphabet, Jos. Oabbage, and Jenny. 

S. I am glud, Dumplin, yt you acknowledge }t one may exceed iu zeal for 
yo Cliurcli. 

I). As how ? 

S. Why, suppose one should sit up till one or two o'clock on Sunday 
morning, drinking ye c— h's health and mistake ones hat for ye chamber-pot, to 
cast up ye reckoning in, as y® Parson did lately, ye know when and where. 

D. 1 confess it was an oversight. 

Clapper then calls for bumpers to drink " y® Parson's healtli and 
y^ good old cause of y® Church ;" whilst Alphabet justifies ministerial 
potations on the ground that they ** keep y« throat supple for y® service 
of y® Church." The conversation then becomes general, till Garbage 
gives some logical reasons for his joining the Church of England ; the 
honour of being connected with it, the consequent increase in his 
butchering business, and the freedom from reproof for indulging in 
** hearty glasses' ' of ale, and maltreating the King's English, are, he 
declares, ample justification to his profound judgment. Squabble, 
having elicited in cross-examination that there were no gossips 
[sponsors] at the re-christening of Clapper and his sister, declares the 
whole transaction ** uncanonical and inefEective." At this awful 
announcement poor Jenny is affected to tears, and after vainly endea- 
vouring to entice her brother home with the reminder that he has ** a 
calf to kill to-night," makes her exit. Mr. Kelly, the Yicar, then 
enters, and possibly thinking the proximity of a dissenter may spoil 
the quality of the ale, inquires if it is " as it was in y® morning." The 
landlord answers that though the hot disputes have not altered the 
quality, they have retarded the consumption of his excellent malt 
liquor. The Vicar thereupon tries to console him with the prediction 
that Mr. Stedfast will ropeut his temerity in accepting the controversial 
challenge, in which case ho promises that the company will make up 
for lost time and enjoy themselves " royally ;" and by way of com- 
mencement himself takes a preparatory *'whet," and congratulating 
mine host on being the happy possessor of " nappy stuff," throws 
out another dubious insinuation regarding Stedfast's appearance, when 
the uncomplimentary Squabble says that he is sure of his coming, as 
he is *' afraid of no man, least of all of you, who are of y® fag end of 
y** clorg}^ ;" and Mr. Stedfast appears on tho scono with diabolical 
promptitudo and a courteous salutation to the company, which latter 



CUAt. 7.] NOKOOl^FORMINa OHITROHES. 177 

compliment Mr. Kelly warmly reciprocates, if he ** comes in a civil 
way, but if you intend to affront y« C — h, look to yourself." 

Then comes a long, hot, and uncomplimentary theological fight 
on the question whether the validity of Presbyterian baptism be recog- 
nised by the Church of England, and the right of the Ohurch clergy 
to ignore the previous ceremony by re-baptizing converts from that 
faith, in the course of which the early fathers — Polycarp, Clement 
Homanus, Ignatius, Jerome, and Tertullian — are tossed about with 
reckless profusion ; while the Vicar hits out with quotations from such 
high-church and Jacobite enthusiasts — whom he styles Embryo- bishops 
— as Father Francis, Drs. Sacheverel and Hicks, and Stedfast rejoins 
by quoting Samuel Peploe, Bishop of Chester, and making satirical 
reference to the quasi-loyalty of Oxford University in the following 

style : — 

Stedfast, I am sorry for your stupid obstinacy yt rather than own yourself 
in y wrong you'll make y' church guilty of admitting (according to your prin- 
ciples) persons yt are no Christians, not only to ye Sacrament, but ministry too. 
But ril only ask your opinion of one thing, and then I have done. I know you 
have a very great veneration for Oxford, yt nursery of virtue and loyalty. It 
seems yt Religious University has declared in some letters to ye C— h of Geneva 
(which you know is a Presbyterian Church) yt she allows 'em not to be destitute 
of lawful pastors and Sacraments rightly administered. Now what do you 
think of her judgment in ye case? 

Kelly, 1 know no reason you had for saying so when you writ ye letter, but 
I am sure yt [tht y] have other thoughts of yt and all other Presbyterian churches 
now. 

Stedfast, I find you have too great respect for yt venerable body to own 
and dissent from them, and therefore you are resolved they shall be of your 
opinion, but by this means you represent them as variable in their sentiments 
as ye weathercock (you so solemnly dedicated to ye memory of semper eadem), 
and consequently their judgment's not worth a button. 

He proceeds to stigmatise many of Oxford's sons as " high flyers," 
and deriding the loose morality of Tertullian's opinions tells the Vicar, 
who has been a schoolmaster, that he has bought his ^* classical 
experience in words at y« expense of your poor scholars' buttocks." 
Both, then, test their ability by a Greek translation from the Vicar's 
Testament, endeavouring to make Alphabet — who wisely declines the 
hoDOur — the adjudicator of merit, till Kelly declares that Stedfast 
deserves to be whipt, and had one of his former scholars shown such 
ignorance he'd " lash him severely." 



178 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 7. 

Probably influenced by this hint of physical force, Steadfast, 
who, while the conflict was confined to hard words, has shown little 
fear, expresses his intention of ** paying y® shot," and wishing all the 
company " a good night,** he does so, and departs. Mr. Kelly pro- 
poses ** a sociable pipe;" but the meddlesome Squabble declines, and 
forcibly expresses his opinion that Stedfast has gone off with the 
honours of war, and after daring the Parson to another encounter 
with his champion, refuses to talk ** any longer with such a self -con- 
ceited priest," and professes his abhorrence of smoking. And while 
Mr. Kelly is expressing a preference for his room instead of his 
company, Squabble throws down 6d. as his quota of ** y® shot," bids 
all farewell, and takes his departure. After drinking one or two 
toasts, such as the Church of England as by law established, ** and all 
yt belongs to it, from y® weathercock down to y® bellropes," and the 
** Church and the King, and down with y« Kurap," " y« shot" is paid, 
and, amidst the air full of farewells, these our actors melt away (see 
Lane, and Chesh. Hist. Soc. Trans, xxxvii., paper by James Bromley). 

3. A brief description of Palestine (a transcript). 

4. Epistle of King Agbarus to Jesus Christy 4 pages. 

5. A short catechism, on y^ account of my son Thomas, 5 pages. 

6. The Quaker's Creed (a transcript), 2 pages.* 

7-18. Transcripts of sermons, letters ; recipes, memoranda. 

19. Sermon at Chipping, April 12, 1717, by Peter Walkden, 30 pages. 

20. *' A warning word to Churches to be upon their guard against Satan," 
a sermon at Chipping, Jan. 1, 1717 [18], 25 pages. 

21-23. Tlie old mans legacy to his daughters (a transcript), 40 pages. 

24. Translation ofRenatus des Cartes, by W. Molyneux, Dublin, Feb. 19, 
1678-9 (a transcript), 56 pages. 

25. A series of eight letters from Jonathan Woodworth,'^ a student at 
Glasgow University, to his cousin Peter Walkden, during the rebellion of 1715 
(printed in full by Mr. Bromley iti Lane. Ches. Hist. Soc. Trans., xxxvi). 

26-27. Two letters from Rev. Jas. Towers of Rathmill. 

28-34. Six letters from John Jolly, dated Hinfield and Sparth, concerning 
local ministerial arrangements, etc. On Jan. 6, 1715-16, Jolly writes condoling 
with Walkden on the loss of his wife, and promises to preach her funeral 
sermon ; and on Dec. 7, 1717, he entreats the Chipping minister to take a second 
wife for fear of scandal such as befel one of his own flock. 

* A facsimile of whioli is here given. Woodworth appears to have died in 

* Minister of the Presbyterian Chapel 1718 at his father's house at Hale, near 
at KiiJgsley, near Frodsham, Cheshire, Altrincham, aged 20. 



Chap. 7.] NONCONFORMING CHURCHES. 179 

35-45. Correspondence between Walkden and his brother Thomas Walkden 
of Urmston, containing interesting local and family news, a reference to Preston 
Fight, etc. 

46-55. Transcripts of sermons, letters, from which it would appear that 
Walkden was inclined to Unitarianism. 

56, " A sermon preached August y« 28th, 1715, at Newton, by y® author, 
who is y« meanest and unworthiest of all Saints and Ministers of God's House, 
yet a well-wisher to Zion's interest, Peter Walkden," based on " Kiss y® son lest 
he be angry." 27 pages. 

In 1738 Walkden left Chipping for Holcombe, near Bury, and 
became minister of the Old Tabernacle, Stockport. Here he stayed 
until his death, on Sunday, Nov. 6, 1769, aged 85. Over his remains 
in the chapel is a stone (now covered) with a Latin epitaph by his 
son's hand, of which Mr. Bromley gives this translation : — 

" Tell, stone, whom thou hidest ! Peter Walkden, for twenty-six years 
of this church a most watchful and beloved Pastor, an excellent Preacher, 
indefatigable, eloquent, and of great power, of piety and probity a noteworthy 
example. Advanced in age, but with mind unimpaired, and with calmness of 
spirit ripe for death and heaven, both the ornament and instructor of his family 
and of his parishioners, on the 5th November, in the 86lh year of his age and 
the 1769th of our redemption, in the hope of a joyful resurrection, he died. 
cruel Death, what a creature hast thou extinguished ! But it is well : the 
virtue of Walkden is immortal.'* 

Walkden was twice married. His first wife, by whom he appears 
to have had no issue, died before Jan. 6, 1716-16, and is said to have 
been buried in Hesketh Lane chapel. By his marriage, secondly, 
with Margaret Woodworth, he had issue sons (I) Thomas, (2) John, 
(3) Henry (the entry of whose baptism in the Chipping Register — 
*' 1720, Nov. 27, Henry, son of Peter Walkden of Ohippin, dissent- 
ing minister " — is the only reference to the Walkdens now visible, 
minister at Tintwistle, in Cheshire, abont 1760 (Nightingale's Lane. 
Nonconformity J ii., 228), and said to have ministered at Hesketh Lane, 
died at Walker Fold, and was buried at Olitheroe, April 6, 1795, 
aged 74 ^, (4) Edward, (5) Nathaniel ; and daughters, Mary, Ann, 
Margaret, and Catherine. 

In his Biary are many references to his family ; some we have 
already noted. The proposed apprenticeship of his son Thomas to one 

\ The following entries also occur in " 1792, July 24, Mary Walkden of 

Clitheroe burial register : *' 1790, Jan. Chaigley." 

19, Betty Walkden of CUtheroe ; " 



180 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 7. 

Venables, of Waddington, was " generally disapproved of by the 
brethren ** of his church whom Walkden consulted, because the man 
^^ was not a professor/' A few days later the minister came to terms 
with William Entwistle of Blackburn — " the child to serve four years, 
and to be let see into the whole trade of pled weaving [plaids or 
checks], and I to give 45 shillings with him, and find his clothes." 
The industrious life led by Walkden and his family is well summed 
up in his own words : <^ spent the day wholly at home in one honest 
employment and another." 

From about 1750 to 1880 (in which latter year the chapel .was 
closed) services were held here by various ministers of neighbouring 
churches — Walkorfold, Inglewhite, Chipping and Knowle Green. In 
1836 service was held once a fortnight; in 1840 we are told ^' the 
preaching at this place is only occasional." 

CHiPPiNa Independent Chapel. 

In 1838, mainly through the exertions of the late William Bond 
cf Chipping (who had previously converted a house into a place of 
worship), a plain stone chapel was buUt at the west end of the village, 
and opened Sep. 25, 1839. In August, 1840, a " church" was formed, 
consisting of fifteen persons. The resident ministers have been : 
1840-42, Eobert Leicester; 1842, Mr. Clarke; 1853-55, Eobert 
Roberts; 1851-63, William Hackett (Nightingale's Lane, Nonconf, ii., 
220-2). 

In 1882, the chapel was closed, and now stands unused. 

Chipping Wesleyan Chapel. 

Reference has already been made (pages 102-3.) to the visits of John 
Wesley to Chipping. Methodism has never flourished in the parish, 
and a chapel, built early in the present century, was flnaUy abandoned 
about 1850." 



^ In Richard Allen's Methodism in laborious life she died at Macclesfield, 

Preston. 37-39, an interesting account is Dec. 29, 1794, and over her remains in 

given of Ann Cutler --** Praying Nanny" the burying-ground of Christ Church i 

—bom in 1759, at Thornley. After a a brass plate recording her virtues. 




OHAPTEE Vm. 

^^l\ HE District of Bowland, or BoUand, undoubtedly 
deriTSS ita name from haying been fainoua io 
Saxon times for the exercise of archery. It first 
oooure in the Status d» Blacklitmtkire, and was in- 
cluded in that fee which Willi»m the Conqueror 
bestowed upon Boger of Foitou : later on we find 
Boeland granted by Henry I, to Eob&rt de Lacy. The whole tract 
of country commonly called Bowland appears to have included the 
parishee of Mitton and Slaidburn, and, together with the forest, is 
now a member of the Honour of Olitheroe. Ecclesiastically, it was 
always a portion of the extra-parochial district called the Castle 
Parish. 

The boundaries of the Forest of Bowland (as given by Whitaker 
from a document of the earlier part of the seventeenth century), are : — 
Prom GraddBll neor QratiKe by the Uoddor to Cross of Greate, north-east 
of the lordsbip of Hornby, to Croosdale and Wliitedale; from Breniiand by 
Tarnebrooke, Ughtersih, Milthouse, over the Threape Hawe to the stone in 
the Trnuph that dividBB Yorkshire from Lancashire. From thence west from 
Sykes, which bounds upon Uarshay, Hathernwaite, CatBhay, Calder, Bleos- 
dale, Fairsnape, Blindhurst, and Wolfhall, by the end of Chipping town, and 
alHDUt 16 roods down Chipping Brook to Red Bonk. From thonce along the 
Pale, which bounda upon Thornley and Bradley; from thence by Clement 
Townson's land, Bauthmell's land, to Wyerbume Foot, Browsholme, and New- 
bay. Then over Bradford and Grindleton moors, to the vaccary of Harrop, 
which bounds on south-east side of Bolton-by-Bowland. — {Hiit. Whalley, i., 330). 
This survey pretty closely agrees with the perambulation of the 
Forest, dated Whalley, 1483. {Hid. l, 329). 

Masxbk Fobbstbes of Bowland. 



1372— Walter Urswyk. 
1418— Henry Hoghton, Kt. 
(1424)— Thomas Hoghton. 
1426— Thonias Tunitall. 



(1430)— William Asaheton, 
(1434)— Earl of Warwick. 
(1471)— Duke of Gloucester. 
1485— James Harrington, Xt. 



182 



HI8TOUY OF CHIPPING. 



[Chap. 8. 



1494^Lord Monteagle.* 
1623— Richard Tempest, Kt. 
15i:6— Thomas Clifford, Kt. 
1643— Arthur Uarcj, Kt. 



(1650)— Thomas Talbot. 
1666— Bichard Sherborne, Kt. 
1694 — Bichard HarringtoD. 
( 1 697)— Bichard Houghtoii,Kt.« 



Appointed by the Crown, the fees of the Master Forester of Bow- 
laad were £6 138. 4d. a year. The duties of the office would appear 
to have been onerous, especially during the sixteenth century. 

Disputes were of frequent occurrence about the lands leased by 
the Crown to the Master Foresters. About 1548, Ralph Greenacres 
complained in the Duchy Court against Thomas Catterall, Esq., John 
Parker, and 1 lizabeth Parker, widow, who, he said, with other evil 
disposed persons, to the number of 10 and above, had with bows, 
arrows, swords, bucklers, and other weapons forcibly kept possession 
of certain pastures called Wliiteladale, Breunand, Lees, Swynlehurst, 
Wardeleygh, Qradale, New Hey, Stodeley, and the Fence all in the 
Forest of Bowland- -which said pastures were sub-let to plaintiff on 
May 1, 1645, by Sir Arthur Darcy, Knt., Master Forester. Elizabeth 
Parker admits she was tenant-at-will of ** Swinhillhurst Inge " under 
Sir Arthur Darcy ; and that after the feast of the Nativity of St. John 
Baptist, 1548, she did refuse to allow two men ** being strangers" to 
mow the said meaduws ; but siuce then she has quietly given up 
possession. Among others who gave evidence were, Alan Bradley of 



^ Among the ** Depositions and Ex- 
a inations " (misplaced) in vol. xx. 
(Philip and Mary) of the Duchy Pleas 
IB a portion of a document signed ** Ed. 
Montegle," dated "at Horneby, the 
22nd day of January," having reference 
to a suit taken againnt the Master 
Forester " for certeigne dueties claymed 
of me for the fforest of Bowland." 
Lord Monteagle further refers to "a 
chaplayne of myne," who, he under- 
stands, **made a plee wherewith" the 
Chancellor of the Duchy was not con- 
tented, and says he has put **the said 
prest away from me— I wold be lotheto 
make any plee that Rhuld discontent the 
Kyng or any of his counsail." 

« In 39 Eliz. (1596-71, the Court of 
Queen's Bench being informed "that 
the Bailiffs of her Majisty's fforest of 
Bowland for the tyme beinge have 



duringe the tyme of the memory of man, 
by reason of the auncient priviledges of 
the said fforest bene freed and dis- 
charged " from attendance either at the 
Assizes or Quarter Sessions holden 
within the County of York, or else- 
where, "by reason that the said Bailiff 
is daily and howrely attendant upon her 
Majesty's service to bee done witnin the 
forest. Notwithstanding which, Sir 
Richard Houghton, "nowe BaUiffe of 
the same " is amerced in divers sums of 
money for his non-attendance at the said 
Courts. Therefore it is ordered by Mr. 
Justice Clench that instructions be 
given to the Sheriffs of the counties of 
York and liancaster, that they ** for- 
beare to entreate troble or proceed" 
against the Bailiff of the Forest until 
further orders (Due. Lane. Decrees, vol. 
36). 



Chap. 8.J THE FORESTS OF BOWLAND AND BLEASDALE. 183 

Chippin, gent., aged 40 ; John Heslett of Slaidburne, aged 60 ; and 
Thomas Parker of Greystonley, aged 40. 

Six years later another dispute took place ; from the pleadings 
we extract the following : — 

In 1554, John Tempest and Thomas Parker, gentlemen, in their 
plaint to the Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, say that the Queen 
on 29th November, 1553, leased to plaintiffs the herbage and pasturage 
of 6 closes called Lelonde, Whit well Green, Foster Close, Cleesholme, 
Long Knot, and Whitmore, containing 80 acres of land in her 
highnesses Forest of Bowland for a term of 21 years, at the yearly rent 
of £6 18s. 4d. Plaintiffs sought to obtain entry, but on the Monday 
next after the Feast of Epiphany, Eiohard Ashton, gent., Ealph 
Greeneacres, John Walmesley, and Anthony Coulthurst, forcibly kept 
them out {Due. Pleas^ Phil & Mary, vol. vi.). Defendants' answer is 
so faded that it cannot be read. In their replication, plaintiffs say 
that the closes mentioned were not leased to Sir Arthur Darcy, Knt., 
nor do they belong to the Master Forester of Bowland for life. They 
further deny that King Henry VIII., by letters patent, dated at 
London, 6th Juno, 1543, granted to Sir Arthur the ojffice of Steward- 
ship of his Forests of Bowland and Quernmore. Defendants rejoin by 
stating that the only issue before the Courtis ** whether the lands 
have time out of mind belonged to the office of Master Forester of 
Bowland." 

On the 16th June, 1554, a commission was issued to Sir Edward 
Saunders and William Dallyson, sergeant-at-law, justices of assize, to 
examine into the matter; who accordingly proceeded to take the 
following evidence at Lancaster, on the 22nd August : — 

Chbistophbr Pabkbb, aged about 39, said the closes belonged to tlie 
Queen ; tliat Richard Asheton, one of the defendants, had for 5 or 6 years past 
depastured the closes contrary to the old uses. That prior to this time the Ax 
closes have ever been kept several for feeding the deer of the forest and 
have been so used ever since he can remember, except that the Master 
Forester hath used in the summer time and not otherwise to have in the close 
called "the land" 2 geldings, and "the grene land" "Foster close" and 
** Cliveholme " the deputy foresters have occupied for the summer time some 
parts of the same closes tor the most part of 22 years for their own uses. There 
are now in the forest " red deer and fallow about 300 ;" and there is plenty 
of herbage for 1000 more deer. 



184 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 8. 

John Dobson, aged 55, deposed to the same effect. 

Chbistopher Swinglehubst, about 46 years old, says he is one of tlie 
keepers in the forest, and hath been keeper for 16 years, and is now officer to 
Sir Thomas Talbot, Master Forester. He gives similar evidence to Christopher 
Parker, adding that Thomas Catterall, Esq., Deputy Forester, licensed one 
Thomas Sherborn to keep a cow upon the green, and himself (Christopher 
Swinglehurst) to have 6 beasts in summer time in Cliveholme. 

Sib Thomas Lanqton, Kt., about 56 years of age, says he does not know 
now the number of deer in the forest, but that there were 2000 in the time of 
the late Lord Monteagle. (1494-1523). 

RoBBBT Shbbbobn, gent., aged 63 years; Chbistophbb Mawdrslby, 
aged 70, depose to the same facts as the previous witnesses. 

Thomas Cattbball, Esq., aged 44, says he has been deputy forester to 
Sir Arthur Darcy, Knt., and that he was there officer for about 6 years. 

Bbyan Pabkbb, aged 80 ; John Wallbb, aged 60 ; Anthony Langton, 
gent., aged 60 ; Thomas Bound, aged 60 ; Bobbbt Bound, aged about 60 ; and 
William Banystrr, gent., aged about 52, who says he was keeper in the 
forest and officer there to Sir Richard Tempest and Sir Thomas Clifford for about 
18 years, and adds that he thinks there is "scant sufficient herbage " for the 
deer in the forest, also gave similar evidence. 

Chbistophbb Swinglbhurst, aged 67, refers to a presentment made in 
the Court of BoUand about 4 years ago against Ralph Greenacres and Richard 
Asheton for taking the profits of the land in question. 

Rowland [on Reginald] Pabkbb, aged 50, says he was one of the Jury 
of the Court of BuUand mentioned by the last deponent. 

Such was the evidence given on behalf of plaintiffs. The case of 
the defendants was then gone into and yieMed the following results : — 

William Smythrs of the Cowhill, ex York, yeoman, aged about 60, 
states the lands have always been used by the Master Foresters for the time 
being and their tenants ** as a thing belonging to the said office." He further 
deposes that Robert Swiny^lehurst now occupies one parcel of ground of about 
3 acres lying in the Newhind which is parcel of **the several ground " and was 
taken and enclosed about 12 years ago by the said Robert Swinglehurst of Far- 
docke House [Fair Oak] by the sufferance of Henry Banyster, deputy forester, 
his father-in law, resulting in great decay of the King's game. He thinks there 
are about 500 deer, red and fallow, in the forest which cannot be kept there 
without all the said lands being kept several. He says if the lands are taken 
from the Master Forester it will be to the destruction of the deer, and that 
without the said several ground the deer would feed either on the mountains 
or else in the several grounds thereabouts to the undoing of the inhabitants. 
There are, he states, 5 keepers in the forest who are yearly paid by the Master 
Forester or his deputy, viz., to each of them 26s. 8d. ; 6 drivers of the deer for 
their wages receive yearly 10s. each ; and that he himself is paid yearly for 



Chap. 8.] THE FORESTS OF BOWLAND AND BLEASDALK 



185 



keeping the King's and Queen's courts in the office of the Master Forestership 
of BoUand 40s. And likewise there is paid to the the King's and Qneen*s bailiff 
for exercising the office of the bailiwick there 40s. He adds that he has known 
the late lord Mounteagle, Sir Richard Tempest, Knt., Sir Thomas Clifford, Knt., 
and Sir Arthur Darcy, Kt., who have been Master Foresters of the forest, and 
under whom he has been Steward of the Courts there in their several times, 
except in Lord Mounteagle's time. 

Albxandeb Pabkbb, aged 90, has known the lands about 80 years, and 
has known Master Foresters Sir James Harrington, Knt., Sir Edward Stanley, 
Knt., Lord Mounteagle, Sir Richard Tempest, Knt., Sir Thomas Clifford, Knt., 
and Sir Arthur Darcy, Knt., the present Master. 

RoBBRT Bound, aged 70 ; John Robinson, aged 71 ; Nicholas Turnbr, 
aged 53 ; Thomas Robinson, aged 66 ; Christopher Swinglbhurst, aged 
67 ; RoBBRT Turner, aged 48 ; Thomas Parker, of Harden, aged 54 ; James 
CoLTLBYS, aged 72; Peter Hall, aged 70; Henry Colthurst, aged 70; 
Henry Goodday, aged 66 ; Reginald Parker, aged 52 ; James Bleyrdall, 
aged 66 : Henry Wyddelldalb [Whitbndale] of Slaidburn Parish, aged 50 ; 
Christopher Browne, of Whittelldale, aged 40 ; Henry Blbysdall, aged 70; 
and George Wrangell, aged 60 years, gave similar evidence. 

Tho destruction of deer must have been very great in the short 
space of two years, or the testimony given above grossly exaggerated, 
judging from the report of the Commissioners (John Braddyll, Thomas 
Catterall, and John Osbaldeston, Esquires) appointed 28 Nov., 1556, 
to survey the forests of Bowland and Quemmore ; — 

Deer, — " There are of red deer within BoUand forest not more than sXn 
score and fourteen; and of fallow deer seven score and six, thus located :— 

Red deer. Fallow, 
** Upon Borne Slack, Giles Harrison and Robert Marton, 



&0\?LJ\?[xS ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• 

upon Whynfell, Thomas Proctor, keeper 
upon Totrygge, Reginald Parker, keeper 
. , . Robert Swinlehurst, keeper 
Alan Bradley, keeper 
within the dryftes and outesydes of the forest 
within Radam Park 

Total 



52 

30 

28 

13 

2 

7 

2 



134 





40 
78 
13 
5 
10 



146" 



As to the cause of the decay of the game, the Commissioners say 
that the same are fully presented at the several ** woodmotes and 
swanemotes *' held yearly in the said forest, as appears by the Court 
rolls remaining in the Castle of Olitheroe, 



186 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. {Chap. 8. 

Timber, — ^They return the timber within Bowland forest as : 
** Timber trees being sapplyngs 710 

Sappling stubbs ... ... ... ••. ... ... ... ... ... 524 

%3l aOUwo ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• ••• vO 

Sapplings on the east and south sides of the lees, and within the office 

of Alan Bradley ... ... ... ... ... ... .-. ... 500 

of which 200 are very small trees and shaken and are not worth one with 
another more than 12d. each, and the other 300 are building timber, but not 
very large nor clean by reason of the great decay there in times past in deliver- 
ing out the best trees first, so they are not worth one with another 2s. each. 
There are also 500 sappling stubbs, a great part whereof are old, rotten, and 
hollow, and are only fit for firewood ; the rest of them are only good for * yate 
stoops and yates and silles ' for poor men's houses, partly on account of their 
great age, but especially because they have been so often lopped and cropped : 
one with another they are not worth more than 4d. each. 

On the north and west part of the lees are in sappling trees 9 score which 
be but ' evell timber trees' because the best have been chosen out long ago; 
they are worth one with another 16d. each. There are also 100 sappling stubbes 
similar to the stubbes before mentioned, and not worth more than 4d. each. 
Also 30 ashes, very old and hollow, on account of the frequent cropping for the 
deer in times past ; they are worth about 4d. each. 

Within the office of Robert Swinlehurst are 20 sapplings, worth 20d. each, 
and 20 sound ashes, worth lOd. each. 

In Radam Park are 10 sappling timber trees, worth 20d. each ; 24 sappling 
stubbes, worth 4d. each ; in ashes, 3, in ashes stubbes 40, old and rotten, and 
worth 4d. each. 

All the residue of the woods in Bolland are * olde hollyns, old heythomes, 
olde hassillis, olde crabtrees, and oiler-wood,* all of which, except the oiler- 
wood, on account of their great age and the * ofte cropping,' are worth nothing. 
The oUer-wood grows in great abundance in *carres and marysshes* by reason 
whereof they are not destroyed to the great decay of the herbage. 

The Commissioners certify that 346 sapling trees have been felled and 
carried away since the beginning of her Majesty's reign, and were delivered by 
five of the keepers, by order of Sir Thomas Talbot, Knt., then master forester of 
the forest, for the necessary repairs of the tenants' houses according to ancient 
custom. When felled the said trees were worth 16d. each. From the lees have 
been felled and taken away, within the said period, 147 sappling trees, to wit — 
40 for their Majesties' Castle of Clyderhowe for the repair of the 
houses within the said castle (i.6., the Castle parish of Clithoroe). 
13 trees for the reparation of the loge of Lathgrame. 
29 trees for the loge and pale of Radam. 
36 trees for their Majesties' Mill of Chatborne. 

29 trees for the mills of Sladeborne, Gryndelton, and Bradeforth ; all 
worth one with another 16d. each. 



Chap. 8.] THE FORESTS OF BOWLAND AND BLEASDALE. 187 

Keepers. — The names of the keepers are given as Alan Bradley, gent. ; 
Robert Swinlehurst ; Reginald Parker ; Robert Marton ; John Robinson ; Giles 
Harrison ; Thomas Proctor ; and Henry Bleasdale. 

Tenants. — The names of the tenants are Robert Sherburne, gent ; William 
Marton; Christopher Swihglehurst ; John Bleasdale; Robert Turner; John 
Dobson ; John Crumbleholme; John Swinlehurst ; Arthur Parker; George Bond; 
Henry Prankland ; Henry Whitendale ; Christopher Coote (? Coore) ; Thomas 
Parker of Harden; George Harrison; Thomas Parker of Graystonley; and 
Alexander Bleasdale {Dilc. Pleas, viii., R. 9). 

Affrays between the keepers of the forest and the neighbouring 
gentry 9,nd tenants frequently took place. 

Sir Richard Tempest, master forester of Bowland, in his informa- 
tion, laid 16 Hen, Vni. (1524), says: 

" Sir Richard Houghton, Knt., and his servants at divers times within the 
1^ years have killed in the King's forest of Bowland, ' harts, bucks, and dooes ' 
to the number of 11 without warrant. "Sir Richard Houghton," he adds, "with 
30 persons came to the forest on St. Wilfrid's Kve last about II o'clock and there 
shot 60 arrows at the King's keepers, and with their grey hounds killed 6 or 7 
great bucks and * Sawers ' besides other fawns and does.'* 

Sir Richard Hoghton in his leply stated that he cannot answer to 
the first article, as there is no time expressed therein. To the second 
article he says that — 

" Upon St. Wilfrid's day last past, about the going down of the sun he 
went to a chase of his own *nye' adjoyning to the forest of Bowland calling 
•Chypping comes * (? Common), intending to have a course, and espied two hinds 
in the said chase, and set for them with his greyhounds, in spite of which the 
hinds fled followed by the dogs to a place called * cold byrkes,' a mile witliin the 
forest, where the hounds were taken up having killed no deer. Returning 
homewards, in a * hye* way leading through the forest close to a place called 
Tunstall hyng, three persons met him (Sir Richard) and * without any words 
spekyng' shot at him and his servants. The latter, in order to avoid the 
arrows, were obliged to loose the dogs, and to return the shots. Thereupon the 
attacking party beat a retreat and finding Sir Richard's greyhounds at large in 
a bank-side killing a * grey,' took them and presented them to Nicholas Tempest, 
the deputy forester of Bowland. 

As to the slaughter of 3 does in Leagrum park in December, 1523, Sir 
Richard maintains that he sent to Nicholas Tempest for license to have a course 
at a * tegge ' within the park, asking him to fix a time for the meetin^^. As 
Sir Richard was going to meet the deputy forester, there caice by chance a 
greyhound of Hugh Sherburne's having before him in chase 8 or 10 *does, 
fawnes and Raskell,' coming dirtctly towards him (Sir Richard). One of Sir 
Richard's greyhounds broke out of the leash ; and as this was an * olde liesshed 
dogge,' while the rest were but whelps, he thought they would not have been 



188 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 8. 

fleshed unless they had run with the said old dog. As to the doe supposed to 
hare been killed at Ashenfall brook, Sir Richard says that Giles Turner, an 
under keeper, at the command of the deputy forester, made for him a course* 
when he killed a * rotten ' doe and cast it to the dogs/' 

Replying for the King, Sir Richard Tempest, the " master foster," 
desires that Sir Richard Houghton may be examined as to how many 
deer he has killed in Rowland forest without warrant, within a year 
and a half before he (Sir R. Tempest) laid his information, for his 
deputy has told him that Sir Richard Houghton has killed 21 deer. 
He also desires that for having slain 4 does in Leagram Park without 
authority (to which he confesses) the said Sir Richard Hoghton may 
be ordered for his demeanour therein according to the King's laws. 
The master forester reiterates the charge that on the " evyn of Sainte 
Wilfride " last, Sir Richard Houghton hunted and slew divers 
* books and oder der,' and when the keepers heard thereof they came 
to the hunters and receiving no reply to their challenge shot at them. 

A few years later, in l532-a», Sir Thomas Clifford, master forester, 
complained of Robert Singleton, gent., 

" for having in * Laygryme parke ' this summer last past killed a buck which he 
took away with him sayiug that the master forester of Bowland should have 
no fee. He also brought into the forest certain gentlemen and diverse com- 
pany with them, and there made them game at his pleasure, without assent 
from any of the officers there, and so they killed the King's game. Sir Richard 
asks the Chancellor of the Duchy to cause the said Robert to be examined as to 
how often he has hunted in the day and night, with what company, how 
many deer they have killed, and how many *hode arrow shaftes' he did shoot." 

Thomas Singleton and William Singleton, gentlemen, deposed, 
as to the demeanour and report made to them by their kinsman, that 
he has several times killed in the night as many as 12 deer at the 
least in one night within the said forest. 

Sir Richard Sherburne, Knt., ** steward and master foster "of 

the forest of Bowland, laid the following information in the Duchy 

Court : 

That it was presented at a Wood Mote of the forest held at Whytewell the 
21st April, 1558, before the said Sir Richard Sherburne, that Thomas Houghton, 
Esq., son and heir apparent of Sir Richard Houghton, Knt., on the 14th of 
February, accompanied by Richard Houghton, gent., Robert Winder, Richard 
Cottam, Henry Wilkinson of Grymesarghe, Thomas Tipping, George Beesley of 
Gosenarghe, William Craven, Smith, Richard Thorneley of Chepin, Henry 
Thorneley, Robert Thorneley, James Helme of the Black Moss, Thomas Rodes 



Chap. 8.] THE FORESTS OF BOWLAND AND BLEASDALE. 189 

of Elmerege, William Rhodes, John Threlfall, John Richmond, John 
Halton, Robert Clarke, Edmund Bound, Thomas Startivant, gent., Edward 
Cottam of Ribchester, and divers others, came into a close called the Scolehirst 
Hey, used as a drift by the officers of the forest, and then and there took and 
imprisoned John Dobson, one of the drivers of the forest, and would not permit 
him to cast off his hounds to drive the deer into the forest. And the parties, 
not so contented, dyd hounde their greyhoundes att theyre willes and pleasures 
at the deer, and killed 2 great stags then being out of season. 

To •which Eichard Thomeley made reply : 

That it is true that he, being a charterer to Sir Richard Houghton, the day 
and year before specified, came to hear mass at the Church of Chipping, and 
there heard that certain deer were in Scolirste hey, the freehold of his master. 
Accordingly he, along with Thomas Houghton, went to see the deer chased. 
(Duchy Pleas, vol. iv.) 

In 15 Miz. (1572-3) Sir Eichard again laid a complaint, in the 
course of which he states that Eoger and Anthony KnoUes, sons of 
Henry KnoUes of Bradford [near Clitheroe] and others, utterly dis- 
regarding the statute of 30 Hen. "VTII. as to the use of crossbows, 
have lately hunted within the forest of Bowland and have killed as 
well with cross-bow and hand-gun as othervnse sundry deer, to wit 
on the 8th Dec, 1571, one stag, in the place called the West Cloughe ; 
and the last day of Aug. another stag was stryken with a cross-bow 
in a certain place called Knoll pasture, and the arrow was seen stick- 
ing in the said stag," etc. {Ihid,^ vol. xlviii.) 

In the ** Journal of Nicholas Assheton, 1617-18'* (Chet. Soc, 
xiv.), are many notes of hunting in the forest: — ** 1617. Sept. 6. 
All but Mr. Chancellor into Holland. At Stable Oak. A stag killed 
at Harden, and another a little above, which made excellent sport." 
"Sept. 17. ToBatterise: to Burnside and Whitendale, overrun with 
good deare. A knubb (a stag of 2nd year) was killed, and a calfe." 
" Nov. 15. On hill above Walloper Well, shott two young hinds ; 
presently comes the keeper and broke the other deere, had the skin 
and a shoulder and vs. and said hee would take noe noticed 

During the next hundred years, as might be expected, great 
changes took place. In the Survey of the Chase of Bolland, 12th 
Oct., 1652, we find " There are of redd deere of all sortes; viz., staggs, 
hyndes, and calves, 20 ; which we value to be worth 20/. ; and of 
fallow deere, 40 ; which we value to be worth 20/." While the 
number of deer had greatly decreased, the number of keepers is now 



190 



HISTORY OF CHIPPING. 



[Chap. 8. 



g^ven as twelve. It is significant that the 17 tenements in 1556 had 
been nearly four-fold in 1652. But the old forest Jaw remained in 
full force : " The several tenants, as well lease holders as fee-farmers, 
are bound to suffer the deere to goe unmolested into their several 
grounds : they are also fined, if anie, without lycens, keep anie dogg 
bigger than will go through a stirupe, to hunt the deere out of the 
come." The steward " yearly kept two swainmotes, a woodmote 
court, two courts leet, and two courts baron, to which the inhabitants 
of BoUaud do suit and service, in which all such as felled anie wood 
without lycens, or killed anie deere, were fyned ; also, all actions 
under 40s. were tryed." " Most of the lands are held in fee-farm, 
being sold to the respective tenants by King James and King Charles, 
as appears by divers letters patent. Of the 1 5 leaseholders who held 
among them 8,429 acres, Eobert Parker, Esq., held 929 acres ; and 
Eobert Sherburne, Esq., 3,693 acres in Whitendale. The value of 
the Forest is put at £559 Os. 5d., viz. Present rent of leaseholds, 
£30 4s. ; Perquisites of Courts, £4 ; Herbage of deere, £28 lOs. ; 
present rents and profits, £62 148.; yearly improvements, £428 6s. 5d.; 
of wood per annum, £52 ; of Eadholme Park, £16." 

Whi taker states that ** it appears, from Sir Ealph Assheton's 
Tithing Book in 1676, that the tithery of Bowland consisted of Brows- 
holme, Newhey, Eadholme, Burholme, Thorniholme, Farrick House, 
Fence, Dinkley Green, Lickhurst, Over and Lower Graston Lee, Lees, 
Wardsleys, Legram, Harrop, and Burnslack " {IRst, TFhalUy, i., 331). 
So late as 1 800 * Bowland was ranged by herds of deer, but five years 
later ** a fine herd of wild deer, the last vestige of feudal superiority 
in the domains of the Lacies, were destroyed." {Ibid., 335). 

Keepers of Leaobam Park. 



1410— Eichard Hoghton, Kt. 
1446— -Eobert Hoghton. 
1461— Eobert Eadclyfe. 
1473 — Eichard Shirebume. 



1487 — Lord Monteagle. 
1523— Eoger Beck. 
1626 — Eichard Houghton. 
1551 — Thomas Houghton. 



These ojfficers appear to have been appointeil by the Crown, inde- 
pendent of the Foresters of liowland ; their fee was £2 Os. 6d. a year. 



* On Aug. 12th, 1777, were oflFered for 
sale at Stonyhurst ** a hundred head of 
deer" — **the venison of Stonyhurst is 



remarked for being as fine as any in the 
country." 



Chap. 8.] THE FeRESTS OF BOWLAND AND BLEASDALE. 191 

In 16 Hen. VJLLL. (1524), Thomas Pensax, under keeper of the 
King's park of Lathegryme, laid an information in the Duchy Oourt 
against John Bradley of Bradley Hall and Thomas Bradley his son 
and heir, for the following offences : — 

^' First the said John and Thomas Bradley on the 2lBt June 16 
Henry VIII. (1624) with a crossbow bent and an arrow in the same 
stode at a certen tre and covered hym self w* the said tre because the 
dere should not fynd hym nor espie hym and there covertly standing 
caused the said Thomas and a servant of his to drjve a gret hert to 
the said John to the intent he might kill him with his crosbow. And 
the said under keper perceyvyng the same required the said Bradley 
to surcesse and leve of his vnlawful hunting which the said Bradley 
little regarded and then the said keeper kest of his hownd to fray the 
dere and to let the said John of his wicked purpose.'* {Due, Fleas, 
vol. 2). 

In 23 Hen. VTH. (1531-2) Thomas Pensax, <* under keper of the 
King's park of Lagram under Sir Richard Houghton, Knyght," tes- 
tified concerning the destruction cf the King's deer " in the forest of 
Boland, and in Lagram and Eadom parkes there." 

That Thomas Shirburne, Esq., about Seynt Elyn day 20 Hen. 8 came with 
company into Lagram park and there killed a hart, one of the best and greatest 
there. About Midsummer following he killed a sokyn hynd there. About the 
Nativity of Our Lady, he killed a stag there. Upon St. Thomas's Day last past, 
he came with 4 or 6 brase of greyhounds and there killed 2 does. On St. 
Martin's Day last past as the said Pensax was walking his pale walk about day 
or sum what afore he saw 4 persons with a deer, two of whom went away. Then 
Richard Shirburn, servant of Thomas Shirburn, left the said deer and walking 
up to Pensax, desired him to make no further search and to be his frend* 
Pensax perceiving that they were 4 and he but his self alone and it so tymely 
in the morning returned. On Friday last, after the sun went down, Pensax 
met a dog of Thomas Bradley running at a deer, followed by the said Bradley 
and William Shirburn. Pensax also says that the said Thomas Shirburn and 
his servants do hunt the hare with hounds and greyhounds at all times of the 
year, and especially in the spring. Since Thomas Shirburn had his last lease 
of the herbage of Lagram he did ryve up the woods and enclosed the lands with 
double dykes and hedges which was wont to be kept for the King's game. He 
has also set up houses and made farmholds within the said park that the King's 
game have nott meets nor rowme whereby they are constrayned to go 
out of the ground into other places or ellse to dye. Betwext Holyrode day and 
Michaelmas day last past Thomas Shirburn and his servants killed one of the 



192 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. * [Chap. 8. 

grettest harts that belonged to the parke in a place called Chepyng Ck>wmy8 
next adionyng with 3 staggs and hynds and a styrk — which said place is of the 
inheritance of Sir Richard Houghton, holdyn of the King by copy hold and no 
man to hunt there without license of the said Sir Richard. It la opynly known 
that the place belongs to Sir Richard, that he may hunt in it at his pleasure, 
and it is knowne at the woodd moyts and all the country about, and so it hath 
byn accustomed with all his ancet«tors, and so Sir Richard hath used it and kept 
his possession, but that he hath spared hunting therein syns the tyme he hadd 
the office of Lagram this v. yere." 

Writing from Lee, the i-8th January, 1531-2, Sir Biohard 
forwards the above "book of articles" to his right honorable and 
singler gud master, Sir William Fitz William, Knt., Chancellor of the 
Duchy of Lancaster. In a letter, dated ** BoUyng the 4th day of 
February, 1531-2," Sir Richard Tempest informs the Chancellor that 
Roger Sherburne, gent., Thomas Kyrkbie, gent., Eic. White, yeoman, 
John Blesyngton, Oliver Gardyner, Wm. Lawrance, John Tover, John 
Lay this, and Ric. Tomlynson have killed since Midsummer Day last 
5 or 6 deer within the King's Forest of BoUand {Dm. FleaSy vol. vi.). 

On December 4th, 1555, Sir Thomas Talbot, Kat., Thomas 
Oatterall, Thomas Bradley, and John BraddyU, Esquires, were directed 
to repair to the park of Lathegryme, and to enquire into the state of 
the woods, underwoods, and game, in the said park ; also the state of 
the pale, and how many trees it will take to repair the same, etc. The 
Commissioners held their inquiry on the 1 3th of January following; 
and submitted the following report : — 

Timber.— In sapling timber, only about 30 old oaks for the most part 
hollow, standing near the lodge ; and about 30 other old hollow oaks standing 
** abrode " in the said park, which are so old that they are neither fit for house- 
bote nor . . . bote. The rest are only underwoods, and of oiler only, except a 
few old thorns " hoUins and hassiles,'* which are worth nothing, and are only 
fit for " tynsell" and firebote for the farmers there. 

The pale of the said park contains 1,140 roodes, is in great decay, and 
quite unable to keep any deer in the park (if any there were) or the cattle of 
the farmers. A great part of the circuit of the pale is in many places fenced 
with •* tynsell " and yarding of the said oiler wood, for lack of palebote and 
other timber. All the timber trees, as well within the park of Leagram as 
within the forest of Bowl and (which trees within the forest are adjoining the 
park within a mile) will not suffice to fence and maintain the pale. There is no 
other wood to be had for that purpose except in the forest of Bowland ; and, if 
the said timber were so used, then their Majesties' tenants and farmers in the 
forest of Bowland — having there several of their graces' mills in farm — would 



Chap. 1.] THE FORESTS OF BOWLAND AND BLEASDALE. 193 

lack timber for necessary repairs. The Queen's castles, manors, and lodges, 
within and near the Forest, which have every year been repaired with the said 
timber, will become decayed, whereby their Majesties' rents will be diminished, 
and the tenants impoverished ; or else they will be obliged to provide timber 
from other parts of the country. 

The Park contains, within the compass of the pale 468 acres of all sorts 
and kind of ground, viz., 3 parcels of arable laud, called the ** Over Lawnde,' 
" Accorne Hurst," containing together 40 acres, and the " New Falle " containing 
7 acres— every acre is worth by the year, 2s. 8d. There is a piece of ground 
called the " lower Lawnde,'' 25 acres in extent, much overgrown and covered 
with underwood, and part barren ground, worth per acre by the year 20d. Also 
a parcel of meadow, called the "park green," containing 28 acres, whereof 8 
acres are ** very well mossyd grownde," worth 2s. 4d. per acre. Also a parcel, 
called " the over end," containing 83 acres, 40 whereof are heath, and 43, very 
barren moss ground, worth 8d. per acre yearly. A piece, called " the lower end," 
containing a " great carre and marrsshe ground," commonly called " Lagrame 
Carre," and is a " very deppe and wete carre," overgrown with thick ollerwood, 
and a few hollies, hazels, and thorns ; it contains 103 acres, worth 12d. per acre. 
Also two great and barren mosses, called " Hoddes mosse," of 85 acres ; and the 
** parke mosse," of 98 acres, worth 8d. an acre. 

Concerning the Gamb and Dreb within the park **we find as well by the 
evidence of divers honest inhabitants dwelling near the park, as also by our 
own view and knowledge, that there are no deer abiding or bred within the 
said park, nor has there been for many years past" (Dttc. Plea. Depositions^ xix., 
R. 7). 

No time was lost in acting upon this report, as on the 2nd of March, 
2 and 3 Phil, and Mary (1655-6), Leagram Park was disparked. 
From the lengthy decree we have space for only a few extracts. — 
" Forasmuch as our park of Leagram otherwise Lathgryme in BoUand 
a portion of our duchy of Lancaster used in late times for wild cattle 
and deer has been so laid waste that in fact few or no wild cattle or 
deer now remain living within the same park ; and also as trees and 
underwood lately growing in the same have been so laid waste and 

destroyed for repair of the pale we have determined 

to dispark the said park, and to turn it to farmland, cultivation, and 
husbandry. Know ye then that we of our special grace and our 
certain knowledge and free motion have delivered over, granted and 
demised for a farm to our beloved and faithful subject Richard Shir- 
borne, Knight, all that land, meadow, etc., lying within the circu't of 
our said Park at Leagram, and all that messuage called the lodge, with 
all houses and buildings, and also that messauge called Windehilles in 



194 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 8, 

Bolland lying near the pale of the park, except all large trees, ward- 
ships, marriage-dues, etc., thereto appertaining, to hold from the feast 
of St. Michael the archangel last past up to the end of the term of 
eighty years, rendering thence to us £26 19s. 6d. yearly." The 
privileges of firebote, hedgebote, ploughbote, housebote, and wain- 
bote ; enclosure, falling timber, etc., were likewise grunted {Duo, 
Zone., Div. ii.. No. 23, fol. 136b). 

In 1562-3, Queen Elizabeth granted the fee simple of Leagram 
Park to Dudley, Earl of Leicester ; from whom the lessee. Sir Bichard 
Sherburne, of Stonyhurst, Knt., purchased it the same year. From this 
time, Leagram was a portion of the Sherburne estates, until the death, 
in 1 762, of Mary, Duchftss of Norfolk, only surviving child and heiress 
of Sir Nicholas Sherburne, Bart., when the park, with the rest of the 
property, passed to Edward Weld, of Lul worth Castle, Esq., in which 
family it has since remained. 

The township of Leagram-with-Little Bowland a little more than 
a hundred years ago retained much of its old wild character ; there 
was no right of v^ay through it ; chains were kept across the reads 
leading in from Chipping and opposite the fords over the river Loud. 
The means of locomotion were rude and primitive ; and access to the 
market towns of Clitheroe and Preston difficult. 

LEAGEAM HALL. 
The Lodge or Lawnd, as the old residence of the Keeper of the 
Park was called, was a post and pattern building, forming an irregu- 
lar letter H, the wings being connected with a centre building, with 
a projecting upper storey, supported by pillars, forming a covered 
area underneath, with a terrace in front. In 1775 this centre build- 
ing was taken down to provide a house for the priest ; and in 1821 
the hall was rebuilt in its present form. It is picturesquely situated 
upon a finely timbered hill, about a mile east of Chipping village. A 
striking feature are the old-style gardens, with their dark, ehady yew 
walks. Among the notable works of art in the house, are the family 
portraits of the Sherbumes of Stonyhurst. Among the vestments be- 
longing to the domestic chapel (erected about 1856), are a stele and 
maniple, embroidered in coloured silk, and with a succession of coats 
of arms, the stole consisting of 48 and the maniple of 18 shields. 



Chap. 8.] THE FORESTS Or BOWLAND AND BLEASDALB. 195 

"The stole and maniple, I suppose (wrote the late Mr. Weld in 1888) 
to have belonged to Evesham Priory ; the arms are mostly those of 
the great Barons and their allies, who waired so long with the Crown 
with varied success until finally overthrown at the battle of Evesham, 
where their great leader, Simon de Montfort, was slain. He was 
buried at the Priory ; his arms are given twice. John, Abbot of this 
Monastery, granted license, 7 Edw. II. (1313-14), to Sir Eobert de 
Shireburne and Alice his wife, to have a chantry within the oratory 
at his manor house of Longton (the residence of the family at that 

time) so as not to prejudice the rights of the Church at Pen wort ham, 
itself under Evesham. The stole and maniple may have come to the 
Shireburnes at this time. It is supposed to have been sent tc Lea- 
gram when the place first came into possession of the Shireburne 
family, or when Eichard Shireburne, father of Sir Nicholas Shire- 
burne of Stonyhurst, Bart., endowed the Chapel at Leagramin 1685." 

From 1563 to 1752 the Lawnd, as it was commonly called, was 
used as a d' wer house for the Sherburne family. In 1641 Hugh 
Sherburne, gent., died there. A few extracts from his lengthy will, 
dated Jan. 4, 1690-1 (proved at Chester in April, 1641), are of 
interest : — 

His body he desired to be buried in Mitton Church *' in the ould quier 
theire with the leave of my worshippful Master Mr. Richarde Sherburne of 
Stonihurst Esq. being Patron of the said churche." To his loving master 
Richard Sherburne he left ** one ringe of gould with death's head enameled 
thereupon ; '* to his younge Mr., his son, *' one ringe of goulde with a saphier 
stone thereupon ; " to his " Mistriss of the Lande one ringe of golde with rubie 
stones enamelled thereupon, and the clock that was my ould maister's." 
Other legacies were : to Mistress Ann Lacon, wife of Francis Lacon, Esq., "one 
crosse of gould ; " to Mr. Rd. Sherburne of Dunnow 408. which he oweth mee of 
lent monies ; to Mr. Rd. Sherburne of Twistleton 10s. " that hee oweth mee ; " 
to Mr. Robt. Swinglehurst of Fairoake House 36s. " which hee oweth mee ; " to 
Mr. Rausthorne, vicar of Mitton Church, 40s , " which he and his wife did 
borrowe of mee at two several times;" to his nephew, Richard Sherburne of 
Baley Hall sundry apparel, and £3 6s. 8d. " in silver." He also mentions his 
nephew, Adam Houghton, Robt. Gregson of Paradyse, his cousin Thomas Bradley 
of Withenslake, his god-daughter. Mistress Margaret Huddleston, his nephew, 
John Talbot of the Carr, his godson, Robt. Ashe, his cousins Richard Sherburne 
of Higham, and Prudence Sherburne, aL Greenough. He bequeaths "to the 
poor in Baley, 40s. a year ; to the poor in Leagram and Chipping 20s. a year '* (so 
long as his interest in certain lands in Hambleton continues) ; to the poor a 



196 



HISTORY OF CHIPPING. 



rOHAF. 8. 



two-penny dole, and to the ringers at his funeral, 128. The residue he leares to 
his servant, Richard Birley ; and appoints his loving friend Mr. Edward Ashe 
of Clough Bank in Bailey, and Mr. Richard Sherhume of Higham, executors. 
Hugh Sherburne was buried at Micton, "April — 1641." 

A somewhat notable will is that of Anne, daughter of John 
Holden, of Greenacre, third wife of Eichard Sherburne of Stonjhurst, 
Esq., who survived her husband many years ; and was no doubt the 
'* Mistress of the Lande'' named above. She made her will 10th 
April, 1665 :— 

Desired her body to be buried in the parish church of Mitton in ** the new 
quire there as near to my late husband as conveniently may be.'' Among her 
bequests were : To her step-son Richard Sherburne of Stonyhurst one gold ring 
"which was his mother's having engraven on it these words: *I wish and 
want ; '" to Elizabeth his wife one *' juell with three little pearles in the end of 
it ; " to her step-grandchild Richard Sherburne " 2 brueing leads one brueing 
knoppe and one stone trough" all standing in the brewhouse; to her step- 
grandchild Anne, wife of Sir Marmaduke Constable of Ereringham, one ring 
" called the Sparke of a Diamond ; " to her step-grandchild Isabel I Sherburne, 
two silver cruets ; to her godson Nicholas Sherburne, one silver bowl, to his 
brother, Richard, one twenty-shilling piece of gold, and to his sister, Elizabeth 
Sherburne, one little silver cup with a loose cover on the top of it; to her 
nephew, John Holden,3; £10, and one great ark at Grindleton bam, etc. ; to her 
niece, Elizabeth Holden, a " deske covered with Irish work," etc. She made 
numerous other bequests (for which we have no space) and appointed her 
nephew, John Holden, of Leagram, gent., sole executor. The value of her goods 
was sworn at £297 9s. 7d., on Jan. 17th, 1665-6 (Archd. Richmd., A. 1665). 

In the Mitton burial registry is the following entry : ** 1665, May 
16 Mrs. Sherburne of^the Lawnde." 

John Weld, bom in 1813, was educated at Stonyhurst, and 
in 1860 succeeded to the family property. For some years he served 
with the 5th Lancashire Militia ; and qualified for a county 
magistrate. He much improved Leagram, and from his designs was 
built the private chapel. ** His knowledge of the antiquities of the 
district was probably unmatched, and the store of deeds and docu- 
ments belonging to the Weld and Shirebum families, which had been 



* John HoldtD. of ** Chippin Laund," 
gent., father of John Holden named in 
the text, and sister of Mistress Ann 
Sherburne, made his will, Jan. 10, 
1631-2. Gives his body to be buried in 
Mitton Church ; to his son, John 
Holden, his sword, trunke, stone bow 



andcrosse bowe. To Mary, his wife, 
£4; to his cousin, John Holden of 
Chagelev, yeoman, his best saddle ; and 
the residue to his wife, and daughter, 
Anne Holden. Inventory, iBlOl 128. 
{Add. MS., 32115, 101). He was 
buried at Mitton, Jan. 27, 1636-7. 



AKMS : Azure, a fesse ^utt^i^tritiied : 

CKEST : A wivern sah\ MSS. ; Foster's Lancashire Pedigrees. 

MOTTO : Nil sine Nu\ 



Bdward 
3rd 801 
1705 ; 
Eliz., 
Auton 
issue, 
died E 



Edward Weld of of Sir John 
born, 1741 ; DPn, Bart. 
Julia, dau. of 
Lord Petre ; 
dau. of Walt 
died, without 



I 

Mary. 



1775, 



aged 34. 



Thomas Weld of Lulworth C»Mary Margaret, 
after the death of his wife. dau. of John 
came a Bishop and afterw Searle of Moles- 
Cardinal in the Roman Catl worth ; died 
Church ; died April 10, 1831 Oct. 16, 1866. 



^ I I I I I i 
Juliana. 

Mary Theresa. 

Catherine Winifred. 

Elizabeth Mary. 

Clara. 

Theresa. 



Mary Lucy, wife ol 
Lord Clifford ol 
Chudleigh. 



John Weld, of Lea^^ram, : 
J. P. and D.L. ; born 
Feb. 7, 1813; died 



: 3 Maria Theresa, 
wife of R. S. 
Cox of Brox- 
wood Court. 



Emma. Georgiana. Louisa 



A^ 



Matilda Weld. 



T I- I 

Louisa. Catherine. 



Chap. 8.] THE FORESTS OF BOWLAND AND BLEASDALE, 197 

removed to Leagram when his grandfather parted with Stonjhurst, 
had been diligently studied by him and its information arranged and 
registered. No Eoman road, old building, inscription, or church font, 
for miles around was unremarked by him." {Stonyhurat Mag.^ iii., 
252-8). He was thoroughly familiar with the folk-lore and natural 
history of the district; and from his MSS., and articles in the Stony- 
hurst Maga%ine^ much valuable and important information has been 
made use of for this work. A staunch and devoted Catholic, he died 
on November 25th, 1888, and was buried in the family vault at 
Leag^am. 

PAEKEB OF GEEYSTONELEY IN BOWLAND. 

On Dec. 10, 1547, the King leased to Thomas Parker, Joan 
Parker, widow, and Eeginald Parker, son of John Parker, the vaccary 
of Qraystonleigh for 21 years at yearl}'^ rent of £4. 

Thomas Pabkeb, by will, Dec. 9, 1594, desired to be buried in 
Chipping Church; gave his lands to his eldest son^ James; and 
appointed his wife, Anne, and his son Thomas, exors., with Mr. Anthony 
Parker, and his brother Reginald, overseers. 

Eeginald Pabkbb, brother of Thomas, by will, Jan. 22, 1594-5, 
made provision for his wife, Alice, sons John, Thomas, Eobert, and 
Nicholas, and added ** if my son Eichard Parker, vicar of Chippin, do 
discharge one bill which I have of hym for money lent him, I am 
content the same shall be his child's part ; " to his good friend Mr. 
Anthony Parker, 15s. in gold ; with his wife and son, Nicholas, exors., 
and Anthony Parker and John Swinglehurst of Fairdockholme, 
overseers. 

James Pabkeb, eldest son of Thomas, bap. Mar. 15, 1579-80, 
married Agnes, dan. of Eobert Sherburne of Wolfhall, and had issue, 
Thomas, John, and Eichard. He made his nuncupative will, April 
21, 1629, giving 20s. to his bastard sou James Parker, d^/. Taylor; 
and appointing his wife, and brother, Eeginald, executors ; inventory, 
May 19, 1629, includes 2 oxen, £7 ; 5 stirks, £5 ; a mare and foal, 
£3 13s. 4d. ; flax and yarn, 18b. He was buried«Apl. 25, 1629. 

Thomas Pabkbb, eldest son of James, bap. Dec. 21, 1601, appears 
soon to have got into difficulties, as he mortgaged Qreystoneley, Nov. 
9, 1630, to John Barton. About 1644 the estate was sequestered for 



198 



HISTORY OF CHIPPING. 



[Chap. 8. 



the delinquency of Thomas Parker ; and on Aug. 3, 1652, Outhbert 
Tildesley of Starzaker gave evideuce that having mariied, about 1638, 
Mai'garet, widow of John Barton, he duly received the rent (£7 or £8 
— less 1 Os. due to the King), until the sequestration, after which he 
sometimes received "nothing," and sometimes 20s. {Roy. Comp, FaperSy 
i., 158, f. 560). Thomas Parker had issue, James, born in 1623, died 
1659-60; Jenet, and Elizabeth. On Sept. 10, 1662, administration of 
the goods (£4 19s.) of Reginald Parker of Greystoneley was granted 
to his brother, John, and Thos. Swertbeck of Kirkland. 

John Parkeb, brother of James and Reginald, born in 1602, had 
issue, John, bap. Oct. 2, 1632 ; Ellen, and Elizabeth. After this time 
we have been unable to trace the descent of the family, until 1715, 
when we meet with Edward Parker, a Catholic Non-jurer of 1715, 
whose estate, Higher Greystoneley, is valued at £28. His father-in- 
law, James Parker of Chipping, names him in his will Nov. 1, 1722. 
About 1730 he removed to Preston, died there, and was buried at 
Chipping, Aug. 3, 1745. 

Robert Pabker, eldest son of Edward, by his wife Ellen, 
daughter of George Eccles of Birks, removed to Chipping Lawnd in 
1732, and there died in December, 1752 ; his widow being buried at 
Chipping, May 30, 1758. 

Edward Parker of Chipping Lawnd, gent., son of Robert, by 
will, dated May 3, 1771, left his property to Robert Parker of Dunnow, 
and G-eorge Eccles of Birks, in tmst for his daughter, Anne. He 
names his wife, Margaret, and makes Richard Eccles and James Sid- 
greaves, executors. He was buried at Chipping, May 10, 1771. 

PARKER OF LICKHXTRST IN BOWLAND. 
In the Duchy Pleadings^ 4 Eliz., vol. 172, is a long account of a 
dispute between Robert and Ellis Parker as to the division of the 
property of their father, Richard Parker of Lickhurst,^ who died 
about 1560. As usual the story told by the two disputants is contra- 
dictory. Robert Parker, the eldest son, alleges that his father being 



1 On May 10, 1532, "James Par- 
kinson of Lakehurst (Lickhurst) is 
admonished and forbidden concerninflf 
an illicit connection with one Elizabeth 
Walker to whom he is not married. 



His public penance is to go to the parish 
church of Chepen with bare head and 
feet, holding a penny candle in his hand 
and to receive discipline in preahytero 
{Bainea MSS,, xxii., 522). 



Chap. 8.] THE FORESTS OF BOWLAND AND BLEASDALE. 199 

seized of a tenement and lands called Lickhurst in Bowland by lease 
from the Crown at a yearly rent of 22s. 6d., and loving best his 
younger son, Ellis, ** by threatening speeches and hard words" obliged 
him (Robert) ta submit to such a division as would result in the 
advancement of Ellis Parker, "contrary to all laws and customs.'* 
By this agreement Robert Parker was to have the dwelling-house and 
bam adjoining that of Arthur Parker the elder, with pasture lands 
and Deast gates, paying therefor lis. 3d. a year, while the younger 
son took ** the ancient firehouse, the corn field, etc. John Swingle- 
hurst of Farrocke House, gent., Alex. Bleasdale, Reynold Parker and 
Robert Q-regson of Bowland, were directed to see that the lands were 
equally divided ; the custody of the lease of the whole to be with the 
younger son, who thereupon surrendered the old indenture to the 
Queen, and took out in his own name a fresh lease for both moieties. 

Ellis Parker's tale was to the effect that his father's desires for a 
good match for his eldest son, ** whereby they might both be benefited 
not only with marriage money but also be pleasured with great friend- 
ship and alliance," were disregarded, as Robert Parker proceeded to 
marry, without his father's kuowledge and consent, one whom his 
father disliked. The younger son declares that he himself was ** duti- 
ful," and that he married the daughter of one Nicholas Kellet, 
agreeable to his father's wishes. How the matter ended we do not 
know, but Lickhurst remained in possession of the family until early 
in this century when the property was sold to John Illingworth, 
grandfather of the present owner and occupier. On what is now the 
scullery wall of the house is — in raised letters — T.P. 1668. 

A will of some interest is that of Arthur Parker the elder, of Lick- 
hurst, dated April 1, 1614 : — 

" Payned with the visitation of Almighty God," his body to be buried 
within the steeple annexed to the west end of thii parish church of Chippin • 
the reversion of the lease of his lands held of Kichard Sherburne of Stonyhurst 
he gives to his nephew, Richard, eldest son of Robert Parker of the Pimleinges ; 
408. each to his two servants; 6s. 8d. to repair Chipping church bells; 
6s. 8d. to John Parker of Lower Greystoneley ; all his bedding, wearing apparel 
meal and malt to be distributed among the poor. **The poore which shall 
fortune to come to my buriall shall have pennce apeece, and every one bread 
and a peece of cheese if cheese can be procured — for want of these a peace of 
fleshe ; to the ringers upon his burial day at Chipping, 4s. ; to Richard Parker, 



-y 



300 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Ohap. 8. 

yicar of Chipping, 6s. 8d. " My will and mind is that all my good friends and 
neighbours which shall fortune to resort to my buriall shall have bread and 
milke.** Residue to the poore. 

Arthxtb Pabkbr, nephew of Arthur the elder, by his wife 
Elizabeth had issue, Bobert, Peter, Alexander, Elizabeth and Jane. 
He was buried at Chipping, July 20, 1602. Among the bequests in 
his will July 17, 1602) are, " a greate arke", standing in the kitchen, 
as an heirloom to his eldest son, Eobert. His goods included, 30 score 
of sheep, value 71; silver spoons, 30s. ; and one saddle and one sword, 
10s. — total, 144/. 6s. 6d. His third son, Alexander Parker, succeeded 
to his father's moiety of Lickhurst, and was followed by John Parker, 
his son, who in his nuncupative will, dated '* about the last day of 
March, 1670," left his goods among his wife, Elizabeth, and children, 
and appointed Alexander, his eldest son, sole executor. He was 
buried at Chipping, Mar. 24, 1669-70. Alexander Parker was buried 
at Chipping, Sep. 10, 1677 ; and was succeeded by his son Alexander, 
whose will is dated Mov. 4, 1735. In it he gives all his household 
goods to his daughter, Ellen, wife of Ed. Parkinson ; to his son-in- 
law, Thcmas Dilworth (husband of Margaret Parker), Is. ; and 
legacies to his wife, Elizabeth, and only son, John. The inventory of 
his goods amounted te 164/. 16s. John Parker of Lickhurst, bap. 
April 1, 1690, buried at Chipping, Sep. 25, 1753, was followed by his 
son Alexander. By his marriage at Whitewell, Sep. 14, 1762, with 
Jane Pilling, he had issue, John, bap. at Whitewell, Aug. 21, 1763, 
Elizabeth, born in 1766, Daniel, born in 1767, William, born in 1769, 
and James, born in 1772. 

FTHMELL OF LEES, AND WARDSLEY, IN BOWLAND. 
It 

dispute^'^ family was settled at the Lees in Bowland in the sixteenth 
property- I^ *^® Survey of the Chase of BoUand, 12th Oct., 1652, 
about r *^® leaseholders, we find: ** Wardsley (one moiety) — a parcel 
dictory.'^^^ in the under-tenancy of Robert Rathmell, 14a. 2r. 14p., 
Anthony Dent granted by deed, 24 March, 1604-5, to Roger 
* On ^ of Lincoln, Doctor, and Thomas Parker of Browsholme, Esq., 
admonishich they assigned to Richard Taylor, deceased. Wardsley (the 
*°^^^*fioiety), 50a. 3r. 34p., granted by the same to the same, 24 May, 



Chap. 8.] THE FORESTS OF BOWLAND AND BLEASDALE. 201 

1606, and whioh they assigned to Eichard Taylor, deceased, who 
bequeathed it to his daughter, wife of Eobert Eauthmell " {ParJc$r 
MSS.). 

Before 1714-15, Wardsley was the property of the Duke of Mon- 
tagu ; and in March 25th, 1739-40, the Eauthmells had a renewal of 
their lease for a term of 21 years at a rental of £29 per annum. 

The materials for tracing the descent in detail of this famil}^ are far from 
abundant. On Feb. 25, 1599-1600, was buried at Chipping, Robert Rauth- 
MBLL of Lees, yeoman. His son, Geoboe Rauthmbll, had issue, Robert, who 
married the daughter of Richard Taylor of Wardsley (buried at Chipping, Oct. 
4, 1676), and by her had George, Arthur, and Jane. Robt. Rauthmell was buried 
April 6, 1679. 

Gbobob Rauthmell, by his wife, Mary, had issue, Robert, Richard, John, 
Henry (died younpf), Arthur, Jane (wife of Joseph Bolton of Chipping), Bridget 

(wife of Richard Bateson, schoolmaster, Chipping), and Mary (wife of 

Exley). He was a foreign burgess of Preston Guild in 1682, with his four elder 
sons. In his will, Feb. 11. 1714-15, he gives his wife an annuity of 51. ; his 
tenement upon Bradley to his grandchildren, Richard and Sarah Bolton ; 50Z. 
each to his children, Arthur, Mary, and Bridget, and 20Z. each to his sons, 
Richard and John. The value of his personality was sworn at 367i. 15s. lOd. 
He was buried June 15, 1716 ; and his widow, July 8, 1723. 

RoBBBT Rauthmell of Wardsley, eldest son of George, married Jane 
Langton, but died childless in Aug., 1727. By will, dated Mar. 14, 1734-5, he 
left King's tenement to his wife. She, in her will (Feb. 27, 1740-1) bequeaths 
lOs. to her husband's cousin, Richard Rauthmell, curate of Whitewell, " for his 
care in coming to visit me ; " to Mr. Milner, vicar of Chipping, 20s. "for his like 
care and a sermon ;" and a guinea to her kinsman, James Jenkinson of York. 
She was buried at Chipping, March 8, 1740-1. 

RiCHABD Rauthmell, second son of George, occupied Brennand. By his 
wife Margaret (buried at Chipping, Aug. 19, 1742), he had issue a son, George. 
He was buried at Chipping, April 19, 1735, aged 57. Geobqe Rauthmell 
married Ellen, daughter of Chr. Slater of the Pale, and had issue a son Richard, 
who died young, and a daughter Margaret (about whose maintenance a dispute 
took place in 1750 [see Chap, ix.], her mother having died in Oct., 1740, and her 
father soon after "left the country"). George Rauthmell was buried at 
Chipping, Jan. 11, 1758. 

Akthub Eauthmell, youngest son of the first-named Q-eorge, 

died in September, 1713, leaving an only son, Eichard, who graduated 

A.B. at St. John's College at Cambridge the year his father died. 

Soon after lie was appointed curate of Whitewell. The ample leisure 

afforded him by his thinly-populated cure was well spent (to quote his 



202 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 8. 

own words) in endeavouring to clear " the darkness and obscurity oi 
the untro(]den path," <Ho pick and cull all the materials" which went 
to make up his well-known *^ Anttquitates Bremetonacensea i or the 
Eoman Antiquities of Overborough " — London : Printed by Henry 
Woodfall, without Temple Bar, 1746, one vol., sm. 4to., pp. xv., Ill, 
with engravings. In the preface to this work (dated ** Bolland, Mar^ 
24, 1738-9 "), Eauthmell pays a graceful tribute to his friend and 
patroQ Kobert Fenwick. He was buried at Chipping, May 15, 1743. 

DINKLEY QEEEN IN BOWLAND. 

In a pleasant valley, four miles north of Chipping village, lies 
the group of houses known as Ashknotts, Inkling, or Dinkley Green. 
About 1600, one-half of the vaccary was sold by the Duchy to 
Alexander Bleasdale, whose ancestors had been keepers in the Forest. 
From them this moiety passed to the Haythomthwaites, about 1690, 
aud then by marriage early in this century to the Bourns of Rib- 
chester, the present owners. The only trace of the old house is some 

H. 
carved stone-work, and E. L. (Edward and Lettice Haythomthwaite). 

1774 

The other moiety was held by the Howsons (Hughson, Hewson), 

likewise of the Duchy. In 1661, Eichard Howson died seized of one 

half of Dinkley Green, which he left to his son, Bernard. On the 

death of James Howson, in 1848, the property passed to his daughter 

Alice, wife of Eobt. Wilkinson of Chipping, in which family it 

remains. 

BLEASDALE OF DINKLliY GREEN. 

John Bleasdale of the lukling Greene, husbandman, by will, 
Oct. 6, 1618, desires to be buried in the parish churchyard of Chipping 
** on the south syde of the crcsse there and neare unto the place'' where 
his late father was buried. Fe mentions his mother, Ellen, late father 
Henry, his wife Elizabeth, his son (under age) Henry, and Leonard 
Bleasdale of Inkling Green. Inventory £90. 

Henry Bleasdale, son of John, was buried at Chipping,, Feb. 
20, 1654-5, leaving apparently no issue. On Aug. 12, 1661, Alexander 
Bleasdale of Ickling Greene, in his will mentions his sisters, Jenet, 



Ohap. 8.] THE FORESTS OF BOWLAND AND BLEASDALE. 



203 



wife of Eichard Clarkson of Elston, and Margaret, wife of Christopher 
Marton of Burholme ; his cousin, Jenet Bleasdale, and goddaughter, 
Dorothy Thomley. Inventory, £45. 

HAYTHOENTHWAITE OP DINKLEY GEEEN. 

A member probal ly of the family long settled at Stable Oak, 
Edward Haythomthwaite, by will, Nov. 1, 1700, left his lands at 
Dinkley Green and in Wyersdale to his son, Eichard ; £20 each to his 
daughters, Dorothy, wife of Hy. Bleasdale, Sarah, wife of Francis 
Ooate, and Margaret, and made his son and wife, Margaret, exors. 
The will was proved. May 27, 1710. Edward Haythomthwaite, son 
of Eichard, by his wife, Lettice (died June, 1789), had Eichard, bom 
in 1755 ; Eobert, Major, and Mary. 

Eobert Haythomthwaite, son of Edward, succeeded to Dinkley 
Ghreen. He married, at Whitewell, Jan. 10, 1780, Ellen Meicer,^ and 
had Eichard, Major, Elizabeth, and Lettice. 

HOWSON OF DINKLEY GREEN. 

RiCHABD HowsoN of Llckhurst and Dinkley Green, had issue, Bernard, 

John, born in 1659, Richard, and Elizabeth, wife of Clarkson of Bamacre. 

In his will, Aug. 28, 1661, he directs his body to be buried at the east end of 
Chipping Church. Leaves to his brother, William, his ** best hatt, shirt-band, ^ 
doublet, jump-coat, stockings and shoes/' to his servant, "a pair of stockings 
and waistcoat ; ** and appoints Thos. Turner of Knowlstones and Chr. Parkinson 
of Blindhurst, exors. 

Bbbnabd Howson, eldest son, married Elizabeth, dau. of Rd. Parkinson 
of Hazlehurst, and had Richard (died young) and Elizabeth. In 1694 he became 
a trustee of Brabin's School, died in Sep., 1699 ; and in liis will, Aug. 12, 1699, 
appoints his father-in-law and brother, exors. His goods were valued at £159. 

RiCHABD Howson, brother of Bernard, had issue, Richard, died young ; 
James, Joan, and Margaret. 

James Howson. born in 1688, married Mary Parkinson, and had Richard 
(died Jan. 2, 1794, aged 66), Bernard, John (of Preston, died July 9, 1777, aged 
45), Major, James (who had James, Bamet, Major, and Ellen), Ellen (wife of 
Henry Slater), and Alice. He died Aug. 16, 1767, aged 79; his widow was 
buried Dec. 10, 1797, aged 33. 



^ In a local print of the time it is 
stated that Ellen Haythomthwaite ** is 
supposed to be one of the best surgeous 
in the country; she has performed many 
amazing cures. Her cnarges are very 



moderate, twelve pence a week, if they 
come to her. " The following bear testi- 
mony to her skill : James Parker, " a 
fractured skull— his brain was bare;" 
Robert Parkinson, " a lame leg." 



904 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 8, 

Major Howson, fourth son of James, bad James, Thomas (died March, 
1859, aged 76, of Startifants, whose son Thomas is now owner), John, and Alice. 
He died May 30, 1806, aged 60. 

James Howson, eldest son of James, married Jane Coupe (she died May, 
1882, aged 91), and had an only daughter Alice, wife of Robert Wilkinson. He 
died Aug. 11, 1848, aged 68. 

THE FOEEST OF BLEASDALE. 

The Forest of Bleasdale (co-extensive with the township), formerly 
in the parish of Lancaster and the deanery of Amounderness, from its 
geographical position, is so closely bound up with the history of the 
parish of Chipping, that no apology seems to be necessary for the 
following lengthy (and it is hoped) interesting account : — 

In the perambulation of 12 Hen. IH. (1227-8) Bleasdale Forest 
is named. A portion of the vast possessions of Roger of Poitou, 
Bleasdale passed into the hands of the Duchy of Lancaster, and thus 
became a royal forest. 

About the middle cf the fifteenth century, the custom of laying 
out vaccaries, or great upland pastures, became common ; and the 
demise of these to tenants led to frequent disputes. In 1524, Edmund 
Parkinson, yeoman, made complaint in the Duohy Court of the con- 
duct of Eichard Parkinson in refusing to give up possession of a 
tenement called Stakehouse in Bleasdale. John Bolland, Abbot of 
Cockersand, held an inquiry at Forton, in the course of which it was 
given in evidence that Edmund Parkinson, grandfather of plaintiff, 
had taken the land **of my olde Lord of Derby." Eobert Kendall, 
aged ?0, deposed that he heard his brother, Sir Einhard Kendall, 
priest, lying at the point of death, declare this. Another witness said 
that John, father of Edmund Parkinson, took the tenement of Lord 
Derby's officers at a Court held at Myerscough {Duck. Pleas, ^ vol. 
xvii). 

The appearance of the district is fully shown in the name, and 
although of late j^ears much of the bog, morass, and wild moorland 
has been reclaimed, there is still a bleak, cold look about this 
picturesque and secluded spot. The history of the place is almost 
altogether identified with one family or clan — that of the Parkinsons, 
who for many generations owned the greater portion of the soil. 






* » ■ . • I 



I' • 



I :. 






> '.. ■- 



'." 



J 1 . ' 



I'l 



; I ' - f ! 

. : ■'■'*. 



'J 




' I 



i: 



!«■' 



«t, l^a^l 



m Lioi; uieu 
8 Aug., 1817. 



tuJjiji thvf^.Pi nhp.vrnnftl 




Riohard ParkinsoD: 
of Hazlehorst, 
yeoman ; bom 
m 1806; died 
12 Deo., 1857. 



:Margaret, dau. of 
James Bleasdale, 
Curaie of Ad- 
marsh ; died 7 
Deo., 1863, aged 
63. 



John Parkinson. 



Ellen Helme.=Ric] 

ofl 
bi 
Ij 
s.p. 
Betty. = Robert Pari 
of Fielc 
Goosnari 



Robert Parkinson, 
bom 12 May. 
1827; died 23 
Dec, 1844. 



Richard Parkinson: 
of Liverpool; born 
Sept. 6, 1828. 



ames Parkinson, 
of Myerscough, 



I 
Mary Tweddle P., 
ob. inf. 



Jennet, dau. of; 
John Bradley 
of Chipping; 
died May 6, 
1807, aged 47. 



= Robert I ry Parkinson== Isabella, da 
Curate Longridge. John Rob. 

ridge ; of Astley H 

21, 1828J 



-J 



Richard, 
died youug. 



John, 
died young. 



Mary, wife of 
John Horrocks 
of Preston. 




I of Dr. G. B. Turner 
^iipstead. 



^ 



Chap. 8.] THE FORESTS OP BOWL AND AND BLEASDALE. 205 

PAEKINSON OF FAIESNAPE. 

Anthony Richardson of Fairsnape within the forest of Blesedale, 
yeoman, entered a complaint in the Duchy Court against his kinsman 
Balph Parkinson of Fairsnape, in 14 Eliz. (1571-2). He states that, 
haying been lawfuUy possessed for diveis years, of the demise of the 
Queen, of the moiety of a tenement in Blesedale, commonly called 
Fairsnspe, and of certain meadows and pastures thereto belonging, he, 
along with others of the Queen's tenants, has made use of the common 
of pasture called Admarsh. Now, so it is (he proceeds) that Rawffe 
Parkynson, conceavynge displeasure against him and minding very 
unjustly to dispossess him of the pasture, has of late very forcibly 
chased bay ted and hunted with dogs plaintiff's beasts and cattle feeding 
upon the ground called Admarsh. . A great many of plaintiff's beasts 
perished on account of being driven away. And whereas also there is 
certain other common of pasture belonging to the said tenement called 
Fairsnape, a great part whereof called the Fell being indeed high hills 
and mountains, the tenants and occupiers of Fairsnape have alwaj-s 
been accustomed to keep pasture and feed their sheep in the summer 
season upon these hills, and to preserve the low ground for feeding 
their other beasts ; and, although time out of mind so enjoyed, yet 
Balph Parkinson, pretending to have an interest in the said tenement, 
and being a very troublesome person, and maliciously inclined to 
infringe the ancient usages, refuses to keep his sheep upon the fell, 
but suffers them to come down and feed upon the lower part of the 
pastures. For want of good keeping:, and by reason of the injurious 
wilfulness of the said Ealph, the herbage of the fell is spoiled and 
consumed with the sheep and cattle of "forreners" and strangers 
dwelling thereabouts. The said Ealph also refuses to grind his corn 
at plaintiff's water-mill lately built at Fairsnape — for which mill 
plaintiff pays 6s. 8d. a year to the Queen — and dissuades others from 
80 doing. 

Ealph Parkinson, in his reply, states that when he found plain- 
tiff's sheep damaging his ground he quietlj*^ drove them away as was 
lawful for him to do. The lands belonging to Fairsnape laj^ in common 
until 1548-9, when they were divided except the pasture called 
. Admarsh and the home fields of Fairsnape ; one half going to the 



206 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 8. 

plainti£E, and the other half to defendant and his elder brother Bichard 
Parkinson. It is quite true that when the land lay in common the 
sheep were sent up to the higher g^unds and fells, sometimes for a 
long period, sometimes only for a short one. Upon the said division 
the grounds next to Fairsnape Fell, except one close called the com 
field, were allotted to plaintiff as parcel of his moiety, who now, for 
his own benefit, and because he would not make a sufficient fence 
between his own land and the common pasture, seeks to take advantage 
of defendant. As to the mill he says he is not compelled to come to 
it, because it is a new improvement and lately built by plaintifE for 
his own benefit. Nevertheless he has often gone to the said mill, as 
it is near to him, until plaintifE refused to grind his com and grain, 
after which he was obliged to go 3 miles to another mill. PlaintifE 
having ** abayted his displeasure upon a courtouse desire " seeks in 
the Duchy Court what he refused in the country. 

Four years later, 30 Jan., 1575-6, Alexander Bichardson, son of 
Anthony, continued the suit against Margery Parkinson, his step- 
sister, and daughter of Eichard Parkinson. He refers to the water-mill 
lately built upon " a water stream running without a parcel of ground 
called Admarshe, late in the possession of his father, deceased, and 
seeks recovery from defendant of certain deeds in Writings." Eeplying 
on the 9th Feb., 1575-6, Margery Parkinson says " the Queen being 
seised in her demesne as of fee of the place and soil whereupon the 
water-miU now stands, by indenture dated about February 13 Elis., 
panted the same to Anthony Bichardson plaintifE's father, and her 
step-father, who accordingly built the mill. He made his wife, 
Elizabeth, executrix of his will ; and she after his death because the 
premises were aforetime in the occupation of Richard Parkinson her 
first husband, and father of defendant, who with his ancestors of that 
name had for a long time been tenants and occupiers of the lands " 
about three years ago assigned the said premises to defendant. 

About 1578 Margery Parkinson married William Swinlehurst, 
and after agreeing to assign their interest in the lands to Bobert 
Parkinson of Hey sham, gent, (her cousin) ** at the importunate 
suit of Thomas Ri(;hardson, brother of Alexander, granted it to the 
said Thomas." This led to a long dispute in the Duchy Court, in the 
course of which it was stated that Robert Parkinson, great grand- 



Chap. 8] THE FORESTS OF BOWLAND AND BLEASDALE. 207 

father of Robert Parkinson of Heysham was ** lawfully seised in his 
demesne as of fee according to the ancient custom of tenant-right then 
allowed " of Fairsnape, ** whereof all other his ancestors had been 
time out of mind seised without any lease to him or them made." 
From Robert the Jands descended to his son and heir, Ealph Parkin- 
son, plaintiff's grandfather. An agreement was come to between 
Ralph and one of his brothers, whereby the said vaceary was equally 
divided between them. After the death of Ralph and after the death 
of Richard Parkioson his son and heir, Elizabeth late wife of the said 
Richard married Anthony Richardson a man of great wealth and 
greatly ''frended'' by means of Sir Thomas Talbot, Knt., whom he 
then served. By colour of the said marriage Anthony Richardson 
procured a lease from the Queen for sundry years of the moiety of the 
said vaceary pretending that the same were lands usually let to farm 
and not customary lands, which lease was the first ever made of the 
same or any lands in Bleasdale. Anthony died possessed thereof, and was 
succeeded by his eldest sou Alexander who enjoyed the same. His 
widow Elizabeth formerly wife of Richard Parkinson enjoyed the 
same. On 3 Oct. 1673, the demise came to her daughter Margery 
Parkinson and the latter having married William Swinlehurst assigned 
her interest 2 Feb. 1680-1 to her step-brother Thomas Richardson and 
Margaret his wife. So seised on I Aug., 23 Eliz., Thomas Richardson 
demised same to John Whitsyde of Arnett in Poulton, yeoman. 

Here Robert Parkinson of Hysame [Heysham] gent., stepped in 
stating, that intending to reduce the said moiety into the right line 
and name of the Parkinsons although not in the sime degree, he had 
compounded with Swinlehurst for his interest. Swinlehurst, however 
overcome by the importuning of Thomas Richardson, brother of Alex- 
ander, granted his interest to the said Thomas, on condition that he 
(Richardson) should not alienate the said moiety save to Parkinson. 
He also says that Richardson did not assign the moiety to Whytside 
but to Arthur Wyver, the lather of whom also assigned his interest 
to Parkinson. 

Anthony Richardson came into possession thereof by marriage 
with Elizabeth, widow of Richard Parkinson of Fairsnape. 



208 



HISTORY OF CHIPPING. 



[Chap. 8. 



At St. George's Visitation of 1613, Eobert Parkinson of "Fal- 
snape" (%ic) returned a pedigree of five generations. * He was 
thrice married, and a brass in Chipping church (an engraving of which 
is here given) records the virtues of two of them. 

His cousin (not his brother, as stated by Baines) Christopher 
Parkinson of Blindhurst, was chosen deputy steward of Bowland in 
1617. The diarist, Nicholas Assheton records the following curious 
transaction : Met P[arkin8on] ; borrowed xxxl. of him, and mad a 
bargain w*^ him to have cl. and pay him xl. a year for x yeajs, and 
if his two children die w*^^ that tyme goe away w*** the cl." (Chet. 
Soc. xiv, 69). His father, Edmund Parkinson, by will, May 20, 
1604, left his tenement at Blindhurst to his eldest son, Christopher, 
our deputy steward, who himself died in 1628, leaviDg his vaccary to 
his eldest sou, Edmund. In 1669, we find that Christopher Parkin- 
son held a moiety of Fairsnape and Blindhurst under o. demise from 
his late father, Edmund. Some account of this Christopher Peurkinson, 
the benefactor of Admarsh (grandson of the first-named Christopher), 
will be found later on (page 211). 

Bobert Parkinson made his will, 23 Sep., 1641. 

His body to be bnried m the chancel of Chipping church, with his two wives. 
To his only son, George Parkinson, all his property in Bleasdale, with the water 
com mill and kiln ; also the adowson of the rectory and parsonage of Hey sham, 
together with his lands in Filling and Heysham. In case his son died without 
heirs the property to revert to the children of his daughters. His kinsmen and 
friends, Mr. John Fist, Richard Thomeley, James Parkinson of Blindhurst, his 
nephew Thomas Kirke, and Richard Parkinson of Hazelhurst, to manage all the 
lands until his son came cf age. His wife, Frances, '- whose fidelity, diligence, 
care and great love and pains I am bound to requite,'' to have the profits of a mes- 
suage in Heysham called the Overhouse. To his youngest daughter, Anne, £200, 
when of age ; to his grandsons, Henry, son of William Brabin, and William, son 
of Henry Brabin, £10 each. To Julian, now ivife of John Parker, ** who nursed 
my late son, Ralph, a yearly payment of 5s. on the 26th day of October." '* I will 



» On Jan. 25, 1620-1, Richard Par- 
kinson of Fairsnape, by will gives his 
body to burial in Chipping church. 
Leaves his tenement to his eldest son, 
Thomas, and names his wife, Margaret, 
and children, Edmund, Elizabeth, 
Richard, and Alice. His widow, by 



will, June 21, 1634, gives her ** best 
safeguard and flannel petticote " to her 
daughter, Elizabeth, wife of Richard 
Chamley, and the residue of her goods 
(£181) among her three younger chil- 
dren. 



Chap. 8.] THE FORESTS OF BOWLAND AND BLBASDALE. 209 

that Mr. Ambrose, ^ minister, shall be presented to the benefice of Hysam [Heysham] 
upon the death of the now incumbent. When the place shall afterwards become 
void I will that some snoh of the next of kindred of my said son, being capable 
-thereof, shall be presented thereunto." To John and Elizabeth, children of his 
nephew, Edmund Kirke, each £10; to Elizabeth, wife of Thomas Asheton, 5s. ; 
to Kobert, son of James Parkinson of BHndhurst, 5s. ; to Bobert, son of Richard 
Parkinson of Hazlehurst, 5s. ; to his nephew, Bobert, son of Nicholas Parkinson, 
*' the money he owes me ;" to Bobert, son of John Sherburne of Knott, 10s ; to 
Bobert, son of John Haythomthwait. £3 6s. 8d. ; to Richard Swinlehurst, and 
Elizabeth his wife, ** my wife's sister," £3 6s. 8d. To Mr. King, vicar of Chip- 
ping, " in token of my love,*' lOs. ; " to the poor inhabitants of the townships of 
Ohippin, Hysam and Bleasdale, £50, to be paid in 6 years as follows, £6 to the poor 
of Ohippin yearly ; 40s. to the poor of Bleasdale yearly ; and 40s. to the poor of 
Hysam yearly." Legpacies to his two old and four present servants and to his 
miller. His wife and son, executors, with his good friends Sir Edward Wright- 
ington, Knt., Thomas Walmesley of Duukenbalgh, and Bichd Sherburne of 
Wiglesworth. Esquires, to assist them, ^o inventory or date of probate attached 

On Oct. 18, 1659, ovidenca was taken at Lancaster of witnesses in 
a suit between Isabell, ' widow of George Parkinson, and her mother- 
in-law, Frances, widow of the above Eobert Parkinson, respecting the 
latter's claim to additional dower. William Waed, riactor of Hey- 
sham, * a god about 49, deposes that defendant had duly received the 
profits of the Overhouse estate, according to her husband's will. 
Thomas Kirke of Chipping, yeoman, aged about 66 ; Bobeet Lobd 
of Heysham, aged 75 ; James Parkinson of BHndhurst, aged 60 ; 
Thomas Parkinson uf Hazlehurst, aged 42; Henky Mabsden of 
Pairsnape, aged 28 ; Henry Parkinson of Blihdhurst, aged 36, hav- 
ing given evidence ; Geobge Pigot, of Preston, gent., aged about 49, 
'says he believes that George Parkinson died about two years ago. 
Jane Sagar, wife of Eobert Sagar of Goosnargh, adds that a month 
before his death, George Parkinson was at his step-mother's house at 
Whitelee in Goosnargh {JSxeheq, Bep,, 1669, No. 33). The upshot of 
the matter does not appear. 

His widow, Frances, in her will, Oct. 7, 1662, leaves : — 

* The well-known Puritan divine. however, he does not believe. 
Isaac Ambrose, Vicar of Preston and ' From Heysham burial register: 

Garstang. "1670 -Oct. 1, William Ward, rector 

' One of tlie witnesses heard a ru- of this church, dyed the last day of 

, mour that Isabell Parldnson was mar- Sep.'* 
ried to John Clifton, gent., which, 



210 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 8. 

** To Peter Tompson my brother, 208. ; to my oonsin Joan,' wife of Mr. Wesbie, 
lOs. ; to my oonsm, Dorothy Morley, my best gfold ring: to my cousin Jane, wife 
of Ralph Faber, 1 silver spoon ; to my cousin. Robert Eskrige's wife, my best 
gfown ;" she also names her sister Alice's daught-er, Alice; her sister, Maude Black- 
bume ; her sister, Judith ; her kinsmen, John Brabin, Henry Parkinson of Goos- 
nargh, Richard Parkinson of Bleasdale, Julian Parker, widow, Mrs. Leigh, Mrs. 
Freckleton, Mrs. Katherine Blackbume ; and appoints John Brabin, her executor. 

Isabella, widow of George Parkinson, by her marriage with 
John Olifton of Lytham, gent., carried one moiety of the Fairsnape 
and Blindhurst property into that family. She survived her second 
husband; and in her will, dated 20 Oct., 1676, makes no mention of 
the Parkinsons. She desires to be buried in the chancel of the 
parish church of Ohipping ; leaves £5 to her cousin, Bichard Black- 
bume of Stockenbridge, gent.; and leaves all her property to her 
eldest son, Thomas Clifton ; ^ desiring the right worshipful her 
brother-in-law. Sir Thos. Clifton of Litham, Knt. and Bart., and her 
brother Jonathan Blackburne of Orford, gent., to become her 
executors. 

On Aug. 22, 1706, John Parkinson of Fairsnape, yeoman, by 
will refers to an indenture, Aug. 28, 1695, by which he granted his 
lands at Fairsnape, 60 acres in extent, to Bichard Sherburne and 
James Parkinson. His bequests include, £40 to his son-in-law, Wm. 
Crombleholme ; 5s. to his son-in-law, John Wilson ; £20 to his 
grandson, John Crombleholme; and £10 to his wife Elizabeth. 
Proved 26 June, 1707. 

His widow in her will, Jan. 20, 1708-9, names Mr. Richard and 
Mr. John Sherburne of Bayley Hall ; her daughter and son-in-law, 
Wm. and Margaret Crombleholme, and their children, John, Elizabeth 
and Tabitha. 

At Higher Fairsnape are two houses. The old one (a view of 
which is here given) is a strongly-built place, with walls of great 
thickness, and an old-fashioned doorway. It is now the property of 
William Gamett, Esq. The second house is a plain building, and is 
owned by H. Parkinson Sharp, Esq. 

Lower Fairsnape, a modern house, is also the property of Wm. 
Gamett, Esq. 

^ By will, Dec. 13, 1734, Thomas called Fairsnape to his only son, 

Clifton of Lytham left his messuage Thomas {Piccope MSS,, iii, 256). 



Chap. 8.] THE FORESTS OF BOWLAND AND BLEASDALE. 211 

Paekinson of Blindhttest. 

A brief account of three generations of this ofEshoot of the Fair- 
snape branch has abeady been giren. 

Christopher Parkinson of Blindhurst, son of Edmund (seep. 208), 
by will, July 8, 1702, left a moiety of his vaccary of Blindhurst to 
Elizabeth, his wife, for her life, and the other moiety to John, son of 
Bobert Parkinson of Hazlehurst, deceased. His freehold share of 
Hazlehurst to Ed. Parkinson, Robert Farrar and Wm. Parkinson, in 
trust to pay (1) "40s. yearly and every year for ever unto such 
Preaching Minister as shall offitiate monthly at the Chappell att 
Admarsh within Bleasdale ; and after his wife's death a further sum 
of 408. yearly ;" and (2) to pay " £10 yearly to such Schoolmaster as 
they shall think fit to te£U3h the children of any person or persons of 
any township whatsoever as shall think fitt to send their children 
thither to bee taught which said schoolmaster from time to time shall 
teach the said scholers at Admarsh Chappell or as neare thereunto as 
conveniently may bee." He gave the interest of his mortgages of 
£100 and £60 upon the lands of James Parkinson of Blindhurst and 
Edward Parkinson of Hazlehurst to the poor of Bleasdale for ever. 
The proceeds of a tenement in Goosnargh during the remainder of his 
term of 200 years to the use and behoof of an under master in the 
free school of Chippin. His interest in **Startifants" in Ohippin to 
John Parkinson of Coldcoates, Wm. Parkinson of Elswiok, and 
Mathew Wilcock and Elizabeth Olarkson. 

Of his numerous legacies we have only space to name : Eichard 
Howson of Bollend, a debt of £20 ; £6 toward the repair of Admarsh 
chapel ; £6 to be employed in legal proceedings to recover a former 
gift to the chapel. To the recipients of Brabin's Charity 6d. a piece ; 
to the poor of Elswick, Gocsnargh and Claughton, the remainder of 
his estate to the poor of Bleasdale. Inventory £268. Proved March 
9, 1702-3. 

His widow by will March 25, 1711, left a large number of 
legacies with remainder to her nephew Eobert Parkinson of Hazle- 
hurst, whom she made executor. Inventory £141. Proved Sep. 6, 
1711. 



312 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 8. 

Eobert Parkinson, youngest son of Eobert Parkinson of Kazle- 
hurst, succeeded to the moiety of Blindhurst.' By will, Mar. 20, 
1748-9, he left his moiety of Blindhurst and Fairsnape to his son, 
Henry ; Halton House and Waller's to his son, Bichard, and legacieis 
to his daughters, Elizabeth and Alice, with provision for his wife. 
He gives 10s. each to his grandchildren, Mary and George Eccles '^ to 
buy them two bibles ;'' and makes his two sons, with his son-in-law, 
Bichard Eccles of Chipping, draper, executors. He was buried at 
Chipping, Mar. 27, 1749, aged 72. 

Henry Parkinson, son of Bobert, lived at Woodacre Hall, Gar- 

stang. In his will, June 3, 1794, he names his daughters, Jane, wife 

of William Taylor of Berwick Hall, and Maiy, wife of John Gardner 

of Crookhall, his grandson, William Gardner (who died in 1817), and 

son-in-law, George Eccles of Chipping, with his wife, and brother, 

Bd. Parkinson of Blindhurst, executors. He was buried at Chipping, 

June 15, 1794, aged 73. The moiety of Blindhurst and Fairsnape 

ultimately passed to Jane, only daughter of William Taylor, wife of 

William Sharp of Linden Hall, whose son, Henry Parkinson Sharp, 
of London, is now the owner. 

Bichard Parkinson of Blindhurst, younger son of Bobert, by will 

Jan. 24, 1797, left Woodgates to his second son, John, and legacies to 

his wife, and eleven other children. He was buried June 5, 1797, 

aged 74. His character may be judged from the motto cut over the 

door at Woodgates — a picturesquely situated farm-house — 

BiOHD. & Cath. Parkinson, 
1768. 

JUBEO PROFANOS HINO ABESSE. 

Bichard Parkinson was a freeman of Lancaster in 1791-2 ; and 
was succeeded at Blindhurst by his youngest son, George, who died 
there, Nov. 21, 1807, aged 32, the last of his name to dwell there. 

Parkinson of Woodgates. 
John Parkinson of Woodgates, second son of Bichard, was buried 
July 28, 1840, aged 82 ; his wife dying May 3, 1815, aged 62. 

Bichard Parkinson, eldest son of John Parkinson of Woodgates, 

, was born Sep. 17, 1797. His uncle Bobert, to whose worth the 

future Canon paid a just tribute, was Curate of Longridge, and 



Chap. 8.] THE FORESTS OF BOWLAND AND BLEASDALE. 213 

acted as his nephew's tutor. He gainecl his early education at 
Brabin'« School, Chipping, Hawkshead and Sedbergb, passing thence 
to 8t. John's College, Cambridge, where he graduated B.A., 1 820, 
M.A., 1824, B.D., 1834, D.D. by royal mandate, Dec. 10, 1851. For 
a year or two after leaviog Cambridge, he was Master of Lea School, 
near Preston, and became editor of the Preston Sentinel, and was also 
a freg^uent contributor to the Preston Pilot , the successor of the Sentinel. 
In 18*6, he was appointed Theological Tutor, or Lecturer in the 
College of St. Bees, a post he filled with rare ability. In 1830 he 
obtained the Seatonian Prize at Cambridge for his poem * * On the 
Ascent of Elijah ;" and in the same year was presented to the Per- 
petual Curacy of Whitworth, near Rochdale, which living he vacated 
in 1841 in favour of his Curate. On May 20, 1833, he was elected a 
Fellow of the Collegiate Church of Manchester. In 1837 and 1888 
he was appointed Hulsean Lecturer in the University of Cambiidge. 
In 1846 he was appointed Principal of St. Bees College ; and in 1855 
he partly rebuilt the old c(»nventual Abbey Church of St. Bees. On 
March 1st, 1857, he was suddenly seized with an attack of paralysis 
while in the pulpit of Manchester Cathedral, and a few months later, 
January 28, 1858, succumbed to a second attack at St. Bees. He 
thus attained his 61st year. 

Dr. Parkinson was buried at St. Bees on February 3rd. At the 
time of his death he was Canon of Manchester, Incumbent of St. 
Bees, and Principal of the College there ; Eural Dean, Justice of the 
Peace, etc. Two memorials were erected at St. Bees, the triplet of 
windows in the south transept of the Priory Church, and a slab of 
freestone over his grave. A reproduction of his portrait, painted by 
Charles Mercierin 1857, faces this page. Bichard Parkinson married, 
in 1831, Catharine, daughter of Thomas Hartley of Gillfoot, near 
Whitehaven, Esq., and had issue: (1) Catharine, born Nov. 25, 
1833; married Nov. 24, 1870, George Brown Turner, Esq,, M.D,, 
now of Hemel Hempstead, Herts.; (2) Bichard Hartley, baptized 
July 19, 1837, died in 1858 ; (3) Wilfred, bapt. Feb. 21, 1839, died 
in London, unmarried, July, 1868 ; (4) Eliza Margaret, bapt. Sept. 
9, 184^ His wife survived but two years, dying May 30, 1860, 
aged 58. 



214 HISTORY OP CHIPPING. [Chap. 8. 

Dr. Parkinson was a prolific writer. His works include : Ser^ 
mom an Points of Doctrine and Rides of Duty^ 8vo., 1825 ; The Ascent of 
Elijah^ 1830; Poems, 8aored and Miscellaneous , 12mo., 1832; Liturgical 
Preaching y a sermon, 12mo., L845 ; Prayer Manual, 12mo. ; The Church 
of England, sermons, 8yo., 1835 ; Hulsean Lectures, 1837, 1838, 
2 Yols., 8yo. ; The Old Church Clock, 12mo., 1843; Life of Adam Mar- 
tindale, 4to, 1844-5 ; Autobiography of Henry Newcome, 2 vols., 4to, 
1851-2; Journal of John Byrom, 4 vols., 4to., 1853-58. Among the 
published sermons not noted by Oanon Baines (Ohet. Soo. N. 8. 23, 
378-81, to whose life of Oanon Parkinson I am indebted) is one 
preached Oct. 2, 1836, the day after the public funeral of the late 
Madame Malibran de Beriot, in the Oollegiate Church of Manchester, 
8vo., pp. 23. Manchester : T. Sowler. 

His friend, Mr. James Orossley, has summed up Dr. Parkinson's 
character with discrimination : << In Dr. Parkinson there was a rare 
union of soundness of judgment, serenity of temper, and kindness of 
feeling. His knowledge of the world and of mankind was larger than, 
is generally possessed by those of his order ; and while it had not 
rendered him secular, had added much to the practical character of 
the scholar and divine, and certainly made him a striking contrast to 
those members of his profession who come to instruct and reform 
mankind with as little acquaintance of the world into which they have 
entered, or the species to which they belong, as if they had been sent 
as missionaries from another planet.*' A characteristic example of 
his mother wit is given in the facsimile (here presented) of one of 
his unpublished letters in the possession of the writer. Nor must 
mention be left unmade of the justifiable pride he felt in his un- 
broken descent from one of the great border clans ; and never un- 
mindful of the generosity of his forefathers, the now famous man, 
who in his youthful days had wandered over the fells of Bowland, 
paid a tribute to his native place iu the " Lines written on revisiting 
Admarsh Ohapel, Nov. 15th, 1843:" 

" Here have my dead forefathers bow'd of old. 
Here bent the head in deep, yet vocal prayer ; 
This amphitheatre of mountains bold 

To me is redolent still with holy air ; 
The voices of good men to me stLU speak 
In every breath that fans my glowing cheek." 



Chap. 8.] THE FORESTS OF BOWLAND AND BLEASDALE. 216 

To return to the younger son of the Fairsnape branch : 

James Parkioson of Blind hurst, gent., married at Preston, Oct. 
23, 1624, Anne, daughter of Outhbert Hesketh, of White Hill, and 
had issue Eobert and Jane. In his will, dated 29th March, 1675, 
directs his executor to pay his daughter Jane the sum of £200 in or 
about the month of October the next." if the said Jane or any child of 
hers be then living." He also refers to his having paid his 
daughter's husband £500 as part of her marriage portion. To " every 
poor body who shall crave alms at my funeral 2d. and 1 oat cake." 
To his grandchild, James Parkinson, all his sheep. All the rest of 
his goods to his son Robert, who was appointed executor. Wit- 
nesses, Gabriel Hesketh, and Outhbert Hesketh. Amount of inven- 
ventory, £162 4s. Buried Nov. 17, 1676. Robert Parkinson, buried 
July 5, died in 1691, leaving a son, James, and daughter, Alice, wife 
of John Alston of Wiswall. 

James Parkinson had issue Robert, Mary and Agnes. About 
1712, the family removed to Singleton, where James Parkinson died 
in 1717. 

PaBEINSON of HaZLEHUBST in BliEASDAIiE. 

The first documentary evidence we have found of this branch of 
the family is the will, dated July 20, 1662, of Robert Parkinson, 
senior, of the ** Hessleheds in bleasedayle," who desired to be buried 
in Ohipping churchyard. To Sir Thomas Richardson he left the 
reversion of his lease of the one half of the blyndhurst in trust for his 
sons, William and Thomas Parkinson. **To Gefere Parker one 
styrke, and to every one of his brothers and sisters, 1 lamb." To the 
children of Robert Stirzaker, 12d. each. To Roger Parkinson, his 
son, " one half of the styrke." To John Parkinson, his son, £3 6s. 8d. 
To William Parkinson, his son, one half of his tenement, to Catherine, 
his wife, the other half, for life, and after her decease to Thomas his 
sou. His goods to be divided among his wife, and sons, William, 
Thomas, John, Roger, and daughter, Elizabeth. His wife, and son, 
Thomas, executors, with Sir Thomas Richardson, John Parkinson of 
Lowdscales, and Robert Parker, supervisors. Witnesses, Nicholas 
Parkinson, William Parkinson, John Swynlehurst. « 



216 raSTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 8. 

From statements in the Dueht/ Pleadings (Vol. 118), it appears 
that the Queen by Letters Patent, Mar. 8, 1566, demised and to farm 
let to John Carrell, late Attomey-Gtneral, " one vaccary or pasture 
ca]led Haslehurst within the forest of Bleasdall, parcel of the posses- 
sions of the Duchy of Lancaster," for 40 years to begin as soon as the 
term of years which *^ one Thomas Gimell then had in the said vaccary 
should expire." On the death of his father, Edward ** Oaryll " of the 
Inner Temple became seised of the lease, and conveyed one-fourth of 
the vaccary to Roger Parkinson deceased, whose widow, Agnes, now 
(1591) occupies the same ; one-fourth to Lawrence Parkinson, and 
the two other fourth parts to Thomas and Nicholas Parkinson. A 
dispute arose about ^'the cow pacture" held in common ; Agnes and 
Lawrence Parkinson (it is alleged) with their beasts and with the 
beasts of strangers which they take in by agistment eat up the whole 
pasture, so that the beasts of the other occupiers grow '' leaner and 
leaner for want of meate " and many of them die. They implore ** for 
godes sake " that the pasture may be divided, fenced, hedged, and 
ditched. On July 11, 1595, the Queen renewed the lease of a moiety 
of the vaccary to Lawrence and Thomas Parkinson for 31 years at a 
rental of 38s. 4d. ; and on November 10, 1598, did let a moiety to 
Bobert Parkinson, sen., and jun., for 21 years, at a like rent. But 
her successor, James L, Jan. 31, 1603-4, '* in consideration of the 
faithful and acceptable service " rendered by John Erskine, Earl of 
Mar, granted to him the said premises to hold of the King and his 
heirs as of the manor of Enfield by fealty only in free and conmion 
socage, at a rental of 38s. 4d. a year {Patent Roll^ 1 Jas. I., p. 6). 

On Oct. 30, 1624, a portion of Hazlehurst was sold by Christopher 
Parkinson of Blindhurst to Roger Hesketh of Whitelee, but, in 1629, 
it passed to Richard, second son of Robert Parkinson, and nephew of 
Ohristopher; and on Jan. 1, 1641-2, by an indenture between the 
daughters of Robert Parkinson and their brothers, James and 
Richard, a fourth part of the vaccary, including 12 acres of turbary 
called Admarsh, and the Holme, likewise passed to Richard Parkin- 
son, who by will, Nov. 20, 1665, left the estate to his two sons, 
Robert and Thomas. ^ 

^ For pedigree of this family see foot of next page. 



Chap. 8.] THE FORESTS OF BOWL AND AND BLEASDALE. 



21.7 



His will, dated 20 Nov., 1665, is very brief. His body he leaves 
to be buried in the parish church of Chipping. He gives to his son 
Thomas Parkinson, dlias Alston, £80 ; and the residue of his estate to 
his son Robert, whom he appoints executor. The inventory, made 21 
Jan. 1666-7, amounts to £209 68. 8d. 

His eldest son, Thomas Parkinson, apparently illegitimate, lived 
at " the Core," and there died Jan. 27, 1705-6.* 

Robert Parkinson of Hazlehurst, married Jennet, daughter of 
William Bell of Elswick (she died in 1696, aged 61), and had issue, 
Richard, William,^ John,* Thomas,' Edmund (see p. 247), Robert (see 
p. 212), Ellen, bom Feb. 9, 1659-60, Alice, born June 27, 1663, and 
Elizabeth, bom Dec. 15, 1665. He was a trustee of Brabin's Charity, 
and bore an important part in local affairs. 



* William Parkinson, 2nd son (bom 
Dec. 1, 1656), by will Mar. 30, 1728, leaves 
** Bell's Mill and Kiln " in Elswick, 
with 39 acres of land, to his wife, and 
daughters, Ellen and Margaret. 

' John Parkinson, 3rd son (bom Feb. 
7, 1668-9), had issue, Robt., John, Rd., 
Josias, Wm., and Elizabeth. He died 
1721-2. 

' Thomas Parkinson, 4th son (bom 



June 28, 1671>, by will, Nov. 2, 1728, 
gave £100 to his nephew, Robert, and 
made him executor; £20 each to the 
children of his kinsman, Barton Parkin- 
son of Brad croft (whose will is dated 
Oct. 5, 1719) ; 2s. 6d. to Thomas Par- 
kinson, curate of Garstang ; £10 to the 
poor of Bleasdale. His inventory came 
to £401. He died at Blindhurst, un- 
married, Feb. 19, 1732-3, aged 61. 



* A brief sketch pedigree of this branch of the family, who settled at Burton in Westmoreland, 
may be of interest : — 

Thomas Parkinson = 
of Hazlehurst. I 
I 



John Parkinson = 
of Hazlehurst. 



Edward Parkinson 
of Ballam ; will 
March i, 1729. 



William Parkinson = Margaret, 
of Burton ; will 
Feb. 11, 1747-8. 



Jane, wife of Lawrence 
Dickinson. 



Lawrence Parkinson = Ann North, 
of Burton ; bor-« 
1695 ; died Nov. 5, 
1780, aged 85. 



John Parkinson ot Westby ;=Ann. 
died about 1785, intestate. I 



r.1 • I 

Thomas. 

Esther. 

Jane. 



John Parkinson 
of Burton ; died 
Dec. 24, 1797, 
aged 72 ; gave 
A8oo to Burton 
Grammar 
School. 



Elizabeth. 



Ann, wife of 
Robt. Piatt 
of Lytham. 



Mary wife of 
John Hall 
of Westby. 



I 



Margaret, wife of 
Henry Hall of 
Westby. 




218 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 8. 

In his will, bearing date 22 March, 1701-2, he leaves ** certain 
laads at the Haslehurst in Bleasdale part whereof I hold by purchase 
and the rest by descent " to his eldest son, Richard, and his heirs for 
ever '* (according to the limitations mentioned in an indenture dated 
Aug. 1 Jas n. (1685) made between testator and his late wife. Jennet, 
of the first part, his son, Richard, of the 2nd part, and Christopher 
Parkinson of Blindhurst, yeoman, and Thomas Parkinson his (testa- 
tor's) brother of the 3rd part). His lands in Elswick he left to his 
second son, William Parkinson, with the stipulation that no two of 
his sons should hold both the Hazlehurst and Elswick estates. He 
gives certain sums of money to his other sons, and having given to his 
daughters Ellen, Alice and Elizabeth each £100 in his lifetime he now 
gives, Ellen, £10, and Alice, £5 ; and makes his eldest son executor. 
The will was proved at St. Michaels, 9 March, 1702-3, the inventory 
amounting to £250 6s. 2d. The date of his burial does not appear in 
the Chipping register. 

Richard Parkinson, eldest son of Robert, bom Oct. 22, 1654, 
married Nov. 26, 1707, Ann, daughter of Henry Townley of Goos- 
nargh, and had issue, Robert (died young) ; Richard ; and Jennet 
(died young). He took an active and leading part in local affairs. 

In his will, dated 16 May, 1720 (proved at Lancaster, 30 Aug., 
1723), he gives his part of the vaccary of '*the Hazlehurst " to his 
son Richard, as also " certain other lands lying at the vaccary of 
Sykes, within the forest of Rowland." He left to his servant, Anne 
Whitendale, an annuity of 40s., ** if she continue in the county ; but 
if she happen to return to London," she was to receive a lump sum of 
£5 in lieu of her annuity, " except she be reduced to poverty in her 
old age." His stock of sheep on his lands at Sykes he ordered not to 
be sold but to remain there for the use of his heir. He appointed 
Henry Townley of Dutton, gent., and his brother Robert Parkinson of 
Blindhurst, tutors and guardians of his son, Richard, during his 
minority. The inventory of his goods came to £326 7s. Od. From 
the original ** sale book of goods late belonging to Richd, Parkinson 
of the Hazlehurst in Bleasdale, sold in a sale thereof made y^ 3d day 
of Octob*^ 1723 " (now in the possession of his direct lineal descendant, 
Mr. Richard Parkinson of Liverpool) I take the following items : 



Chap. 8.] THE FORESTS OF BOWL AND AND BLEASDALE. 219 

** Esquire Wliittingham, a white backed sterk, £2 4s. 4d. ; Mr. William 
Brockholes, a colt, £2 18s. 2d. ; Nicholas Grimeshawe, a cow and bull calf, £5 
2s. 6d. ; also, a young horse, £7 15s. Od. ; William Parkinson, a looking glass, 
5s. Od. ; Maddam Townley, pictures, 6d. 

He was buried at Chipping, July 17, 1723, aged 68. 

Richard Parkinson, son of Richard, bom about 1712, by his 
wife Alice had issue, Richard, bom in 1734; Robert (died in his 
father's lifetime, leaving a son Richard, who died in infancy) and 
Elizabeth, wife of Robert Parker of GFreystoneley ; Jane, wife of Wm. 
Parke, Ellen, wife of Roger Kenyon, and Alice. 

By will, Oct. 5, 1783, he left his lands at Hazlehurst, Sykes, 
Scotf orth, and Ellel to his son, Richard ; and an estate at Admarsh to 
his kinsmen, Heniy Parkinson of Woodacre, and Richard Parkinson 
of Blindhurst, in trust for his grandson, Richard, who, however, did 
not live to enjoy it. He was buried Dec. 3, 1783, aged 71. 

Richard Parkinson, son of Richard, by his wife. Jennet, had issue, 
Richard, of Sykes ; Robert, John, of Holme House, married Margaret 
Rhodes of Thornley, and had issue Richard (who inherited Holme 
House, married (1) Ellen Helme, and (2) Mary Topham (now living), 
but died without issue, Oct. 19, 1889, aged 87, the last direct descen- 
dant living on the family acres) ; Robert, of Inglewhite ; Isabel, wife 
of John Helm ; and Jane, wife of John Rhodes of Brookhouse : John 
Parkinson died Oct. 27, 1858, aged 86 ; his wife dying in July, 1855, 
aged 78. By will, Mar. 13, 1798, Richard Parkinson left Hazlehurst 
to his son, Robert ; Holme House to his son, John ; and Sykes to his 
eldest son, Richard ; with legacies to his wife, and younger children, 
George, Ralph, and Henry; Alice, wife of William Norris; Hannah, 
wife of Thomas Longton, and Jennet. He was buried at Chipping, 
Jan. 26, 1803, aged 69 ; and his wife was there buried Nov. 30, 1811, 
aged 74. 

Robert Parkinson of Hazlehurst, son of Richard, born in 1767, 
married at Lancaster in 1804, Ann, daughter of John Harrison of 
Woodplumpton, and had issue, two sons, Richard, and John. By his 
will, July 23, 1813 he left his lands in trust to Samuel Raby of 
Landskill, Wm. Norris of Admarsh, and John Harrison, until his 
eldest son, Richard, came of age. He died Aug. 8, 1813, aged 46. 
His widow married secondly, in 1819, John Parker of Calderside, and 



220 



HISTORY OF CHIPPING. 



[Chap. 8. 



had, Robert (married Jane Eaby of Oakenclough, and died in 1846) ; 
Jane, wife of — Clegg of Goosnargh; Hannah, wife of James 
Sanderson ; and Betty, married Robert Parkinson of Fieldfoot, Goos- 
nargh. She died July 10, 1823, aged 40. 

Richard Parkinson, eldest son of Robert, born in 1806, married 
Margaret, daughter of James Bleasdale, curate of Admarsh, and had 
issue, Robert, bom in 1827, died in 1844 ; Richard, now of Liver- 
pool; James, Elizabeth, Hannah, Jane, Nancy, and Margaret. He 
died Dec. 12, 1857, aged 51, and was buried at Admarsh; his widow 
died Dec. 1, 1863, aged 63. 

In the Parkinson family the estate remained until 1829 and 1842, 
when it was sold to the late Mr. William Garnett, of Quemmore Park, 
grandfather of the present owner, Wm. Garnett, Esq., to whom I am 
indebted for permission to see the deeds of the property. 

Hazlehurst or Hazleheads is situated on the slopes of the fell of 
the same name. The present house was built in l7l3, as appears 
from a date stone now in the garden ^ Early in the century a 
colony of wool combers lived here, the raw material being brought 
from Burnley by pack horses or ** gals." ^ The workers have long 
since gone ; their cottages are pulled down; the stoops of the old stocks 
alone remain. 

ADMARSH CHAPEL. 

The early history of this church is obscure; the date of its 
foundation and the name of its Patron Saint are alike unknown. In 
1660 it was returned as being 13 miles from the parish church of 
Lancaster, and without minister or maintenance ; " and that the people 
thereabouts are an igorant and careless people, knowing nothing of 
y« worship of God, but live in ignorance and superstition, and six 
myles from any Church or Chappell." [_t.e. Chipping.] {Commonwealth 
Church Surveys,) 

George Pigot, of Preston, gent, (who was connected by marriage 
with the Parkinson family), by will, July 28, 1683, left to Robert and 
Christopher Parkinson **my surviving trustees for providing apreach- 



^ See engraving fronting this page. 
2 Near the farmhouse called 
** Brook's" there is at present «xist- 



ing a pack-saddle bridge crossing the 
river Brock. 




Chap. 8.] THE FORESTS OF BOWL AND AND BLEASDALE. 221 

ing minister at y® chappell of Admarsh, in Bleasdale, £30, upon 
condition that they employ the yearly profits to the better sustentation 
of such a preaching minister, according to an instrument in writing 
by me formerly made." From a clause in the will of Christopher 
Parkinson, July 8, 1702, this bequest appear to have been lost, although 
Bishop Gastrell states that the salary of £5 lOs. was settled upon the 
curate by Christopher Parkinson ** and others.'' At this amount the 
curate's stipend remained until about 1760, when Richard Parkinson, 
cf Woodgates, ** engaged the Rev. Mr. Smith to become a permanent 
resident in his house, and teach his children and officiate in the chapel 
giving him for his labours board and lodgings and ten pounds a year, 
and allowing him to take additional boarders into the roomy house, 
by way of eking out his scanty maintenance." (Parkinson's Poems,) 
In 1834 the value of the incumbency was £44, and in 1892 the gross 
income was £127, with 24 acres of glebe and a house, in the patronage 
of the vicar of Lancaster. 

In the parsonage at Admarsh is preserved an interesting relic of 
the old chapel and school buildings, pulled down in 1800, in the shape 
of a lithograph, the original of which was presented by Mr. William 
Gamett, of Quernmore Park, **to remain in the Parsonage." 
Beneath the original drawing (a reproduction of which is here given) 
is printed the following touching and quaint appeal. ^ 

ADMARSH CHAPEL. 

" The above chapel, situated in the township of Bleasdale, one 
of the wildest and most uncultivated districts of the parish of 
Lancaster, being in a sad 

STATE OF DECAY, 
AND MUCH TOO SMALL FOB THE POPULATION, 

A SUBSCRIPTION 

HAS BEEN OPENED FOR THE PURPOSE OE REBUILDING IT ; 

but as the inhabitants are not of themselves able to raise the necessary 
sum, a few benevolent individuals (remembering that a grain of 
mustard seed, when watered by the dew of Heaven, may become a 

^ Printed by E. Smith and Co., Liverpool. 



222 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 8. 

tree) have kindly undertaken to solicit SIXPENCE from each of their 
Friends, in furtherance of this good work. May they hope that you 
will co-operate with them in this design, which has for its end the 
glory of God, and the lasting welfare of man ? " 

As a result of this appeal the chapel was rebuilt in 1835, and 
new schools erected. In 1840, Mr. Sergeant Bellasis presented a 
painted window. The church, built on rising ground, is a plain stone 
building, with a tower. There is a modern burial ground attached. 
"Within the church are several mural monuments, and a painted board 
enumerating the charities left to the township. 

The Eegisters commence: Baptisms in 1779 ; Marriages in 1849 ; 

Burials in 1781. The chapel was licensed for marriages on May 6th, 

1846. 

INCUMBENTS OF ADMAESH. 

John Penny was on May 20th, 1749, licensed to the curacy of 
Admarsh by James Fen ton. Vicar of Lancaster. Here he remained 
until his death which took place in 1764. He is probably identical 
with the minister of Whitechapel who died at Goosnargh, April 27, 
1764 (Fishwick's Goosnargh, 48). 

John Braithwaite succeeded Mr. Penny, his license being dated 
30th May, 1764. He had previously served as curate of EUel. In 
1767 he resigned, and was followed by 

Thomas Smith of Lancaster, who was licensed by Oliver Marton, 
Vicar of Lancaster, on 81st August, 1767. He remained at Admarsh 
eleven years, whence, he was promoted (likewise by Dr. Marton) to 
the parochial chapelry of Stalmine. 

Joseph Stuart, described by the Vicar of Lancaster in his 
license, dated 9th June, 1778, as ** a literate person, schoolmaster of 
Garstang," was the son of Joseph Stuart of Bentham, and was there 
baptized 21st April, 1751. He filled the post of curate of Admarsh 
for the long spell of 47 years. 

James Bleasdale was licensed by John Manby, Vicar of Lancaster, 
on June 24th, 1825. 

Osborne Littledale, some time assistant curate of Buttermere, 
received the Vicar's license on May 10th, 1828. In the garden at 
Holme House is a sun dial, with the inscription : " Erected by Eev. 
Osborne Littledale of Buttermere, 1820." 




Chap. 8.] THE FORESTS OF BOWLAND AND BLEASDALE. 223 

He died on Friday, January 11th, 1833, and was buried at 
Admarsh. His daughter Sarah survived him less than two months, 
dying at *• Admarsh Cottage " on Tuesday, the 5th March, aged 22. 
Within the church is a monument to their memory. 

William Fenton, curate of Christ Church, Bradford, was licensed 
May 21st, 1833. 

James Eobinson was licensed March 14th, 1837. He appears to 
have been non-resident, appointing as curates: S. Birkett, 1841-2; 
William Gray, 1842; Arthur H. Ashworth, 1843-4 ; and on Nov. 29, 
1844, he appointed William Frederick Wingfield, M.A., his assistant 
curate at a stipend of £30 per year; Edwin Smith, 1845-6. 

Henry Short was licensed April 14th, 1846, by Joseph Turner, 
Vicar of Lancaster. Under him served as curates : Ealph William 
Lyonel Tollemache, 1849-50 (now rector of South Wytham, 
Grantham); H.James, 1851; and David Bell, 1852-55. 

William Shilleto, son of John Shilleto, of Ulleskelf , Yorkshire, 
graduated B.A. at University College at Oxford, 1840, was appointed 
curate of Admarsh in 1855. Here he remained until 1864; and in 
April, 1867, was instituted curate of Goosnargh, on presentation of 
the Dean and Chapter of Christ Church, Oxford, which living he held 
until his death, Feb. 10, 1883, aged 65. 

EoBERT Charles Colquhoun Barclay graduated B.A. at Trinity 
College, Dublin, in 1846, served as curate of Beverley Minster, Derby 
Eostrevor, Todmorden, and Stalmine until September, 1864, when 
he was appointed perpetual curate of Admarsh. He died Jan. 25, 
1891, and was buried in the churchyard, aged 69. 

John Frederick Heighway Parker, of Queen's College, Bir- 
mingham, was appointed vicar of Admarsh in March, 1891. He was 
curate of Eeddal Hill, 1879-80, and from 1880 to 1890 held the 
curacy of Bolton le Sands, and 1890-91, St. Helens. 



CHAPTER IX. 



|fi*jO|t?6@^ VERY observant writer- tlie late Edward Kirk 
l/ml/JSWS^ ^^ whose interesting papere on local cuetoms I 
^KjnvUnf am under great obligations) — has justly remarked 
y^wMM^^ that " neither lordly dominion, nor the powers of 
^(flayyS^M the aquiroocacy, aeems to have ever been felt 
^^^^S^^fil here. No lady or lord of high degree enters 
into the lore of the folk ; no knight or squire into their traditions *' 
{Mane. Lit. Club Paper), ii., 109). 

In tracing the life and manners of the old local families of the 
district, it ia neceasary to consider carefully the historical pursuits of 
the people, as well as the geographical situation of the parish. Chiefly 
concerned in years gone by, as now, in agriculture, the people were 
deeply imbued with love of the chase, and at least a score of the old 
familiea can trace their descent from the foreatere of the early 
aisteenth century. Many of the old families owned the soil upon 
which they lived, and henee gloried in their independence. 

The dress of the Chipping yeomanry or " lesser gentry " (from 
1560 to 1700) comprised a eerge coat and doublet, with sergo 
breeches and fustian drawers, with sometimes a grey waiateoat. 
When out riding — for there were no roads fit for foot passengera 
then — a typical Chipping gentleman put on Lis " moheire ryding 
coate," and hia feet, encased in "knit socka," were put in "fflanen 
styrrupa." A pair of " gloves with cut fingers," and a whip, with a 
"flaneii cap," would complete hia accoutrement. When going to a 
wedding, or paying some state visit to a distant friend he would attire 
himself in hia "beet jump coate with twist buttona," or in "y* sad 
coll' camlet coate," a " new linen shirt," with one of " y* best hand- 
carchiefs and cravate," with "camlet trousers" and "cloth gamashes." 



Chap. 9.] OLD FAMILIES. 225 

His manner of speech would sound quaint to us. ** Putting forth 
money in some hopeful way " was a Chipping yeoman's mode of 
saying " helping to get some one on in the world." A respectable 
man was termed " a man of good quality and fair conditioned.'* 

What we call ** sundries" our rural ancestors called ** dyvers small 
wares." Women fit to serve on a jury were said to be " sufficient 
discrett honest wyves." "Hanks" of yam were "haspes." **Apparel" 
and ** clothes" had then different meanings, to day we use them 
indiscriminately ; the word ** weaponed" is now obsolete. " Casuall 
meanes" is now only a legal expression; ** gentle" of 200 years ago 
had not the same shade of meaning it has now ; to the verb "frended" 
we add the prefix ** be." The old, stately, pious way of commencing 
one's will with a solemn confession of faith has now given way to the 
bald, dry formula of strict legal usage. The habit of regarding one's 
tried and faithful servants — often foster brothers — as friends has 
vanished before the stem behests of the law of supply and demand. 

At a later period, from Peter Walkden's Diary, we learn much 
about the daily life of the people in this district — ^habits wh'ch 
continued till about sixty years ago. (See Chap, vii.) 

The staple food was oatmeal, potatoes, milk, beer, bacon, butter, 
mutton, and beef. 

" Girls of the better-to-do classes (remarks Edward Kirk) worked 
samplers in wool, and picked up a trifling knowledge of music. That 
young woman who made long flourishes at the end of her capital 
letters, worked a sampler fit for a frame, smote a few tunes out of the 
dulcimer, danced a jig, sang a couple of songs, and marched to church 
in a silk spencer, was a fine, educated person." 

With all their faults of superstition, hard-drinking, and the like, 
we cannot but admire the fine types of men bred in the district, an i 
brought up under the influences we have named. Length of years, 
the respect of rich and poor, honourable thougij. poorly paid local 
offices, and wonderful health and strength, are the fruits such an one 
has justly earned by hard and honest toil, and (in our opinion) 
favourably bear comparison with the lot of his fellows of to-day. 

To these brief and general observations, there were, of course, 
many exceptiocs, as will be noted here and there in the pages which 
follow, where occasional glimpses are obtained of the past habits 
and customs of our local ancestors. 



226 



HISTORY OP CHIPPING. 



[Chap. 9. 



KNOLL AND SHEEBUENE OF WOLFHOUSE. 

Wolf House or Wolf Hall (locally pronounced Woofus) is 
generally regarded as the ancient manor hall of Chipping, first owned 
by the Chepins, afterwards by the Knolls, and then by the Sher- 
burnes, by whom, on 6th Feb., 1679-80, it was sold to Thomas Patten, 
Esq., of Preston, whence it has passed to its present owner, the Earl 
of Derby. The old house was mostly rebuilt by Thomas Patten at 
the end of the 17th century. This erection was demolished many 
years later, and the little that remained of the original or restored 
house has since 1867-8 been entirely cleared away. Previous to the 
last alterations, a porch protected a fine ancient ogee-shaped doorway, 
a remnant of the old hall ; ^ its massive oak door of equal antiquity 
likewise remained. Its surface was studded all over with large oak 
knobs. There were two perforations in the centre, through which, it 
was asserted by tradition that a wolf had been killed. * 

There were also traces of a chapel in an outbuilding called the 
turf-house ; it was supposed to have had a gallery, and a beam across 
one end might have supported one. A small chamber or hiding-place, 
or priest's hole, was discovered by the workmen. It had well-finished 
plastered walls, and a flagged ceiling and floor ; no window or any 
entrance remained. This place of concealment still exists, and the 
farmer has made an opening into it from the kitchens ; it is made use 
of to put away lumber. The house was surrounded by a moat, of 
which, however, there are now no traces. The situation of the place 
is dreary and desolate, immediately at the foot of Parlic Pike, and at 
the head of a deep and wild ravine called Wolfhouse Clough. It was 
lonelier formerly when no pretence of a road existed, and the rough 
and uneven country was either barren waste or unreclaimed land. ^ 



^ The engraving here given is en- 
larged from a drawing made by the late 
John Weld, Esq., for the Stonyhurst 
Magazine (vol. ii., .^8), Ijy the kind per- 
mission of Miss Weld and the editor of 
the Magazine. 

* A writer in the Stonyhurst Magazine 
(ii., 37-42) says : ** Apropos of the places 
of refuge erected in the more desolate 
districts, I hear on good authority that 
till late years there existed on Parlic 
Pike [«icj one of these * wolf houses' as 



they were called." But the Editor of 
the Magazine rightly adds in a note : 
" this house could therefore have done 
no more than stand on the site and per- 

Eetuate the name of one of the wolf- 
ouses properly so called. " 
' The greater portion of this account 
is taken from a copy of the Parker MSS. 
at Browsholme by the late John Weld, 
and communicated to the writer by 
Miss Weld of Leagram. 



©traU jc 



John de Kuoll= 



John de Knoll, Lord 
of Wheteley, 1805. 

(See page 33). 



Koger de EoioU. 



I 

Adam, brc 
with w] 
in 1305 



I 

Richard, son of Adam de Knol 
whom, Cecilia his wife, and 
Bernard del Hacking brc 
Assize of novel disseisin 
Lay Subsidy 1327 in Chippir 



I 
Lawrence, son of Richard de Knoll, : 
to whom his father in 1329 granted 
half his lands, according to an ex 
parte statement among Derby and 
Hoghton charters. 



: Alice, living a widow 
1355 when acquitted 
of harbouring an 
outlaw, Thomas de 
Chipindale. 



John, son of Richard de iSpaptured 
and pardoned 1338, by wh n d e 
pardon Thomas, son of Se at Clf- 
was admitted, as cousf March, 
his lands in 1383 ; also agMiBoined 
of harbouring Thomas 
party to suit between R 
de Knoll of Plesington, 



Roger, son of Lawrence de Knoll, was charged, = 
along with John, son of Richard de Knoll, 
Alice his mother, and Gilbert de Merclesden, 
with harbouring Thomas de Chipindale, an 
outlaw, on 5th Nov., 1352; acquitted 17th 
Aug., 1355. 



Thomas, son of Roger, son of Lawrence de Knoll,: 
cousin and heir of John, son of Richard de 
KuoU, produced pardon of John, dated 14th 
June, 1337, and was admitted to his lands in 
Chii>endale by writ, 20th August, 1383 ; be 
enfeoffed trustees in a messuage and lands in 
Chepyn to use of his wife and her heirs by him, 
with revision to Edmund, son of William de 
Legh and his male heirs, remainder to Thomas 
de Chipindale and heirs male, then to his right 
heirs; held his land of Richard de Knoll by 
service of a pair of gloves yearly. 



rKatherine, dau. of — Singlet 
by deed, 30th Oct., 1394, t 
Thomas her late husband, 
under his settlement, wh 
suggestion of Robert de Si 
seized into the King's banc 
to Robert for 40 years, 13t 
Enquiry, on petition, held 
1424, and lands restored 
by warrant, 13th May, 142 



Chap. 9.] 



OLD FAMILIES. 



227 



During the present year (1892) the formation of a military camp 
in close proximity to Wolf House has considerably enlivened matters. 

Including the fell-land, the farm comprises 878 acres, of a rate- 
able value (in 1841) of £192 13s. 6d. 

KNOLL OF CHIPPING. 

The evidences relating to this old local family are set forth in the 
pedigree, for which I am indebted to Major John Parker of Horbury. 
The younger branch settled at Aylsham and Sprowston in Norfolk, 
but make no reference in their wills to Chipping. ^ It is believed 
that the Knowleses of Bolton are sprung from the Chipping stock, 
but a laborious search to trace the connection has proved fruitless. 

SHEEBUENE OF WOLF HOUSE. 

The first member of the family, Roger Sherburne, second son of 
Robert Sherburne, of Stonyhurst, acquired Wolfhouse by marriage 
with Isabel, daughter and sole heiress of John Knoll. In 1519 (as 
stated in chap, ii.), he built the Wolfhouse quire in Chipping church ; 
and in 1533, was ordered by the Earl of Derby to furnish 20 ** tall 
men and good archers,'' to help in the defence of the Isle of Man (see 
page 15). He died early in 1546 at an advanced age. 

" Inquisition taken at Whalley, 26 day April, 1 Edw. VI., before Sir Eichard 
Sherburne, John Talbott, and Thomas Catterall, Esquires, after the death of 
Roger Sherburne, gent., the jury sworn say, that Roger Sherburne, shortly before 
his death, was seized in fee of 22 mills and 40 acres of arable land, 20 acres of 
meadow, 20 acres of pasture, 20 acres of wood, 50 acres of moor moss and 
turbary, lying in Chipping, by payment of 10s. per annum. 15 Jan., 14 Hen. 
VIII., gave and granted to Wm. Leyland, gent., John Catterall de Rauthmell, 
Christopher Parkinson, chaplain, and Robert Parkinson, chaplain, a close called 
the Knott,^ of the annual value of 20s., a close called Whytacre, annual value 10s., 
a close called the Near Field, annual value 13s. 4d., also a close called Byrchen- 
lee, annual value 6s. 8d., all of which lands are of the clear annual value of 50s. 
sterling, * to have and hold during the life of Roger Sherburne, son and heir of 
Robert Sherburne, son and heir of the aforesaid Roger Sherburne, in con- 
sideration of a marriage to be solemnized between Margaret Bradley, daughter 



^ I have abstracts of the wills of 
Thomas Knolles of Aylsham, gent., 
proved April 10, 1581, and of Chr. 
Knolles of Sprowston, gent., proved 
Jan. 4, 1610-11. A pedigree of this 



family is given in the Visikttion of 
Norfolk (Harl. Soc). 

2 In the Lay Subsidy of 1522, the 
lands of Roger Sherburne are returned 
as worth £5. 



228 



HISTORY OF CHIPPING. 



[Chap. 9. 



of John Bradley. And lastly they say the mill and lands in Chipping are held 
of Edward, Lord Derby as of his manor in socage ; that he died on 28 May, 35 
Hen. VIII., and that Robert Sherburne is the son and heir, and his age then was 
63 years and more.'* {Derby MS8.) 

Egbert Sherbubne, born in 1490, eldest son of Eoger succeeded 
to the property. Reference has already been made in chap. i. to the 
lengthy dispute with the Hoghtons as to the lordship of the manor. 
We have not found the date of his death. 

He was followed by his eldest son, Eoger SHERBimNE, who, in 
1572, gave shelter to his brother John Sherburne, then vicar of Ley- 
land (for some account of whom see pages 25-26). Of his later career 
we have found nothing. ^ 

His eldest son, Robert Sherburne, in his will, dated June 29, 
1605, describes himself as of " Woolf ehall in Sherburne Meare in 
Chepin.'* His body he desired to be buried in Chipping Church. 
All his goods (inventory, £308 19s.) he left to his three younger sons 
amongst them, and made his wife, his son Alexander, and son-in-law 
John Creane of Poulton, his executors. 

His brother, Luke Sherburne, " of the Woolfehall in Sherburne, 
neare to Chippin, gentleman,*' made his will, Nov. 23, 1608 (proved 
at York, Sep. 22, 1610). His legacies include : 

To his nephew Roger Shereburne, " my cloake," and to Elizabeth his wife 
"my best hatt which is faced with velvett and hathe a rounde silken band." 
** £5 to pray for my soule and the poore to have penies a peece the day of my 
buriall." To Anne Sherburne, his sister-in-law, 203., and to her sons, Alexander, 
Richard, and John, 10s. each ; to his bastard son Charles Hothersall, £20 ; his 



^ A complete pedigree of the Sher- 
burne family is much required. Closelv 
connected with the Chipping branch 
were the Sherburnes of Heysham, of 
whom we have found the following : 
Richard Sherburne of Heysham, gent., 
will, April 26, 1597, bequeaths all his 
purchased lands in Heysham, Chipping, 
Preston, Broughton. Goosnargh, and 
(^ockerham, and all his goodwill (under 
the sufferance and licence of the Earl of 
Derby) of his messuage in Thornley, to 
Ellen, his wife, for life, with remainder 
to his son, Thomas Sherburne. Richard 
Sherburne, Esq., of Stonyhurst, super- 
visor. Inventory, £559. 



Thomas Sherburne of Heysham 
gent. , by will, June 10, 1635, leaves his 
lands to Richard Sherburne, his brother, 
legacies to Elizabeth^is wife, Oliver 
Breres, sister, Alice Holland, nephew, 
Robt. Edmondson of Heysham. His 
widow, bv will, Sep. 3, 1637, desires to 
be buried in Chippin Church, near her 
late husband. Gives to her brother, 
Laurence Breres, a gold ring, a bay 
nagge, and £50. Other bequests are £o 
her sister, Isabel Guy; brother, John 
Breres ; her mother ; niece, Frances 
Breres ; nephew, Oliver Breres ; uncle, 
Henry Breres : and her brother-in-law, 
Richard Sherburne of Heysham, her 
executor. 



^ijj^vbnvnz of 



ARMS : Argent, a Lion Ra MSS, ; 

CREST : A Unicobn's He/ 



I I 

Robert Sherhurne of Wolf Hall^ Rli«rhnmA T7^r«««^ ai — i 









K' \^ , 







1*^— . ~, 



f 



f 



fi 



Chap. 9.1 



OLD FAMILIES. 



229 



** phapen aperell " to his brother, Simon Sherburne ; to his cousin, Roger Sher- 
burne of the Knott, 20s. Executors, Anne, his wife, Robert, his son, cozen 
Roger, John Hacking and John Sherburne of Cowen (Cheth. Soc, N. S., xxviii., 

177-8). 

In the Subsidy of 1626, Henry Sherburne, of Wolfhall, grandson 
of Eoger, who died in 1 605, was returned as owning lands worth £4 
a year. 

During the next quarter of a century the family got into diffi- 
culties, and on the 25th Sept., 1638, John Sherburne of Wolfhall 
received £280 from William Parker, gent., but for what consideration 
is not clear, although in 1668 tlie latter put in a claim to the estates. 
About 1640-42, John Sherburne sold the property to his uncle, John 
Sherburne, who in 1657 died seized in fee of " the manor " of Chip- 
ping and Wolfhall, with the demesne lands, miln and kiln thereto 
belonging, and the farms called the Knott, i Whittacre, and Eose- 
greave {Berhy MS8.)^ which he bequeathed to his son and heir, Robert 
Sherburne of Wolfhall, Esq., who by will dated 14th August, 1668, 
"being seized in fee of the manor of Chipping, and of the mansion house 
called Wolfhall or Wolf house with the demesne lands thereto belonging, as well 
as of tenements called the Knott, Whittacre, Rosegrove, together with certain 
liberties, privileges, Court Leet and Baron, gave them to his * loving brother » 
Alexander Shirburne of West Hays in the county of Lincoln, gent., and his heirs 
male, on condition that Alexander Shirburne and his heirs, out of the rents and 
profits of the manor lands shall pay the following annuities, debts, and 
legacies :— (1) £500 to William Hall of East Woodhey in the county of South- 
ampton, gent., within four years of the testator's death ; (2) £24 per annum to 
Mrs. Dorothy Shirburne (testator's wife) now resident at Marlow iu the county 
of Bucks, during her lifetime ; (3) £10 per annum to the testator's daughter, 
Mary Shirburne, for her maintenance during the time she continues a /cwwic 
sole." Other bequests were, to his " trusty servant, William Scot, who hath 
been very faithful to me," the sum of £20 (" he deserves more, but this is all I 
can give ") ; to Mary Parkinson of Everingham, £5 ** for her paines and diligence 
about me when I lay long sick at Everingham ;" to his servant, JPfiomas Harri- 
son, 20s. ; to Nan Rishton of Everingham, 20s. With regard to certain debts, 
named in the schedule, the testator desires that they be paid out of the moneys 
due to him from Sir Marmaduke Constable, Bart. All his personal effects he 
leaves to his brother Alexander, whom he makes sole executor. A proviso adds 



1" Knott" and " Whittaker," two 
adjoining farms in Thomley, 42 and 55 
acres respectively in extent. The build- 



ingfs are at least 200 years old, but 
have no date-stones. 



230 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 9. 

that in case bis said brother dies without male issue the manor lands are to go 
to the testator 8 daughter Catherine, wife of William Hall. Witnessed by Thos. 
Massey, W. Heath, W. Scot, and Thomas Harrison. 

After his brother's death, Alexander Sherburne deposed that 
" save an annuity of £16 to John Sherburne (his cousin) the property 
was free." Hov7 far this was correct may be gathered from the 
painful sequel which follows, showing how the last of an ancient and 
honourable house fell upon evil times, became an humble suppliant 
for the bare necessaries of life, was imprisoned for debt, and died at 
length (let us hope in comfort and peace) within the hospitable walls 
of Stony hurst, whence had sprung his ancestors many centuries before. 

About the year 1672, Alexander Sherburne became surety for 

£200 along with Christopher Wilkinson, his neighbour, and not being 

able to meet the bond, be was arrested in April, 1688, and remained a 

prisoner for thirteen weeks. Bitterly does he speak of ** the damnable 

declarations " amongst his friends and acquaintances at London, and 

especially of Wilkinson to whose lodgings in Hatton Garden he was 

refused admittance. The bill of charges incurred on account of his 

arrest has been preserved : 

" Spent at Lawrence Shepheard's for 4 Bayliffs* 

ordinaries and the prisoner 2s. 6d. 

For drink 8s. 6d. 

Bayliffes meate and drink Os. 8d.'' 

In 1675 **Mr. Alexander Sherborne" was assessed for 4 hearths; 
and **Mr. Eoger Sherburne'* of Knott, for 3 hearths. 

About this time Sherburne sold the family lands in Chipping to 
Thomas Patten of Preston,^ who in right of his wife had recently 
become Lord of the adjoining manor of Thornley. The low straits 
into which Sherburne had fallen are painfully shown in the following 
letter addressed to Thomas Patten {Berhy MSS,) : — 

"June the 6th, 1690— In April 1682 at Mr. White's house (Chipping Vicar- 
age) I desired to know what maintenance I might expect, and what answer you 
then gave me I suppose you may remember. In May, 1684, 1 tould you I would 
leave the cuntrie and goe to London, and then desired payment for the 
moveables iu the mill and kiln which you refused, saying you had satisfied for 

* How Wm. Parker's claims were and on the 20th June following an 

settled we do not know, but on March inventory was taken of goods "at 

18, 1673 4, was buried at Chipping, Wolf hall after the decease of Mr. 

"Mr. Willm. Paiker of Woiriiitll ; " Parker, gent." 



Chap. 9.] OLD FAMILIES. 231 

them. In conclusion you put me upon terms, and would have allowed me £5 
per annum, in case I would have sworn an affidavit you had drawn. As to my 
niece, Hall (if I can fit myself e for a jorney), I have thoughts of giving her a 
visit : it's abova^a year «ince I heard from her ; if I can do you service in that I 
will, as I imagine it may be as well for her as for you to have a conclusion. 
Dare not you trust me now with £5 to furnish me with needful apparel. 

Thus hopeing you will with patience think well of all this, I rest 

Your affect, frende and humble servant, 
Alex. Shibbubnb. 
These for Thomas Patten, Esq., at his house in Preston." 

From 1690 to the present day, Wolf house has been occupied by 
the Proctors, a respectable yeoman family, who have taken an 
important part in local aflB.airs, and who are noted (like many other 
Chipping families) for longevity. We have only space for the follow- 
ing biief sketch ; — 

Hbnby Pboctob, of Wolf hall, by will, April 14, 1743, leaves a tenement in 
Wyersdale to his sons James and John, legacies to his daughters and wife, and 
makes his two sons executors. He was buried April 21, 1743. 

Jambs Pboctob, of Wolfhall Mill, married Alice Bleasdale, and had John, 
Richard, and Henry. He was buried Dec. 14, 1770. 

John Pboctob, of Wolfhall Mill, by his wife, Elizabeth, daughter of his 

uncle John, had issue Henry and Jane. He was buried Sep. 21, 1830, aged 73. 

Henry Proctor died in 1847, aged 63, leaving a son John, who died Nov. 28, 1887, 
aged 74. His son, Henry Proctor, is the present occupier. 

John Pboctob, second son of the first-named Henry, was buried Feb. 3, 

1803, aged 85 ; his son Henry, buried Oct. 14, 1832, aged 82 ; and his grandson, 

John (of Saddleside), died July 14, 1881, aged 84. Many representatives of the 

family are now living in Chipping and district. 

Bradley of Bradley Hall. 
The Bradleys were among the earliest landowners in the town- 
ship of Thornley ; in the reign of Edw. I., Robert de Bradley had a 
grant of lands from Ralph de Thorndeley. Bradley Hall, their 
residence, was regarded as a distinct lordship, locally known as 
** Bradley demesne." It was among the possessions of the Priory of 
St. John of Jerusalem in England, and in the Valor Secies,, Hen. 
VIII., appears as: ** A fee of Thomas Awinisworth, bailiff of Chip- 
ping, belonging to the Preceptory of Newland ..338. 7d.'' After the 
dissolution of that order it reverted to the Crown ; but the term "St. 
John's rent" was in use so late as 1750. Upon the death of John 
Bradley in 1597, without male issue, the estate passed to his son-in- 



232 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 9. 

law, John Osbaldeston of Osbaldeston, by whose descendants it was 
sold, about 1660, to the Earl of Derby, in whose family it now 
remains. Of the original house not a vestige is left. 

John Bradley, living 1450-1500, married Isabell Barton, and 
had issue, sons, Thomas (who died childless), and John. 

John Bradley married Catherine Catterall of Newhall in Craven, 
and by her had sons, Thomas, Allan, John, and a daughter (wife of 

Eodes of Chipping). In the Lay Subsidy of 1522, his lands 

in Thomley are returned as worth £5. 

Thomas Bradley, son and heir, by his marriage with Grace, 
daughter of Hugh Sherburne of Stonyhurst, had three sons, John, 
Hugh, and Thomas ; and two daughters, Anne, wife of Robert Law- 
rence of Yeland ; and Elizabeth, wife of Anthony Curwen of Camber- 
ton. He died June 1, 1564. At the inq, p, m., held at Preston, Oct. 
30, 1564, Thomas Bradley was declared to have died seised of Bradley 
Hall, 60 acres of arable land, 50 of pasture, 26 of meadow, and 10 of 
wood, in Thornley, held of the Queen bj' fealty and the rent of 4 s. in 
socage. He also held lands in Chaigley, Balderstun, Hothersall, and 
Hilderston. 

John Bradley, eldest son and heir, aged 36 at the time of his 
father's death, married Anne, daughter of Eobert Braithwaite, and 
had issue three daughters, Ellen, born in 1560, wife of John 
Osbaldeston of Osbaldeston ; Elizabeth, born about 1570, wife of 
Thomas Talbot of Bashall; and Jane, born in 1572, wife of Francis 
Duckett. In his old age he removed to Betham in Westmoreland, 
his wife's native county ; and, in 1590, executed a deed conveying his 
lands in Lancashire to his two elder daughters and their children, 
subject to an annuity ©f £80 to his wife, and of £20 to Thomas 
Osbaldeston, * son of his eldest daughter. He died in October, 1597 ; 
and at the inq, p, m., taken April I, 1600, was proved to have held 
(in addition to those named) the advowson of Warton and the Manor 
of Heysham, which he left to his youngest daughter. The family 
returned a pedigree at Flower's Visitation in 1567 — Arms: Sable, a 
fess engrailed argent, in chief a mullet or, between two crosses patt^e 
fichee of the second, the whole within a bordure engrailed argent, 

^ In 1606, Thomas Osbaldeston was roneously) given rise to a legend that 

found guilty of the murder of his Bradley Hall was the scene of the 

brother-in-law. This tragedy has (er- crime. 



Chap. 8.] 



OLD FAMILIES. 



233 



ALSTON OF HESKETH END. 

Two miles west of Chipping village, this house is the oldest and 
most interesting in the parish. The principal part remaining (shown 
in the engraving) was built by the Alstons about 1590. Outside on 
the walls ape long inscriptions in bold relief, but not very legible 
owing to the repeated coatings of whitewash with which they have 
been covered; scattered about the walls within and without the 
buildings are stones on which are cut rude carvings and inscriptions. 
Over the door facing the east is the legend : 

BESPICE - FINEM - ET - NVNQV 
AM - PECCABIS - PKOXIMVM - AMA - 

On the south and east of the gable end is the inscription : * 

BRVTVS - ERECTVS - LON 
DINV - ANTE - CHRIST - 108 

SAXONII - CONQVER - AXGLIA 
ANNO - DOM - 447 - EPISCOPAT 

ANGLIA - CONQVER - FLODDAN - 1513 
ANGL - RECEP - FIDE - A.D. - 179 

ROB ART - ALSTVN - 25 
RIO - ALSTVN - IVNIOR - 5 



IHC 



CESAR - CONQVER - A 
NGLIA - ANTE - CHRIST - 58 

DANII - CONQVER - A 
NGLIA - ANNO - DOM - 1016 

ANNO - DOM - 1591 - ELIS - REGI 
REGNO - ANN - ETATIS - KOSTRE 

A - CREACIONE - MVNDI - 5555 - A CONQVES 
TO - ANGLIE - 524 - DEVM - TIME - REGEM - HONOR 
RICHAR 

To the left of the entrance is de - alst Other inscriptions are : 

VN-1603 

RICUARDE - ALSTVN - MADE - THIS - HOVSE - ANNO - DOMINI - 1582 - 

- LORD - SAVE - IT - & - BE - KIND - 

RICHARDE - ALSTVN - 53 | ANNO - DOMINI - MDCLXXIIII 

A A 1667 

E R B EDOVE 44 

1588 

ALSTVN - HATH - INHERTED - HERE - ID - 1 8 - YER * 



^ This, freely translated and extended 
may be thus rendered : Brutus brought 
to Loudon, B.C. 108 ; Caesar con- 
quered England, B.C. 58; The Saxons 
conquered England, A.D. 447 ; Agustine 
the Bishop . . . ; The Danes con- 
quered England, A.D. 1016 ; England 
conquered at Flodden in the year 1513 ; 
the English received the faith, A.D. 
173 ; In the year of our Lord, 1591, iu the 



reign of Queen Elizabeth, of our age, 
Robert Alston, 25, of Richard Alston, 
junior, 5 ; from the creation of the 
world, 5555; from the conquest of 
England, 524 ; Fear God, Honour the 
Queen. 

' Which may mean : 

" Alston hath inherited here, 

Fifteen hundred and eighteen year." 



23 i HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [^-hap. 9. 

In various odd places are stones with crosses and the sacred mono- 
grams cut on them, apparently insertions of a later date. 

In the bedroom, at the south gable end, is a stone slab let into 
the east wall, on which is the very clear, distinct inscription in raised 
letters : — 

DEVM - TIME - I REGEM - HONOR - | PROXIMVM - AMA | HOC - FAO - ET 

VIVE - I IN - ETERNVM. (Fear God ; honour the King ; love your 
neighbour. This do, and live for ever). 

In the dairy is a stone thus inscribed (with letters of a later 
date) : fear - god - and - love - the - right. 

A few ornamented scrolls complete the visible carving ; although 
it is probable that more would be revealed were the whitewash and 
plaster carefully removed. 

The Alstons remained owners until 1 702, when it passed to the 
Eccles family ; in 1819 Eichard Eccles of Wigan sold it to Thomas 
Cardwell, whose descendants now possess it. 

From the MS. of the late Mr. Weld I take the following : — 
" The Alston family, originally of Alston, a neighbouring township, were 
probably of great antiquity, bearing the same name and owning the manor 
house of Alston Hall. In 16 Eliz., Richard de Alston sold this and the rest of 
his property in Alston and Hothersall to Sir R. Shirburne of Stonyhurst. This 
Rich, de Alston styles himself Shearsman of the City of Hereford, and a seal to 
the deed of sale to Sir R. Shirburne bears a shield with a rude reproduction of a 
])air of shears between two pellets. His son Richard confirms his father's deed, 
and builds the house at Hesketh End, which he entails, with other property in 
Chipping and Thornley, on his family, in tail male, by deed in 1590." 

Eichard Alston of Chipping, son of William, married Margaret, 
daughter of Eichard Swinglehurst ; and, in 1446, William Swinglehurst, 
and Eichard Smithies, chaplain, granted to Eichard and Margaret 
Alston a messuage called Wright's Place in Chipping. We next 
meet with 

Eobert Alston of Hesketh End, yeoman, who by will, March 13, 
1548-9, appoints his "trusty and well-beloved in Christ Sir Thomas 
Alston, priest, my unkle '' and Wm Merton, his brother-in-law, exors., 
with Sir Ed. Hoghton, as supervisor. His estate of inheritance in fee 
simple in Billsborough and Chipping he leaves to his exors. for 9 
years in trust until his son and heir, Eichard, is 20 years old. To his 



Chap. 9.] 



OLD FAMILIES. 



235 



daughter, Grace, 20 marks ; and his sons, George and Oliver, each. 10 
marks ; and a legacy to his uncle, William Alston. Among the 
witnesses is Sir James Richmond, curate of Chipping. In the Lay 
Subsidy of 1522 his lands are valued at 40s.^^ 

Richard Alston, son of Robert, born about 1538, built the 
present house at Hesketh End. By his wife, Ellen, he had issue, 
Robert, bap. Dec. 8, 1565 ; Agnes, wife of Richard Parker, vicar of 
Chipping ; Jane, wife of John Sudell, and Mary. His will is dated 
July 31, 1607, and he died two days later. At the mq. p.m., held in 
1608, he is declared to have held in fee a messuage, 45 acres of land 
and 40 acres of moor and moss in Chipping, held of the King in free 
and common socage and worth 40s. a year, and lands in Billsborough. 

Robert Alston, son of Richard, is named in the will of John 
Alston of Thornley, Sep. 13, 1598. He had children, Richard, 
Robert, Isabell, Jane, Margaret, Alice, and Ellen (who made her will 
Sep. 20, 1614). Robert Alston was living in 1614, but the date of his 
burial does not appear in the Chipping register. 

Richard Alston, son of Robert, was born about 1588, but djdng 
young was succeeded by his brother, Robert, who in 1626 occurs as 
a freeholder in Chipping.^ 

In 1650, Robert Alston, gent., son of the last-named, is described 
as "captain," ^ when he gave evidence before the Parliamentary 
Commissioners at Preston. He would appear to have been 44 years 
old in 1667; and in 1649 and in 1675 occurs as a freeholder of 
Chipping. In 1702, the property was sold to Henry Eccles,^ either by 
this Robert Alston, or his son and n::; mesake. 



1 In the Weld MSS. it is stated that 
Margaret, widow of Richard Alston, 
grants her dower of 26s. 8d. in Thornley, 
July 15, 1578, to Sir Bichard Sherburne 
in consideration of £5 6s. 8d. ; and that 
Thomas Alston obtains from his brother 
Richard a tenement in Wheatley, in 
1572. 

2 In the Subsidy Roll of 1626, " tha 
heirs of Robert Alston " are assessed for 
lands at 30s. And in the Hearth Tax 
Subsidy of 1675, Robert Alston has to 



pay for three hearths. 

^ A small farm not far from Hesketh 
End now bears the name of " Captain 
Alston's." 

=* Other members of the family are : 
Thomas Alston of Lee House, buried 
Mar. 18, 1616-17; Reginald Alston, 
buried Sep. 3, 1623; and Andrew Alston 
(who in his will, Mar. 5, 1693-4, names 
his son, William, and his grandson, 
John, son of James, deceased), buiied 
March 25, 1694. 



236 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 9. 

WALNE OF THOENLEY. 

The family of Walne (or Wawen, Wawne) has been settled here 
for over 600 years. At tlio inq, p.m. of E.imund Wawen, late of 
Wheatley, Sep. 1, 1592, a charter was shown, dated Whittingham, 
19 Edw. iii. (1345), wherein it was stated that William, son of Ed. 
Wawne, granted to John, his son and his heirs, 2 messuages and 32 
acres of land in Astley in Whittingham, and that this John was 
ancestor of the said Edmund, lately deceased, who died seized of the 
said lands in his demesne as of fee-tail (see below). 

William Walne, of Thornley, gent., born about 1506, was 
churchwarden of Chipping in 1556, and was a freeholder, paying 6d. 
a year for chief rent. He died in 1566, and was followed by his 
eldest son 

Nicholas Walne, who in 1585 had a dispute with Thos. 
Sowerbutts, of Birks. Walne's statement to the Duchy Court, May 3, 
1585, was to the effect that his father, about 1566, conveyed 3 closes 
of land in Chipping and Thornley to John Eodes and James Helme in 
trust for him (Nicliolas). Also that he is seized of a close in Thornley 
called ** Alice field,'' cf the inheritance of William Ambrose, now 
occupied by Thos. and Chr. Sowerbutts ; and of land near to Studlej*" 
brook in Thornley, lately bought of John Walne, of Cumberall. He 
accuses Sowerbutts — " a man of great wealth, and much frended, 
kynned, and alyod '* with the jurors of the county — of damage and 
tresj)ass, and of turning the course of the brook on to his land, as well 
as of defrauding him of the third part of a house and the sixth part 
of land called " Birckes," lying between Studley brook and Longridge, 
bought for £80, and now rented by Sowerbutts at 3s. 4d. a year. 
Defendant denies the trespass, and declares that the moiety of the 
Birks was sold in 1526, by Eobert Walne, of Cumberall in Whitting- 
ham, to Wm. Sowerbutts, his father. Nicholas Walne, at his death, 
died seized of Astley in Whittingham, held by knight's service, and 6s. 
rent, and worth 20s. a year; land in Chipping worth 4d. a year, held 
of the Crown by the lOO*'' part of a knight's fee ; Lowdbank in Wheatley, 
hold of the Crown as of the lately demolished Order of St. John of 
Jerusalem, in free socage hy fealty and rent of 12d. and worth 20s. ; 
a piece of waste held of the Houghtons by fealty and rent of 6d., 
worth 26s. 8d. By will dated Sep. 30, 1591, he gave his body to be 



Chap. 9.1 OLD FAMILIES. 237 

buried in Chipping church ; to his son and heir, Edmund, all his lands 
in Thomley ; £20 to his second son, Thomas, and the residue among 
his wife and four younger children. He married Jan. 20, 1567-8, 
Ellen, daughter of Edward Sharpies, of Osbaldeston, ^ and had issue, 
Edmund, Thomas, William, Anne, Elizabeth, and Jane. 

Edmund Walne and his mother survived but a few months, as, 
on March 13, 1591-2, they were **worthely" and lawfully convicted 
at Lancaster Assizes of the murder of Thomas Beesley of Q-oosnargh 
on March 7 ; and ten days later, both mother and son were executed. 
A dispute took place as to the ** goods, money, plate and jewels " of 
the deceased, valued at £291. John Brograve, Attorney General of 
the Duchy, sued Robert Sharpies and Robert Parker of Chipping, 
who replied that they had bought for £40 (for the benefit of the poor 
children of Nicholas Walne) all the royalties of the case in question 
from Chr. and Jas. Anderton, who in 1582 had leased from the 
Queen ** all the goods and chattels of felons and outlaws '' for a term 
of 31 years. {Inq. p, w., xv., 13 ; Due, FleaSy cxvi., A 21). Of Thomas 
Walne, born about 1579, we have found little. He was followed by 
his brother— 

William Walne, who, by his wife, Mary, had RobeiH;, bap. Dec. 
27, 1609 ; William, Thomas, Jane, Ellen, Elizabeth, and Anne. In 
1626, his lands in Thornley are returned as worth 20s. yearly. By 
will, Jan. 14, 1650-1, he gives a tenement in Goosnargh to his son, 
Robert ; Lowdbank to his son William ; a close in Chipping to Robert 
Dunderdale ; and legacies to his younger children and grandchildren. 
His inventor}' came to £274. 

William Walne, son of Robert, born about 1640, married Ellen 
Johnson of Q-oosnargh, and had, James, Robert, William, Mary, wife 
of Edward Cottam, Anne, Dorothy, and Elizabeth. By will, Aug. », 
1705, he leaves L;wdbank to George Ecclos of Birks and Edward 
Cottam, in trust for his eldest son, James, during his minority. His 
goods were valued at £48. He was buried Sep. 4, 1705. 

^ George Sharpies, of Osbaldeston, in IkaiUey, of Wheatley, John llothersall, 

his will (proved at Chester, May 2, jun., of Alston, Honry Alston, of 

1588) makes his brother, Itobert Sharpies Chepyn, Silvester Bradley, Thos. Holtc, 

of Whittingham, and his brother-in- of the Stidde, Hy. Norcross, vicar of 

law, Nicholas VVawen, exors..and leaves Ribchustur — total sum due to him being 

*' 24 score pounds " among their twelve £502. 
children. His debtors includes Thos. 



238 



HISTORY OF CHIPPING. 



[Chap. d. 



James Walne of Lowdbank, eldest son of William, by his wife, 
Jenet, had, William, James, Thomas, Cecilia, Mary, and Jenet. He 
was buried at Chipping, Dec. 18, 1764, aged 73. 

His brother, William, by will, July 19, 1732, gave 208. to the 
poor of Thomley ; legacies, to his wife Jane, his daughter, Jane, wife 
of Ellis Dilworth, Dorothy, wife of Ed. Cutler, and Sarah, wife of 
Hy. Blacow ; and his turbary on Blackmoss to his grandson, William 
Cutler. His wife, Thos. Ecclos, of the Lee House, and Oliver Hatch 
of Chipping, exors. He was buried Aug. 3, 1 732 ; and his widow, 
Feb. 15, 1732-3. 

William Walne of Lowdbank, eldest son of James, born in 1725, 
by his wife, Elizabeth, had James, born in 1756, died Nov. 21, 1825 ; 
Eolert, William, and Jenet. He died in April, 1765; and by his 
will ordered his property to be sold. His widow married, secondly. 
May 11, 1767, Adam Greenwood of Ribchester. 

FAIR OAK IN BOWLAND. 

Fair Oak House, known in old times as Fair del Holme, Fair- 
dockhouse, and locally called Farrick, is pleasantly situated among the 
Bo wland ''Knotts," 3 miles north-east of Chipping village. Part of 
the original building still remains ; one room wainscotted with dark 
oak, contains a panel over the fireplace, on which is painted a hunting 
scene, showing the house as it stood in the early part of the seventeentli 
century. On the gable end of the outbuildings is the inscription in 
raised letters : John Parkinson : Dorothy, his wife : and Thomas, his 

P. 

son : 1716 ; and on a pump — I. C. (John Clincj Parker). 

1819. 

In the reign of Henry VII. (1485-1509), John Swynlyrst had a 
lease of the estate from the Crown, in whoso decendants it remained 
during the next century and a half, when it passed by marriage to the 
Harrises of Torrisholme, the Parkinsons of Syk( s, and the Parkers of 
Harden. ^ 



1 By indenture, March 25th, 1720, 
WHS 84)1(1 for £450 the c-apital nK'ssn.%'e 
called Torrisholme Hull to Josliua 



Lodge of Bare, yeoni.an. (Piccope 
il/^>S.,iii., 200). 



Chap. 9.] OLD FAMILIES. 2^9 

Derived evidently from Swynehurst, ^ the name of Swinglehurst 
or Swindlehurst has been for centuries closely connected with the 
district. In 22 Hen. VI. (1443-4), Eichard, son of William de Alston, 
of Chipping, married Margaret, daughter of Nicholas Swinglehurst 
{Weld MS S.), During the latter part of thp reign of Henry VII. 
(1500-1509), it was stated in pleadings before the Duchy Court that 
Eobert Swynlhurst, late husband of Isabella, now wife of James 
Helme, had owned a moiety of a farm called Farrock House in BoUand 
for 24 years, at a yearly rent of 40s. His widow, as exdcutor, 
continued the tenancy for four years, paying no rent; whereupon 
Robert Swynlyrst, John his father, and others, came and sowed the 
land with grain. In his reply Eobert Swynlyrst states that his father 
held the tenement of the King, and had allowed his brother Eobert, 
now deceased, to occupy a moiety, and (afterwards) to his wife so 
long as she remained sole {Duchy Fleas, viii., H9). 

The earliest will we have found is that of Alice, ** late wyffe of 
Eobert Swynlhurst,'' dated 13 July, 1580. She leaves her body for 
burial in the church of Chyppine ** as neare to the place where my 
late husband lyeth as possyble can be." To her son Ambrose, £40 ; 
to Edith Bannister £20, when 21 years old, her son John ** to keep 
her till then with meate, drink and clothes ;" Alice Moreton, and 
Jane Hairst, 20 marks a piece. To her daughter Jane Tempest, and 
her son John Swinglehurst, 20 nobles each ; to her sister Bannister 
**my baye mare and to her son John the foale she now hath." 
Eesidue among her children John, Thomas, Eichard, and Jane ; her 
son John, sole executor. Witnesses, Eoger Sherburne of the Wolf- 
house, gent., Jane Banester of Wad(?ington, widow, Gilbert Morton, 
Nicholas Tempest, with divers others. The inventory, taken 20 Aug., 
1580, by Thomas Parker of Qraystonley, Alexander Bleasdale of the 
luklinge Green, Arthur Parker of Lickhurst, and Eeynold Parker of 
Greystonley, is of great length. It includes : 8 oxen, 24/ ; 4 fat 
oxen, 40 marks ; 20 kine and 1 bull, 33/ 6s. 8d. ; 13 styrkes, 8/ 13s. 
4d. ; 2 graye horses, 5/ 6s. 8d. ; one baye horse 2/ ; 50 sheep, 8/ 6s. 

^ " This strange surname is not in corruption of Swinedalehurst, the wood 

Mr. Lowe's collection. The termination of the dale of the swine . . . . " 

shows it to be local. Probably it is a Peacock's Yorkakire Catholics^ 21. 



240 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 9. 

8d. ; 10 lambs, ll; 10 weathers, Si 68. 8d. ; 10 oldo swyne, and 5 
young pigges, 3/ 6s. ; oats, ISl 8s. ; 3 acres of barley, 10/; hay, 3/ 
6s. 8d. ; meale and malte, 5/ ; brass pottcs, 3/ 6s. 8d. ; f ether beds, 
12 boulstors, 8 pillows and 5 mattresses, 15/; 13 pair of blankets and 
an olde blanket, 3/ ; 28 coverlets, 8/ ; 1 3 pair of linnen sheets and an odd 
sheet, 4/; 3 linnen table cloths, leather tanned and untanned, 4l; 
lent money, Alexander Parker of Badham, 271; Mr. Eoger Sher- 
burne, 658. Total, 264/ 7s. 8d. 

Debts owing by deceased are to Mr. Gilbert Murton, Mr. Robert 
Parkinson, Alice, daughter of late Chr. Parker, Mr. Nicholas Tem- 
pest, George Knowles, and the viccar of Chippin. The funeral 
expenses are put at 31 2s. 7d. ; Leonard Walker, for writing will, 
10s. ; and a note is made that Mr. John Moreton claimed an angel of 
gold, a golde ringo, and a felt hatte, value 26s. 6d. ; and William 
Hodgkinson of Preston, younger, for a frise gowne, 16s. From the 
will 1 of Jane, daughter of Robert Swinglehurst, and widow of 
Nicholas Tempest of Oatlowe, dated Aug. 1, 1626 (proved at York, 
Oct. 2, 1628), some information is obtained which has been utilized 
in the accompanying pedigree. 

From 1632-35 a dispute was depending in the Duchy Court 
between Henry Richmond, of Stakes, and Robert Swinglehurst, of 
Fairoak, concerning a right of way. In the information it is set forth 
that plaintiff is possessed for a long term under lease from King 
James I. of a capital messuage called Stakes, in the Forest of Bowland, 
and is likewise seized in his demesne as of freehold for his own life, 
and the life of his daughter, Mary Richmond, of certain closes called 
the New Lawnes, Cleaholme, and Whitmore Knott, and further, that 
between Stakes and the said messuages is " a common Highwaye and 
passage, with cart carryage on horseback and on . f oote, and for 
driving and leading of beasts and cattle, loaden horses, at all seasons 
of the year.*' The course of the road is described as beginning at 
Stakes, which stands on the banks of the Hodder, and so leading 

1 For a copy of which I am indebted Tempest, a sufferer in the Pilgrimage 

to Mrs. AithurCecil Tempest, wliogivcs of Grace," in the Yorks. Arch, and Top, 

an interesting account of "ISicholas Journal j xi., 'M^-'ITL 



[anb^ 



WiiiLs, Begistebs, etc. 



Robert Swinglehar8t=Ia 
died before 1507. 



Robert Swingleh 
of Fair Oak. 



I 

John S^holas Tempest, 

of Fwil], Aug. 1, 

barie< 

1618. 



I 
Robert Swinglehurst 

of Fair Oak ; died 

in Feb., 1644-5. 



=e: 



John Swinglehuir Harris: 
born in 16]on; bur. 
ob. inf. ling, Sep. 



:Anne, dau. of 
James Wall, 
of Preston, 
gent. 



I 
Charles 

of Fa 

burie 

29, r 



Christopher Hair Whittinsham 
buried Nov. Whittingham, 
1692. 



Thomas Parkinson ; 
buried Aug. 24, 
1721. 



I 
Elizabeth, bom in: 

1722; mar. Jan. 
20, 1746-7. 



:Robert Parker, of Harden ; 
buried at Slaidburn, 
Aug. 14, 1786. 



John C. 
of Fai 



Chap. 9.] OLD FAMILIES. 241 

across the ford of the river upon the north west, into and through a 
close called Wardesley, and from thence northwards into and straight 
through a pasture called ffarrick house pasture, which was anciently 
all one pasture, and now lately made into several closes, and so north- 
wards through a close called the Oonneiy, and thence north-westward 
through ffarick house fould, leaving the said house a little on the left 
hand, and so north- westwardly through a gate into a close called the 
Highfield, thence through the long Knott to New Lawnes. There is 
also another common highway leading from Stakes to Graystonley, 
which passes Fairoak, and thence through Q-igger Q-ate and Arkeley. 

Defendant contends that the road is not a common highway ; that 
in his lease of Fairoak from the late King no reservation of right of 
way over the closes in question was made. The Chancellor of the 
Duchy and Mr. Justice Vernon decided in plaintiff's favour. Two 
years later it appears that Eobert Swinglehurst had purchased the 
** fee farm inheritance " of Fairoak, and has since stopped the right of 
road. The court then appointed Rcger Kenyon, Nicholas Cunliffe, 
Richard Thornley, and Thomas Burne, gentlemen, to make some 
reasonable settlement in the matter {Due, Lane, Dec, and Orders, 7-10 
Chas. I., f. 306^, 581^). 

As stated in Chap, ii., the Swinglehursts had a lease of the tithes 
of Chipping. Nicholas Assheton in his Journal (Chet. Soc, xiv., 89)^ 
records [1618], ** April 18, Jo. Swinglehurst buried : he dyed distract : 
he was a great follower of Brierley." 

Robert Swinglehurst, son and heir of the ** distraught " was the 
last of his name who occupied Fairoak. He married Elizabeth, dau. 
of Richard Thompson, of Esholt (widow of Richard Falkingham),^ 
and had issue, John, bom in 1619; Ann, Alice; and Mary, bap. Dec. 
31, 1620, wife of Christopher Harris, of Skerton. In the subsidy 
Roll of 1626, he appears as worth **in goods " £5, and is assessed at 
13s. 4d. Before a local commission held at Preston in 1660, George 
Richmond, of Chipping, deposed that **he was taken by force to York 
battle (Marston Moor, April 1, 1644), by Capt. Robert Swinglehurst, 
where he was may med." He died in February, 1644-5, leaving an 
only daughter, Mary. 

* April 18, 162i, was buried at Cliippiiig, *'Mr. John ffawkyngame." 



242 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 9. 

In the Royalist Composition Papers (1st series, xxxi., 3-62) is a 
lengthy account of the proceedings taken in the matter of the Swingle- 
hurst estates, by reason of the delinquency of Eobert Swinglehurst 
and Christopher Harris. It appears that, in 1641, Swinglehurst 
demised the tithes of Chipping (of which he had a lease for three lives) 
to his son-in-law, Christopher Harris, for the sum of £100, and the 
yearly rent of £6 13s. 4d., for a term of 21 years — the yearly value of 
the tithes being £13 2s. 6d. Christopher Harris, on June 22nd 1653, 
prayed to be allowed to compound for the said tithes, which had been 
sequestrated. His wife also puts in a claim for dower from Fair Oak 
House, she being sole daughter and heiress of her father. On the 
other hand. Captain Thomas Hunter, of Eos wate in Furness, states that 
he was plundered of all his personal estate to the value of £600, in the 
year 1643, by one Christopher Harris, lieutenant under the Earl of 
Derby at that time. 

In 1667, Christopher Harris was returned as a recusant; and in 
the subsidy roll of 1675, the number of hearths in his house is returned 
as seven. 

MAESDEN OF THE PALE. 

This farm, in the township of Leagram, a mile due south of 
Chipping village, marks the limit of the park of Leagram ; it was 
acquired from the Crown about 1550 by the Mersden or Marsden 
family. In his will. May 16, 1609, Eichard Marsden leaves his '* free 
inheritance of the Pale " to his son, Thomas. About 1720, Christopher 
Slater of Leagram bought the property of Eichard Marsden ; and his 
descendants, about 1770-80, sold it to John Grimshaw of Preston.* 
In 1820-30, the Pale passed into the hands of the late George Weld 
of Leagram Hall, in whose family it now remains. The house is 

G. 

modern ; on a stone and over the door are : J. P. (John and 

Penelope Grimshaw). 1788. 

* John Grimshaw, born in 1740, was yer. He married at Clitheroe, Sep. 

eldest son of Thos. Grimshaw, Mayor 20, 1772, Penelope, daii^'hter of Edmund 

of Preston, 1708-9, 1775-6, by Mary, Shuttleworth of Horrocksford, near 

daughter of John Nock of Preston. ('litheroe, and had issue two sons and 

liike his father, and younger brother four daughters. He died March 12, 

JSicholas, John Grimshaw was a law- 1«21, aged 80. 



Chap. 9.] OLD TAMILIES. 243 

KiCHAHD Ma.bsi>£n of the Pale, yeoman, died before Sep. 1, 1609. In hia 
will (proved at Cbester on that day) he names his only aoii Thomas, whom he 
makes sole execator ; gives to hia grandson, Henry Clarke, " a cliist at my bed- 
feet wliicli my wyffe had hir clothes in," and legacies to hia grandchildren 
Alice and Elizabeth Clarke, and hia daughter, Elizabeth, wife of John Swingle- 
hurat. The inreotory of his goods (631 15s.) includes ; " Geese, tiij ouM ones 
and xxj younge ones— xjs. ; pultrie, iija.; cheese presse and jaires, ijs. ; outs 
and hartie aowne upon the ground, xvij ''," 

Thomas Habsdkh of the Pale, yeoman, survived his father but a few 
yeara. In his will. May 15, 1613 (proved at Chester July 16, 1614), he leaves his 
lands to his wife Alice (daughter of Edmund Parkinson of Blindhurst) until his 
son, Richard, comes of age. To OeorRe Key he gives Iiia " working doublett 
and jerkin, one canvea shirte and a paire of stockings." Inventory, 921 14s. 8d., 
includes debts owing by Bobt. Parkinson of Blindhurst, Richard Margden of 
I'hornley, and Clir. Parkinson of Blindhurst. 

EiCHAUD Mabsdbn of the Pale had issue, Richard, bap. Jan. 24, 1627-8 
(fee below) ; Henry (living at Fairsnape in 1659) ; Thomas (of Thomley Hall in 
1631) ; and Margaret. We have not found the date of bis death. 

Richard Mabsdbn ot the Pale, eldst son of Richard, by his first wife, 
Jane, had issue a son, Richard, born Aug. 26, 1654 ; and by his uecond wife, 
Margaret, a son, Thomas, and two daughters, Grace (wife of Chr, Batesoni 
parish clerk of Chipping), and Anno, wife of Wm. Cutler of Thomley, yeoman. 
In 1675, " Captain Marsden " was assessed upon seven hearths in his house. 
He was a trustee of Brabin's Charity, and occupied Gibbon Bridge and Loudmy- 
holme until his death. He was buried at Chipping, Nov. 11, 16K3. 

Ill his will, Nov. 9, 1693 (proved at Preston Dec. 15, 1683), he gives 
(among other bequests) to his son. Richard, " my great Eiblc. and that ark that 
stands in the corn barn which waa left for an heirloom formerly." His inven- 
tory amounts to 1541 6s. 2d. Hia widow made her will Mar. 26, 1687, and was 
buried Jan. 21, 1692-3. 

Thomas MAoaDBN of the Pale, second son of Richard, had issue, Richard, 
bap. Oct. 2nd, 1677, William, Thomaa, and Grace (wife of Thomas Parkinson, of 
Chipping). We have not found the date of his death. Hia eldest son, Richard, 
aold the Pale to Christopher Slater ; made hia will, Aug. lOlh, 1726. in which he 
instructs hia executor to dispose of all his lands in Chipping and Qoosnargh, in 
order to pay his debts, and leoves legacies to his brother William, slater, Grace 
Parkinson, and James Greystock, nephew of his late wife, and others. He was 
buried at Chipping, April 2ud, 1731, leaving no iaaue. His brothers, William 
Marsden, died about 1744, and Thomas Marsden, in 1727-30 emigrated to South 
Carolina, and in 1750 was declared "not to have been heard of or seen in Eng- 
land for more than ten yeore, and is believed to be dead." The present occupant 
of (lie Pale is James Bnmher, steward of the Weld estates i.lie leiirc^^i-iUalivi^ of 
a fumily sell led in Leagraiti for three j^ 



244 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 9. 

LOUDMYTHOLME. 
Situated on the south bank of the liver Loud at its junction with 
the Hodder near Doeford Bridge, this farm house (although recently 
renovated) shows traces of past importance. The farm is a moiety of 
the Wold estates, inherited from the Sherburnes. During the six- 
teenth century a branch of the old local Catholic family of Crombleholme 
lived here ; followed by the Marsdens, from about 1620 to 1720, and 
by the Slaters down to the middle of this century. 

On May, 20, 1529, Robert Crombleholme, of Lowde Mythom, 
occurs in a local case of adultery. 

By will, March 30, 1597, Anne Crombleholme, of Loud Mytholme, 

desires to be buried in Chipping churchyard, near her late husband. 

She names her son Richard, son-in-law, George Crombleholme, and 

daughters, Cecily and Alice. The inventory of her goods includes ** 2 

flitch of bacon and a quarter of beef, 20s., 3 hens and a cock, 16d." 

And, on April 2, 1614, was taken the inventory of John Crombleholme, 

late of Loudmythom, yeoman. His goods included : — 

4 oxen, 6 t winters, 8 kine, and 20 sheep; "two tables and one stone 
cistern, to remayne as heirlooms ; " 24 pewter dishes, 26s. 8d. ; 3 brass candle- 
sticks, 4s. ; 6 silver spoons, 40s. ; money and goulde, 11/. ; and debts due from 
Thomas Marsden, of Pale, George Swinlehurst, of Burholme, and Thos. Parkeri 
of Higher Greystoneley — the total being £307. 

We next meet with his brother, George Crombleholme, of Bradley 

Carr, Thomley, who in his will, dated Feb. 16, 1628-9, gives his 

tenement to his eldest son, Richard, one half of his personalty to his 

two daughters, Anne and Margaret, and one half among his younger 

sous, John, Robert, Thomas, and William. His inventory amounts to 

£180. George Crombleholme was buried at Chipping, April 17, 1633. 

His daughter, Margaret, married at Mitton, Aug. 17, 1635, John Hill. 

William Crombleholme, youngest son of George, had issue a son, 
George, christened at Mitton, May 28, 1633, and married at the same 
pLice, March 21, 1663-4, to Jenet Clough. Their son William 
Crombleholme, by his wife Margaret, daughter of John Parkinson, of 
Fairsnape, had four children, Richard, John, Elizabeth, and Tabitha 
(buried Aug. 8, 1725). His father-in-law, in his will, Aug. 22, 1706, 
states that his lands, 60 acres in extent, were then in possession of 
Wm. Crombleholme, whom he makes one of his executors. The 



Chap. 9.] OLD FAMILIES. 245 

family soon after removed to Elswick, in Kirkliam parish, and from 
the will of Margaret, widow of Richard, eldest sou of William 
Crombleholme, we obtain the following : — 

Jan. 24, 1739-40 — 1 silver tankard, 3 large' silver spoons and 3 teaspoons, to 
lier j-ounger son, William ; the same to her younger daughter, Agnes ; to whom 
is left all her personal estate. Her lands in Upper Rawcliffe, lately bought of 
lier elder son, Edward, to Henry, sen of Cornelius Fox, of Preesall, yeoman, in 
trust for her son, William, during his minority. Failing issue to her daughter, 
Elizabeth, wife of Nathan Arderne, of Ribchester, gent., and Agnes. Reference 
is made to the property of William, her son, called ** Smithbottom," in Rib- 
chester. She leaves 100/. to her grandchildren, Margaret, Anne, and Isabel 
Arderne ; and authorizes her lands in Rawcliffe and Elswick assigned to her by 
her son, Edward, for payment of his debts to be duly conveyed to the mortgagee? 
Alan Harrison, Esq. Proved June 7, 1740 ; inventory, 99Z. 3s. 6d. 

On June 7, 1800 was buried at Chipping, William Crombleholme 
of Bowland (who by his marriage. May 2, 1751, with Ellen Beesley, 
had a son Thomas, buried Aug. 26, 1761) — the last of the nam© in 
this district. 

As stated, the Marsdens of the Pale followed the Crombleholmes, 
and about 1720 sold the reversion of their 99 years' lease to Christo- 
pher Slater of Leagram, who, in his will, April 19, 1729, says: 
** whereas I am possessed of an estate, held by lease for lives under 
my lord Duke of Norfolk, called Loudmithom, I give the same to my 
sons, Thomas and William Slater." A tradition is preserved in the 
family of ** two rebel officers calling at their house," after the retreat 
from Derby in 1715, asking for shelter and **to be directed to the 
King's Road" to Lancaster {Stonyhurst Mag, ii., 239). 

Christopher Slater died seized of lands in Bilsborough, Rakefoot 
in Chaigley, and of the Pale — which he left to his two sons ; an annuity 
of 76/. to his wife ; 100/. each to his daughters, Isabell (wife of John 
Starkie of Blackmoss in Pendle) and Ellen ; 50/. to his daughter, Ann, 
wife of James Dil worth, and 100/. to his daughter Margaret, wife of 
John Gooday. He was buried at Chipping, April 29, 1729. His 
widow, Margaret, was buried Dec. 2, 1746. 

On Sept. 26, 1750, an inquiry was opened at the Dog Inn, 
Chipping (now the Talbot), kept by Rd. Hornby, concerning Margaret 
only daughter of George RauthmeU of Bowland, by Ellen his wife, 
daughter of Chr. Slater (married at Chipping, Feb. 5, 1737-8), from 




246 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 9. 

which it appears that on the death of the mother, in October, 1740, 
the child was taken to the house of her uncle, Thomas Slater, until 
July, 1744, when she went to her uncle, John Gooday, writing master 
at^Lancaster. Thomas Slater, dying intestate in January, 1746-7, a 
dispute arose as to the child's maintenance. John Gooday stated that 
William Slater was reputed owner in fee-simple of the Pale, worth 
30/. yearly, and of Rakefoot valued at 201. a year, and therefore was 
well able to pay the sum agreed — 41. 10s. per annum; George Eauthmel, 
the father, having ** left the country'' about March, 1740-1 [JExcheq. 

Bep., Mid. No. 15). 

Thomas Slater, eldest son of Christopher, bap. Mar. 2^^, 1691-2, died 
unmarried, and was buried at Chipping. Jan. 7, 1746-7, and was succeeded by 
his brother William, bap. Jan. 19, 1705-6. William Slater married Priscilla, 
daughter of James Fishwick, of Bulsnape, gent., and had issue, Thomas, bap. 
April 11, 1734, bur. Dec. 1740; James, born July 14, 1735 (see below) ; William, 
born in 1746; Margaret, born in 1737, died in 1758; and Betty, born in 1751. 
William Slater was buried Jan. 15, 1760; and his widow, described in the 
register as " of Thomley," Nov. 7, 1765. 

James Slater, of uoudmytholme, by his marriage, Oct. 5, 1760, with 
Mary Mercer, had four sons, William, bap. Nov. 22, 1761 ; Thomas, bap. Feb. 8, 
1767; James, bom in 1769; Henry, born in 1771; and a daughter, Elizabeth, 
born in 1764. His wife was buried at Chipping, March 3, 1796 ; while he lived 
to the advanced age of 85, and was buried Nov. 8, 1820. 

William Slater married Feb. 16, 1795, Elizabeth Smith, of Leagram, and 
had issue, James, John, Anne, Mary, and Elizabeth. He was buried at Chipping, 
Feb. 27, 1843, aged 81 ; his widow died in January, 1848, aged 83. 

TnoMAS Slater, brother of William, by his wife, Margaret, had issue, 
James (of Wheatley, buried July 8, 1880, aged 83); Thomas, of Loudmytholme, 
bap. Nov. 5, 1805, buried March 30, 1858) ; Mary, Ellen, Ann, Margaret, and 

Priscilla (wife of Kay, of Loudmytholme, buried Jan. 30, 1840, aged 31). 

Thomas Slater died, aged 66, and was buried May 8, 1833; his widow was 
buried March 30, 1858, aged 89. 

SINGLETON OF CHIPPING. 

This family for many years dwelt at Daub Hall, a farm about a 
mile west of the village. On a beam in the old church was rudely 
carved : ** Richd. Singleton." 

Richard Singleton, gent., probably descended from John 
Singleton who married Margaret, daughter of Miles Knoll, was in 1578 
sued in the Duchy Court, by John Dewhurst of Eibchester, as to a 



Chap. 9.] OLD FAMILIES. 247 

messuage in wliich he had a life interest in right of his wife Alice, 
daughter of Henry Preston, gent. He was buried Aug. 15, 1600. 

CuTHBERT SiN'GLETON', gent., SOU of Richard, was a foreign burgess 
of Preston Guild in 1622, with his son, Richard. He attended the 
Court Leet in 1626 ; but the date of his death we have not found. 

RiCHAKD Singleton, gent., had a son, Outhbert, bap. Oct. 10, 
1627. In 1651, he deposed that he was formerly an officer of the Earl 
of Derby, and used to collect the Earl's rents in Chipping. 

CuTHBERT Sr^QLETON, gent., had issue, Richard, born Sep. 29, 
1663. On Oct. 18, 1664, administration of his goods (£100) was 
granted to Lawrence Wall of Preston, and Chr. Harris of Bowland ; 
the former undertaking to bring up and educate the infant child. He 
was a foreign burgess of the Preston Guild of 1662. 

Richard SmoLETON, gent., was a foreign burgess of Preston 
Guild in 1 682 ; and soon after removed from Dawb Hall to the Hills 
in Dilworth, where his descendants were living to the end of last 
century. 

In 1334 we meet with John, son of Wm. de Dubhill. Over the 
door is, L. W. 1703. From 1725-36, Peter Walkden had a lease of 
the land from John Parkinson. 

LOWER CORE. 

A substantial stone house, from the inscription, J. L. 1661, 
would appear to have been owned by the Lowdes, a family of some 
note in the parish of Mitton. Thence it passed to the Eccles family, 
and is now the property of the Earl of Derby. 

PARKINSON OF HIGHER CORE. 

From an abstract of deeds in the possession of the Parkinsons, 
we find that, about 1600, Higher Core was occupied by Robert and 
James Coore. By indenture, Nov. 8, 1653, the estate of 50 acres in 
extent was conveyed by John and Thos. Murgatroyd, of Sawley, to 
Robert Parkinson, of Blindhurst, for the sum of £380. On Aug. 14, 
1712, it was sold for £412 to Edmund Parkinson, of Thornley Hall, 
and still remains in his descendant's hands. The present house was 
built by this Edmund Parkinson, as appears from the inscription over 
the doorway : * * Edmund and Margaret Parkinson, 1731/' He died in 



248 HISTOHY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 9. 

1751, and was buried at Chipping, May 12th. Hii^ son, Edmund, 
"far advanced in years," by will, May 7, 1782, and codicil, Dec. 6, 
1787, leaves Higher Core to his eldest son, Edmund, and " a set of 
silver buttons upon my best suit of clothes." He makes provision for 
his wife Ann, and his children, Christopher and John, and Margaret 
Bleasdale. He was buried Aug. 25, 1793. 

Edmund Parkinson, married Alice Alston, and had issue, Edmund 
(died childless, July 19, 1852, aged 69) ; Thomas (married Jane Bond, 
died Dec. 1, 1872, aged 85) ; and John. His will is dated June 1794, 
aud he was buried Sep. 3, 1801, aged 55. 

John Parkinson, youngest son of Edmund, married Oct. 8, 1818> 
Mary Illingworth (died Sep. 1, 1851, aged 59), and had issue, 
Edmund ; John, died Aug. 6, 1857, aged 32 ; Thomas, now of Brock- 
hall, Whalley; Eichard, now of Pendleton; Eobert, rector of North 
Leverton, near Lincoln, died March 31, 1892; Sarah; Alice, wife of 
Thos. Porter, of Slaidbarn ; and Mary Ann, wife of Robert Topham, 
of Kirkham. He died Sep. 18, 1871, aged 78. 

Edmund Parkinson, of Higher Core, married Feb. 8, 1866, 
Emma, daughter of James Fielden, and had issue. He was buried at 
Chipping, April 22, 1878, aged 58. 

John Parkinson, youngest son of Edmund, who died in 1793, by 
his two wives had 20 children. His second son, Arthur, bap. Dec. 
6, 1778, married Agnes Harrison of Lancaster, and by her had a son, 
George Heury, of Bootle, born in 1809. George Henry Parkinson 
of Bootle, married Elizabeth Roberts, and had issue, Arthur Thomas 
(who by his marriage with Mary Harriet Richardson has issue AKred 
Edmund, and George Henry) ; George Henry, Elizabeth, Agnes, 
Lucy, and Anne. He died Jan. 20, 1893, aged 83. 

PARKINSON OF COLECOATES. 

Colecoates or Coldcoates, the name of a farm on rising ground to 
the west of Chipping village, was long the home of a branch of the 
Paikinsons. The thatched farm house has an old look, but bears 
no date. The land (now divided into two moieties) is owned by the 
Ibbisons and Baineses. 

John Parkinson of Colecotes, hu&bandman, by will, Oct. 6, 1629, 
leaves his tenement held under Sir Rd. Houghton at a rent of 25s. 



Chap, 9.] OLD FAMILIES. 249 

to his eldest son, Ealpli ; and names Lis wife, Margaret, and sons, 
John, Thomas, and Richard. His inventory. May 6, 1634, includes, 
4 oxen, £22; 6 kine, £20; 4 steres £14; 6 stirks, £8; "two bigg 
horses," £10 ; 19 old sheep and 4 lambs, £5 ; 62 windles of meal at 
5s. a windle ; 27 spoons of brass and pewter, 8s. 8d. ; and a debt of 
20s. due from John King, vicar of Chipping — total £385. His widow 
made her will, June 25, 1657. 

Ralph Parkinson of Couldcoates, by will, July 6, 1669, gives 
his body to be buried in Chipping Church ** as neare unto my fforme 
as conveniently may be where my father and mother were buried." 
His legacies include : "to the impotent poor of Chippin township 20s. 
a year for 6 years together to be distributed upon every feast day of 
All Saints at the house wherein I now dwell ; " a dole of a penny 
and a cake ; certain goods (so left by his grandmother) to remain as 
heirlooms. He makes his nephew, John Parkinson (son of his brother 
Richard), his heir and executor. Inventory, £170. He was buried 
Aug. 26, 1670. 

His brother, Richard, survived him, 48 years, leaving issue, 
John, Ralph, Robert (will, Nov. 7, 1717), and Thomas (will, Oct. 4, 
1695), administration of his goods being granted, Sep. 24, 1718, to 
Richard Leigh of Birkett, gent. He was buried May 17, 1718. 

John Parkinson, eldest son of Richard, had issue Ralph, ** sup- 
posed to be dead '* in 1719, who by his wife, Jenet, had sons, John, 
Robert, Christopher, Richard, and daughters, Elizabeth, Mary, and 
Sarah. By will, Sep. 28, 1719, John Parkinson left his tenement in 
Chipping, held of Ralph Egerton, Esq., to his son, Robert, and a close 
called Kirkcroft to his daughter, Sarah. He was buried Jan. 12, 
1719-20. 

Robert Parkinson, second son of John, by will, Oct. 1, 1729, 
leaves his lands to his nephews, Richard, Thomas, and John Parkin- 
son, and makes his sister-in-law, Jenet, executrix. He was buried at 
Chipping Oct. 7, 1729, aged 52. 

John Parkinson, son of Ralph, by his wife, Elizabeth, had 
issue, Ralph, died in 1768, leaving, Johiiy Williaxni Biohard; and 



250 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 9. 

Alice. By will, Mar. 14, 1770, he gives his freehold estate called 
Coltcoates to his wife, Elizabeth, in trust for his grandson, John. 
He was buried Mar. 17, 1770. 

John Parkinson, son of Ealph, died April 1, 1834, aged 78, 
His son, Ealph, died at Daub Hall, Jan. 12, 1848, aged 66. 

A branch of the family was also settled in Chipping parish, at 
Cockhill, one of whom (as noted) endowed Hesketh Lane Chapel in 
1727. 

DILWOETH OF THE AEBOUE. 

Thomas Dilworth of the Arbour, yeoman, by his wife Alice 
(bur. Jan. 22, 1660-1) had, Ellis, William, and Alice. He was buried 
Mar. 25, 1669. 

Ellis Dilworth, by will, June 28, 1698, gives his messuage 
called Old House to his younger son, Eichard, and his tenement called 
**Dilworth^s," held under the Pattens, to his eldest son, Eichard. He 
was buried July 7, 1698. His goods (£130) include, 4 heifers, £11 ; 
5 horses, £13 ; brass and pewter, £4 12s. 6d. ; limekiln tools, £4 4s, ; 
and corn on ground, £25 10s. 

James Dilworth, eldest son of Eichard, by will June 23, 1757, 
leaves Old House, and Whittakers held on lease, to his son Eichard ; 
Higher and Lower Arbour to his son, Christopher ; with provision for 
his wife, Ann, and daughter, Margaret Tomlinson. He was buried 
Jan. 23, 1758, aged 72. 

Christopher Dilworth, by his wife Jane, had issue James, 
Eichard, William, and Eoger. By will, June 13, 1796, he leaves 
£200 to pay an annuity to his wife. He was buried, Oct. 30, 1796, 
aged 65. 

William Dilworth died July, 1838, aged 73, when the Arbour 
passed to Arthur Illingworth, who married Jenet, daughter of his 
brother, Eoger Dilworth, who by will, June 29, 1808, left Cockhill in 
Hothersall to his three daughters, Jane, Janet, and Ann, and made his 
wife Eebecca, and brother William, executors. 

Eichard Dilworth, son of James, had issue by Catherine, his 
wife, James; Eichard, died in 1821; Thomas and John. By will, 
Oct. 17, 1791, he left Great Hall in Sabden to his son, John; his lease 
of Howclough to his son, Eichard. Ho was buried Feb. 2, 1792. 



Chap. 9.] OLD FAMILIES. 251 

John Dilworth of Whittingham, by his wife Ellen Harrison, 
had issue an only son, James. His wife died June 17, 1816, aged 72, 
and he, Feb. 15, 1821, aged 64. Their son placed a tablet to their 
memory in Chipping Church. 

James Dilworth removed to Manchester and established the 
well-known houee of James Dilworth & Sons. His grandson, James 
Dilworth Harrison, is the present owner of Gleadale in Whittingham. 



RHODES OF CHIPPING. 

Identical with, or sprung from, the family long settled in the 
neighbouring parish of Eibchester, the names of Eodes, Roads, or 
Rhodes, has been for centuries, and is still prominent here. In 1522, 
the lands of John Rhodes, of Thornley, were valued at 40s. ; and in 
1527, John Rodes, aged 60, and Edward Rodes, aged 40, gave 
evidence in a local case of assault ; and, in 1556, one, Thomas Roodes, 
husbandman, aged 80, was living. 

John Rodes, living 1560-1680, had two sons, Joshua, married at 
Preston, Oct. 3, 1615, Jane Burrows, of Bowland ; and John, married at 
Preston, May 13, 1617, Isabella White, of Chipping, but died without 
issue. In 1625, he paid £10 fine imposed for refusing the order of 
knighthood. 

Joshua Rodes, born about 1592, had four sons, John, Thomas, 
Robert, bap. June 19, 1622, and Henry. He was buried at Chipping 
— ** Joshua Rodes, of Thornley, gent.," Mar. 24, 1654-5. 

Robert Rodes, third son of Joshua, bought Gibhey, which 
remained in the family until 1866, when it was sold. He also owned 
lands in Hambleton, Woodplumpton, Chaigley, and Thornley. By 
his wife, Alice, he had issue, Joshua, born Mar. 19, 1654-5 (died s. p.. 
May, 1708) ; William ; John ; Jonas ; Ellen, wife of Wm. Rauthmeli ; 
Jenet, wife of Wm. Hayes ; and Jane, wife of Roger Winkley. His 
will, dated July 27, 1668, was proved Feb. 18, 1687-8, by his widow ; 
the value of his goods being £181, He was buried Dec. 8, 1687, 



252 



HISTORY OF CHIPPING. 



[Chap. 9. 



His widow (buried Dec, 1693) amongst other bequests, leaves "her 
ferster swarm of bees, and the latter swarm of bees."^ 

William Ehodes, second son of Eobert, added largely to the 
family property in the district, which included V7 esthouse (where he 
lived), Sef ton's, Elmridge, and Gibhey. He took a leading part in 
local affairs. By his wife, Jenet, he had issue, John, died in Jan., 
1744-5, s. p. ; Eobert, of Lower House, to whom his father left 20s., 
if ** he comes for the same "; James, died, s. p., Nov. 1754 ; Jonas ; 
and Alice, wife of John Sudell. He was buried, Sep. 8, 1784; his 
widow surviving until March, 1752. In his will, Dec. 4, 1732, he 
leaves the bulk of his property to his sons, John and Jonas, including 
** a young black mare," and ** the white horse.*' 

Jonas Ehodes, fourth son of William, bap. Feb. 11, 1699-1700) 
married, Feb. 25, 1723-4, Margaret, dau. of Ed. Kenyon, ^ of Bradley 
Hall, and had issue, William, Eobert, Mary, Alice, Jenet, wife of 
Thomas Ehodes, of Priesthill,' and Margaret. In 1735, Westhouse 
was sold to Archbishop Bancroft, for the augmentation of poor livings 
in Blackburn parish. Jonas Ehodes was killed in 1754 by the fall of 
a wall ; and his widow died in Dec, 1770. 

William Ehodes, eldest son of Jonas, bap. Jan. 19, 1728-9, 
bought Chipping House (sold in 1886 to the Earl of Derby), and 
farmed Thornley Hall, as did his son and grandson. By his wife, 
Dorothy, daughter of Hy. Proctor of Wolf hall, he had issue, John, 
Jonas (from whom sprung the Ehodeses of Fairsnape), James, Eobert, 
and Anne. He died Mar. 6, 1812, aged 83 ; his wife having died in 
Jan. 1804, aged 75. 



* Ellen Rhodes, of Thornley, widow, 
in her will, Jan. 10, 1703-4, orders that 
**a funeral sermon shall be preached in 
Chippin church by the minister, and 
that drink and bread shall be at the 
towne for all that attend my funeral, 
and that all the poor in Thornley shall 
have 2d. for their dole, and all strangers 
pence a peece." She was buried, Jan. 
30, 1707-8. 

Edward Rhodes, of Thornley, flax- 
man, by will, June 11, 1706, leaves his 
lands in Thornley to his son Thomas ; his 
tenement in Dil worth to his son, John, 
also a croft in the parish of Preston ; 



legacies to the children of his late sons, 
William and Leonard, and to his 
daughter, Alice Charnock. The in- 
ventory came to £424. He was buried 
June 21, 1706. 

* The Kenyons still occupy Bradley 
Hall. This yeoman family nave dwelt 
in Chipping parish for over 200 years. 

* Thomas Rhodes, of PriesthUl, yeo- 
man, in his will, Dec. 7, 1786, names 
his wife, son, Jonas ; daughter, Ann, 
wife of Thomas Gudgeon, Elizabetli, 
wife of Tlios. Bannister, of Lougton, 
and Mary, wife of John Carter. He 
was buried Feb. 25, 1787. 



Chap. 9.] 



OLD FAMILIES. 



263 



John Ehodes of Chipping House, eldest son of William, bap. 
Aug. 12, 1753, married Sarah Proctor, and had issue William, Jonas 
(of Moss Side, died Jan., 1856, aged 66), John (of Gibhey, died Feb. 
28, 1866, aged 65), and Jane. He died July 18, 1814, aged 61. 

William Bhodes of Chipping House, eldest son of John, by his 
marriage, Aug. 30, 1802, with Ann, dau. of Ed. Lancaster of Goos- 
nargh, had John (of Chipping House, died s.p. Feb. 25, 1870, aged 
61) ; William, mar. (1) Catherine, dau. of Wm. Smith of Blacksticks, 
and (2) Margaret Bramley of Chipping, died without issue, Feb. 13, 

1885, aged 73 ; Sarah, wife of Rd. Seed; Jane, wife of Lawson; 

and Ann, wife of Rd. Dunderdale of Wheatley. William Rhodes was 
buried at Chipping, April 16, 1829, aged 47. 

James Rhodes of Thomley Hall, third son of William, who died 
in 1812, was bap. Aug. 14, 1763 ; bought Brick House about 1810. 
He married Jane Wiggans of Leyland (buried April 24, 1839, aged 
76), and had William ; Dorothy, wife of Hy. Wilkinson ; Margaret, 
wife of John Smith ; and Jane, wife of Thos. Wiswall. He was 
buried July 9, 1827, aged 63.^ 

William Rhodes of Thornley Hall took a very active part in all 
local affairs. By his wife Jennet, dau. of David Nuttall, of Longridge 
(buried at Goosnaigh in March, 1834), he had issue, Christopher (of 
Manchester) ; James (died young) ; Elizabeth, wife of Wm. M. Hasle- 
wood, vicar of Great Harwood ; and Jane (of Grimsargh). William 
Rhodes died June 16, 1882, aged 80. 

RHODES OF BROOKHOUSE AND WOODSTRAWS. 

Robert Rhodes, second son of Jonas, bap. July 3, 1737, by his 
wife, Ann Slinger, had issue, Jonas (of Brookhouse, died s.p. in 1834, 
aged 62) ; Isaac (of Giles's, married Ann, dau. of Geo. Pye, died Sep., 
1853, aged 75); (their son George, died Jan. 1, 1882, aged 76); 



^ James Roades of Thornley, yeoman, 
a^ed 63, says ** he has for 20 years, and 
his ancestors have been tyme out of 
mynd, tenants of a farm under Henry 
Doughtie. The said Doughty took up 
arms, about Aug. 1648, against the 
Parliament, and fled away with the Scotts 
forces under Duke Uauibleton, and about 



Michaelmas after William Doughty, his 
son, came to deponent and told him that 
his father had made him a lease of 3 
tenements. The said William also took 
up arms against the Parliament, and is 
now for his delinquency prisoner at 
Yorke."- Sworn at Preston, April 30, 
1652 (Itoy Comp. Fapert)* 



254 msTORY OF CHIPPlNa. [Chap. 9. 

William (of Brookhouse, died June 24, 1833, aged 52); Margaret, 
wife of John Parkinson of Holme House ; and Catherine, wife of John 
Hardiker. 

Descended from George Ehodes are the present representatives of 
the family, George Ehodes, Robert Rhodes of Gileses, and Isaac 
Ehodes of Brickhouse. From William Ehodes sprung Eobert Ehodes 
of Woodstraws, died July, 1884, aged 72, whose son James now 
occupies the farm. 

SOUEBUTTS OF THOENLEY. 

This family of yeomen were settled in Dilworth and Thornley 
from 1500 to 1650. They occupied, and also laid claim to, a portion 
of the Birks farm in Thornley. William Sourbutts was living in 
1526, and had three sons. Thomas, John, and Christopher. Cecilia, 
widow of his brother Christopher, in her will, Dec. 10, 1562, leaves 
6s. 8d. to Sir Eobert Cottom, priest, ** to pray for my husband and 
me ; " to her nephews, ** 2 little stores,'* a ** kyst,*' and ** a cow and 
her brede.'* 

Thomas Sourbutts *'of Byrkes," yeoman, in his will, Sep. 5, 
1592, leaves 2s. each to his brother's children, and the residue of his 
property among his children, Eichard, William, John, Grace, Agnes, 
and Jane, with Grace, his wife, executrix. 

Christopher Sourbutts of Thornley, by will, Aug. 9, 1588, gives 
his messuage in Dilworth to his son, Thomas ; a tenement in Goos- 
nargh to his son Eichard ; £20 among his four daughters, and makes 
Jonet, his wife, executrix. 

Thomas Sourbutts, eldest son of Christopher, was buried at 

Chipping, March 14, 1616-17. Soon after this time the family removed 

to Goosnargh. 

ECCLES OF BIEKS. 

One of the oldest and most notable families of yoomou in Chipping, 
the Eccleses, have spread themselves widely in the district — one branch 
being Protestant and the other Catholic. At one time and another 
they have lived at and owned — the Birks, Lee House, Hesketh End, 
in Chipping ; Crumpax or Crampoaks, Hacking Hobbs, Eibchester. 

Edmund Eccles of Thornley, in his will, Nov. 12, 1624, divides 
his lands between his two sons, Eobert and George j and gives a large 
number of legacies to his grandchildren. 



Ujr^ 



1"^ i 

Edixmn< Richard Eccles of Birks 
bur. 1 bur. Dec. 21, 1716. 



Jenet, wife of John 
Alston. 



I ^ I 
Thomas Ecimund Eccles of Chipping ;: 
ivill Apl. 16, 1749; bur. 
Nov. 28, 1750. 



>K 



Edmund Eccles ot bur. 
bur. Jan. 29, 17.1765. 



I I 

Henry. George, 

died in 

1758. 



I 
John. 



Jenet. 



I I 

Anne. Ellen, wife of Robt. 
Parker, of Grey- 
stoneley. 



Thomas Eccles of George, 
bur. April 19, '. 

72. 



I 
Elizabeth. 



I 
Anne. 



I I 

Jenet. Margaret. 



I 

Ellfl of Harden, 
w 12, 1837, 



Henry Eccles. 



! 
Sarah, mar. (1) Chr. Nuttall 
of Alston, March 2, 1824 ; 
(2) WiUiam Dixon of 
Preston, June 17, 1829. 



{'' 






Chap. 9.] OLD FAMILIES. 255 

Egbert Eccles of Thornley, eldest son of Edmund, by his wife 
Isabella, dau. of Leonard Ehodes of Chipping, had issue, Edmund, 
Thomas, Bartholomew (whose will is dated Aug. 17, 1678, and had 
issue Robert, Edmund, and John) ; Alice, wife of Ed. Lancaster, and 
Jenet, wife of Thomas Seed. By his will (without date, but about 
1644) he makes his wife executrix ; his inventory amounts to £63. 

Edmund Eccles of Thornley, eldest son of Eobert, by his wife 
Grace, had, Eobert Eccles (of Bamsfold, Goosnargh ; will June 24, 
1725, and had, Edmund, Thomas, John, Elizabeth and Jenet) ; and 
Bartholomew (married Anne, dau. of Hy. Sherburne of Thornley, and 
had issue Edmund, Henry, Hannah, Sarah, and Grace; will July 19, 
1714, buried Aug. 8, 1714). Edmund Eccles made his will April 10, 
1666, inventory £181. 

George Eccles of Birks, yeoman, second son of the first-named 
Edmund, at the time of his death owned Parker Housa (bought of 
Eobert Parker), Judholmes, Foulds, Birks, and lands in Goosnargh 
and Elston. His will dated July 24, 1680, was proved Dec. 16, 1682 ; 
the inventory being £722. He desired ** the funeralle of my body to be 
only such as shall beseeme a Christian.' ' His eldest son, 

Edmund Eccles, by will, June 10, 1703, left £100 each to his 
daughters, Margaret and Alice, an annuity of 5s. to his sister, 
Elizabeth Hacking, and the rest of his real and personal (£225) estate 
to his son, Thomas Eccles. 

EiCHARD Eccles of Birks, youngest son of George, by will, Oct. 
25, 1716, left Foulds to his nephew, Thomas; Birks to his nephew, 
Eicl^ard ; Mazengill Hall in Craven to his nephews, Henry and 
Eichard ; £400 to Gearge and Jennet, children of his nephew, Edmund 
Eccles ; £20 each to the children of Ohr. Walmsley of Elston ; to his 
cousin, Ed. Haightou of Ohaigley, 20s. ; to his neighbour Eobert 
White, £5 ; and appointed his nephews, George and Edmund Eccles, 
executors. The inventory amounts to £1122. 

George Eccles, grandson of George, in his will, Feb. 14, 1722-3, 
divides his lands among his sons, Thomas, Eichard, Henry, and 
George; leaves the lower Birks and an annuity of £S to his wife; 
£224 to his daughter Auno, with an additional £17G *' if she do not 



256 HISTORY OF CHIPPlNa. [Chap. 9. 

intermarry with Thomas Loxam of Haigliton ; " £100 to his daughter 
Ellen Parker ; and appoints as executors his brother, Edmund Eccles, 
Henry Townley of Dutton, Esq., and Seth Haydock of Dilworth, 
tanner. 

KiCHARD Eccles of Birks, senior, by will, Aug. 17, 1745, 
bequeaths his estates to his sons, Richard and George ; an annuity of 
408. to his mother, and of £10 to his wife; legacies amounting to 
£800 among his four daughters ; with his son, Eichard, brother, 
Henry, and cousin, Richard Walmsley, executors. 

Richard Eccles of Birks, son of Eichard, by will, Nov. 22, 1798, 
leaves the Birks to his son Richard, and appoints him and his daughter 
Ellen Eccles, executors. His son, Richard, who died in 1831, is 
described as being a great friend to the poor. By the marriage, in 
1827, of Elizabeth, daughter of the last named, with Edmund Eccles 
of Alston, surgeon (of whose family a short account follows), a moiety 

of the Thornley property passed to that branch of the family — the 

other moiety going to the Jacksons. Of the late Dr. Eccles it may 

be observed his name was a honsehold one through the country side. 

He was Medical Officer of Health to the Preston Union, and was 

succeeded, on his death in 1861, by his son and namesake, the present 
doctor. 

ECCLES OF LEE HOUSE, AND ALSTON. 

As stated this branch of the family were and still are Catholics. 
We first meet with Willla.m Eccles of Thornley, skinner, who in his 
will, June 8, 1620, names his wife Ellen, brother, Thomas, and 
brother-in-law, John Rhodes. 

Thomas Eccles, son of William, bap. July 7, 1615, by will, Feb. 
16, 1655-6, desires ** to be buried in the parish churchyard of 
Chippinge as neer my auncestors as can conveniently bee.'* He gives 
£25 to the children of Benjamin Hayhursfc of Ribchester ; £10 to the 
children of his uncle Leonard Rhodes ; the residue to his son, Edmund 
Eccles, with Robert Parker, executor. He was buried Feb. 18, 
1655-6. 

Edmund Eccles, eldest son of Edmund, died June, 1703. By 
will. May 24, 1703, he leaves his lands to his wife, Jane, for life, and 
then to his brother, Seth Eccles of Alston, whom ho makes executors. 
Inventory £176. 



Chap. 9] OLD FAMILIES. 257 

Seth Eccles of Alston, tanner, by his wife, Ann Gregson of 
Alston, had issue, Edmund (oi Thornley, died s.p. in 1791 ; will, 
March 19, 1789) ; Thomas (had issue) ; Seth (see below) ; John, Mary, 
Cecily, Ann, Alice, and Elizabeth. By will, Dec. 31, 1724, he leaves 
his Thornley property to his eldest son Edmund ; Chapel-field in 
Alston to his second son ; inventorj', £547. He was buried at Rib- 
chester, Jan. 3, 1724-5. 

Thomas Eccles of Lee House, Thornley, brother of Seth, has 
been noticed in chap. vii. as the founder of Lee House Chapel. 

Seth Eccles of Alston, tanner, third son of Seth, had issue Seth, 
Alice and Cecily. He died in 1803, aged 85. 

Seth Eccles of Hacking Hobbs, only son of Seth, married, Oct. 
1, 1782, Elizabeth Wharton of Dil worth, and had issue, Thomas, born 
June 12, 1783 (of Hacking Hobbs, and afterwards of Preston, had 
seven children, and died about 1850); Edmund (see below); Seth, 
born May 15, 1800, became a priest, of great piety and learning, and 
died at Weston Underwood, Bucks, July 10, 1884 ; Isabell, Elizabeth, 
Jane, and Mary. 

Edmtjnd Eccles of Alston, surgeon, born July 30, 1787, married 
May 28, 1827, Elizabeth, dau. of Richard Eccles of Birks (she died in 
1852, aged 57), and had Richard, died in 1853, aged 25 ; Edmund 
Eccles of Alston, surgeon, married Elizabeth, dau. of Sylvester 
Richardson of Claughton, and has issue, Edmund, Alice, Mary, 
Margaret, and Elizabeth ; Henry, married Ellen Heys, died in 1869, 
aged 36. Edmund Eccles died June 19, 1861, aged 73. 

ECCLES OF HE8KETH END. 

Edmund Eccles, second son of Thomas, inherited Hesketh End 
frcm his uncle. By his wife Mary, he had, Richard ; Henry ; John 
(of Loud side and Lower Core, buried Jan. 30, 1766); George; and 
Jenet. He made his will April 16, 1749, and was buried at Chipping, 
Nov. 28, 1760. 

Richard Eccles carried on an extensive woollen trade. By his 
wife, Jennett he had, George ; Mary, wife of Francis Atkinson of 
Garstang, apothecary; and Elizabeth. He was buried Jau. 12, 1771. 



i 



^58 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 9. 

George Eccles married Elizabeth, daughter of Hy. Parkinson 
of Woodacre Hall, and had a son, Richard. He was buried Oct. 19, 
1795, and his wife, Jan. 1, 1786. 

Richard Eooles removed to Wigan ; and, in 1819, sold Hesketh 
End to Thomas Cardwell of Chipping. 

RICHMOND OF HALL TREES. 

Two miles west of Chipping village is Haw Trees or Hall^ Trees, 
now half in ruins, a circular flight of stone steps being the only trace 
left of the old home of the Richmonds, once a yeoman family of im- 
portance. From 1550 to 1700, it was owned by the Listers, and then 
passed to the Blundells. In 1556, Thomas Lyster accused Thomas, 
John, Richard, and Henry Richmond of entering his meadow ground 
called ** Hall treys'' and with foice and arms taking away 20 carts of 
hay, valued at £10. 

John Richmond, by will, March 10, 1562-3, left his goods to such 
of his children as have most need ; with his wife, Jenet, and sons, 
Richard and Thomas, executors ; witness, Sir John Marsden, vicar of 
Chipping. 

Thomas Richmond, had sons, Edward ; and John, who by will, 
Feb. 2, 1591-2, made Jenet, his wife, and Thomas, his eldest son, 
executors. 

Edward Richmond, son of Thomas, by his wife Alice, had, 
Edward; George; John (who left, by will, July 31, 1663, 30s. to 
Mary, dau. of Robt. Sherburne, and made his brother, William, exor.), 
William, Mary, and Alice. He made his will Dec. 27, 1C23, and was 
buried 4 days later. 

Edward Richmond, eldest son of Edward, by will. May 5, 1665, 
divides his goods between his wife, Elizabeth, only child, Mary, and 
his brother, John ; £5 to Cuthbert Hesketh of Goosnargh ; inventory, 
£114. He was buried Jan. 24, 1667-8. 

1 The farm adjoining Hall Trees is land in Chipping, worth 27s. a year, 

called Richmond Houses. At the inq. He was convicted of divers felonies per- 

p.m. of William HaU, taken in 1508, petrated in Miildlesex on Oct. 22, 150G, 

the jurors declare that he was seised in indicted at Newgate before Richard 

his dcniosnj of fee of a messuage and 80 Haddon, Mayor of London, and was 

acres of land in Dutton, and 80 acres o hanged on Nov. 23, 1500. 



Chap. 9.1 OLD B*AMILIES. 259 



t 



William Eichmond, brother of Edward, by will, Oct. 14, 1671, 
left his goods to his children, James, Elizabeth, Alice, Ann, and 
Agnes; inventory £115. He was buried Mar. 16, 1674-6. 

Mary Richmond, only child of Edward, married, Dec. 14, 1670, 
James Richmond, and had, Edward, died in 1775, aged 89 ; James, a 
surgeon, died without issue, Dec. 1, 1732, aged 55 ; Elizabeth ; Mary ; 
Alice; Hannah; Sarah; Esther, and Ruth. She was buried Aug. 8, 
1696, and her husband, Jan. 10, 1712-13. 

BLEASDALE OF BLACKSTICKS. 

Two farms (half a mile apart) west of Chipping village, called 
Great and Little Blacksticks, were for many years occupied by the 
Bleasdales, a family of local note, still represented in the parish. 
Over the door of Little Blacksticks is W. M., 1716, in raised letters. 
In the fold is a curious old stone guide-post, dated 1769, with 
directions to — Settle, 15 miles ; Garstang, 7 miles ; Lancaster, 14 
miles ; Clitheroe, 11 miles. The owner is John Smith of Goosnargh. 

Great Blacksticks is a prominent feature for miles around, and is 
sheltered by a belt of trees. One of the fields is called " blackland.** 
From 1550 to 1800, it was owned by the Heskeths of Mains, and 
passed to the Addis on s of Preston. 

Henry Bleasdale of Blacksticks, in his will, April 29, 1616, 
gives to his grandchildren each ** a gimber lamb ; *' and legacies to 
his children, John, Robert, Julian (wife of Wm. Bleasdale), Jenet, 
and Tsabsl; inventory £100. 

William Bleasdale, son-in-law of Henry, by his wife, Julian, 
had two sons, Richard, and Henry, who died about 1656, leaving sons, 
Wm. and Michael. 

William Bleasdale, son of Henry, was buried at Chipping, 
Nov. 5, 1679, leaving two sons, William and Lawrence. 

William Bleasdale, by will July 23, 1711, left 10s. to Mr. 
Atherton for his funeral sermon ; to the poor of Chipping, 40s. ; £10 
each to his daughters, Margaret, Alice, and Sarah, when of age ; and 
the residue to his son, Giles, wife, Ann, and brother, Lawrence ; 
inventory £147. He was buried, July 27, 1711. His widow (buried 
Aug. 21, 1713) by will, Aug. 7, 1713, left the teneineufc iu Thornley 



260 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 9. 

(still called "Gilea's") to her son, Giles; gave 10s. for her funeral 
sermon ; inventory, £160. Lawrence Bleesdale, by will May 30, 1715, 
left ** a two-penny dole;" his property to his wife, Ann, and son, 
Giles. He was buried April 20, 1717. ^ 

Michael Bleasdale, uncle of Lawrence, by will, Aug. 28, 1699, 
left to his son, Henry, Is. ; his daughters, Ann Slater, 20s., and Alice 
Parkinson, £10 ; and the rest to hib (illegitimate) grandson Henry 
Bleasdale, alias Eichmond; inventory, £81. He was buried June 24, 
1700. 

Henry Bleasdale, son of Michael, left by will, Jan. 24, 1729-30, 
his lands in Chipping and Goosnargh, held under Wm. Hesketh, Esq., 
to his son Michael ; Dawshaw in Goosnargh to his son, Edmund, to 
whom he gave his brass clock, a great table at Annalsteads, etc. ; 408. 
to his supposed son, Henry ; and £36 to his daughter Alice Proctor. 
He was buried, Jan. 7, 1730-1. 

Later members of the family are Hknry Bleasdale (married Ann 
Standen) died March, 1805, aged 69 ; Thomas Bleasdale (of the 
Talbot Inn) married Mary Parkinson, died Dec. 13, 1815, aged 52 ; 
Henry Bleasdale of Black Hall, died Dec. 1865, aged 75. The 
present representatives are : Eobert Bleasdale of Black Hall, and 
Henry Bleasdale of Bolton. 

BOLTON OF GOOSE LANE. 

One of the chief Chipping families were the Boultons or Boltons, 
of Goose Lane, a farm near the village, sold in 1670 to John Brabin, 
by whom it was left to endow Chipping school. Part of the old house 
remains, and over the door is — J.B. 1670 (John Brabin). 

Richard Boulton, by his wife, Jenet, had Thomas, John, Robert, 
William, Grace, and Jenet, wife of Robert Hothersall of Alston. By 
will. May 7, 1613, he gives many bequests to his children and grand- 
children. 

Thomas Boxtlton, by his wife, Alice Alston, had Richard, 
Katherine, wife of George Miller, and Jenet, wife of Robert Dilworth. 
His will is dated July 24, 1633. His widow, in her will, Feb. 15, 
1636-7, names her son, Wm. Alston, etc. 

^ On April 10, 1699, were married, at Arabella Houghton, both of Waltoi-Ie- 

Chipping, James Bleasdale and Mrs. Dale 



Chap. 9.] OLD FAMILIES. 261 

Richard Bolton was drowned in the little mill dam at Chipping, 
April 1, 1672. 

Robert Boltojn', uncle of Richard, by his wife, Joan, had Richard 
(died Jan. 1676-7) ; Thomas; and John, who made his nuncupative 
will, ** about Sep. 1655," before John King, vicar of Chipping, and 
died in July, 1664. 

Other members of the family were : Robert Bolton (will Feb. 
13, 1696-7) ; and James Bolton (buried May 27, 1715) whose bequest 
to Hesketh Lane Chapel has been noted. 

LANCASTER OF WITHINREAP, IN THORNLEY. 

This yeoman family has been settled at two farms close to one 
another — Hole House in Goosnargh, and Withinreap in Thomley — for 
about 300 years. The first representative we have met with is William 
Lancaster of Thornley, whose wiU, dated Aug. 19, 1644, is in Add. 
MSS,, 32115, 80. His eldest son, Thomas Lancaster of Hole House, 
Goosnargh, in his will, proved under protest May 23, 1667, leaves his 
messuage and two tenements to his son John ; a tenement in Goos- 
nargh, called Salisbury's, held under Hugh Cooper of Chorley, Esq., 
to Richard, his son ; his daughter, Ellen ** to have a chamber or 
bedroom at the house and to be free at the fire so long as she remains 
unmarried "; a tenement called Fell Slack to bis son, William. 

On Oct. 12, 1705, William Lancaster of Goosnargh, youngest son of Thomas, 
linen weaver, made his will, in which he leaves Fell Slack, held by lease from 
Mr. Townley of the Carr Hall for the life of John Lancaster of Goosnargh, his 
nephew, to James Fish wick, gent., and Robt. Bccles, William Higham and 
Thomas Adamson, of Goosnargh, yeomen, along with a barn and 16 acres of land 
in Goosnargh lately purchased from John Grayson of Claughton, as well as all 
his personal estate, in trust : that the profits therefrom " shall be paid to such 
schoolmaster as shall be elected and chosen by the said trustees to teach a 
Schoole at the White-Chappell in Goosnargh and not elsewhere," payment to be 
made on Aug. 2nd, and Feb. 2nd. When any two of the trustees shall die, the 
survivors shall elect two more " of the most substantial honest reputed Pro- 
testants " within the township of Goosnargh. Inventory, 31, 15s. 4d. ; proved 
at Preston, May 10, 1706 (Archd. Richm.),^ 

* Some account of Whitechapel School occurs in Fish wick's Goosnargh^ 131-3, 



262 HISTORY OF CHIPPINa. [Chap. 9. 

William Lancaster, of Hole House, Goosnargli, nephew of the 
last named, made his will Sep. 30, 1738. His messuage called Lan- 
caster's lately bought from Richard Townley of Carr Hall, Esq., he 
leaves to his eldest son, Richard (bap. June 4, 1710), charged with £5 
a year to Margaret (Harrison), his wife. The Hole House estate he 
gave to his second son, John (bap. May 16, 1714), subject to an 
annuity of 20s. to his wife. All the rest of his personal estate (the 
inventory of which came to S06L 6s.) to his youngest son, William 
(bap. May 5, 1717). Proved Aug. 16, 1739 {Archd. Richm,). 

William Lancaster, youngest son of William, inherited Within- 
reap. By his wife, Lettice Seed of Thornley, he had issue 

Richard Lancaster, who, by his first wife had issue, William, 
bap. at Goosnargh, Sep. 22, 1782 ; John, bom in 1787, and Lettice, 
born in 1785. He married, secondly. Mar. 31, 1810, Alice Drinkell, 
and by her had a son, Nicholas, and a daughter, Sarah (wife of Wm. 
Rhodes of Carr Side, Thornley). He died April 16, 1840, aged 89 ; 
his wife died Mar. 18, 1840, aged 55. 

The Withinreap estate passed to Nicholas Lancaster, the 
youngest son, who married at Chipping, Dec. 15, 1840, Alice, daughter 
of John Seed of Elmridge, and had issue a son John. Nicholas Lan- 
caster died July 30, 1884, aged 67 ; his wife predeceased him, May 18, 
1876, aged 61. The present owner and occupier is John Lancaster, 
son of Nicholas. The burial place of the family is Q-oosnargh. 

WILKINSON OF CHIPPING. 

The earliest local will we have found is that of John Wilkinson 
of the fFould in Chepin, Jan. 17, 1505-6. He names his wife Agnes, 
children, James, Thomas, Hugh, Ellen, wife of Leonard Bradley, 

Agnes, wife of Norcrosse, and Elizabeth. His inventory amounts 

to £199. The materials for tracing the descent of this yeoman family 
(still resident in the parish) do not exist to our knowledge. 

WALLER OF CHIPPING. 
John Waller of Chipping, yeoman, in his will, Nov. 29, 1619, 
names his wife Isabella, children, Richard Waller of St. Giles's-in- 
the-fields, London, dyer, William Waller, Henry WaUer of London, 
dyer, and Elizabeth, wife of Robert Hill of Chipping. The name does 
not occur after 1650. 



Chap. 9.] OLD FAMILIIES. 263 

BOUEN OF THOENLEY. 
This family have been for a long period, and are still, resident in 
Chipping and the neighbourhood John Bourn of Thornley, who in 
1626 paid the £10 fine for refusing the order of knighthood, had two 
eons, Thomas and John. ^ Thomas Bourn married Margaret Walne, 
May 13, 1662, and had issue, John Bourn, died Oct. 13, 1689, aged 
26 ; Thomas, and Margaret. Thomas Bourn, son of Thomas, married 
Elizabeth Clarke, Oct. 3, 1690, and had, Henry ; Elizabeth, and Jane. 
Henry Bourn, by his wife, Mary, had issue, John, Margaret, Anne, 
Jane, and Mary. He died Feb. 8, 1744-5. His son, John Bourn 
removed to Dilworth, and by his wife Margaret, daughter of Nicholas 
Wallbank of Thornley, had issue, William, died in April, 1843 ; 
Nicholas, married Margaret Carter ; Alice, wife of John Strickland of 
Bowland ; and Margaret. His will was proved at Lancaster, May 1 1 , 
1780. 

THOENLEY OF CHIPPING. 

Of this family we have found little. Eichard Thornley was a 
Stallenger of Preston Guild of 1602, by payment of 20s. ; and in 1622, 
along with his two sons, Eobert and Michael, was a foreign burgess. 
He died about 1642. 

Eobert Thornley, son of Eichard, in his will, March 1, 1644-5, 
refers to an indenture between his father and himself and John King, 
vicar of Chipping, and his kinsman, Eobert Dewhurst. He makes his 
wife, Jenet, and Henry Bleasdale, executors. 

Eichard Thornley, son of Eobert, leaves, by will, April 6, 1676, 
all his lands to Dorothy, his wife ; £20 to his cousin Eobert, son of 
Michael; £10 to his sister, Ann King; and 20s. each to his sister, 
Margaret King, Henry Chorley and Evan Wall of Preston. He was 
buried April 1 7, 1676. On Feb. 13, 1710-11, was buried at Goos- 
nargh, Michael Thornley of Whittingham. 

KIEK OF CHIPPING. 

Connected by marriage with the Parkinsons of Fairsnape, the 
Kirks lived for some time at Blacksticks. Thomas Kirke, by will, 
Nov. 29, 1669, gave £20 to each of his children, and appointed his 

^ In 1626, Thomas Burne of Thornley was assessed for the Subsidy upon goods 
worth 60s. 



264 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 9. 

wife, Ellen, sole executrix. He was buried December 28, 1682. His 
son, Thomas, by will, July 3, 1716, left £3 to the children of his 
brother, John ; and lOs. to his niece Jane Parkinson; the residue to 
bis wife Joan. He was buried July 19, 1716. About this time the 
family removed to Goosnargh. The well-known writer, the late 
Edward Kirk, was a member of this branch. 

SEED OF THOENLEY. 

James Seed of Thornley, by will. May 10, 1651, gare his freehold 
estate in Thornley to Christopher Seed, son of his brother, Thomas, 
also his tenement held of Lady Tyldisley, and lands in Dil worth, on 
payment of £25 to his sisters. He gives to Elizabeth, his mother, ** a 
cow, and a calf called Symson.'* He was buried June 7, 1654. 

EoBERT Seed, second son of Thomas, married Elizabeth Eccles of 
Thornley, and had Thomas, Ann, wife c f Thos. Rhodes, and Jenet, 
wife of John BiHington. He was buried May 4, 1703. 

Thomas Seed married Ellen, daughter of John Harrison of Black- 
moss, and had Robert, Lettice, wife of Wm. Lancaster, Elizabeth, and 
Ann. By will, April 16, 1723, he gives £60 each to his daughters, 
and all his lands to his son. Inventorv, £103. He was buried Oct. 
22, 1729; his widow Mar. 27, 1730, and his son April 3, 1730 (will 
Mar. 25, 1730; inventory £75). Peter Walkden in his Diary refers 
to them : 

1729, Oct. 22. — ** In the afternoon, I went to the funeral of Thomas Seed, 
o* th' Little Town. I went from home about 2 o'clock, and waited at the house 
till the corpse was carried out to the bier ..." 

1730, Mar. 27. — "To night, about 11 o'clock, came Richard Rhodes to our 
house, and said Robert Seed being very ill desired that my wife would come and 
see him and give him some advice about taking physic. She got out of bed and 
went, and was about an hour away.*' 

Mar. 28. — " Daughter Margaret and I went to see Robert Seed, . . . and 
found him about to take physic that Dr. Highton (Haighton) had prescribed." 

HELME OF ELMEIDGE AND BLACKMOSS. 

William Helme of Elmridge, died Mar. 22, 1612-13, seised of a 
messuage and 12 acres of land in Chipping, and lands in Lea, held in 



Chap. 9.] 



OLD FAMILIES. 



265 



free and common socage by fealty only of Sir Ed. Houghton ; also a 
tenement and 5 acres in Thornley, held of Edward Tildesley as of his 
manor of Wheatley, by fealty and 2s. 6d. rent.^ 

James Helme of Elmridge, son of William, bap. Sep. 1, 1575, by 
his wife Alice Helme, had, "William, James, Edward, and Anne, wife 
of George Barnes of Chipping. With his two eldest sons he was a 
foreign burgess of Preston Guild of 1622. He was buried July 5, 
1623. 

William Helme of Elmridge, son of James, bap. April 11, 1617, 
was admitted, along with his son James, a foreign burgess of the 
Guild of 1642 ; and also in 1662, with his four sons, James, John, 
Hugh, and Silvester. 

Edward Helme of Elmridge, brother of William, whose gift to 
the poor cf Chipping has been noticed, was lorn in 1623, and married 
Dec. 23, 1661, Elizabeth, dan. of Henry Sherburne. He was buried 
Feb. 3, 1691-2 ; and his widow Aug. 28, 1693, leaving no issue. 

PYE OF EADCLIFFE HALL. 

This yeoman family lived at Fairsnape for three generations ; but 
in 1722 removed to Eibchester (Smith's Eihehester, 253-6). About 
1770, George Pye inherited Eadcliffe Hall from his father-in-law, now 
owned by his grandson and namesake. The house —half a mile west 
of Chipping village — is modern. 

Gbohgb Pye, youngest son of John Pye of Buckley Hall, Ribchester, 
married May 20, 1767, Isabell, dau. of Joseph Radcliffe, and had, John, Joseph, 
married Dorothy, dau. of Wm. Rhodes of Thornley Hall, and had issue; William ; 
Hannah, wife of Thos. Makinson ; and Sally, wife of John Swarbrick. He died 
Oct. 21, 1804, aged 69. 

John Pye, eldest son of Georjjje, by Martha his wife had issue, John, died 
Dec. 1868, aged 54; George, now living; William, died Jan. 1874, aged 65; 
James, died March, 1892, aged 66; and Martha. 



^ At Inq. p.m, of Wm. Helme ef 
Chipping, 1610, it was declared he died 
May 20, 1597, seised in fee of messuage 
and 40 acres of land value 20s., held of 
Sir Rd. Houghton by 4d. rent : that his 
mother Jane, and wife Jane, both sur- 
vived ; and that his eldest son, Richard, 
was born about 1575. 

® On Jan. 14, 1601-2 was taken inq. 
p.m, of Leonard Helme, gent., who died 



Dec. 27, 1601, seised of a messuage, and 
32 acres in Goosnargh, held of Sir Rd. 
Houghton bv fealty, worth 10s. ; 30 
acres in Wnittingnara, held of Rd. 
Whittingham, gent., by fealty, worth 
5s. ; and a messuage, 2 cottages, and 24 
acres in Chipping, held of Sir Rd. 
Houghton, by fealty, worth 5s. His 
mother Jenet, was living; and Thomas, 
his son was 17 years old. 



266 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. [Chap. 9. 

BATTELL OF THOENLEY. 

Originally settled in Kirkham parish, we first meet with Nicholas 
Battell marrying at Preston, Nov, 6, 1614, Ellen Parkinson widow; 
and the same day his son, Alan, tcok to wife Dorothy Parkinson. 
The issue of the latter marriage were, Nicholas, bap. Aug. 22, 1618, 
and William. 

Alan Battell, son of William, by marriage with Dorothy Leijjfh had, 

William; John (of London); Jenet, wife of Swarbrick; and a daughter, 

wife of — Townle3\ By will, Jan. 11, 1671-2, he leaves £6 to his son, John Battell 
of London, "if he be living;" " the best heffer sterke" to his granddaughter, 
Ann Townley. He was buried Jan. 16, 1671-2, his wife being buried Feb. 22, 
1670-1. 

William Battell of Thornley, yeoman, had a son Alan, died young, July, 
1685, and a daughter Jane. He was buried April 14, 1694; and the name has 
since disappeared from the district. 

LEIGH OF THOENLEY. 

Ellen Leigh of Thornlej^, connected with the Leighs of Birket 
in Slaidburn,! in her will, May 18, 1657, makes bequests to her son- 
in-law, Eichard Leigh and Jane his wife ; Alan, Mathew, Edmund, 
and Dorothy BatteU ; EUen Sherburne ; Jenet Alston ; Isabella 
Tasker ; with her friends and kinsmen, Lawrence Cottam of the High 
House, and Edmund Eccles of Thornley, exors. ; inventory £120. 
She was buried Oct. 22, 1661. 

TOWNLEY OF LEAGEAM. 

John Townley of Lathgrim, gent., by will, Aug. 2, 1638 (proved 
at York, Nov. 8, 1638), gave all his goods to Eichard Townley his 
** naturaU and onlie childe," and constituted him and Henry Townley 
of Dutton, gent., executors. 

Richard Townley of Leagram, yeoman, by will, April 24, 1670, 
left his tenement to Elizabeth, his wife, and enjoined her to keep his 
supposed son Eichard Udaile. To Eichard Sherburne of Stonyhurst, 
Esq., two corslets, one head-piece, and two cross-bows. Elizabeth, 
his wife, Wm. Hesketh of Croston, schoolmaster, and Lawrence 
Townley of Burnley, chapman, executors. Inventory, £148. 

^ In Slaidbum churchyard are two brasses in memory of the Leighs. 



Chap. 9.J OLD FAMILIElS. 267 

DUNDEEDALE OF WHEATLEY. 

William Dundeedale, by his wife Jane, daughter of Anthony 
Ohatburne, had Eobert, Anthony, Eichard and Margaret. His father- 
in-law, by will, Not. 6, 1623, gave him his lands in Wheatley with 
remainder to his eon, Eichard. 

From Eichard Dunderdale, born in 1622, was descended Eobert 
Dunderdale, buried Mar. 14, 1747-8, aged 70. His son, Eichard> 
bap. Feb. 26, 1703-9, was buried Nov. 22, 1775, leaving two sons, 
Eobert, died s.p., Jan. 1, 1800, aged 54 ; and Ealph, who married 
Ann Cross of Eibchester, and was buried May 9, 1818, aged 67. His 
son, Eichard, married Ann, dau. of Wm. Ehodes, and had Eobert ; 
Ealph (buried Feb. 11, 1874, aged 46); Sarah, wife of Ed. HaU ; 
Dorothy, Jane, Alice, and Ann. He married, secondly, Jane Dew- 
hurst, and was buried June 7, 1871, aged 80. 

Eobert Dunderdale, married Mary, dau. of Ed. Bibby, and was 
buried April 4, 1873, aged 55, 

Over the door of Wheatley is a stone with E. H. A. 1774 (Ed. 

and Ann Haighton). The property was sold by the Dunderdales to 

the Earl of Derby. 

COTTAM OF THOENLEY. 

Of the members of this old Catholic family we have noted : Henry 
Cottam, will June 1, 1613, names son, John, and wife, Alice ; inventory 
£56. John Cottam, will, June 16, 1666, mentions wife, Grace, and 
children, Thomas, Alice, Jane, and Mary. 

Henry Cottam by will, Jan. 24, 1684-5, gives his body to be 
buried in Chipping Church ; his leasehold house in Chipping, held 
under Wm. Cottam of York, clothier, to his son, Edward ; his tene- 
ment in Thornley to his son, Eichard, and the residue among his four 
children, Edward, Lawrence, Eichard, and Elizabeth, wife of John 
Myerscough— inventory £85. Marj', his widow, by will, April 29, 
1689, leaves her goods at Eichmond House to her son, Edward. 

The second son, Lawrence Cottam, received his preliminary edu- 
cation at Clitheroe, and thence procoedod to the English College at 
Eome, where he was admitted, Oct. 6, 1677, being 3 9 years of nge. 
There he was ordained priest, Sep. 7, 1681, and left the College to 
join the Fathers of the Mission, Jan. 22, 1683-4, On April 14 follow- 
ing he became Chaplain to the Cardinal Protector of England at Eome. 



268 HISTORY OF CHIPPING. t^HAP. 0. 

MAWDESLEY OF CHIPPING. 

The materials for tracing clearly the descent of this old local 
family do not appear to exist. We first meet with Thomas 
Mawdesley, Eector of Cliipping (1523-30), some ac30unt of whom is 
given in chap. iii. As stated (pp. 17-18) he seems, shortly before bis 
death, to have acquired lands in Chipping by purchase from Thomas 
Sothern, of Newport in Salop. William Mawdesley, a kinsman of our 
rector, who also owned lands in Chipping, succeeded to the estate. 
He died in 1496, whereupon a moiety of the property was 
sold to Sir Eichard Houghton, while the other moiety passed to his 
eldest son, Henry Mawdesley, who died in 1526, leaving an only child, 
Jane. Christopher Mawdesley, younger son of William, succeeded ; 
and in 1551-2, when nearly 70 years old, began a suit in the Duchy 
Court against Sir Eichard Houghton, who he declared had evicted 
him from a parcel of his freehold inheritance. 

The evidence given is, as usual, conflicting. Complainant accuses William 
Houghton of " lying in wait " for his son, Giles Mawdesley, " with intent to 
kill or maim him, about 10 o'clock on July 22, and with a picked staff that he 
carried gave the said Giles a great stroke on the head and sore hurte and 
wounded him.'* He prays that as the said Sir Richard is now in " the towne 
or cyte of London or Westmynster " he may now be enjoined to immediately 
answer to the complaint. 

A Commission was duly appointed : and on April 7 proceeded to take the 
deposition of witnesses at Langryge [Longridge]. Robert Sherburne, gent., 
aged 60; John Bond, tenant of plaintiff, aged 60; Christopher Sourbutts, 
tenant to the Earl of Derby, aged 60 ; William Wawne, tenant of Robert Sher- 
burne, aged 70 : Edward Richmond, tenatit of Thomas Lyster, gent., aged 48 ; 
Ranald Alston, tenant of Thomas Leyland, Esq., aged 58; and others gave evi- 
dence in support of Sir Richard Houghton. Other witnesses were Lawrence 
Cottam of Dilworth, " servant, tenant, and bailiff '* of Sir Richard Houghton, 
aged 72, who deposed that Christopher Mawdesley went to the Lee and made 
suit to Sir Kichard Houghton; Thomas Mawdesley of Mawdesley, yeoman, 
nephew of plaintiff, aged 70, who says that William Mawdesley died seized of 
20 acres of laud, 10 acres of meadow, and 16 acres of pasture in Chipping. 
(Duch, of Lan:., Dep. vol. xii.) 



Chap. 9.] 



OLD FAMILIES 



269 



In 1585 Giles Mawdesley of Chipping, gent., is returned as a 
free tenant in the Hundred of Amoundemess. The subjoined incom- 
plete pedigree is compiled from the Chipping registers : — ^ 



bur. 9 Dec., 1603. 



=IIenry Mawde8ley==Ellen Threlfall, 

mar. 15 Feb., 
1614-15. 



Ottiwell M., bap.= 
4 Feb., 1617-18; 
bur. 28 Dec, 
1679. 



Henry M., born: 
5 Nov., 1654; 
bur. in 1727. 



:Kath. Whittsndale, 
married 29 May, 
1683. 



Edward M., bap. 
29 Sept., 1622. 



* Major Parker sends me the follow- 
ing note which, as he conjectures, may 
be a mere coincidence: OttiweU 
Mawdesley, who died in 1679. seems to 
have had a descendant. Rector of St. 
Mary-on-Hill, Chester, at the beginning 



o£ this century. If not connected, it 
seems strange that the Rector (Thomas) 
should have had a son "Ottiwell 
Mawdesley "-Lieut. R.N., died 1812, 
aged 22. 



APPENDIX A. 



Subsidy Roll, i May, i Car. i (1626). ^ R. O. 

Bleasdalb 

llobert Parkinson de fairsnape in goods.. .£4 

William Beesley ditto £4 

Robert Parkinson de blindhurst ditto £4 

• 

Thomas Parkinson de hazlehurst ditto £3 

Ellen Bond, Spinster, recuiaant, 

BOLLAND 

Robert Swinglehtirst iu goods.. .£5 

Edmund Ashe ditto £3 

John Swinglehurst Non-communicant fine 8d. 

Richard Bnier ditto ditto 

George Bound, and wife ditto ditto 

Thos. Bleasdale, and wife ditto ditto 

Robert Walmesley, and wife ditto ditto 

Leonard Bleasdale, and wife ditto ditto 

Wife of Robert Parker ditto ditto 

James Parker, and wife ditto ditto 

Richard Taylor, and wife ditto ditto 

Edward Turner ditto ditto 



Hearth Tax, 25 Car. 

Bleasdalb 

Thomas Clifton 8 hearths 

James Parkinson 3 

Thomas Parkinson 2 

Peter Blackburn 2 

Henry Freckleton 3 

Robert Parkinson 4 

BOLLAND 

Mr Harris 7 hearths 

Captain Marsden . ..8 

Richard Marsdeii 2 

George Rauthmell 1 

Robert Rauthmell 1 

Mr. Toulson 1 

John Dobson 1 

W. Rangell 3 

Barth, Fairclough 1 

John Bond 1 

John Bleasdale ...2 

Richard Bleasdale 2 



II (1675). ^1, R. O. 



Thomas Parkinson 4 hearths 



Robert Hardhorn 

John Winder 

Richard Parkinson .... 

Andrew Robotham 

Christopher Parkinson 



.1 
.1 
.1 
.1 
2 



Michael Dil worth 2 heart ha 

John Parker 1 

John Parker de Pimlings 1 

John Parker 1 

John Parker, sen 1 

William Sailesbury 2 

Robert flfarrar 3 

Thos. Parker 1 

Anne Parker 1 

Reginald Sharpies 1 

Alex. Parker 1 



^nifj^M ^f ^nbUct^^ 



I, Churchwardens* and Parish, 
77-9, 150-2. 
Agriculture, 55. 
Admarsh, Parish of, 220-223. 
Adultery, local cases of, 54-5. 
Alston family, 233-5. 



J, 110-19. 
Battell family, 266. 
Bells, church, 76-7. 

Bleasdale, parish of, 204-223 ; forest of, 204 220. 
Bleasdale family, 202-3, 259-60. 
Bolton family, 260-261. 
liowland forest, 181-190. 
Bourn family, 231-232. 
Brabin*8 School and Charity, 125- 142. 
Bradley family, 231-232. 
Burial registers, 122-4. 

Cci.tli.olic churches, 154-165. 

Catholics, sufferings of, 24-28. 

Chantries, 73-6. 

Charities, 125-148. 

Churches (see under Parish church, etc.). 

Churchwardens, list of, 149-150. 

Civil war, 241-2. 

Clarkson family, 79-101. 

Clerks, parish, 152-3. 

Cottam family, 267. 

Court Leet, records of, 22-3, 45-50. 

Crombleholme family, 244-5. 

Customs, old, 6, 52, 4, 224-5. 

Devby, Earls of, 34-45. 
Dilworth family, 250-1. 
Doughty family, 34-44. 
Dunderdale family, 267. 



family, 254-9. 



Oak House, 238-42. 
Folk-lore, 52-4. 
Free School, Chipping, 125-142. 

Geology of the district, 2-3. 
Glebe lands, 62-66 



family, 242. 
Haythomthwaite family, 203. 
Heime family, 264-5. 
Hesketh Lane Chapel, 165-180. 
Hesketh End, 233-4. 
Houghton family, 16-24. 
Howson family, 203-4. 



f amUy. 263-4. 
Knolles family, 9-12, 32-3, 226-7, 



family, 261-262. 

Leagram Hall, 194-7 ; Park, 190-7. 
Leigh family, 266. 
Lee House Chapel, 160-5. 
Lords of the Manor, 7-11, 16-44. 



^ - -S history of, 7-24, 34-50. 
Manor Court Records, 22-23, 45-50. 
Marsden family, 232-3. 
Marriage Registers, 120-2. 
Mawdesley family, 268-269. 
Methodist Church, 180. 
Mittoii family, 32-3. 
Monuments, church, 70-3, 80. 



__ Ilistory'of the district, 1-5. 
JNonconformiiig Churches, 154-80. 



aorrn—r ^^^4^^]., 56-80; architecture of, 

. ^"^Jiv ^""^^^ ^°' 2^^' '^"^'^S' 124; chantrie 
m, 73-6 ; endowments,.66-8 ; Easter dues, 64-6 
font, 72-3; glebe, 62; monuments, 70-3 
registers, 110-124 ; rectors and vicars, 81-109 
terrier (1730), 62-66 ; vicarage, 68. 

Parish clerks, 152-3. 

Parish registers, 110-124. 

Parker family, 197-200. 

Parkinson family, 205-220,247-60. 

Patten family, 44-5. 

Place names, 1, 226. 

Proctor family, 231. 

Pye family, 265. 



family, 200-202. 

Recusants, lists of, 29-32. 
Rhodes family, 251-4. 
Richmond family, 258-9. 
Roman road, 5 6. 



b€L family, 264. 
Sherburne family, 16-24, 195-7, 226-31. 
Singleton family, 246-7. 
Slater family, 245-6. 
Sourbutts family, 254. 
Stanley family, 34-45. 
Swinglehurst family, 238-42. 



_ _', township of, 32-49. 

Thornley family, 263. 
Towneley family, 266. 



„, , , ., ^9 Peter, 167-180. 

Walne family, 236-8. 

Weld family, 195-197. 

Wesley's visits to Chipping, 102-3. 

White family, 93-95. 

Wilkinson family, 262. 

Wolfhouse, 226-7. 



^tthiex 0f ^W00%)^. 



Abbott, 47. 

Abram, 28. 

Adcock, 18. 

Addison, 29, 78, 133, 259. 

Agard, 122. 

Ainsworth, 122. 

Airey, 29. 

Albin, 110, 138. 

Allen, 180. 

Alston, 13, 14, 22-3, 47-8, 58, 75, 89, 93, 111-122^ 

149-151, 215, 233-5, 237, 239, 260. 
Ambrose, 209, 236. 
Ardeme, 245. 
Armistead, 89. 
ArrowRmith, 154. 
Ashe, 196, 270. 
Ashworth, 223. 
Aspinall, 40. 

Assheton, 189-90, 208-9, 241. 
Astley, 30. 

Atherton, 94, 96-7, 122, 136, 259. 
Atkinson, 20, 31, 78, 113, 164,«257. 



ij 137-8. 

Bailey, 111, 116. 

Baines, 5, 78, 107. 

Ballard, 120. 

Bamber, 95, 121, 243. 

Banks, 20, 30, 115, 121, 143. 

Bannister, 110, 239. 

Barclay, 223. 

Barcrof t, 36. 

Barnard, 35. 

Barnes, 48, 121, 144, 145. 

Bateman, 158-9. 

Bateson, 61, 128, 133, 136-7, 141, 148, 152-3, 201, 
243. 

Battell,'48, 143, 266. 

Battersby, 14. 

Bee, 121. 

Beesley, 14, 20, 22, 237, 245, 270. 

Bell, 223. 

Bellasis, 222. 

Bibby, 79, 267. 

BiUington, 149. 

Birley, 30, 196. 

Blackburn, 31, 120, 210, 270. 

Blakey, 43. 

Bleasdale, 20, 21, 29, 30, 48, 61, 73, 77-80, 110-13, 
115-16, 120-1, 129, 133-4, 144, 146, 148-51, 187, 
202-3, 220, 222, 239, 248, 259-60, 263, 270. 

Blon, 159. 



Boardman, 62. 

Boleyn, 15. 

Bolton, 22, 27, 29-32, 38, 61, 91, 111-12, 114, 117. 

121, 123, 1401, 149, 166, 260-1. 
Bond, 77, 120-1, 133, 139, 152, 180, 268, 270. 
Boothman, 86. 
Bootle, 41. 
Boteler, 67. 

Bourn, 14, 35-6, 47, 61, 121, 124, 263. 
Bowker, 17, 75. 
Bowes, 24-5. 
Boys, 12. 
Boxall, 43, 44. 

Brabin, 23, 47, 93, 123, 125-143, 208-10. 
Brading, 36. 
Bradley, 12-14, 28-30, 32, 36, 44, 46-7, 56. 58, 73, 75. 

78, 110-17, 121, 123, 149, 187, 195, 227-8, 231 2. 

262 
Braithwaite, 222, 232. 
Breres, 228. 
Bridge, 158. 
Blight, 31, 145. 
Briscoe, 95, 96, 122. 
Broadburst, 32, 149. 
Brogden, 120. 
Brograve, 237. 
Bromley, 167, 178-9. 
Broome, 72, 109. 
Brown, 27, 29, 62, 116. 
Bruce, 103. 
Burton, 29,. 63. 
Burwell, 108. 
BusheU, 126, 135. 
Butler, 129. 
Butterworth, 140. 



L, 164. 
Caley, 66. 
CaUis, 42, 43. 
Calvert, 88. 
Cardwell, 95, 234, 258. 
Oareiv 165 

Carlisle, 64, 79, 105-6, 109, 133. 
Caton, 83. 

Catterall, 8, 21, 184, 232. 
Cave, 123. 
Cawood, 120. 
Chamley, 23. 

Chamock, 17, 75, 149, 252. 
Chatbum, 121. 

Chester, Bishop of, 26, 40, 42, 68, 60, 62-3, 66-7 
133,135-7. ' 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



27;^ 



Chipping, 7-y. 

Chorley, 263. 

<^'hrichton, 05. 

Christian, 79. 

Clarke, 17, 20-1, 25, 75-6, 111, 122-3, 162, 180, 243. 

Clarkson, 29, 70, 97-101, 112, 119, 129, 171. 

Clayton, 135. 

Cleaver, 105. 

Clifford, 182. 

Clifton, 107, 123, 209, 210, 270. 

Colwich, 83. 

Constable, 196, 229. 

Cook. 117, 121, 152. 

Cooper, 23, 24, 47. 261. 

Coore, 10, 18, 20, 116, 139, 247. 

Copeland, 113, 140. 

Cottam, 12-14, 19, 21, 26-7, 30-1, 44, 47-8, 50, 62, 

77-8, 97, 102, 150, 154, 160, 254, 266-8. 
Coulthurst, 113-15, 117, 121-2. 
Coupe, 43, 44. 
Cowgill, 137. 
Cragge, 28, 87, 143. 
Crane, 228. 

Crombleholme, 35, 111, 116, 210, 244-5. 
Cromwell, 16. 
Cross, 95, 96. 
Crossley, 214. 
Cunliffe, 241. 
Cunningham, 167. 
Currer, 60. 
Curwen, 232. 
Cutler, 2L 30, 46-8, 61, 128, 133, 136-7, 149-51, 243. 



, 30. 
Dalby, 82. 
Darcy, 182. 
Davison, 162-3. 
Dawes, 62 
Dawson, 115. 
Derby, Earl of, 15, 16, 19 24, 33 4, 39-41, 45, 67, 

130-1, 133, 204, 226-8, 247. 
Dewhurst, 31-2, 48, 61, 116-17, 120, 154, 165, 246-7, 

263. 
Dickson, 113, 115, 116. 
Dilxvorth, 29, 30, 32, 46-8, 61-2, 72. 78. 111-15, 122, 

143, 148-50, 152, 200, 238, 245, 250-1, 260, 

270. 
Dobson,* 29 32, 41, 46, 61-2, 91, 93, 110-17, 121-3, 

140, 150, 152, 184. 
Doui'hty, 22, 34-44, 123, 253. 
Duckett, 232. 
Duckworth, 31-2. 
Dunderdale, 29, 34, 48, 61-2, 78, 149-50, 253, 267. 



Ellis, 41. 
Elslake, 82, 83. 
Emmott, 40, 42. 
Escolme, 134-6. 
Eskrigg, 210. 



;, 23, 30. 32, 36, 44, 48-9, 62. 66, 
112, 115-16, 121, 126-7, 130-1, 134, 136, 145, 
148-51, 160-2, 198, 212, 234-5, 237-8, 247, 254 8, 
264, 266. 

Edmondson, 150, 228. 

E>,'erton, 34, 41, 249. 

Elliot, 149. 



L, 31, 150, 270. 
Falkingham, 123, 241. 
Farrar, 129, 133, 136-7, 150, 211, 270. 
Farber, 60, 140, 210. 
Felgate, 128, 135. 
Fenton, 99, 107, 222 3. 
Fenwick, 202. 
ffarington, 26. 
Fish wick, 246, 261. 
Fleetwood, 25. 

Fletcher. 19, 111, 113, 115, 133-4. 
Forrest, 121. 
Fowler, 117. 
Fox, 245. 
Francis, 162. 
Frankland, 166. 



S 212. 
Garnett, 210, 220-1. 
Gastrell, 61, 221. 
Garrard, 36. 
Gibson, 28, 58-9, 157. 
GilUbrand, 166-7. 
Gillow, 155. 
Glynne, 68, 69. 
Gooday, 149, 245-6. 
Gowe, 82. 

Gradwell, 97, 101, 129-32, 134. 
Gray, 223. 
Greenall, 56. 
Greenfield, 23. 
Greenwood, 22, 238. 
Gregory, 60. 
Gregson, 97, 114, 121. 
Grimshaw, 242. 
Gryse, 160 



:, 120. 121, 180, 229. 
Haighton, 146, 149, 255, 264. 
Hale, 134. 

Hall, 31, 56, 81, 121, 229, 258. 
Halton, 29. 
Hankinson, 44, 45. 
Hanson, 136. 
Hardiker, 254. 
Hardwick, 6. 
Hargreaves, 36. 
Harland, 50. 
Harling, 141. 
Harper, 50. 

Harrington, 11, 181, 182. 
Harris, 50, 60, 123, 238. 241-2, 247, 270. 
Harrison, 12, 14, 20, 23, 73, 115, 121, 134, 143, 146, 

219, 230, 245, 248, 251, 262. 
Hart, 157. 
Hartley, 213. 
Haslewood, 253. 



274 



INDEX OF PEESON.S. 



Hatch, 31. 

Haydock, 256. 

Hayhurst, 31, 48, 122, 128, 135, 140, 256. 

Haythomthwaite. 122, 125, 129, 133, 141, 202-3, 

209. 
Helme, 19-23, 56, 58, 61-2, 73, 89, 111-13, 115, 

120-1, 145, 149, 162, 219, 236, 239, 264-5. 
Herbert, 122. 
Hesketh, 22-3, 34, 36, 47, 48, 96, 123, 140, 143-4, 

215-16, 258, 266. 
Heskin, 73, 109. 
Hesmondhalgli, 122. 
Hey8, 96. 97, 150. 
Hejrwooa. 165. 
Hibbert, 79. 
Hickes, 34. 
Hill, 12, 14, 112, 262. 
Hilton, 120. 
Hindlev, 14, 109. 
Hodgkinson, 31, 240. 
Hodgson, 114. 
Holden, 30-2, 196. 
Hohne, 28. 
Holt, 237. 
Hornby, 245. 

Hothersall, 12, 14, 228, 237. 
Houghton, 8-12, 16-23, 44, 83, 106, 119, 181-2, 

187-192, 195, 234, 2.36, 248, 260. 
Howarth, 60. 
Howker, 21. 

Howson, 80, 133, 202-4, 211. 
Hulton, 113. 
Hunter, 80. 
Huntingdon, 68. 
Hurd, 38. 

Hurst, 29, 110, 115, 121. 
Hyde, 36. 



_ L, 133,250. 

Ingham, 35, 122, 124, 128. 
Inskipp, 119. 



L, 62, 105, 133, 256. 
James, 223. 
Jameson, 140. 
Jenkinson, 48, 201. 
Johnson, 112. 
JoUie, 166, 178. 
Jones, 108. 
Ka.y, 46. 
Kendal, 156. 
Kenrick, 78. 

Kenyon, 36, 78, 133, 149-50, 241, 252. 
Kighley, 12, 32, 33, 119. 
King, 3, 60. 89-93, 119, 209, 249, 261, 263. 
Kirk, 1, 6, .52-4, 93, 114, 118, 121, 140-1, 208-9, 

224-5, 263-4. 
Kirkby, 12, 20. 
Kirkham, 136, 150. 
Knevett, 95. 
Knight, 159. 
Knoll. 7, 9-10, 14, 15, 18, 19, 32-4, 56, 112, 226-7. 

246. 
Knpwles, 54, 78, 119, 123, 142, 152-3, 227, 240. 



', 8, 32, 123. 

Lancaster, 48, 261-2, 264. 

Langton, 184. 

Lanne, 35. 

Law, 66, 133. 

Lawrence, 21. 

La wren son, 157. 

Leech, 149, 152. 

Leeming, 31. 

Leicester, 180. 

Leigh, :i4, 66, 67, 210, 249, 266. 

Leyland, 19, 20, 268 

Lindley, 1. 

Lisle, 38. 

Lister, 19, 258, 268. 

Littledale, 222, 22.3. 

Lodge. 238. 

Loude, 29, 32, 61, 141, 247. 

Lovat, 50. 

Lowe, 109, 239. 

Loxholme, 122, 256. 

liucas, 132. 

Lund, 31, 143. 

IMCoCli^tiiLe, 158. 

Majendie, 106. 

Manby, 222. 

Marchford, 82. 

Marsden, 21, 35, 46-7, 62, 81, 87-8, 91, 110-17, 

120-2, 125, 133, 137, 141, 149, 151, 153, 209, 

242-4, 258, 270. 
Martin, 161, 203. 
Marton, 222. 
Maskew, 103. 
Mason, 17, 75,^76. 
Massy 84 233 
Mawdkley, 18, 19, 48, 74-5, 84-5, 111, 113, 121. 

123, 128, 268-9, 
Mears, 76, 77. • • 

MeUing, 141. 
Mercer. 24, 63. 
Merton, 234. 
Middlehurst, 158-9. 
Miller, 138, 260. 

Milner 64, 71, 101-4, 117, 131, 201. 
Mitchell, 166. 
Mitton, 8, 32, 33, 123. 
Monteagle, 182, 190. 
Moore, 156, 157. 
Morgan, 73. 
Morrow. 158. 
Mort, 128. 

Morton, 89, 239, 240. 
Murgatroyd, 36, 37, 247. 
Murphy, 164. 
Murydon, 82. 



1,47. 
Nelson, 41. 
Newsham, 121, 148. 
Newton, 34, 159. 
Nichols, 73. 
Noble, 71, 78, 134. 



INDEX OF PERSONS. 



275 



Nock, 242. 

Norbury, 17, 75. 

Norcrosse, 118, 122, 237, 262. 

Norris, 138, 219. 

Noy, 35. 

Nuttall, 253. 

0']Bx*iei:iL, 159. 
Oddie, 23, .S5, 135. 
Oliverson, 94. 
Orrell, 33, 165. 
Osbaldeston, 185, 232. 



:, 94, 136. 137. 

Parker, 16, 17, 22, 29-33, 35, 36, 47, 59, 74-6, 88-9, 
93, 111-123, 127, 133-4, 151, 154, 156, 183-5, 
197-200, 208, 215, 219, 223, 227, 229-30, 235, 
237, 255-6, 269-70. 

Parkinson, 2, 14, 15, 17, 20, 22, 23, 29-31, 33, 47, 
49, 54, 61-2. 71, 73, 76-9, 91, 105, 111-21, 123-5, 
127, 129, 131-4, 136-7, 139, 141, 144-6, 148-52, 
166, 203-21, 229, 238, 243-4, 247-50, 258, 266, 
270. 

x^aslcv^ 14. 

Patten' 39-41, 43-45, 128, 226, 230-1 

Peacock, 113, 116. 

Pearce, 104. 

Peel, 36. 

Penketh, 31, 123, 128, 155, 156. 

Penny, 106, 107, 122. 

Pensax, 54. 

Peploe, 101. 

Philipson, 120. 

Pierpoint, 62. 

Pigot, 140, 209, 220. 

Piatt. 71, 133. 

Poole, 158. 

Pope. 18. 

Porteoua, 104, 105. 

Porter, 48, 248. 

Potter, 112, 124. 

Poulton, 111. 

Prescott, 100. 

Priestly, 110. 

Price, 162. 

Proctor, 62, 72, 132, 134, 149, 152, 164, 231, 252. 

Pye, 113, 115, 265. 



_ ', 159, 219, 220. 
RadcUffe, 11, 23, 83, 114-15, 149-50. 
Raines, 24-27, 41. 

Rauthmell, 117, 123, 137, 200-2, 245, 251, 270. 
Ravald, 44. 
Rawlinson, 113, 116. 
Rawsthorne, 101, 195. 
Read, 120. 
Readin«:, 38. 
Reeve, 1.57, 158. 
Remington, 123. 
Reresby, 8.^. 
Rhodes, i4, 17, 20, 21, 23, 29, 30, 36, 46-8, 63, 73, 

75-6, 78, 91, 111, 113-17, 120, 121, 133-4, 143-4, 

149, 1.50, 219, 232, 2:^, 251-6 
Richardson, 47, 112, 119, 151, 205-7, 215, 248. 



Richmond, 14, 16, 18, 20, 21, 23, 31, 32. 47 75, 
109, 111, 113-14, 116-17, 120, 121, 143, 145-6, 
235, 240, 258-9, 268. 

Riddell, 161. 

Rideal, 139. 

Ridley, 98. 

Rigby, 39. 

Rimmer, 159. 

Rishton, 121, 140. 

Roberts, 121, 180, 248. 

Robinson, 38, 63, 68, 108, 109, 133, 134. 

Roche, 56, 165. 

Rogerson, 29, 30, 46, 62, 102, 109, 131. 

Royds, 98. 

Rushton, 97. 



', 14, 20, 29, 30, 56, 111-17, 

121, 150, 154, 270. 
Scott, 229, 230. 

Seed, 112, 114, 121, 149-51, 253, 264. 
Sefton, 97, 134. 
Sharp, 210, 212. 
Sharpies, 30, 237, 270. 
Shawe, 132. 
Sherburne, 9, 12-30, 34, 35, 38, 44, 45, 46, 47, 49, 

61, 73-6, 86, 91, 93, 98, 111-12, 114, 116-19, 

121-3, 141, 153, 155, 182, 184, 190 6, 199, 

209-10, 227-32, 234-5, 239, 255, 258, 266, 263. 
Shewel, 109. 
Shilleto, 223. 
Short, 228. 

Shuttleworth, 83, 153, 242. 
Sidgreaves, 23, 29. 
Simpson, 46, 48, 77, 120, 121, 149. 
Singleton, 23, 33, 34, 70, 76, 120, 122, 246-7. 
Skillicome, 30. 
Skinner, 38. 

Slater, 134, 146, 201, 203, 242, 244-6. 
Smith, 3, 31, 36, 56, 109, 133-4, 138, 221-2, 246, 253. 
Smithies, 33, 184, 234. 
Snape, 18, 109. 
Sourbutts, 9, 54, V3, 114, 116, 121, 149, 236, 254, 

268. 
Southern, 17, 18, 74-6. 
Southworth, 21, 26. 
Sparrow, 124. 
Spencer, 150. 

Stanley, 39, 44, 45, 49, 84, 122, 133, 148. 
StMiworth, 141. 
Starkie, 132, 153. 
Statter, 66. 

Stertavant, 9, 20, 117, 141, 146. 
Stockdale, 104, 105. 
Stout, 48. 
Straitbirrel, 84. 
Strange, 40, 131. 
Strickland, 263. 
Sturzaker, 121. 
Sudall, 62, 138, 235, 252. 
Sumner, 31, 146, 157. 
Swift, 83, 84. 
Swinglehurst, 21, 23, 30, 47, 58-60, 113-14, 119, 

123, 129, 141, 150, 184-5, 195, 197, 207, 209, 

215, 234, 238-42, 270.